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ABE - AC - Acronyme - AD - AF - AG - AL - ALLPORT - AM - ANA - ANIMAL - AND - ANT - AP - APA - AR - AS - ASCH - AT - AU - AV/AY
A : Préfixe qui signifie «absence ou perte d'une chose». A.

A-
Abarognosie Alexithymie Anosognosie
Ablation Aménorrhée Anorexie
Aboulie Amnésique Apathie
Acalculie Anoétique Aphasie
    Apraxie
Acathésie Anomie cérébrale Astéréognosie
Agnosie Anomie sociale Asymétrie
Agraphie Anormalité Ataraxie
Alexie   Athéisme
 
Aarts Henk ( ) : Psychologue néerlandais, spécialisé dans l'étude de l'inconscient et de l'automaticité. Collaborateur de Bargh, Dijksterhuis, Elliot, Kruglanski et Stroebe.
AARTS, H. & DIJKSTERHUIS, A. (2002). Category activation effects in judgement and behavior : The moderating role of perceived comparability. British Journal of Social Psychology, 41, 123-138. [PDF]
AARTS, H. DIJKSTERHUIS, A. & CUSTERS, R. (2003). Automatic normative behavior in environments : The moderating role of conformity in activating situational norms. Social Cognition, 21, 447-464. [PDF]
AARTS, H. (2007). On the emergence of human goal pursuit : The nonconscious regulation and motivation of goals. Social & Personality Psychology Compass, 1 (1), 183-201. [PDF]
AARTS, H. (2007). Unconscious authorship ascription : The effects of success and effect-specific information priming on experienced authorship. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 119-126. [PDF]
AARTS, H., CUSTERS, R. & VELTKAMP, M. (2008). Goal priming and the affective-motivational route to nonconscious goal pursuit. Social Cognition, 26 (5), 555-577. [PDF]
À distance : Toute activité réalisée au moyen d'un appareil électronique branché à internet, avec ou sans fil (ordinateur, téléphone, télévision, etc.)., qui permet à l'émetteur de s'éloigner du récepteur. S'oppose à une activité faite sur place, en présence des individus concernés par cette activité (auditoire). = en ligne, par internet, à domicile. /sur place, à proximité. On line.


À distance ou par internet
Enseignement/Apprentissage à distance Mentorat à distance Thérapie à distance
Évaluation des enseignements à distance Réseau social à distance TIC
Groupe de soutien à distance Site internet pédagogique Travail à distance
Jeu vidéo à distance    
 
À priori : Expression latine qui désigne ce qui précède - souvent implicitement - un jugement, un raisonnement. /a posteriori.
  REY, G. (1998). A naturalistica priori. Philosophical Studies, 92, 25-43.
BEALER, G. (2000). A theory of the a priori. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, 81, 1-30.
BOGHOSSIAN, P. (Ed.) (2000). New essays on the apriori. Oxford : Clarendon Press.
ABA : En anglais Applied Behavior Analyst. Ce sigle désigne les thérapies et les pratiques psychologiques qui s'inspirent du béhaviorisme, et plus particulièrement des analyses fonctionnelle et expérimentale du comportement. = méthode ABA, technique ABA, thérapie ABA, approche ABA. Applied Behavior Analyst.

  CHIESA, M. (2005). ABA is not "a therapy for autism". In M. Keenan, M. Henderson, P.K. Kerr & K. Dillenburger (Eds.), Applied behaviour analysis and autism : Building a future together (pp. 225-240). London : Jessica Kingsley.
HOPKINS, B.L. & MOORE, J. (1993). ABA accreditation of graduate programs of study. The Behavior Analyst, 16, 117-121.
DILLENBURGER, K. & KEENAN, M. (2009). None of the As in ABA stand for autism : Dispelling the myths. Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 34 (2), 193-195. [PDF]
GALE, G.M., EIKESETH, S.J. & RUDRUD, E. (2011). Functional assessment and behavioural intervention for eating difficulties in children with autism : a study conducted in the natural environment using parents and ABA tutors as therapists. Autism & Developmental Disorders, 41 (10), 1383-1396. [PDF]
Voir aussi Analyses fonctionnelle et expérimentale du comportement
 
ABAI : Association for Behavior Analysis International.
VOLLMER, T.R., HAGOPIAN, L.P., BAILEY, J.S., HANLEY, G.P., LENNOX, D., RIORDAN, M.M. & SPREAT, S. (2001). The Association for Behavior Analysis International position statement on restraint and seclusion. Behavior Analyst, 34 (1), 103-110. [PDF]
Abandon scolaire : Voir Décrochage scolaire.
Abandonnisme : Crainte/peur irrationnelle et maladive d'être abandonné par ses proches (parents, conjoint-e, enfants, etc.) ou que ces derniers cessent sans raison de s'accuper de nous. Abandonnisme et névrose d'abandon.

 
Abarognosie : Du grec abara qui signie "poids" et gnosie qui veut dire "connaissance". Incapacité à sentir le poids des objets ou à en distinguer les variations, consécutive à une lésion du lobe pariétal. Abarognosis.

  Voir aussi Lésion et Lobe pariétal
Abbott Albert Holden (1871-1934) : Philosophe et psychologue canadien. Il est considéré comme l'un des premiers psychologues canadiens (doctorat en 1904). Étudiant de Külpe.
ABBOTT, A.H. (1900). Experimental psychology and the laboratory in Toronto. University of Toronto Monthly, 1, 85-89, 106-112. [LIRE] + [LIRE]
ABBOTT, A.H. (1900). Problems and a student's attitude to them. Toronto : Briggs.
ABBOTT, A.H. (1900). What should experimental psychology contribute to a theory of education ? Toronto : University of Toronto.
ABBOTT, A.H. (1904). Psychologische und erkenntnistheoretische Probleme bei Hobbes [Psychological and epistemological problems in Hobbes. Würzburg : Julius-Maximilians-Universität.
ABBOTT, A.H. (1908). Why teach psychology to teachers-in-training, and what kind of psychology do they need ? Toronto : University of Toronto.
ABELSON - ABRAHAM - ABRAMOVITZ - ABRAMSON - ABRÉACTION - ABSENTÉISME - ABSTINENCE - ABSTRACTION - AC
Abeille (Apis mellifera) : Insecte. En éthologie, les abeilles sont notamment étudiées pour leur organisation sociale et leur capacité à communiquer entre elles. Bee, honeybee.
  LUBBOCK, J. (1882). Ants, bees, and wasps. A record of observations on the habits of the social hymenoptera. London : Kegan Paul, Trench. FRISCH, K.V. (1993). The dance language and orientation of bees. Harvard University Press.
FRISCH, K.V. (1956). Bees; their vision, chemical senses, and language. Ithaca, N.Y. : Cornell University Press. BREED, M.D. (1993). Odour detection in bees. Nature, 362, 120.
TAKEDA, K. (1961). Classical conditioned response in the honeybee. Journal of Insect Physiology, 6, 168-179. BITTERMAN, M.E. (1996). Comparative analysis of learning in honeybees. Animal Learning & Behavior, 24, 123-141.
FRISCH, K.V. (1967). Honeybees : do they use direction and distance information provided by their dances ? Science, 158, 1072-1076. HAMMER, M. (1997). The neural basis of associative reward learning in honeybees. Trends in Neurosciences, 20, 245-252
  HELLSTERN, F., MALAKA, R. & HAMMER, M. (1997). Backward inhibitory learning in honeybees : a behavioral analysis of reinforcement processing. Learning & Memory, 4, 429-444.
GROSSMAN, K.E. (1973). Continuous, fixed-ratio, and fixed-interval reinforcement in honey bees. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 20, 105-109. [PDF] HAMMER, M. & MENZEL, R. (1998). Multiple sites of associative odor learning as revealed by local brain microinjections of octopamine in honeybees. Learning & Memory, 5, 146-156
GOULD, J.L. (1975). Do Honey bees know what they are doing? Natural History, 88 (6), 66-75. BREED, M.D. (1998). Recognition pheromones on the honey bee. Bioscience, 48, 463-470.
BREED, M.D. (1976). The evolution of social behavior in primitively social bees : A multivariate analysis. Evolution, 30, 234-240. MÜLLER, D., GERBER, B., HELLSTERN, F., HAMMER, M. & MENZEL, R. (2000.) Sensory preconditioning in honeybees. Journal of Experimental Biology, 203, 1351-1364.
BREED, M.D. & GAMBOA, G.J. (1977). Control of worker activities by queen behavior in a primitively eusocial bee. Science, 195, 694-696. MENZEL, R. & GIURFA, M. (2001). Cognitive architecture of a mini-brain : The honeybee. Trends in Cogitive Science, 5, 62-71.
  CHENG, K. & SPETCH, M.L. (2001). Blocking in landmark-based search in honeybees. Animal Learning & Behavior, 28 (2), 172-186. [PDF]
MENZEL, R. (1979). Behavioral access to short-term memory in bees. Nature, 281, 368-369. PEARCE, A.N., Z.-Y. HUANG, Z. BREED, M.D. (2001). Genetic and endocrine correlations of aggressive behavior in honey bees. Journal of Insect Physiology, 47, 1243-1247.
BITTERMAN, M.E. MENZEL, R., FIETZ, A. & SCHAFER, S. (1983). Classical conditioning of proboscis extension in honeybees (Apis mellifera). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 97, 107-119. CHENG, K., PENA J., PORTER, M.A. & IRWIN, J.D. (2002). Self-control in honeybees. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 9, 259-263.
BREED, M.D. (1983). Nestmate recognition in honeybees. Animal Behaviour, 31, 86-91. BREED, M.D., WILLIAMS, D.B. & QUERAL, A. (2002). Demand for task performance and workforce replacement : Undertakers in honeybee, Apis mellifera, colonies. Journal of Insect Behavior, 15, 319-329.
BREED, M.D. (1985). How bees recognize their nestmates : A re-evaluation from new evidence. Bee World, 66, 113-118. SANDOZ, J.-C. & PHAM-DELèGUE, M.-H. (2004). Spontaneous recovery after extinction of the conditioned proboscis extension response in the honeybee. Learning & memory, 11 (5), 586-597. [PDF]
BREED, M.D. (1988). Genetics and labour in bees. Nature, 333, 299. SAUER, S., HERRMAN, E. & KAISER, W. (2004). Sleep deprivation in honey bees. Journal of Sleep Research, 13, 145-152.
COLLETT, T.S. & KELBER, A. (1988). The retrieval of visuo-spatial memories by honeybees. Journal of Comparative Physiology, series A, 163, 145-150. GEARY, D.C. (2004). Why to the birds and bees do it ? In D. Rothenberg & W.J. Pryor (Eds.), Writing the future : Progress and evolution (pp. 51-58). Cambridge, MA : MIT Press.
MENZEL, R. & BACKHAUS, W. (1989). Color vision in honey bees : Phenomena and physiological mechanisms. In D. Stavenga and R. Hardie (Eds), Facets of vision (pp. 281-297). Berlin-Heidelberg-New York : Springer. MENZEL, R. & GIURFA, M. (2006). Dimensions of cognition in an insect, the honeybee. Behavioral & Cognitive Neuroscience Reviews, 5, 24-40. [PDF]
MENZEL, R. (1990). Neurobiology of comparative cognition, Learning, memory, and "cognition". In R.P. Kesner & D.S. Olton (Eds.), Honey bees (237-292). Hillsdale, NJ. : Erlbaum, Inc. HUSSAINI, S.A., KOMISCHHE, B., MENZEL, R. & LACHNIT, H. (2007). Forward and backward second-order Pavlovian conditioning in honeybees. Learning & Memory, 14, 678-683.
COUVILLON, P.A., LEIATO, T.G. & BITTERMAN, M.E. (1991). Learning by honeybees (Apis mellifera) on arrival at and departure from a feeding place. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 105, 177-184. KULACHI, I.G., DORNHAUS, A. & PAPAJ, D.R. (2008). Multimodal signals enhance decision making in foraging bumble-bees. Proceedings of the Royal Society - Biological Sciences, 275 (1636), 797-802. [PDF]
HAMMER, M. (1993). An identified neuron mediates the unconditioned stimulus in associative olfactory learning in honeybees. Nature, 366, 59-63. WIEGMANN, D.D. & SMITH, B.H. (2009). Incentive relativity and the specificity of reward expectations in honey bees. International Journal of Comparative Psychology, 22, 141-152. [PDF]
  HUSSAINI, S.A., BOGUSH, L., LANDGRAF, T. & MENZEL, R. (2009). Sleep deprivation affects extinction but not acquisition memory in honeybees. Learning & memory, 16, 698-705. [PDF]
BROWN M.F. & DEMAS, G.E. (1994). Evidence for spatial working memory in honeybees. (Apis mellifera). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 108, 344-352. WRIGHT, G.A., MUSTARD, J.A., SIMCOCK, N.K. ROSS-TAYLOR, A.A.A., McNICHOLAS, L.D., POPESCU, A. & MARION-POLL, F. (2010). Parallel reinforcement pathways for conditioned food aversions in the honeybee. Current Biology, 20 (22), 2234-2240. [LIRE]
  MATSUMOTOA, Y., MENZEL, R., SANDOZE, J.C. & GIURFAA, M. (2012). Revisiting olfactory classical conditioning of the proboscis extension response in honey bees : A step toward standardized procedures. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 211, 159-167. [PDF]
BURNIE, D. (Ed.) (2001). Animal. Londres : Dorling Kindersley / Le règne animal. Saint-Laurent : Erpi. Voir aussi Insecte et Animal
Abelard Pierre (Nantes 1079-1142 Chalon-sur-Saône) : Philosophe, logicien et théologicien français. = Pierre Abailard.
ABÉLARD, P. (1994). Abélard ou la philosophie dans le langage. Présentation, choix de textes, bibliographie par Jean Jolivet. Paris : Cerf.
 
McCALLUM, J.R. (1948). Abelard's Christian Theology. Oxford : Blackwell. BLACKWELL, D. (1988). Non-ontological constructs : The Effects of Abaelard's logical and ethical theories on his theology. Berne/Paris/NYC.
BOLER, J. (1963). Abailard and the problem of universals. The Journal of the History of Philosophy 1, 104-126. WILKS, I. (1998). Peter Abelard and the metaphysics of essential predication. Journal of the History of Philosophy, 36, 356-385.
JOLIVET, J. (1963/1994). Abélard ou la philosophie dans le langage. Paris : Seghers/ Éditions du Cerf. ARLIG, A.W.(2007). Abelard's assault on everyday objects. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly, 81, 209-227.
LEWIS, N. (1987). Determinate truth in Abelard. Vivarium, 25, 81-109. LENZ, M. (2005). Peculiar perfection : Peter Abelard on propositional attitudes. Journal of the History of Philosophy, 43, 37-386.
BROWER, J.E. (1998). Abelard's theory of relations : Reductionism and the Aristotelian Tradition. Reviewof Metaphysics, 51, 605-631. KING, P. (2007). Abelard on mental language. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly, 81, 169- 187.
Abelson Robert P. (New York 1928-2005 New York) : Psychologue cognitiviste américain et statisticien, spécialisé dans l'étude de la pensée et du raisonnement. On lui doit notamment le concept de script. Professeur de Langer, Lepper et Zanna. Collaborateur de Banaji, Hsee, McKoon, Norman, Prentice, Ratcliff, Schank, Tukey et Zimbardo.
ABELSON, R.P. & ROSENBERG, M. (1958). Symbolic psychologic : A model of attitudinal cognition. Behavioral Science, 3, 1-13.
ABELSON, R.P. & TUKEY, J.W. (1963). Efficient utilization of non-numerical information in quantitative analysis : General theory and the case of simple order. Annals of Mathematical Statistics, 34, 1347-1369.
ABELSON, R.P. (1981). Psychological status of the script concept. American Psychologist, 36 (7), 715-729.
ABELSON, R.P. (1985). A variance explanation paradox : When a little is a lot. Psychological Bulletin, 97 (1), 129-133. [PDF]
ABELSON, R.P., DASGUPTA, N., PARK, J. & BANAJI, M.R. (1998). Perceptions of the collective other. Personality & Social Psychology Review, 2, 243-250. [PDF]
 
ROSEMAN, I.J. & READ, S.J. (2007). Robert P. Abelson (1928-2005) : Obituary. American Psychologist, 62 (3), 247-248.
ROSEMAN, I.J. & READ, S.J. (2007). Psychologist at play : Robert P. Abelson's life and contributions to psychological science. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2, 86-97. [PDF]
Abernethy A. Bruce ( ) : Psychologue cognitiviste américain d'origine anglaise, spécialisé dans l'étude de l'expertise, des habiletés motrices et des sports, notamment du cricket.
ABERNETHY, B. (1990). Expertise, visual search, and information pick-up in squash. Perception, 19, 63-77.
ABERNETHY, B. & ZAWI, K. (2007). Pickup of essential kinematics underpins expert perception of movement patterns. Journal of Motor Behavior, 39 (5), 353-367.
ABERNETHY, B. & CÔTÉ, J. (2007). Nurturing the development of a comprehensive model of expertise. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 38 (1), 68-72.
ABERNETHY, B., ZAWI, K. & JACKSON, R.C. (2008). Expertise and attunement to kinematic constraints. Perception, 37 (6), 931-948.
ABERNETHY, B., SCHORER, J., JACKSON, R.C. & HAGEMANN, N. (2012). Perceptual training methods compared : The relative efficacy of different approaches to enhancing sport-specific anticipation. Journal of Experimental Psychology-Applied, 18 (2), 143-153.
Ablation : Retrait d'une partie ou de la totalité d'un organe, par exemple du cerveau. ( ): lobotomie, lobectomie. Ablation

  HAINSWORTH, R.F., OVERMIER J.B. & SNOWDEN C.T. (1967). Specific and permanent deficits in instrumental avoidance responding following forebrain ablation in the goldfish. Journal of Comparative & Physiological Psychology, 63, 111-116.
HOLLIS, K.L. & OVERMIER J.B. (1982). The effects of telencephalic ablation upon the reinforcing and eliciting properties of species-specific events in Betta splendens. Journal of Comparative & Physiological Psychology, 96, 574-590.
Abnormal Psychology : Voir Journal of Abnormal Psychology.
Aborigène : Culture.

  NASH, J. (1981). Sex, Money, and the status of women in Aboriginal South Bougainville. American Ethnologist, 8 (1), 106-126.
PEDERSEN, A. & WALKER, I. (1997), Prejudice against Australian aborigines : Old-fashioned and modern forms. European Journal of Social Psychology, 27, 561-587.
PEDERSEN, A. & WALKER, I. (2000). Urban Aboriginal-Australian and Anglo-Australian children: In-group preference, self-concept, and teachers' academic evaluations. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 10, 183-197.
PEDERSEN, A. GRIFFITHS, B., CONTOS, N., BISHOP, B. & WALKER, I. (2000), Attitudes toward Aboriginal Australians in city and country settings. Australian Psychologist, 35 (2), 109-117.
PEDERSEN, A., WALKER, I. & GLASS, C. (1999), Experimenter effects on ingroup preference and self-concept of urban Aboriginal children. Australian Journal of Psychology, 51, 82-89.
Aboulie : Absence de volonté ou blocage de celle-ci. Abulia.

  HABIB, M. (1998). Apathie, aboulie, athymhormie : vers une neurologie de la motivation humaine. Revue de Neuropsychologie, 8 (4), 537-586.
Abraham Karl (Brême 1877-1925 Berlin) : Médecin et psychanalyste allemand. L'un des plus fidèles disciples de Freud. Il est membre de la Société psychologique du mercredi. On lui doit le concept d'objet partiel. Étudiant de Bleuler. Analyste de Deutsch, Balint, Klein, Rado et Simmel. Collaborateur de Ferenczi et Jones.
ABRAHAM, K. (1924/1927). A short study of the development of the libido, viewed in the light of mental disorders. In selected papers of Karl Abraham. London : Hogarth.
ABRAHAM, K. (1924). Letter from Karl Abraham to Sigmund Freud, October 20, 1924. The Complete correspondence of Sigmund Freud and Karl Abraham 1907-1925, 518-521.
ABRAHAM, K. (1965/77). Rêve et mythe : études cliniques. Essais de psychanalyse appliquée. Oeuvres complètes 1. Paris : Payot.
ABRAHAM, K. (1966). Développement de la libido : formation du caractère, études cliniques. Oeuvres Complètes 2. Paris : Payot.
ABRAHAM, K. (2000). Oeuvres complètes, tome I, 1907-1914. Paris : Payot.
Abrami Philip C. ( ) : Psychologue québécois, spécialisé en éducation, et plus particulièrement dans l'évaluation des enseignants/enseignements. Professeur à l'Université de Concordia. Collaborateur de Cohen.
ABRAMI, P.C., LEVANTHAL, L. & PERRY, R.P. (1982). Educational seduction. Review of Educational Research, 52, 446-64.
ABRAMI, P.C., COHEN, P.A. & D'APOLLONIA, S. (1988). Implementation problems in meta-analysis. Review of Educational Research, 58 (2), 151-179.
ABRAMI, P.C. (1989). How should we use student ratings to evaluate teaching ? Research in Higher Education, 30 (2), 221-227.
ABRAMI, P.C., d'APOLLONIA, S. & COHEN P.A. (1990). Validity of student ratings of instruction : What we know and what we do not know. Journal of Educational Psychology, 82 (2), 219-231.
ABRAMI, P.C. (2001). Understanding and promoting complex learning using technology. Educational Research & Evaluation, 7 (2-3), 113-136.
Abramowitz Jonathan S. ( ) : Psychologue cognitivo-béhavioriste américain, spécialisé dans l'étude des troubles d'anxiété, et plus particulièrement du trouble obsessionnel-compulsif (TOC). Collaborateur de Foa, Franklin, Kozak, Lohr, Olatunji et Tolin.
ABRAMOVITZ, J.S. (1996). Variants of exposure and response prevention in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder : A meta-analysis. Behavior Therapy, 27, 583-600. [PDF]
ABRAMOWITZ, J.S. & HOUTS, A.C. (2002). What is OCD and what is not : Problems with the OCD spectrum concept. Scientific Review of Mental Health Practice, 1, 139-156. [PDF]
ABRAMOWITZ, J.S. (2006). The psychological treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 51 (7), 407-415. [PDF]
ABRAMOWITZ, J.S., TAYLOR, S. & McAY, D. (2009). Obsessive-compulsive disorder. The Lancet, 374, 491-499. [PDF]
ABRAMOWITZ, J.S. & JACOBY, R.J. (2014). Obsessive-compulsive disorder in the DSM-5. Clinical Psychology : Science & Practice, 21, 221-235. [PDF]
Abramson Lyn Yvonne (Benson 1950-) : Psychologue cognitivo-béhavioriste américaine, spécialisée dans l'étude de la résignation acquise et de la dépression. Collaboratrice de Alloy, Hyde, Joiner, Metalsky, Moffitt, Seligman, Teasdale et Vohs.
ABRAMSON, L.Y. & SELIGMAN, M.E.P. (1977). Modeling psychopathology in the laboratory : History and rationale. In J. Maser & M.E.P. Seligman (Eds.), Psychopathology : Experimental models. San Francisco : Freeman
ABRAMSON, L.Y., SELIGMAN, M.E.P. & TEASDALE, J.D. (1978). Learned helplessness in humans : Critique and reformulation. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 87, 49-74.
ABRAMSON, L.Y., METALSKY, G.I. & ALLOY, L.B. (1989). Hopelessness depression : A theory-based subtype of depression. Psychological Review, 96 (2), 358-372.
ABRAMSON, L.Y., ALLOY, L.B. & PANZARELLA, C.C. (2002). Depression. In Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science.London : Macmillan.
SHIBLEY-HYDE, J., MEZULIS, A.H. & ABRAMSON, L.Y. (2008). The ABCs of depression : Integrating affective, biological, and cognitive models to explain the emergence of the gender difference in depression. Psychological Review, 115 (2), 291-313.
 
ROBINS, C.J. & BLOCK, P. (1989). Cognitive theories of depression viewed from a diathesis-stress perspective : Evaluation of the models of Beck and Abramson, Seligman & Teasdale. Cognitive Therapy & Research, 13 (4), 297-313.
Abréaction : «Ab» signifie «loin ou hors de». L'abréaction est donc une décharge émotionnelle par laquelle un individu se libère d'un affect lié à la survenue ou au souvenir d'un événement désagréable ou traumatisant. La catharsis est la méthode thérapeutique qui permet cette décharge. = libération, décharge. Abreaction.

  LAPLANCHE, J. et PONTALIS, J.B. (1967/1998). Vocabulaire de la psychanalyse. Paris : Presses Universitaires de France.
Abscisse : L'abscisse est une coordonnée qui correspond à l'axe horizontal d'un plan. De pair avec l'ordonnée, elle permet de déterminer un point danscet espace. Abscisse et variable x. = axe des x, coordonnée x. /ordonnée. Abscisse.

   
   
   
   
   
Ordonnée ------»  
   
   
   
  « ---------- Abscisse  
 

 
Absence en classe : Voir Absentéisme et Présence en classe. Truancy.
Absence du père : Voir Père absent.
Absence de contingence : Voir Contingence.
Absence/présence : Paramètre d'un indicateur, qui exprime la présence ou l'absence d'une réponse dans un intervalle de temps donnée. Dans une grille d'observation, notez oui ou I pour présence et non ou - pour absence.


Tâches ménagères Jour 1 Jour 2 Jour 3
 J'ai rangé la cusine I - -
 J'ai rangé ma chambre I - -
 J'ai rangé le salon - - -
 J'ai rangé la salle de bain I   -
 J'ai rangé la salle de jeux - - I

  FLEISS, J.L. (1975). Measuring agreement between two judges on the presence or absence of a trait. Biometrics, 31, 651-659.
Absentéisme : Consiste à ne pas se présenter au travail ou en classe (peu importe la raison), alors que notre présence est requise. Absentéisme, réussite scolaire et présence en classe. Absenteeism, employee absence, sickness absence.

  PORTER, L.W. & STEERS, R.M. (1973). Organizational, work, and personal factors in employee turnover and absenteeism. Psychological Bulletin, 80, 151-176. HANSEN, T.L. (1990). A positive reinforcement program for controlling student absenteeism. College Student Journal, 24, 307-312.
BAUM J.F. & YOUNGBLOOD, S.A. (1975). Impact of an organizational control policy on absenteeism, performance, and satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 60, 688-694. JUDGE, T.A. & MARTOCCHIO, J.J. (1996). Dispositional influences on attributions concerning absenteeism. Journal of Management, 22, 837-861.
DURAND, V.M. (1983). Behavioral ecology of a staff incentive program : Effects on absenteeism and resident disruptive behavior. Behavior Modification, 7, 165-181. JUDGE, T.A., MARTOCCHIO, J.J. & THORESEN, C.J. (1997). Five-factor model of personality and employee absence. Journal of Applied Psychology, 82, 745-755.
  CHIRUMBOLO, A. & ARENI, A. (2005). The influence of job insecurity on job performance and absenteeism : the moderating effect of work attitudes. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 31 (4), 65-71. [PDF]
  ICHINO, A. & RIPHAHN, R. (2005). The effect of employment protection on worker effort : Absenteeism during and after probation. Journal of the European Economic Association 3, 120-143.
  VON THIELE, U., LINDFORS, P. & LUNDBERG, F. (2006). Evaluating different measures of sickness absence with respect to work characteristics. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 4 (3), 247-253.
DURAND, V.M. (1985). Employee absenteeism : A selective review of antecedents and consequences. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 7, 135-167. HARGRAVE, G.E., HIATT, D., ALEXANDER, R. & SHAFFER, I.A. (2008). EAP treatment impact on presenteeism and absenteeism : Implications for return on investment. Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health, 23 (3), 283-293. [PDF]
Voir aussi Présence en classe
Abstention : En politique, désigne le fait ne pas voter.

  DOSTI-GOULET, E., BLAIS, A., FOURNIER, P. & GIDENGIL, E. (2012). L’abstention selective, ou pourquoi certains jeunes qui votent au federal boudent les elections municipales. Canadian Journal of Political Science, 45, 909-927.
Voir aussi Voter
Abstinence : Principe, souvent religieux ou mystique, qui consiste à s'interdire soi-même certains plaisirs que l'on considére comme moralement inacceptables (sexuel, alcool, jeux, etc.). Parfois imposé pour des raisons médicales ou psychologiques (sevrage). N.D.L.R. Le terme privation semble plus neutre. = privation. Abstinence.

 
Voir aussi Privation et Sevrage
Abstinence (Principe d') : Chez Freud, règle selon laquelle l'analyste doit refuser de répondre aux demandes d'amour de son patient. EX: Dans les Soprano, le docteur Melfi demeure de glace lorsque Tony Soprano lui déclare ses sentiments... = règle d'abstinence. Rule of abstinence.

   
Voir aussi Freud et Analyste
Abstraire/Abstraction : Chez Piaget, processus cognitif qui sous-tend l'acquisition de nouvelles connaissances. L'abstraction consiste à réduire un ensemble d'objets ou de comportements à leurs propriétés communes. EX: un camion de pompier et un coeur sont des formes rouges; un oiseau et un avion sont des objets qui volent, etc. Selon Piaget, le développement des concepts et du raisonnement repose sur l'abstraction. = conceptualisation, plus-petit-commun-diviseur. Abstraction.
    RIBES-INESTA, E. (2000). Instructions, rules, and abstraction : A misconstrued relation. Behavior & Philosophy, 28, 41-55. [PDF]
BARTH, B.-M. (1987). L’apprentissage de l’abstraction. Paris : Retz. HERSHKOWITZ, R., SCHWARZ, B. & DREYFUS, T. (2001). Abstraction in context : Epistemic actions. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 32 (2), 195-222.
ROBERTS, W.A. & MAZMANIAN, D. S. (1988). Concept learning at different levels of abstraction by pigeons, monkeys, and people. Journal of Experimental Psycholoy : Animal Behavior Processes, 14, 247-260. YOSHIDA, H. & SMITH, L.B. (2003). Known and novel noun extensions : Attention at two levels of abstraction. Child Development, 74 (2), 564-577. [PDF]
  MONAGHAN, J. & OZMANTAR, F. (2004). Abstraction & Consolidation. Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, 3, 353-360. [PDF]
DESPRELS-FRAYSSE, A. (1991). Children's abstraction of color properties : Is it dependent on what objects actualize the properties ? Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive, 11 (4), 441-452. VONK, J. & MacDONALD, S.E. (2004). Levels of abstraction in orangutan (Pongo abelii) categorization. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 118, 3-13. [PDF]
DAMEROW, P. (1996). Abstraction and representation. Essays on the cultural evolution of thinking. Dordrecht : Kluwer Academic Publishers. HERSHKOWITZ, R., HADAS, N., DREYFUS, T. & SCHWARZ, B. (2007). Processes of abstraction, from the diversity of individuals' constructing of knowledge to a group's "shared knowledge". Mathematical Education Research Journal, 19, 41-68.
HALFORD, G.S., WILSON, W.H. & PHILLIPS, S. (1998). Abstraction : nature, costs, and benefits. International Journal of Educational Research, 27, 21-35. KIDRON, I. (2008). Abstraction and consolidation of the limit procept by means of instrumented schemes : the complementary role of three different frameworks. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 69 (3), 197-216. [PDF]
MACKINTOSH, N.J. (1999). Abstraction and discrimination. In C. Heyes & L. Huber (Eds.), Evolution of cognition. Cambridge : MIT Press. SCHWARZ, B., DREYFUS, T. & HERSHKOWITZ, R. (2009). The nested epistemic actions model for abstraction in context. In B.B. Schwarz, T. Dreyfus & R. Hershkowitz (Eds.), Transformation of Knowledge through Classroom Interaction (pp. 11-41). London, UK : Taylor & Francis, Routledge.
  HOUDÉ, O. (2009). Abstract after all ? Abstraction through inhibition in children and adults. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 32 (3-4), 339-340.
LEGENDRE-BERGERON, M.F. (1980). Lexique de la psychologie du développement de Jean Piaget. Montréal : Gaëtan Morin. Voir aussi Piaget et Raisonnement
Abstraction réfléchissante : Chez Piaget, ... Abstraction réfléchissante et métacognition.

  PIAGET, J. (1977). Recherches sur l'abstraction réfléchissante. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
Abus sexuel/Abusé (enfant) : Calque de l'anglais sexual abuse. Voir Agression sexuelle et Maltraitance.
ACCIDENT - ACCOMODATION - ACCULTURATION - ACCORD - ACQUIS - ACTE - ACTING OUT - ACTIVATION - ACUPUNCTURE - AD
Académie française :
 
Académique : Le mot académique n'est pas synonyme de scolaire. ni universitaire. On l'utilise souvent en anglais pour qualifier l'enseignement supérieur (collège et université). En français, le mot académique renvoie plutôt à un style conventionnel (qui a fait école), mais englué dans le passé; Il a donc, en ce sens, une connation péjorative (je dis léger car il y a du bon dans le passé; dans certains domaines, le passé a même beaucoup d'avenir...). EX: Ce film a un style académique. Il va de soi que le mot sert également à qualifier la fonction d'une académie. EX: La rédaction de ce lexique est un travail académique, lent et sans fin...

 
Acalculie : Difficulté à calculer consécutive à une aphasie ou a un traumatisme cérébral. *dyscalculie. Acalculia, arithmatics difficultie.

  GUTTMANN, E. (1936). Congenital arithmetic disability and acalculia (Henschen). British Journal of Medical Psychology, 16, 16-35.
SINGER H.D. & LOW, A.A. (1933). Acalculia (Henschen) : A clinical study. Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry, 29, 476-498.
GERSTMANN, J. (1940). Syndrome of finger agnosia, disorientation for right and left, agraphia, acalculia. Archives of Neurology & Psychology, 44, 398-408.
TOHGI, H., SAITOH, K., TAKAHASHI, S., TAKAHASHI, H., UTSUGISAWAK., K., YONEZAWA, H., HATANO, K. & TOSHIAKI, S. (1995). Agraphia and acalculia after a left prefrontal (F1, F2) infarction. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 58, 629-632. [PDF]
McCLOSKEY, M. (2001). Acalculia. In P. Winn (Ed.), Dictionary of biological psychology. New York : Routledge.
Voir aussi Traumatisme cérébral, Calculer et Aphasie
Acarophobie : Voir Phobie des araignées et des insectes.
Acathésie : Incapacité de rester assis ou de garder la même position. Peut être un effet secondaire de certains antidépresseurs. = akathisie, acathisie. Acathésie et Hyperactivité. Akathisia.

  LANE, R.M. (1998). SSRI-induced extrapyramidal side-effects and akathisia : Implications for treatment. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 12, 192-214.
Voir aussi Hyperactivité et Antidépresseur
Accent : Façon particulière de prononcer les mots, qui varie au sein d'une langue, en fonction de la région d'appartenance du locuteur, de sa religion, de son époque, de son degré de scolarité, de l'influence des médias, etc. EX : Les Québécois disent tuk (tuque), alors que les Français prononcent tuqueeee; les Français appuie sur la dernière syllabe (eeeee) de certains mots, alors que les Québécois l'avalent (k).

  VRIJ, A. & WINKEL, F.W. (1994). Perceptual distortions in cross-cultural interrogations : The impact of skin color, accent, speech style, and spoken fluency on impression formation. vJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 25(2), 284-295.
GLUSZEK, A. & DOVIDIO, J.F. (2010). The way they speak : Stigma of non-native accents in communication. Personality & Social Psychology Review, 14, 214-237.
CRISTIA, A., SEIDL, A., VAUGHN, C., SCHMALE, R., BRADLOW, A. & FLOCCIA, A. (2012). Linguistic processing of accented speech across the lifespan. Frontiers in Psychology, 3, 1-15.
PIETRASZEWKI, D. & SCHAWARTZ, A. (2014). Evidence that accent is a dimension of social categorization, not a byproduct of perceptual salience, familiarity, or ease-of-processing. Evolution & Human Behavior, 35, 43-50. [PDF]
Acceptabilité sociale :

  JOULE, R.-V. (2006). Acceptabilité sociale et savoirs scientifiques. Les Cahiers Internationaux de Psychologie Sociale, 70, 85-88.
Accès : Désigne un trouble ou un symptôme qui survient brusquement, et qui se reproduit ensuite à intervalles plus ou moins réguliers. = poussée. ( ): accès de fièvre, accès de stress, accès de colère.

 
Accessibilité aux études : Ensemble des facteurs psycho-socio-économiques qui favorisent ou nuisent à la scolarisation. Parmi ces facteurs, on compte, les handicaps physiques, la déficience intellectuelle, le niveau socio-économique des parents, le niveau de scolarisation des parents, l'éloignement des lieux d'enseignement, les droits de scolarité, le travail excessif des élèves/étudiants, la faible promotion de la scolarisation, les valeurs intellectuelles et la motivation d''accomplissement, etc.

 
Accident/Accidenté : Accident, conduite et syndrome-postraumatique. Accident, road crash survivors, crash risk, crash fatalities.

  SOLOMON, H. & HERMAN, L. (1977). Status symbols and prosocial behavior : The effect of the victim's car on helping. Journal of Psychology, 97 (2), 271-273. [PDF] MAYOU, R., EHLERS, A. & BRYANT, R. (2002). Posttraumatic stress disorder after motor vehicle accidents : 3 year follow-up of a prospective longitudinal study. Behaviour Research & Therapy, 40, 665-675.
BULMAN, R. & WORTMAN, C.B. (1977). Attributions of blame and coping in the "real world": Severe accident victims react to their lot. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 35, 351- 363. BLANCHARD, E.B. & VEAZEY, C H. (2001). Mental disorders resulting from road traffic accidents. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 14, 143-147.
FLEMING, R., BAUM, A., GISRIEL, M.M. & GATCHEL, R.J. (1982). Mediating influences of social support on stress at Three Mile Island. Journal of Human Stress, 8, 14-22. FULLERTON, C.S., URSANO, R.J., EPSTEIN, R.S., CROWLEY, B., VANCE, K., KAO, T., DOUGALL, A. & BAUM, A. (2001). Gender differenced in posttraumatic stress disorder after motor vehicle accidents. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159, 1486-1491.
BOHANNON, J.N. (1988). Flashbulb memories for the Space Shuttle disaster : A tale of two theories. Cognition, 29, 179-196. BLANCHARD, E.B. & HICKLING, E.B. (2003). After the crash : Assessment and treatment of motor vehicle accident survivors. Washington, DC : American Psychological Association.
ARTHUR, W. & GRAZIAO, W.G. (1996). The five-factor model, conscientiousness, and driving accident involvement. Journal of Personality, 63, 593–618. BLANCHARD, E.B., HICKLING, E.B., DEVINENI, T., VEAZEY, C.H., GALOVSKI, T.E., MUNDY, E. & BUCKLEY, T.C. (2003). A controlled evaluation of cognitive-behavioral therapy for posttraumatic stress in motor vehicle accident survivors. Behaviour Research & Therapy, 41, 79-96.
HOBBS, M. & ADSHEAD, G. (1996). Preventive psychological intervention for road crash survivors. In M. Mitchell (Ed.), The aftermath of road accidents : Psychological, social and legal perspectives. (pp. 159-171). London, UK : Routledge. TEHRANI, N. (2004). Road victim trauma : An investigation of the impact on the injured and bereaved. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 17, 361.
BLANCHARD, E.B., HICKLING, E.B., BARTON, K.A., TAYLOR, A.E., LOOS, W.R. & JONES-ALEXANDER, J. (1996). One-year prospective follow-up of motor vehicle accident victims. Behaviour Research & Therapy, 34, 775-786. FITZHARRIS, M., FILDES, B., CHARLTON, J. & TINGVALL, C. (2005). The relationship between perceived crash responsibility and post-crash depression. Annual proceedings of the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 49, 79-92. [PDF]
HOBBS, M., MAYOU, R., HARRISON, B. & WARLOCK, P. (1996). A randomised trial of psychological debriefing for victims of road traffic accidents. British Medical Journal, 313, 1438-1439. ELLEN R.L., MARSHALL, S.C., PALAYEW M., MOLNAR F.J., WILSON, K.G. & MAN-SON-HING, M. (2006). Systematic review of motor vehicle crash risk in persons with sleep apnea. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, 2, 193-200.
  KOBAYASKI, I., SLEDJESKI, E.M., SPOONSTER, E., FALLON, W.F. & DELAHANTY, D.L. (2008). Effects of early nightmares on the development of sleep disturbances in motor vehicle accident victims. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 21, 548-555.
  EHRING, T., EHLERS, A. & GLUCKMAN, E. (2008). Do cognitive models help in predicting the severity of posttraumatic stress disorder, phobia, and depression after motor vehicle accidents ? A prospective longitudinal study. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 76 (2), 219-230. [PDF]
HAYWOOD, M. (1998). Road trauma : Dealing with loss and grief. Journal of Family Studies, 4, 228-229. ANUND, A., KECLUND, G., PETERS, B., FORSMAN, A., LOWDEN, A. & ÄKERSTEDT, T. (2008). Driver impairment at night and its relation to physiological sleepiness. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, 34 (2), 142-150. [LIRE]
HICKLING, E.J. & BLANCHARD, E.B. (Eds.) (1999). International handbook of road traffic accidents & psychological trauma : Current understanding, treatment & law. Amsterdam : Elsevier. GUILBERT, S. (2008). Violence and accidents in competition sports. Sport in Society (Cultures, Commerce, Media, Politics), 11 (1), 17-31.
  BREEN, L.J. & O’CONNOR, M. (2010). Acts of resistance : Breaking the silence of grief following crash fatalities. Death Studies, 34, 30-53.
HORSTMANN, S., HESS C.W., BASSETTI, C., GUGGER M. & MATHIS, J. (2000). Sleepiness-related accidents in sleep apnea patients. Sleep, 23 (3), 383-389. [PDF] BÈGUE, L., BUSHMAN, B.J., GIANCOLA, P.R., SUBRA, B. & ROSSET, E. (2010). There is no such thing as an accident, especially when people are drunk. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 36 (10), 1301-1304. [PDF]
MAYOU, R.A., EHLERS, A. & HOBBS, M. (2000). Psychological debriefing for road traffic accident victims : Three-year follow-up of a randomised controlled trial. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 176, 589-593. BATEMAN, V. (2010). Death as a result of culpable driving : Impact and intervention. Grief Matters : The Australian Journal of Grief & Bereavement, 13 (1), 16-20.
Voir aussi Syndrome-postraumatique et Alcool
Accident vasculocérébral (AVC) : Lésion du tissu cérébral (destruction totale ou partielle des neurones) subie accidentellement à la suite de l'interruption de l'irrigation sanguine d'une zone du cerveau. N.D.L.R. Autrefois, on disait accident cérébro-vasculaire. = AVC. Stroke, cerebral vascular accident.
  WILSON, B.A. (1982). Success and failure in memory training following a cerebral vascular accident. Cortex, 18,581-594.
LANSKA, D.J. & KULLER, L.H. (1995). The geography of stroke mortality in the United States and theconcept of a stroke belt. Stroke, 26 (7), 1145-1149.
ALBERTS, M.J. (2004). Genetics of cerebrovascular disease. Stroke, 35, 342-344.
JEFFERIES, E., BAKER, S.S., DORAN, M, & LAMBON RALPH, M.A. (2007). Refractory effects in stroke aphasia : A consequence of poor semantic control. Neuropsychologia, 45, 1065-1079.
DONNAN, G.A., FISHER, M., MACLEOD, M. & DAVIS, S.M. (2008). Stroke. Lancet, 371, 1612-1623.
Voir aussi Aphasie et Lésion
Accolade : Comportement prosocial qui consiste à serrer une personne (que l'on apprécie) entre ses bras.

 
Accommodation : Dans la théorie de Piaget, fonction qui permet de modifier les structures cognitives existantes (schèmes et concepts) pour permettre à ces structures de tenir compte des propriétés des objets. EX: Saisir délicatement (schème de préhension) un fruit mer (objet) pour tenir compte de ses propriétés (délicat, rond, mou, etc.). Accommodation et assimilation. Accommodation.

  LEGENDRE-BERGERON, M.F. (1980). Lexique de la psychologie du développement de Jean Piaget. Montréal : Gaëtan Morin.
Accommodement raisonnable :

  BOSSET, P. (2005). Réflexion sur la portée et les limites de l'obligation d'accommodement raisonnable en matière religieuse. Montréal, Direction de la recherche et de la planification. Commission des droits de la personne et des droits de la jeunesse (CDPDJ).
GEADAH, Y. (2007). Accommodements raisonnables : Droit à la différence et non différence des droits. Montréal : VLB.
LABELLE, M. & ICART, J.-C. (2007). Lecture du débat sur les accommodements raisonnables. Globe, Revue Internationale d'Études Québécoises, 10 (1), 121-136.
Voir aussi Motivation au travail et Satisfaction au travail
Accompagnateur : Dans le cadre de certaines thérapies - notamment humanistes - il s'agit de la personne qui conseille et guide le client. Contrairement aux thérapeutes traditionnels - psychanalystes, béhavioristes ou cognitivistes - l'accompagnateur ne prétend pas posséder les connaissances théoriques ou les solutions pour résoudre le ou les problèmes de son client; ce n'est donc pas un expert. Son rôle consiste plutôt à amener le client à puiser dans ses propres ressources pour trouver une solution, sa "solution", et ainsi découvrir son potentiel et s'accomplir. = motivateur. Coach.

 
Accomplissement : Sentiment ou impression d'avoir réalisé son plein potentiel, au travail, à l'école. Accomplissement et réussiste scolaire. = sentiment d'accomplissement. Achievement, achievement goal.

  SCHERTZER, B. (1960). Motivation to high achievement. Chicago, IL : Science Research Associates. ALVA, S.A. (1993). Differential patterns of achievement among Asian-American adolescents. Journal of Youth & Adolescence, 22 (4), 407-423.
REVELLE, W. & MICHAELS, E.J. (1976). The theory of achievement motivation revisited : The implications of inertial tendencies. Psychological Review, 83 (5), 394-404. [PDF] WIGFIELD, A. & ECCLES, J.S. (1994). Children’s competence beliefs, achievement values, and general self-esteem : Change across elementary and middle school. Journal of Early Adolescence, 14 (20), 107-138.
LIPS, H.M. (1982). Achievement, success and fear of success. In N.L. Colwill (Ed.), The new partnership : Women and men in organizations. Santa Cruz, CA : Mayfield. EISENBERGER, R. (1998). Achievement : The importance of industriousness. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 21, 412-413.
OLWEUS, D. (1983). Low school achievement and aggressive behavior in adolescent boys. In D. Magnusson & V. Allen (Eds.), Human development. An interactional perspective. New York : Academic Press. ARONSON, J. (Ed.) (2002). Improving academic achievement : Impact of psychological factors on education. San Diego, CA : Academic Press.
PARSONS, J.E., ADLER, T. & MEECE, J.L. (1984). Sex differences in achievement : A test of alternate theories. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 46, 26-43. WIGFIELD, A. & ECCLES, J.S. (Eds.) (2002). Development of achievement motivation. San Diego, CA : Academic Press.
ECCLES, J.S. (1987). Gender roles and women’s achievement-related decisions. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 11, 135-172. ELLIOT, A.J., THRASH, T.M., MURAYAMA, K. & PEKRUN, R. (2011). A 3 x 2 achievement goal model. Journal of Educational Psychology, 103, 632-648. [PDF]
Voir aussi Potentiel
Accord : Entente, négociée et conclue de manière plus ou moins formelle, entre les parties d'un conflit sur la forme que prendra la solution qui permettra de sortir de l'impasse. Ce conflit peut être de nature personnelle, politique, diplomatique, commerciale ou économique. Accord, résolution de problème et négociation. Deal.

  KLEIN, E.D., EVANS, T.A., SCHULTZ, N.B. & BERAN, M.J. (2013). Learning how to "make a deal" : Human and monkey performance when repeatedly faced with the Monty Hall Dilemma. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 127, 103-108.
Accords de Bretton Woods (Les...) : Brettons Woods, Keynes et système monétaire.

  VON DORMAEL, A. (1978). Bretton Woods : Birth of a monetary system. Holmes Meir.
CHAVAGNEUX, C. (1995). L'avenir des institutions de Bretton Woods : Halifax et après. Économies Internationales, 64, 3-22. [PDF]
CHAVAGNEUX, C. (2004). Ce qui s'est vraiment passé à Bretton Woods. Alternatives économiques, 227, [LIRE]
Accord interjuge : Accord entre deux observateurs/codeurs ou plus sur la nature de ce qui est observé, classé ou ordonné lors d'une observation systématique ou d'une analyse de contenu. Le degré d'accord peut-être mesuré par un test statistique, par exemple un Kappa. Accord, panel d'expert et fidélité interjuge. = entente entre observateurs/codeur. ( ): Voir tableau ci-dessous. Interobserver agreemen, inter-observer agreement, Nominal scale agreement, coefficient of agreement, interobserver reliability, observer reliability.

Types d'accord interjuge
Coefficient de Kappa K de cohen K de Fleiss
 

  COHEN, J.A. (1960). Coefficient of agreement for nominal scales. Educational & Psychological Measurement, 20 (1), 37-46. [PDF] HARRIS, F.C. & LAHEY, B.B. (1978). A method for combining occurrence and nonoccurrence interobserver agreement scores. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 11 (4), 523-527. [PDF]
SPITZER, R.L., COHEN, J.A., FLEISS, J. & ENDICOTT, J. (1967). Quantification of agreement in psychiatry diagnosis : A new approach. Archives of General Psychiatry, 1 (7), 83-87. CARO, T.M., ROPER, R., YOUNG, M. & DANK, G.R. (1979). interobserver reliability. Behaviour, 69 (3-4), 303-315. [PDF]
COHEN, J.A. (1968). Weighted kappa : Nominal scale agreement with provision for scaled disagreement or partial credit. Psychological Bulletin, 70, 213-220. HAWKINS, R.P. & FABRY, B.D. (1979). Applied behavior analysis and interobserver reliability : A commentary on two articles by Birkimer and Brown. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 12 (4), 545-552. [PDF]
  PAGE, T.J. & IWATA, B.A. (1986). Interobserver agreement: History, theory and current methods. In: Poling, A.; Fuqua, RW., editors. Research methods in applied behavior analysis: Issues and advances (99-126.). Plenum; New York: 1986.
TAPLIN, P.S. & REID, J.B. (I973). Effects of instructional set and experimenter influence on observer reliability. Child Development, 44, 547-554. ZEGERS, F.E. (1991). Coefficients for interrater agreement. Applied Psychological Measurement, 15 (4),321-333. [PDF]
FLEISS, J.L. (1975). Measuring agreement between two judges on thepresence or absence of a trait. Biometrics, 31, 651-659. BORKENAU, P. & LIEBLER, A. (1993). Convergence of stranger ratings of personality and intelligence with self-ratings, partner ratings, and measured intelligence. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 65, 546-553.
REPP, A.C., DEITZ, D.E.D., BOLES, S.M., DEITZ, S.M. & REPP, C.F. (1976). Differences among methods for calculating interobserver agreement. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 9 (1), 109-113. [PDF] CARR, J.E., AUSTIN, J., HATFIELD, D.B. & BAILEY, J.S. (1996). The standard deviation as an informative measure of variability in reporting interobserver agreement means. Journal of Behavior Therapy & Experimental Psychiatry, 27, 263-267.
LANDIS, J.R. & KOCH G.G. (1977). The measurement of interrater agreement for categorical data. Biometrics, 33, 159-174. DONNER, A. (1998). Sample size requirements for the comparison of two or more coefficients of inter-observer agreement. Statistics in Medicine, 17 (10), 1157-1168.
YELTON, A.R., WILDMAN, B.G. & ERICKSON, M.T. (1977). A probability-based formula for calculating inter-observer agreement. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 9 (10), 127-131. [PDF] SZALAI, J.P. (1998). Kappa-sub(sc) : A measure of agreement on a single rating category for a single item or object rated by multiple raters. Psychological Reports, 82 (3), 1321-1322.
KRATOCHWILL, T.R. & WETZEL, R.J. (1977). Observer agreement, credibility, and judgement : some considerations in presenting observer agreement data. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 10 (1), 133-139. [PDF] ACKLIN, M.W., McDOWELL C.J., VERSCHELL, M.S. & CHAN, D. (2000). Interobserver agreement, intraobserver reliability, and the Rorschach Comprehensive System. Journal of Personality Assessment, 74, 15-47. [PDF]
   HEINE, S.J. & RENSHAW, K. (2002). Interjudge agreement, self-enhancement, and liking : Cross-cultural divergences. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 28, 442-451. [PDF]
HARTMANN, D.P. (1977). Considerations in the choice of interobserver reliability estimates. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 10 (1), 103-116. [PDF] MUDFORD, O.C., TAYLOR, S.A. & MARTIN, N.T. (2009). Continuous recording and interobserver agreement algorithms reported in the J. of Applied Behavior Analysis (1995-2005). Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 42 (1), 165-169. [PDF]
Voir aussi Fidélité interjuge et Observateurs/codeurs
Accouchement : Voir Naissance.
Accouplement : Intromission de l'organe génital mâle dans l'organe sexuelle femelle, peu importe l'espèce. On lui préfère les termes acte sexuel et relations sexuelle pour désigner le même phénomène chez l'espèce humaine. Accouplement et couple.

 
Accoutumance : Tolérance à une drogue ou à un médicament (substance psychotrope) acquise progressivement par l'organisme et qui lui permet de supporter des doses croissantes de ce médicament sans effet secondaire notable. *dépendance. = assuétude. Tolerance.

 
Accréditation : Procédure légale qui vise à vérifier la correspondance ente les standards de formation d'un programme et l'enseignement effectivement offert aux étudiants. Accreditation.

  HOPKINS, B.L. & MOORE, J. (1993). ABA accreditation of graduate programs of study. The Behavior Analyst, 16, 117-121.
SHOOK, G.L. (1993). The professional credential in behavior analysis. The Behavior Analyst, 16, 87-101.
MOORE, J.C. & SHOOK, G.L. (2001). Certification, accreditation, and quality control in behavior analysis. The Behavior Analyst, 24, 45-55. [PDF]
Acculturation : Voir Culture.
Acccumulation compulsive : Voir Syllogamie. Compulsive hoarding.
Acétylcholine (ACh) : Neurotransmetteur qui permet la transmission chimique de l'influx nerveux à l'extrémité des nerfs parasympathiques et des fibres préganglionnaires. Elle joue aussi un rôle important dans l'apprentissage et la mémoire, ainsi que dans la contraction des muscles lisses, notamment du coeur. Acetylcholine et Noyau basal de Meynert. /Anticholinergique. Acetylcholine.

  JASPER, H.H. & TESSIER, J. (1971). Acetylcholine liberation from cerebral cortex during paradoxical (REM) sleep. Science, 172, 601-602. [PDF]
TANSEY, E.M. (1991). Chemical neurotransmission in the autonomic nervous system : Sir Henry Dale and acetylcholine. Clinical Autonomic Research, 1 (1), 63-72.
YU, A.J. & DAYAN, P. (2002). Acetylcholine in cortical inference. Neural Networks, 15, 719-730.
SAVAGE, L.M., HALL, J.M. & VETRENO, R.P. (2011). Anterior thalamic lesions alter both hippocampal-dependent behavior and hippocampal acetylcholine release in the rat. Learning & Memory, 18, 751-758. [PDF]
Voir aussi Neurotransmetteur
Acheter : Voir Consommer. Consumer choice, consumption, buyer behavior, purchasing behaviour, consumer.
Acouphène : Trouble de l'ouïe qui se caractérise par une sensation auditivedésagréable, sous forme de bourdonnement ou de sifflement, qui n'est cependant pas produit par un bruit réel ou tout autre stimulus externe à l'oreille. = bruit de fond interne. Tinnitus.

  ANDERSSON, G. & LYTTKENS, L. (1996). Acupuncture for tinnitus : time to stop ? Scandinavian Audiology, 25, 273-275. JASTREBOFF, P.J. (2000). Tinnitus habituation therapy (THT) and tinnitus retraining therapy (TRT). In R.S. Tyler (Ed.), Tinnitus Handbook (357-376). San Diego, CA : Singular, Thomson Learning.
ANDERSSON, G. (1996). The role of optimism in patients with tinnitus and in patients with hearing impairment. Psychology & Health, 11, 697-707. ANDERSSON, G., ERIKSSON, J., LUNDH, L.-G. & LYTTKENS, L. (2000). Tinnitus and cognitive interference: a Stroop paradigm study. Journal of Speech, Hearing, & Language Research, 43, 1168-1173.
ANDERSSON, G. & LARSEN, H.-C. (1997). Cognitive-behavioural treatment of tinnitus in otosclerosis : a case-report. Behavioural & Cognitive Psychotherapy, 25, 79-82. ANDERSSON, G. (2002). Psychological aspects of tinnitus and the application of cognitive-behavioural therapy. Clinical Psychology Review, 22 (7), 977-979.
  JASTREBOFF, P.J. & JASTREBOFF, M.M. (2003). Tinnitus retraining therapy for patients with tinnitus and decreased sound tolerance. Otolaryngol. Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America, 26, 321-323.
  JASTREBOFF, P.J. & HAZELL, J. (2004). Tinnitus retraining therapy : Implementing the neurophysiological model. New York, NY : Cambridge University Press.
ANDERSSON, G. & McKENNA, L. (1998). Tinnitus masking and depression. Audiology, 37, 174-182. ANDERSSON, G. & WESTIN, V. (2008). Understanding tinnitus distress : Introducing the concepts of moderators and mediators. International Journal of Audiology, 47 (S2), 106-111.
Voir aussi Ouïe et Misophonie
Acquiesement : Forme de conformisme, proposée par Kelman, qui consiste à accepter une demande, ou à s'y plier lorsque cette demande semble peu intéressante ou difficile à satisfaire. = acquiscer à une requête, dire oui, accepter, se plier, se laisser influencer. /persuasion. Compliance.

  FESTINGER, L. & CARLSMITH, J. (1959). Cognitive consequences of forced compliance. Journal of Abnormal & Social Psychology 58, 203-210. [LIRE] SEGRIN, C. (1993). The effects of nonverbal behavior on outcomes of compliance gaining attempts. Communication Studies, 44, 169-187.
FREEDMAN, J.L. & FRASER, S. (1966). Compliance without pressure : The foot-in-the-door technique. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 4, 195-202. REMLAND, M.S. & JONES, T. (1994). The influence of vocal intensity and touch on compliance gaining. The Journal of Social Psychology, 134 (1), 89-97. [PDF]
FREEDMAN, J.L., WALLINGTON, S.A. & BLESS, E. (1967). Compliance without pressure : The effect of guilt. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 7, 117-124. BOHM, J. & HENDRICKS, B. (1997). Effects of interpersonal touch, degree of justification, and sex of participant on compliance with a request. The Journal of Social Psychology, 137, 460-469.
KONECNI, V.J. (1972). Some effects of guilt on compliance : A field replication. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 23 (1), 0-32. [PDF] BURGER, J.M. (1999). The foot-in-the-door compliance procedure : A multiple-process analysis and review. Personality & Social Psychology Review, 3, 303-325. [PDF]
DARLEY, S.A. & COOPER, J. (1972). Cognitive consequence of forced noncompliance. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 24 (3), 321-326. [PDF] WHATLEY, M.A., WEBSTER, M.J., SMITH, R.H. & RHODES, A. (1999). The effect of a favor on public and private compliance : How internalized is the norm of reciprocity ? Basic & Applied Social Psychology, 21 (3), 251-259.
CIALDINI, R.B., VINCENT, J.E., LEWIS, SK., CATALAN, J., WHEELER, D. & DARBY, B. (1975). Reciprocal concessions procedure for inducing compliance : The door-in-the-face technique. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 31, 206-215. BURGER, J.M. REED, M., DECESARE, K., RAUNER, S. & ROZOLIS, J. (1999). The effects of initial request size on compliance : More about the that's-not-all technique. Basic & Applied Social Psychology, 21, 243-249. [PDF]
KONECNI, V.J. & EBBESEN, E.B. (1975). Effects of the presence of children on adults' helping behavior and compliance : Two field studies. Journal of Social Psychology, 97, 181-193. [PDF] ADAMS, G.R., RYAN, B.A., KETSETZIS, M. & KEATING, L. (2000). Rule compliance and peer sociability : A study of family process, parent-child school-focused interactions and children's classroom behavior. Journal of Family Psychology, 14, 237-250.
DOLEYS, D.M., WELLS, K.C., HOBBS, S.A., ROBERTS, M.W. & CARTELLI, L.M. (1976). The effects of social punishment on noncompliance : a comparison with timeout and positive practice. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 9 (4), 471-482. [PDF] GUÉGUEN, N. (2002). Touch, awareness of touch and compliance to a request. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 95, 355-360.
MILLER, R-L., SELIGMAN, C., CLARK, N.T. & BUSH, M. (1976). Perceptual contrast versus reciprocal concession as mediators of induced compliance. Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science, 8, 401-409. GUÉGUEN, N. (2002). Status, apparel and touch : Their joint effects on compliance to a request. North American Journal of Psychology, 4, 279-286.
SHANAB, M.E. & O'NEILL, P. (1979). The effects of contrast upon compliance with socially undesirable requests in the door-in-the-face paradigm. Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science, 11, 236-244. GUÉGUEN, N. (2002). Kind of touch, gender and compliance to a request : A pilot study. Studia Psychologica, 44, 167-172.
  BURGER, J.M. MESSIAN, N., PATEL, S., DEL PRADO, A., & ANDERSON, C. (2004). What a coincidence! The effects of incidental similarity on compliance. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 30, 35-43. [PDF]
WALKER, M., HARRIMAN, S. & COSTELLO, S. (1980). The influence of appearance on compliance with a request. Journal of Social Psychology, 112, 159-160. CIALDINI, R.B. & GOLDSTEIN, N.J. (2004). Social influence : Compliance and conformity. Annual Review of Psychology, 55, 591-621. [PDF]
SHANAB, M.E. & ISONIO, S.A. (1980). The effects of delay upon compliance with socially undesirable requests in the door-in-the-face paradigm. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 15, 76-78. GUÉGUEN, N., JACOB, C. & BOULBRY, G. (2007). The effect of touch on compliance with a restaurant's employee suggestion. Hospitality Management, 26, 1019-1023. [PDF]
BROCKNER, J., PRESSMAN, B., CABITT, J. & MORAN, P. (1982). Nonverbal intimacy, sex, and compliance : A field study. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 6, 253-258.  PETROVA, K., CIALDINI, R.B. & SILLS, S.J. (2007). Consistency-based compliance across cultures. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 104-111. [PDF]
BURGER, J.M. (1986). Increasing compliance by improving the deal : the that’s-not-all technique. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 51 (2), 277-283. [PDF]  
GRACE, C.R., BELL, P.A. & SUGAR, J. (1988). Effects of compliance techniques on spontaneous and asked-for helping. Journal of Social Psychology, 128, 525-532. BURGER, J.M. & CALDWELL, D.C. (2011). When opportunity knocks : The effect of a perceived unique opportunity on compliance. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 14, 671-680. [PDF]
Voir aussi Acquiescement, Identification, Influence sociale, Obéissance aux règles et Conformisme
VALLERAND, R.J. (Dir.) (1994). Les fondements de la psychologie sociale. Montréal : Gaëtan Morin.  
Acquis : L'un des grands problèmes de la psychologie. Consiste à déterminer chez l'humain et l'animal le rôle des gènes (inné) et de l'expérience avec le milieu (acquis) dans l'apparition des comportements, des émotions, des processus cognitifs, etc. Acquis et problème de l'innée et de l'acquis. = apprentissage, expérience, effet de la culture. /inné, instinct. Culture, nurture, experience, environmental influence.

  MORGAN, C.L. (1900). Instinct vs. experience in newly hatched chicks. Nature, 62, 590. PLOMIN, R. & McCLEARN, G.E. (Ed.) (1993). Nature, nurture, and psychology. Washington, D.C. : American Psychological Association.
CARMICHAEL, L. (1925). Heredity and environment : Are they antithetical ? Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 20, 245-260. BERGEMAN, C.S., CHIPUER, H.M., PLOMIN, R., PEDERSEN, N.L., McCLEARN, G.E., NESSELROADE, J.R., COSTA, P.T. & McCRAE, R.R. (1993). Genetic and environmental effects on openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness : An adoption/twin study. Journal of Personality, 61 (2), 159-179.
WULFF RASMUSSEN, E. (1939). Wildness in rats : Heredity or environment ? Acta Psychologica, 4, 295-304. PLOMIN, R. (1994). Genetics and experience : The interplay between nature and nuture. Thousand Oaks : Sage.
LORENZ, K. (1970). Évolution et modification du comportement : l'inné et l'acquis. Paris : Éditions Payot. McGUE, M. & BOUCHARD, T.J. (1998). Genetic and environmental influences on human behavioral differences. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 21, 1-24.
RICHARDS, R.J. (1974). The innate and the learned : The evolution of Konrad Lorenz's theory of instinct. Philosophy of the Social Sciences, 4, 111-133. LYKKEN, D.T. (1999). Happiness : What studies on twins show us about nature, nurture, and the happiness set point. New York : Golden Books.
SAFIR, M.P. (1985). The effects of nature or of nurture on sex differences in intellectual functioning : Israeli Findings. Sex Roles, 14, 581-590. TOMASELLO, M. & SLOBIN, D. (Eds.) (2004). Beyond nature-nurture : Essays in honor of Elizabeth Bates. Lawrence Erlbaum.
RICHERSON, P.J. & BOYD, R. (2005). Not by genes alone : How culture transformed human evolution. London : University of Chicago Press.
Voir aussi Grands problèmes
Acquisition : Terme générique plus neutre que le mot apprentissage, qui désigne ce qui est acquis sans toutefois préciser la nature des mécanismes qui sous-tendent cette acquisition (apprentissage, assimilation, traitement de l'information, etc.). /inné. Acquisition.

  BRYAN, W.L. & HARTER, N. (1899). Studies on the telegraphic language : The acquisition of a hierarchy of habits. Psychological Review, 6,345-375.
KANTOR, J.R. (1921). How do we acquire our basics reactions ? Psychological Review, 28, 328-356.
ANDERSON, J.R. (1982). Acquisition of cognitive skill. Psychological Review, 89 (4), 369-406. [PDF]
Acronymes et sigles en psychologie :

Acronyme   Mot en français   Mot en anglais
ABA = Techniques de modification du comportement   Applied Behavior Analysis
ACH = Acétylcholine   Acetylcholine/ACH
ACT =     American College Testing Program
ACT = Thérapie de l'acceptation et de l'engagement   Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
ADN/DNA = Acide DésoxiriboNucléique   DeoxyriboNucleic Acid/DNA
AHN   Autiste de haut-niveau   High functioning autism
ANOVA = Analyse de la variance   Analysis of Variance
APA = Association Américaine de Psychologie   American Psychological Association/APA
APA = Association Américaine de Psychiatrie   American Psychiatric Association
TCC/CBT = Thérapie comportementale et cognitive   Cognitive-Behavior Therapy
DRA   Renforcement différentiel des comportements alternatifs   Differential Reinforcement of Alternative behavior
DRH   Programme de renforcement à débit rapide   Differentiall Reinforcement of High rate
DRI   Renforcement différentiel des comportements incompatibles   Differential Reinforcement of Incompatible Behavior.
DRL   Programme de renforcement à débit lent   Differential Reinforcement of Low response rate
DRO   Renforcement différentiel d'autres comportements   Differential Reinforcement of Other behaviors
ECT = Thérapie électroconvulsive   Electrotherapy
EMDR = Intégration neuro-émotionnelle par les mouvements oculaires   Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing
ESS = Stratégie évolutive stable   Evolutionary stable strategy
FAP = Thérapie analytique fonctionnelle   Functional analytic psychotherapy
GSR   Réponse électrodermale   Galvanic skin response
IA/AI = Intelligence artificielle   Artificial Intelligence/AI
IC = Intervalle de confiance    
ICI/EIBI   Intervention comportementale intensive   Early intensive behavioral intervention/EIBI
ICS = Intervalle de confiance    
IMAO = Inhibiteur de monoamine oxydase   Monoamine oxidase inhibitor
IRM   Imagerie par résonance magnétique   Magnetic resonance imaging/MRI
IRMf   Imagerie par résonance magnétique fonctionnelle   Functional magnetic resonance imaging/FMRI
IRSNa = Inhibiteur sélectif de la recapture de la sérotonine/noradréanaline   Noradrenergic and specific serotonergic antidepressants
ISRS = Inhibiteur sélectif de la recapture de la sérotonine   Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, serotonin-specific reuptake inhibitor
ITS = Infection transmise sexuellement.    
JLD = Troubles du décalage horaire   Jet Lag Disorder
MANOVA = Analyse multivariée   Multiple analysis of variance
P+ = Punition positive   Positive Punishment
P- = Punition negative   Negative Punishment
PTSB   Trouble de Stress Post-Traimatique   Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
QI/IQ = Quotient Intellectuel   IQ
RET = Thérapie émotionnelle   Rational Emotive Therapy/RET
RFT = Théorie de la relation mot-milieu   Relational frame theory
SIB = Automutilation   Self Injurious Behavior
RC/CR = Réponse Conditionnelle   Conditioned response/CR
RI/UR = Réponse Inconditionnelle   Unconditioned Response/UR
R+ = Renforcement positif   Positive Reinforcement
R- = Renforcement négatif   Negative Reinforcement
RD/DR   Renforcement différentiel   DR
S+ = Stimulus positif   Positive Stimulus
S - = Stimulus négatif   Negative Stimulus/NS
SC/CS = Stimulus Conditionnel   Conditioned Stimulus/CS
SD/DS = Stimulus Discriminatif   Discriminative Stimulus/DS
SI/US = Stimulus Inconditionnel   Unconditioned Stimulus/US
SN/NS = Stimulus Neutre   Neutral stimulus/NS
TA/LD = Trouble d'apprentissage   Learning disability/LD
TEP/PET = Tomographie par émission de positrons   PET (scan)
TED/OCD = Troubles envahissants du développement   Pervasive Developmental Disorder/TED
TOC/OCD = Trouble Obsessionnel-Compulsif   Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/OCD
TBD/DBT = Thérapie béhaviorale dilectique   Dialectical behavioral therapy/DBT
TH/HD = Trouble d'hyperactivité   Hyperactivity Disorder/HD
TDAH/ADHD = Trouble du déficit de l'attention avec hyperactivité   Attention Disorder Hyperactivity Disorder/ADHD
VD/DV = Variable dépendante   Dependent Variable
VI/IV = Variable Indépendante   Independent Variable
VII = Variable indépendante Invoquée    
VIP = Variable Indépendante Provoquée    
WWW = Internet   web

Rubrique en rédaction

Acrophobie : Voir Phobie des hauteurs.
ACT (American College Testing Program) : Test d'évaluation des aptitudes cognitives inventé en 1959 par Lindquist.
 
Acta Analytica : Revue scientifique de philosophie. Éditeur : Springer.
MARKIC, O. (2001). Is language of thought a conceptual necessity ? Acta Analytica, 16 (26), 53-60.

Acta Biotheoretica : Revue scientifique de philosophie, qui s'intéresse à la biologie. Éditeur : Springer.
GRIFFITHS, P.E. (2009). In what sense does "nothing in biology make sense except in the light of evolution"? Acta Biotheoretica, 57, 11-32. [PDF]

Acta Neuropsychiatrica : Revue scientifique de psychiatrie. Éditeur : Wiley.
YEOMANS, F.E. & LEVY, K.L (2002). An object relations perspective on borderline personality. Acta Neuropsychiatrica, 14, 76-80.

Acta Paediatrica : Revue scientifique de pédiatrie. Éditeur : Wiley.
CHRISTAKIS, D.A. (2009). The effects of infant media usage : what do we know and what should we learn ? Acta Paediatrica/Acta Paediatrica, 98, 8-16. [PDF]

Acta Paedopsychiatrica : Revue scientifique de psychiatrie. Éditeur : International Association for Child Psychiatry and Allied Professions.
RIMLAND, B. (1968). On the objective diagnosis of infantile autism. Acta Paedopsychiatrica, 35, 146-161.

Acta Psychiatrica Scandanvica : Revue scientifiquede psychiatrie. = Acta Psych. Scand. Éditeur : Wiley.
MORTBERG, E., CLARK, D.M., SUNDIN, O. & ABERG WISTEDT, A. (2007). Intensive group cognitive treatment and individual cognitive therapy vs. treatment as usual in social phobia : a randomized controlled trial. Acta Psychiatrica Scandanvica, 115, 142-154. [PDF]

Acta Psychologica : Revue scientifique de psychologie. Éditeur : Elsevier.
PIAGET, J. (1950). Une experience sur la psychologie du hasard chez l'enfant : Le tirage au sort des couples. Acta Psychologica, 7, 323-336.

Acta Psychologica Sinica : Revue scientifique de psychologie. Éditeur : Chineese Psycological Society.
LIE, C. & GEARY, D.C. (2007). The future of psychology : Evolutionary approach to scientific psychology. Acta Psychological Sinica, 39, 381-382. [PDF]

Acte : Comportement ou conduite volontaire. Pour de nombreux psychologues/sociologue, l'acte se distingue du comportement par son caractère conscient et planifié. ( ): Voir tableau ci-dessous.

Types d'acte
Acte consommatoire Acte locutoire Acte réservé
Acte exclusif Acte manqué Acte sexuel
Acte perlocutoire Acte thérapeutique
 
 

 

Acte (thérapeutique) : Voir Exercice de la psychologie et profession
Acte consommatoire : Selon Austin, intention qui précède l'acte locutoire et l'acte perlocutoire.

Temps 1 Temps 2 Temps 3
Acte consommatoire Acte locutoire Acte perlocutoire

 
Acte exclusif : Ensemble de gestes/décisions réservé à une et une seule profession. Pour obtenir ce droit, il faut être membre d'une profession. EX : Seul les médecins ont droit d'opérer un patient. Acte exclusif, acte réservé et exercice d'une profession.

 
Acte locutoire : Selon Austin, acte de produire des sons et de dire quelque chose avec des mots selon une structure grammaticale donnée.

Temps 1 Temps 2 Temps 3
Acte consommatoire Acte locutoire Acte perlocutoire

 
Acte manqué : Comportement émis contre la volonté ou la conscience et qui révèle, selon la psychanalyse, l'existence d'un désir refoulé ou d'un conflit intrapsychique. L'acte manqué révèle par des moyens détournés ce que la conscience ne parvient pas à exprimer. EX: Perdre ses billets d'avion le jour de son départ (alors que cette destination nous rebute), manquer un rendez-vous (alors que l'on souhaite être ailleurs). Acte manqué, processus primaire et lapsus. Parapraxe.

  HALL, C.S. (1957). L'ABC de la psychologie freudienne. Paris : Montaigne.
Acte perlocutoire : Selon Austin, résultat ou conséquence de l'acte locutoire.

Temps 1 Temps 2 Temps 3
Acte consommatoire Acte locutoire Acte perlocutoire

 
Acte réservé : Ensemble de gestes/décisions que seul certains professionnels ont le droit de poser/prendre. Pour obtenir ce droit, il faut être membre d'une profession. EX : La psychothérapie est réservée à certaines professions comme la psychologie, la médecine, etc. Acte réservé, titre réservé et exercice d'une profession.

 
Acte sexuel : Tout comportement sexuel en couple ou en groupe. Chez bon nombre d'auteurs, le terme semble exclure les comportements sexuels individuels comme la masturbation ou le voyeurisme. La répétition de l'acte sexuel entre deux individus (ou plus) donnerat donc naissance à une relation sexuelle. Sexual act.

 
Acteur : Le concept a deux acceptions : a) En psychologie sociale, le terme désigne celui qui agit; par opposition à celui qui observe celui qui agit. /observateur. Actor. b) En sociologie, notamment chez Crozier, celui qui agit (qui prend une décision ou émet un comportement) ou qui exerce son pouvoir afin d'amener les autres à agir (contrôle et influence sociale).

  a
JONES, E.E. & NISBETT, R.E. (1971). The actor and the observer : Divergent perceptions of the causes of behavior. In E.E. Jones, D.E. Kanouse, H.H. Kelley, R.E. Nisbett, S. Valins & B.W. Weiner (Eds.), Attribution : Perceiving the causes of behavior (pp. 37-52). Morristown, NJ : General Learning Press. [PDF]
MALLE, B.F., KNOBE, J. & NELSON, S.E (2007). Actor-observer asymmetries in explanations of behavior : New answers to an old question. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 93, 491-514. [PDF]
SÉNÉCAL, G. et SAINT-LAURENT-SÉNÉCAL. H. (2014). L'acteur : questions de méthode, dans S. Breux, J.-P. Collin, et C. Gingras (Dirs.), Repésenter la ville : apports et méthodes (p. 41-62). Québec : Presses de l'Université Laval.
SÉNÉCAL, G. (2016). La société des acteurs. Montréal : Liber.
b
CROZIER, M. et FRIEDBERG, E. (1977). L'acteur et le système. Paris : Seuil.
TOURAINE, A. (1984). Le retour de l'acteur : Essai de sociologie. Paris : Fayard.
ASSOGBA, Y. (1990). Théorie systémique de la rationalité de l’acteur et aspirations. Recherches Sociologiques, 19, 55-77.
Actif : Voir Apprentissage actif.
Acting out : Expression anglaise utilisée en psychanalyse pour désigner un acte impulsif et agressif (le plus souvent commis contre son thérapeute). EX: Tony Soprano, le parrain de la télésérie américaine Les Sopranos, essaie d'étrangler sa psychanalyste, qui tente en vain de lui faire admettre que sa mère le déteste... = mise en acte, passage à l'acte. Acting out.
  WEISS, E. (1942). Emotional memories and acting out. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 11, 477-492. NAIMAN, J. (1966). The role of the superego in certain forms of acting out. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 47, 286-292.
FENICHEL, O. (1945). Neurotic acting out. Psychoanalytic Review, 32, 197-206. FREUD, A. (1968). Acting out. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 49 (2-3), 165-170.
DE BLÉCOURT, A. (1993). Transference, counter transference and acting out in psychoanalysis. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 74, 757-774. GRINBERG, L. (1968). On acting out and its role in the psychoanalytic process. International Journal of PsychoAnalysis, 49, 171-178.
SPIEGEL, L.A. (1954). Acting out and defensive instinctual gratification. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 2, 107-119. ANASTASOPOULOS, D. (1988). Acting out during adolescence in terms of regression in symbol formation. International Review of Psycho-Analysis, 15, 177-186.
CARROLL, E.J. (1954). Acting out and ego development. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 23, 521-528. CHASSEGUET-SMIRGEL, J. (1990). On acting out. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 71, 77-86.
BYCHOWSKI, G. (1954). The structure of homosexual acting out. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 23, 48-61. DE BLECOURT, A. (1993). Transference, countertransference, and acting out in analysis. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 74, 757-774.
ROTH, N. (1958). Manifest dream content and acting out. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 27, 547-554. ROUGHTON, R.E. (1993). Useful aspects acting out : repetition, enactment, actualization. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 41, 443-472.
LAPLANCHE, J. et PONTALIS, J.B. (1967/1998). Vocabulaire de la psychanalyse. Paris : Presses Universitaires de France. BERNSTEIN, A. (2001). The analyst's fear of acting out. Modern Psychoanalysis, 26, 203-208.
  Voir aussi Impulsif et Passage à l'acte
Action : Comportement ou chaîne de comportement émis dans un but précis, afin d'atteindre un objectif. = praxie, conduite. /reaction. Action.

  TOURAINE, A. (1965). Sociologie de l'action. Paris : Seuil. [PDF] THALBERG, I. (1971). Singling out actions, their properties and components. Journal of Philosophy, 68, 781-786.
GOLDMAN, A. (1970). A theory of human action. Prentice-Hall : Princeton University Press. GALLISTEL, R. (1980). The organisation of action. Hillsdale. N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
GOLDMAN, A. (1971). The individuation of action. Journal of Philosophy, 68, 761-774. SHARON, T. & WYNN, K. (1998). Individuation of actions from continuous motion. Psychological Science, 9, 357-362.
THOMSON, J.J. (1971). Individuating actions. Journal of Philosophy, 68, 771- 781. THAGARD, P.R. (2002). Emotion and action. Philosophical Psychology, 15 (1), 34-35. [PDF]
Action collective : Action concertée et organisée d’un groupe d'individus - souvent un mouvement social ou un parti politique - dans le but d’atteindre un objectif commun. L’atteinte de cet objectif permet aux membres du groupe d’atteindre leurs objectifs personnels. L’action collective a donc deux finalités : 1) Poursuivre et réaliser un objectif commun, celui du groupe; 2) Permettre aux membres d’atteindre leurs objectifs personnels. L'existence de ce double objectif peut créer un point de rupture au sein de l'organisation ou mener à un désengagement des membres insastisfaits. = action organisée, action sociale, action collective. Social action, collective action.

  PARSONS, T. (1937/1967). Structure of social action. Glencoe, IL : Free Press. TOURAINE, A. (2000). Sociologie de l'action. Paris : Seuil.
ROCHER, G. (1970). L'action sociale : Introduction à la sociologie générale. Paris : Seuil. DRURY, J. COCKING, C., BEALE, J., HANSON, C. & RAPLEY, F. (2005). The phenomenology of empowerment in collective action. British Journal of Social Psychology, 44, 309-328. [PDF]
LAUMANN, E.O.,PAPPI, F.U. (1976). Networks of collective action : A perspective on communitary action. New York : Academic Press. DRURY, J. & REICHER S.D. (2005). Explaining enduring empowerment : A comparative study of collective action and psychological outcomes. European Journal of Social Psychology, 35, 35-58.
CROZIER, M. et FRIEDBERG, E. (1977). L'acteur et le système : les contraintes de l'action collective. Paris : Seuil. BOUDON, R. (2007). Essais sur la théorie générale de la rationalité : action sociale et sens commun. Paris : Presses Universitaires de France.
 REICHER, S.D. (1982). The determination of collective action. In H. Tajfel (Ed.), Social identity and intergroup relations (pp. 41-84). Cambridge, UK : Cambridge University Press. VAN ZOMEREN, M., POSTMES, T., & SPEARS, R. (2008). Toward an integrative social identity model of collective action : A quantitative research synthesis of three socio-psychological perspectives. Psychological Bulletin, 134 (4), 504-535. [PDF]
DAWES, R.M., ORBELL, J.M., SIMMONS, R.T. & VAN DE KRAGHT, AJ.C. (1986). Organizing groups for collective action. The American Political Science Review, 80 (4), 1171-1185. [PDF] DRURY, J. (2009). Collective psychological empowerment as a model of social change : Researching crowds and power. Journal of Social Issues, 65 (4), 707-725. [PDF]
OSTROM, E. (1990). Governing the commons : The evolution of institutions for collective action. New York . : Cambridge University Press. MCGARTY, C., BLIUC, A., THOMAS, E. & BONGIORNO, R. (2009). Collective action as the material expression of opinion-based group membership. Journal of Social Issues, 65 (4), 839-857. [PDF]
WHITE HARRISON, C. (1992). Identity and control : A structural theory of social action. Princeton : Princeton University Press. DEROOIJ, E.A., GREEN, D.P. & GERBER, A.S. (2009). Field experiments on political behavior and collective action. Annual Review of Political Science, 12, 389-395.
MARWELL, G. & OLIVER, P. (1993). The critical mass in collective action. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. ZAAL, M., VAN LAAR, C., STAHL, T., ELLEMERS, N. & DERKS, B. (2011). By any means necessary : The effects of regulatory focus and moral conviction on hostile and benevolent forms of collective action. British Journal of Social Psychology, 50 (4), 670-689.
KELLY, C. & BREINLINGER, S. (1996). The social psychology of collective action. London, England : Taylor & Francis, Ltd.  
BOURDIEU, P. (1996). Raisons pratiques : Sur la théorie de l'action. Paris : Seuil.  
Voir aussi Groupe, Équipe, Organisation, Mouvement social, Parti politique et Objectif commun
 
Activation (physiologique) : Changement physiologique produit par un stimulus. Arousal, emotional activation, sexual arousal.

  MATTSON, J.M. & NATSOULAS, T. (1962). Emotional arousal and stimulus duration as determinants of stimulus selection. Journal of Abnormal & Social Psychology, 65 (2), 142-144. THAYER, R.E. (1989). The biopsychology of mood and arousal. New York : Oxford University Press.
THAYER, R.E. (1967). Measurement of activation through self-report. Psychological Reports, 20, 663-678. STRELAU, J. (1994). The concepts of arousal and arousability as used in temperament studies. In J.E. Bates & T.D. Wachs (Eds.), Temperament : Individual differences at the interface of biology and behavior (pp. 117-141). Washington, D.C. : American Psychological Association.
WEINER, M.J. & SAMUEL, W. (1974). The effect of attributing internal arousal to an external source upon test anxiety and performance. Journal of Social Psychology, 96, 255-265. ADAMS, H.E., LESTER, W.W. & LOHR, B.A. (1996). Is homophobia associated with homosexual arousal ? Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 105 (3), 440-445. [PDF]
SCHAEFFER, G.H. & PATTERSON, M.L. (1980). Intimacy, arousal, and small group crowding. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 38, 283-290.  
MALAMUTH, N.M., CHECK, J.V.P. & BRIERE, J. (1986). Sexual arousal in response to aggression : Ideological, aggressive, and sexual correlates. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 50, 330-340. [PDF] SCHIMMACK, U. & REISENZEIN, R. (2002). Experiencing activation : Energetic arousal and tense arousal are not mixtures of valence and activation. Emotion, 2, 412-417. [PDF]
Voir aussi Excitation et Changement physiologique
 
Activation comportementale : Voir Thérapie par activation comportementale.
Active Learning in Higher Education : Revue scientifique multidisciplinaire qui s'intéresse à l'éducation. Éditeur : Sage.
HARGIS, J. & MAROTTA, S.M. (2011). Using flip camcorders for active classroom metacognitive reflection. Active Learning in Higher Education, 12 (1) 35-44. [PDF]

Activisme/Activiste : Doctrine philosophique qui place au coeur de sa réflexion l'action concrète et le changement social comme résultat tangible de cette action. Activisme, engagement politique et mouvement social et politique. Activism.

  STAKE, J.E. & ROSE, S.M. (1994). The long-term impact of Women's Studies on students' personal lives and political activism. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 18, 403-412. [PDF]
LEWIS, B. (2006). A mad fight : Psychiatry and disability activism. In L.J. Davis (Ed.), The disability studies reader (pp. 3-16). New York : Routledge.
MARTIN, B. (2010). Theory for activists. Social Anarchism, 44, 22-41. [LIRE]
CRONIN, T.J., LEVIN, S., BRANSCOMBE, N.R., VAN LAAR, C. & TROPP, L.R. (2012). Ethnic identification in response to perceived discrimination protects well-being and promotes activism : A longitudinal study of Latino college students. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 15, 393-407.
LAVERACK G. (2013). Health activism : foundations and strategies. New York : Sage.
Voir aussi Engagement politique et Mouvement social
Activitas Nervosa Superior Rediviva : Revue scientifique multidisciplinaire qui s'intéresse à l'éducation. Éditeur : Institute of Normal and Pathological Physiology, Slovak Academy of Sciences and St. Elisabeth University College of Health and Social Work.
D'AMBROSIO, A., CASILLO, N. & MARTINI, V. (2013). Piercings and tattoos : psychopathological aspecs. Activitas Nervosa Superior Rediviva, 51 (3-4), 146-149. [PDF]

Activité : Qui n'est pas au repos, qui agit, fait quelque chose.

Types d'activité
Activité d'enseignement Activité neurale Activité sexuelle
Activité électrique Activité physique Activité scientifique
Activité motrice   Activité spontanée
 
Activité d'enseignement :

  NGUYEN, D.-Q. et BLAIS, J.-G. (2007). Approche par objectifs ou approche par compétences ? Repères conceptuels et implications pour les activités d'enseignement, d'apprentissage et d'évaluation au cours de la formation clinique. Pédagogie Médicale, 8 (4), 2-22.
Activité électrique : Voir Influx nerveux.
Activité motrice (Niveau d'...) : Motor activity.

  BARKLEY, R.A. & ULLMAN, D.G. (1975). A comparison of objective measures of activity level and distractibility in hyperactive and nonhyperactive children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 3, 213-244.
SIEGAL, J.M. & McGINTY, D.J. (1977). Pontine reticular formation neurons : Relationship of discharge to motor activity. Science 196, 678-680.
CAMPBELL, S.B. & BREAUX, A.M. (1983). Maternal ratings of activity level and symptomatic behavior in a non-clinical sample of young children. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 8, 73-82.
EATON, W.O. & ENNS, L.R. (1986). Sex differences in human motor activity level. Psychological Bulletin, 100, 19-28.
COSSETTE, L., POMERLEAU, A., MALCUIT, G. & BRAUN, C.M.J. (1989). Différentiation précoce de l'activité motrice et des expressions émotives selon le sexe. Revue Tirés à Part, 9 14-22.
JAMES, J.E. (1994). Does caffeine enhance or merely restore degraded psychomotor performance ? Neuropsychobiology, 30, 124-125.
Activité neurale : Brain activation, brain activity. Voir cerveau.

  NEUBAUER, A.C. & FINK, A. (2009). Intelligence and neural efficiency : Measures of brain activation versus measures of functional connectivity in the brain. Intelligence, 37 (2), 223-229.
ALIVISATOS, A.P., CHUN, M., CHURCH, G.M., GREENSPAN, R.J., ROUKES, M.L. & YUSTE, R. (2012). The brain activity map project and the challenge of functional connectomics. Neuron, 74, 970-974. [PDF]
Voir aussi Cerveau et Efficience neurale
Activité physique : Voir Exercice physique. Physical activity.
Activité sexuelle : Voir Relation sexuelle.
Activité scientifique :
Activité spontanée : Ensemble de comportements émis sans raison apparente, et dont la fonction est parfois difficile à déterminer. Spontaneous activity.

  SKINNER, B.F. (1930). The measurement of "spontaneous activity". Journal of General Psychology, 9, 3-23.
SERNAGOR, E. & GRZYWACZ, N.M. (1996). Influence of spontaneous activity and visual experience on developing retinal receptive fields. Current Biology, 6 (11), 1503-1508. [PDF]
Voir aussi Comportements et Fonction
Actualisation de soi : Voir Besoin d'actualisation.
Acupuncture : Croyance et pseudo-techonologie médicale et psychologique. Certaines études semblent montrer un effet bénéfique à court terme supérieur au placebo, notamment dans la région du dos. = médecine chinoise. Acupuncture, médecine chinoise et médecine alternative. Acupuncture.
  ELLIOTSON, J. (1832). Acupuncture. In J. Forbes, A. Tweedie & J. Conolly (Eds), The cyclopedia of practical medicine : Comprising treatises on the nature and treatment of diseases, materia medica and therapeutics, medical jurisprudence (Vol. 1, pp. 32-34). London : Sherwood, Gilbert, and Piper. TAVOLA, T., GALA, C., CONTE, G. & INVERNIZZI, G. (1992). Traditional Chinese acupuncture in tension type headache : a controlled study. Pain, 48 (3), 325-329.
TORIYAMA, M. (1975). Ear acupuncture anesthesia. Ear & Throat, 47, 497-501. SCHNORRENBERGER, C.C. (1993). Controversy corner revisited : Scientific evaluation of acupuncture : The position paper of the National Council Against Health Fraud. The Clinical Journal of Pain, 9 (4), 291-296.
GAW, A.C., CHANG, L.W. & SHAW, L.C. (1975). Efficacy of acupuncture on osteoarthritic pain : a double blind controlled trial. New England Journal of Medicine, 293, 375-378. VINCENT, C.A. & LEWITH, G. (1995). Placebo controls for acupuncture studies. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 88, 199-202.
GHIA, J.N., MAO, W., TOOMEY, T.C. & GREGG, J.M. (1976). Acupuncture and chronic pain mechanisms. Pain, 2 (3), 285-299. ANDERSSON, G. & LYTTKENS, L. (1996). Acupuncture for tinnitus : time to stop ? Scandinavian Audiology, 25, 273-275.
GUNN, C.C. & MILBRANT, W.E. (1977). The neurological mechanism of needle grasp in acupuncture. American Journal of Acupuncture, 5, 115-120. VICKERS, A.J. (1996). Can acupuncture have specific effects on health? A systematic review of acupuncture antiemesis trials. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 1996, 89 (6), 303-311.
GODFREY, C.M. & MORGAN, P.A. (1978). Controlled trial of the theory of acupuncture in musculoskeletal pain. The Journal of Rheumatology, 5 (2), 121-124. LANGEVIN, H.M. & VAILLANCOURT, P.D. (1999). Acupuncture: does it work and, if so, how ? Seminars in Clinical Neuropsychiatry, 4, 167-175.
CHUNG, S.-H. & DICKERSON, A. (1980). Pain, enkephalin and acupuncture. Nature, 283, 243-244. LANGEVIN, H.M., CHURCHILL, D.L., FOX, J.R., BADGER, G.J., GARRA, B.S. & KRAG, M.H. (2001). Biomechanical response to acupuncture needling in humans. Journal of Applied Physiology, 91, 2471-2478. [PDF]
LEWITH, G.T. & MACHIN, D. (1983). On the evaluation of the therapeutic effect of acupuncture. Pain, 16, 111-127. IRNICH, D., BEHRENS, N. & MOLZEN, H. (2001). Randomised trial of acupuncture compared with conventional massage and sham laser acupuncture for treatment of chronic neck pain. British Medical Journal, 322, 1-6.
LEWITH, G.T., FIELD, J. & MACHIN, D. (1983). Acupuncture compared with placebo in post-herpetic pain. Pain, 17, 361-368. GREENWOOD, M.T. (2002). Acupuncture and evidence-based medicine : A philosophical critique. Medical Acupuncture Journal, 13 (2), [PDF]
BOSSY, J. (1984). Morphological data concerning the acupuncture points and channel network. Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research, 9, 79–106. LANGEVIN, H.M. & YANDOW, J.A. (2002). Relationship of acupuncture points and meridians to connective tissue planes. The Anatomical Record, 269, 257–265. [PDF]
VINCENT, C.A. & RICHARDSON, P.H. (1986). The evaluation of therapeutic acupuncture : concepts and methods. Pain, 24, 1-13. HAMMERSCHLAG R. (2003). Acupuncture : On what should its evidence be based ? Alternative Therapies In Health & Medicine, 9 34-35.
RICHARDSON, P.H. & VINCENT, C.A. (1986). Acupuncture for the treatment of pain : a review of evaluation research. Pain, 24 (1), 15-40. WILSON, D.V., BERNEY, C.E., PERONI, D.L., MULLINEAUX, D.R. & ROBINSON, N.E. (2004). The effects of a single acupuncture treatment in horses with severe recurrent airway obstruction. Equine Veterinary Journal, 36 (6), 489-494.
  PATERSON, C. & DIEPPE, P. (2005). Characteristic and incidental (placebo) effects in complex interventions such as acupuncture.rBritish Medical Journal : Clinical research, 330, 1202-1205.
PATEL, M., GUTZWILLER, F., PACCAUD, F. & MARAZZI, A. (1989). A meta-analysis of acupuncture for chronic pain. International Journal of Epidemiology, 18, 900-906. LI, S., YU, B., ZHOU, D., HE, C., KANG, L., WANG, X., JIANG, S. & CHEN, X. (2011). Acupuncture for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents. Cochrane database of Systematic Review, 4,
Voir aussi Pseudotechonologie et Médecine chinoise
ADDITION - ADLER - ADHÉSION AU TRAITEMENT - ADMINISTRATEUR CENTRAL - ADOLESCENCE - ADORNO - ADRIAN - ADULTE - AF
Adamec Robert ( ) : Neuropsychologue canadien et spécialiste de l'étude du chat.
ADAMEC, R. (1975). The behavioral bases of prolonged suppression of predatory attack in cats. Aggressive Behavior, 1, 297-314.
ADAMEC, R., STARK-ADAMEC, C. & LIVINGSTONE, K.E. (1980). The development of predatory aggression and defence in the domestic cat (Felis domesticus). II. Patterns of development in the first 164 days of life. Behavioral & Neural Biology, 30, 410-434.
ADAMEC, R., STARK-ADAMEC, C. & LIVINGSTONE, K.E. (1980). The development of predatory aggression and defence in the domestic cat (Felis domesticus). III. Effects on development of hunger between 180 and 365 days. Behavioral & Neural Biology, 30, 435-447.
ADAMEC, R. (1990). Amygdala kindling and anxiety in the rat. Neuroreport, 1,255-258.
ADAMEC, R. & SHALLOW, T. (2000). Effects of baseline anxiety on response to kindling of the right medial amygdala. Physiology & Behavior 70, 67-80. [PDF]
Adams Jack Asthon (Davenport 1922-2010 Falls Church) : Psychologue américain, spécialisé dans l'étude des habiletés motrices.
ADAMS, J.A. (1955). A source of decrement in psychomotor performance. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 49, 390-394.
ADAMS, J.A. (1961). The second facet of forgetting : A review of warm-up decrement. Psychological Bulletin, 58 (4), 257-273.
ADAMS, J.A. (1971). A closed-loop theory of motor learning. Journal of Motor Behavior, 3, 111-150.
ADAMS, J.A. (1981). Do cognitive factors in motor performance become nonfunctional with practice ? Journal of Motor Behavior, 13, 262-273.
ADAMS, J.A. (1987). Historical review and appraisal of research on learning, retention, and transfer of human motor skills. Psychological Bulletin, 101 (1), 41-74. [PDF]
 
WICKENS, C.D. & WILLIGES, R.C. (2010). Jack A. Adams (1922-2010). American Psychologist, 66 (7), 638.
SCHMIDT, R.A. (2011). Jack Adams, a giant of motor behavior, has died. Journal of Motor Behavior, 43, (1), 83-84. [PDF]
Adaptation/Adapter : Modification biologique (b) des espèces ou psychologique (a) des organismes engendrée par des changements du milieu physique (cataclysme, variations climatiques, pollution, déforestation, désertification) ou social (surpopulation, famine, prédation, compétition, migration, guerre, récessions, mises à pied, déménagement, divorce/séparation, problèmes familiaux ou personnels, etc.), modification qui, selon le cas, peut permette à l'l"individu de survivre, de se reproduire, de diminuer son stress, d'émettre un nouveau comportement, d'acquérir de nouvelles connaissances, etc. Coping, adapation.

  a
PIAGET, J. (1974/1980). Adaptation and intelligence : Organic selection and phenocopy. Chicago : University of Chicago Press.  
OPPENLANDER, N. (1982). Coping or copping out. Criminology, 20, 449-465.  
STADDON, J.E.R. (1983). Adaptive behavior and learning. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. BERRY, J.W. (1997). Immigration, acculturation and adaptation. Applied Psychology, 46, 5-68. [PDF]
FOLKMAN, S. & LAZARUS, R.S. (1988). Coping as a mediator of emotion. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 54, 466-475. VITARO, F. et GAGNON, C. (2000). Prévention des problèmes d'adaptation chez les enfants et les adolescents. Sainte-Foy : Presses Universitaires du Québec.
  Voir aussi Adaptation
b
WILLIAMS, G.C. (1966). Adaptation and natural selection. Princeton : Princeton University Press. SIMPSON, J.A. (1994). Adaptation and natural selection : A new look at some old ideas. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 17, 634-636.
  GRIFFITHS, P.E. (1996). The historical turn in the study of adaptation. The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 47 (4), 511-532. [PDF]
BECKER, G.S. (1976). Altruism, egoism, and genetic fitness : Economics and sociobiology. Journal of Economic Literature, 14 (3), 817-826. OSORIO, D. & VOROBYEV, M. (1996). Colour-vision as an adaptation to frugivory in primates. Proceeding of the Royal Society B : Biological Sciences, 263, 593-599.
KAGEL, J. H., GREEN, L. & CARACO, T. (1986). When for- agers discount the future : Constraint or adaptation ? Animal Behaviour, 34, 271-283. MAYNARD SMITH, J. (2003). Fitness. Biology & Philosophy, 6, 37-37.
BURGHARDT, G.M. (1988). Precocial behavior, play, and the ectotherm-endotherm transition: Profound reorganization or superficial adaptation? In E.M. Blass (Ed.), Handbook of neurobiology (Vol. p, pp. 107-148). New York, NY : Plenum Press. ORR, H. (2005). The genetic theory of adaptation : a brief history. Nature Review Genetics, 6 (2), 119-127.
TOOBY, J. & COSMIDES, L. (1990). On the universality of human nature and the uniqueness of the individual : The role of genetics and adaptation. Journal of Personality, 58, 17-67.  
  FERREIRA-VALENTE, M.A. RIBEIRO, J.L.P. & JENSEN, M.P. (2009). Coping, depression, anxiety, self-efficacy and social support : Impact on adjustment to chronic pain. Escritos de Psicología, 2 (3), 8-17. [PDF]
Voir aussi Sélection naturelle et Homéostasie
Adaptation (Style d'... psychologique au stress) : Voir Stress (Stratégie). Coping style.
Adapté (Le mieux...) : Fittest.

  PERSSON, R.S. (2000). Survival of the fittest or the most talented ? : Deconstructing the myth of the musical maestro. Journal of Advanced Academics, 12 (1), 25-38.
Adaptive Behavior: Revue scientifique multidisciplinaire qui s'intéresse au comportement. Éditeur : Sage.
MIGNEAULT, A. & MARLEY, A.A.J. (1997). A real-time neuronal model of classical conditioning. Adaptive Behavior, 6 (1), 3-61.

Adaequatio rei et intellectus : En philosophie, expression latine qui exprime l'idée que la vérité provient à la correspondance entre le langage et la réalité.

 
Addessi Elsa ( ) : Éthologiste et primatologues italienne spécialisée dans l'étude des capucins. Collaboratrice de de Beran, Call, Hare, Tomasello et Visalberghi.
ADDESSI, E. & VISALBERGHI, E. (2001). Social facilitation of eating novel food in tufted capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella): input provided by group members and responses affected in the observer. Animal Cognition, 4, 297-303.
ADDESSI, E., GALLOWAY, A.T., VISALBERGHI, E., BIRCH, L.L. (2005). Specific social influences on the acceptance of novel foods in 2-5-year-old children. Appetite, 45 (3), 264-271. [PDF]
ADDESSI, E. & ROSSI, S. (2011). Tokens improve capuchin performance in the reverse-reward contingency task. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 278, 849-854.
ADDESSI, E., BORGI, M. & PALAGI, E. (2012). Is primatology an equal-opportunity discipline ? PLoS ONE, 7 (1), 1-6. [PDF]
ADDESSI, E., PAGLIERI, F., BERAN, M., EVANS, T., MACCHITELLA, L., DE PETRILLO, F. & FOCAROLI, V. (2013). Delay choice vs. delay maintenance : Different measures of delayed gratification in capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 127 (4), 392-398. [PDF]
Addicta : Revue scientifique multidisciplinaire qui s'intéresse aux problèmes de dépendance. Éditeur : Turkish Green Crescent Society.
PONTES, H.M. & GRIFFITHS, M.D. (2016). The development and psychometric properties of the internet disorder Scale-Short Form (IDS9-SF). Addicta : The Turkish Journalon addictions, 3 (3), 303-318. [PDF]

Addiction : Voir Dépendance.
Addiction : Revue scientifique multidisciplinaire qui s'intéresse aux problèmes de dépendance. Éditeur : Wiley et Blackwell.
MADDEN G.J. & BICKEL, W.K. (1999). Abstinence and price effects on demand for cigarettes : A behavioral-economic analysis. Addiction, 94, 577-588.

Addictive Behaviors : Revue scientifique multidisciplinaire qui s'intéresse aux problèmes de dépendance. Éditeur : Elsevier.
LESIEUR, H.R., CROSS, J., FRANK, M., WELCH, M., WHITE, C.M., RUBENSTEIN, G., MOSELEY, K. & MARK, M. (1991). Gambling and pathological gambling among university students. Addictive Behaviors, 16, 517-527.

Addis Michael E. ( ) : Psychologue cognitivo-béhavioral américain, spécialisé dans l'étude de la dépression, notamment chez les hommes. Étudiant de Jacobson. Collaborateur de Dimidjian, Dobson, Hollon, Lewinsohn, Kohlenberg et Martell.
ADDIS, M.E. & JACOBSON, N.S. (1996). Reason-giving and the process and outcome of cognitive-behavioral psychotherapies. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 64, 1417-1424.
ADDIS, M.E. & MAHALIK, J.R. (2003). Men, masculinity, and the contexts of help seeking. American Psychologist, 58 (1), 5-14. [PDF]
ADDIS, M.E. & COHANE, G.H. (2005). Social scientific paradigms of masculinity and their implications for research and practice in men’s mental health. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 61, 1-15. [PDF]
ADDIS, M.E., HATGIS, C., CARDEMIL, E., JACOB, K., KRASMOW, A.D. & MANSFIELD, A. (2006). Effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral treatment for panic disorder versus treatment as usual in a managed care setting : 2-year follow-up. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 74 (2), 377-385. [PDF]
ADDIS, M.E. (2008). Gender and depression in men. Clinical Psychology : Science & Practic, 15, 153-168. [PDF]
Addition (+) : Voir Opération mathématique. Addition, plus, +.
Adhésion : Consiste à souscrire à une idée (adhésion intellectuelle) ou aux idées d'un groupe (adhésion sociale).

Types d'adhésion
Adhésion à un groupe Adhésion au traitement Adhésion aux règles
 
Adhésion à un groupe : Voir Groupe.
Adhésion au traitement : Observance plus ou moins stricte par un patient de la posologie et de la durée du médicament/traitement qu'on lu a prescrit. = adhérence au traitement. Compliance with treatment, compliance therapy, adherence to medication, treatment engagement.

  WRIGHT, L., WOODCOCK, J. & SCOTT, R. (1969). Conditioning children when refusal of oral medication is life threatening. Pediatrics, 44, 970-972. WEISS, R.D., GREENFILED, S.F. & NAJAVITS, L.M. (1998). Medication compliance among patients with bipolar disorder and substance use disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 59 (4), 172-174.
RICKELS, K. & RISCOE, E. (1970). Assessment of dosage deviation in outpatient drug research. Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 10, 153-160. CRAMER J.A. & ROSENHECK, R. (1998). Compliance with medication regimens for mental and physical disorders. Psychiatric Services, 49 (2), 196-201.
ROSENBERG, C.M. & RAYNES, A.E. (1973). Dropouts from treatment. Canadian Psychiatric Association Journal, 18 (3), 229-233. BULTMAN, D.C. & SVARSTADT, B. L. (2000). Effects of physician commu- nication style on client medication beliefs and adherence with antidepressant treatment. Patient Education & Counseling, 40, 173-185.
  OWEN, R.R., THRUSH, C.R., KIRCHNER, J.E., FISHER, E.P. & BOOTH, B.M. (2000). Performance measurement for schizophrenia : adherence to guidelines for antipsychotic dose. International Journal for Quality in Health Care : Home 12 (6), 475-482. [PDF]
SOUTTER, R.B. & KENNEDY, M.C. (1974). Patient compliance in drug trials : Dosage and methods. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Medicine, 4, 360-364. ALLEN, KD. & WARZAK, W.J. (2000). The problem of parental nonadherence in clinical behavior analysis : effective treatment is not enough. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 33 (3), 373-391. [PDF]
VAN PUTTEN, T. (1974). Why do schizophrenics refuse to take their drugs ? Archives of General Psychiatry, 31, 67-72. SCHAFFER, S.D. & YOON, S.J. (2001). Evidence-based methods to enhance medication adherence. Nurse Practice, 26 (12), 44-54.
SACKET, D.L.,HAYNES, R.B.,GIBSON, E.S., HACKETT, B.C., TAYLOR, D.W., ROBERTS, R.S. & JOHNSON, A.L (1975). Randomized clinical trial of strategies for improving medication compliance in primary hypertension. Lancet, 1, 1205-1207. ZYGMUNT, A., OLFSON, M., BOYER, C.A. & MECHANIC, D. (2002). Interventions to improve medication adherence in schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159 (10), 1653-1664.
EPSTEIN, L.H. & MASEK, B.J. (1978). Behavioral control of medicine compliance. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 11 (1), 1-9. [PDF] SAJATOVIC, M., DAVIES, M. & HROUDA, D.R. (2004). Enhancement of treatment adherence among patients with bipolar disorder. Psychiatric Services, 55 (3), 264-269.
MEICHENBAUM, D.H. & TURK, D.C. (1987). Facilitating treatment adherence: A practitioner’s guidebook. New York : Plenum Press. HUDSON, T.J., OWEN, R.R., THRUSH, C.R., HAN, X., PYNE, J.M., THAPA, P. & SULLIVAN, G. (2004). A pilot study of barriers to medication adherence in schizophrenia. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 65 (2), 211-216.
DUGUAY M., VILLARD H.-P. et COUPAL P. (1993). Evaluation des facteurs affectant l'adhérence au traitement dans un service de médecine psychosomatique. Psychologie Médicale, 25 (13), 1407-1412. HERBECK, D.M., FITEK, D.J. & SVIKIS, D.S. (2005). Treatment compliance in patients with comorbid psychiatric and substance use disorders. American Journal of Addictions, 14 (5), 195-207.
ROSTAIN, A., POWER, T. & ATKINS, M. (1993). Knowledge and opinions of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and compliance with treatment recommendations. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 32, 175-181. WHITE, H. (2005). Adherence and outcomes : it's more than taking the pills. Lancet, 366, 1989-1991.
MADDOX, J. C., LEVI, M. & THOMPSON, C. (1994). The compliance with antidepressants in general practice. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 8, 48-52. OSTERBERG, L. & BLASCHKLE, T. (2005). Adherence to medication. New England Journal of Medecine, 353 (5), 487-497.
OWEN, R.R., FISHER, E.P., BOOTH, B.M. & CUFFEL, B.J. (1996). Medication noncompliance and substance abuse among patients with schizophrenia. Psychiatric Services, 47 (8), 853-858. ASTON, A. K., JAMERSON, B.D., WEINSTEIN, W.L. & WAGONER, C. (2005). Antidepressant-related adverse effects impacting treatment compliance : Results of a patient survey. Current Therapeutic Research : Clinical & Experimental, 66, 96-106.
KEMP, R., HAYWARD, P., APPLEWAITE, G., EVERITT, B. & DAVID, A. (1996). Compliance therapy in psychotic patients : randomised controlled trial. British Medical Journal, 312, 345-349. MONTOYA, I.D. (2006). Treatment compliance in patients with co-occurring mental illness and substance abuse. Psychiatric Times, 25 (1), 35-38.
  HUDSON, T.J., OWEN, R.R., THRUSH, C.R., ARMITAGE, T.L. & THAPA, P. (2004). Guideline implementation and patient-tailoring strategies to improve medication adherence for schizophrenia. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 69 (1), 74-80.
KECK, P.E., McELROY, S.L. & STRAKOWSI, S.M. (1997). Compliance with maintenance treatment in bipolar disorder. Psychopharmacology Bulletin, 33 (1), 87-91. JACKSON, W.C. (2008). The importance of facilitating adherence in maintenance therapy for bipolar disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 69 (3).
  STIRRATT, M.J., DUNBAR-JACOB, J. CRANE, H.M., SIMONI, J.M., CZAJKOWSKI, S., HILLIARD, M.E., AIKENS, J.E., HUNTER, C.M., VELLIGAN, D.I., HUNTLEY, K., OGEDEGBE, G., RAND, C.S., SCHRON, E. & NILSEN, W.J. (2015). Self-report measures of medication adherence behavior : recommendations on optimal use. Translational Behavioral Medicine, 5 (4), 470-482. [PDF]
Voir aussi Devoir du patient, Patient Psychotrope et Prescription
 
Adhésion aux règles de contingence : Observance plus ou moins stricte des règles de contingence. Adhérence et règles de contingence. = adhérence aux règles de contingences. Sensitivity to operant contingencies, sensitivity of rule-governed behavior.

  JOYCE, J.H. & CHASE, P.N. (1990). Effects of response variability on the sensitivity of rule-governed behavior. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 54 (3), 251-262. [PDF]
WULFERT, E., GREENWAY, D.E., FARKAS, P., HAYES, S.C. & DOUGHER, M.J. (1994). Correlation between self-reported rigidity and rule-governed insensitivity to operant contingencies. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 127 (4), 659-671. [PDF]
Voir aussi Règles de contingence
Ad hoc : Voir Hypothèse ad hoc.
Adler
Alfred Adler Nancy E. Adler
 
Adler Alfred (Penzig Autriche 1870-1937 Aberdeen) : Médecin, psychanalyste et psychopédagogue autrichien. Père de la psychologie individuelle, il a développé une théorie de la personnalité fondée sur le sentiment social et le sentiment d'infériorité. Il s'est également intéresé à l'interaction entre le pouvoir individuel et le sentiment d'appartenance familial dans la détermination du caractère.

No 67
ADLER, A. (1912/70). Le tempérament nerveux : éléments d'une psychologie individuelle et applications à la psychothérapie. Paris : Petite Bibliothèque Payot.
ADLER, F. (1924). The practice and theory of individual psychology. Harcourt, Brace.
ADLER, A. (1927/76). Connaissance de l'homme : étude de caractérologie individuelle. Paris : Petite Bibliothèque Payot.
ADLER, A. (1933/72). Le sens de la vie : étude de psychologie individuelle comparée. Paris : Petite Bibliothèque Payot.
ADLER, A. (1977). L'éducation des enfants. Paris : Payot, Petite Bibliothèque.
 
OSBACHER, A. & OSBACHER, A. (1956). The individual psychology of Alfred Adler. New York : Basic Books.
BICKHARD, M.H. & FORD, B.L. (1976). Adler's concept of social interest : A critical explication. Journal of Individual Psychology, 32, (2), 27-49.
BICKHARD, M.H. & FORD, B.L. (1979). Subjective Adaptationalism : An Adlerian metapsychology. Journal of Individual Psychology, 35 (2), 162-186.
BICKHARD, M.H. (1980). Functionalism in Adlerian Psychology. Journal of Individual Psychology, 36 (1), 66-74.
Adler Nancy E. ( ) : Psychologue écologiste américaine, spécialisée dans l'étude des déterminants psychologiques et socio-économiques de la santé.
ADLER, N.E., DAVID, H.P., MAJOR, B.N., ROTH, S.H., RUSSO, N.F. & WYATT, G.E. (1990). Psychological responses after abortion. Science : New Series, 248 (4951), 41-44. [PDF]
ADLER, N.E. & OSTROVE, J.M. (1999). Socioeconomic status and health : What we know and what we don’t. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 896 (1), 3-15 [PDF]
ADLER, N.E. & NEWMAN, K. (2002). Socioeconomic disparities in health : Pathways and policies. Health Affairs, 21 (2), 60-76. [PDF]
ADLER, N.E. & SNIBBE, A.C. (2003). The role of psychosocial processes in explaining the gradient between socioeconomic status and health. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 12, 119-123. [PDF]
ADLER, N.E. & REHKOPF, D.H. (2008). U.S. Disparities in health : Descriptions, causes, and mechanisms. Annual Review of Public Health, 29, 235-252. [PDF]
Ad libitum : Expression latine qui signifie libre ou à volonté. Utilisée en psychologie animale pour qualifier un type particulier de diète que l'on impose aux animaux maintenus en captivité et qui consiste à leur donner autant de nourriture ou d'eau qu'ils peuvent en consommer. = buffet à volonté. Ad libitum.

  YU, B.P., MASORO, E.J., MURATA, I., BERTRAND, H.A. & LYND, F.T. (1982). Life span study of SP FFischer 344 male rats fed ad libitum or restricted diets : Longevity, growth, lean body mass and disease. Journal of Gerontology, 37, 130-141.
PFEFFER, A.O. & SAMSON, H.H. (1988). Haloperidol and apomorphine effects on ethanol reinforcement in free-feeding rats. Pharmacology Biochemistry & Behavior, 29, 343–350.
Administrateur (d'une entreprise, d'un organisme public) : Voir gestionnaire.
Administrateur central : Dans le modèle de Baddeley, fonction de la mémoire de travail dont le rôle est de gérer l'attention et la coordination de trois sous-systèmes, la boucle phonatoire, le calepin visuo-spatial et la mémoire tampson épisodique. = centre exécutif, système exécutif central. Central executive, excutive control.

  BADDELEY, A. (1984). Working memory : The interface between memory and cognition. In D.L. Schacter & E. Tulving (Eds.), Memory systems (pp. 351-367). Cambridge, MA : MIT Press.
MORRIS, N. & JONES, D.M. (1990). Memory updating in working memory : The role of the central executive. British Journal of Psychology, 81, 111-121.
BADDELEY, A. (1996). Exploring the central executive. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 49A, 5-28.
BADDELEY, A. & DELLA SALA, S. (1996). Working memory and executive control. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 351, 1397-1404. definitionst.htm#turnereh
TOWSE, J.N. & HOUSTON-PRICE, C.M.T. (2001). Reflections on the concept of the central executive. In J. Andrade (Ed.), Working memory in perspective (pp. 240-260). Hove, England : Psychology Press.
FÜRST, A.J. & HITCH, G.J. (2006). Separate roles for executive and phonological components of working memory in mental arithmetic. Memory & Cognition, 28 (5), 774-782. [PDF]
MATLIN, M. (2001/2004). Cognition. Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated. / La cognition : Une introduction à la psychologie cognitive. Paris : Deboeck Université. Voir aussi Mémoire de travail
Administration d'un test/Questionnaire : Voir Passation.
Administration d'une drogue : Manière d'injecter une drogue à un organisme. Drug administration.

  MIRSKY, A.F. & CARDON, P.V. (1962). A comparison of the behavioral and physiological changes accompanying sleep deprivation and chlorpromazine administration in man. Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology, 14, 1-10. ANDERSON, K.G. & WOOLVERTON, W.L. (2000). Concurrent variable-interval drug self-administration and the generalized matching law : A drug-class comparison. Behavioural Pharmacology, 11, 413-420.
SCHUSTER, C.R. & THOMPSON, T. (1969). Self-administration of and behavioral dependence on drugs. Annual Review of Pharmacology, 9, 483-502.  
ESPOSITO, R.U. & KORNETSKY, C. (1977). Morphine lowering of self-stimulation thresholds : Lack of tolerance with long-term administration. Science, 195, 189-191.  
JOHANSON, C.E. & BALSTER, R.L. (1978). Asummaryof the results of a drug self-administration study using substitution procedures in rhesus monkeys. Bulletin on Narcotics, 30, 43-54. SPRONSON, E.J., CHANTREY J., HOLLIS, C., MARSDEN C.A. & FONEL, K.C. (2001). Effect of repeated methylphenidate administration on presynaptic dopamine and behavior in young adult rats. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 15, 67-75.
STITZER, M.L., BIGELOW, G.E. & LIEBSON, I. (1979). Reducing benzodiazepine self-administration with contingent reinforcement. Addictive Behaviors, 4, 245-252. MOLL, G., HAUSE, S., RUTHER, E., ROTHENBERGER, A. & HUETHER, G.L. (2001). Early methylphenidate administration to young rats causes a persistent reduction in the density of striatal dopamine transporters. Journal of Child & Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 11, 15-24.
ETTENBERG, A., PETTIT, H.O., BLOOM, F.E. & KOOB, G.F. (1982). Heroin and cocaine intravenous self-administration in rats : Mediation by separate neural systems. Psychopharmacology 78, 204-209. SPROSON, E.J., CHANTREY, J., HOLLIS, C., MARSDEN, C.A. & FONEL, K.C. (2001). Effect of repeated methylphenidate administration on presynaptic dopamine and behavior in young adult rats. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 15, 67-75.
LEE, A. & LADER, M. (1988). Tolerance and rebound during and after short-term administration of quazepam, triazolam and placebo to healthy human volunteers. International Clinical Psychopharmacology, 3 (1), 31-47  
CORRIGALL, W.A. & COEN, K.M. (1989). Nicotine maintains robust self-administration in rats on a limited-access schedule. Psychopharmacology, 99, 473-478.  
PIAZZA, P.V. ROUGÉ-PONT, F., DEMINIÈRE, J.M., KHAROUBI, M., LE MOAL, M. & SIMON, H. (1991). Dopaminergic activity is reduced in the prefrontal cortex and increased in the nucleus accumbens of rats predisposed to develop amphetamine self-administration. Brain Research, 567, 169-174. PERRY, J.L., LARSON, E.B., GERMAN, J.P., MADDEN, G.J. & CARROLL, M.E. (2005). Impulsivity (delay discounting) as a predictor of acquisition of i.v. cocaine self- administration in female rats. Psychopharmacology, 178, 193-201.
CAINE, S. & KOOB, G.F. (1993) Modulation of cocaine self-administration in the rat through D-3 dopamine receptors. Science, 260, 1814-1816. HE, J., XU, H., YANG, Y., ZHANG, X. & LI, X.M. (2005). Chronic administration of quetiapine alleviates the anxiety-like behavioral changes induced by a neurotoxic regimen of dl-amphetamine in rats. Behavioral Brain Research, 160, 178-187.
CARELLI, R.M. & DEADWYLER, S.A. (1994). A comparison of nucleus accumbens neuronal firing patterns during cocaine self-administration and water reinforcement in rats. Journal of Neuroscience, 14, 7735-7746.  
HIGGINS, S.T., BICKEL, W.K. & HUGHES, J.R. (1994). Influence of an alternative reinforcer on human cocaine self-administration. Life Sciences, 55, 179-187. LE SCANFF, C., STEPHAN, Y., ARLETTAZ, A., PORTIER, H. & COLLOMP, K. (2007). Effets psychologiques d'une administration de courte durée de Prednisolone. Sciences du Sport, 23 (2), 91-93.
CAINE, S.B., HEINRICHS, S.C., COFFIN, V.L. & KOOB, G.F. (1995). Effects of the dopamine D1 antagonist SCH 23390 microinjected into the accumbens, amygdala or striatum on cocaine self-administration in the rat. Brain Research, 692, 47-56. CAINE, S.B., THOMSEN, M., GABRIEL, K.I., BERKOWITZ, J.S., GOLD, L.H., KOOB, G.F., TONEGAW, A S., ZHANG J. & XU, M. (2007). Lack of self-administration of cocaine in dopamine D1 receptor knock-out mice. Journal of Neuroscience, 27 (48), 13140-13150. [PDF]
  WILLIAMS, R.J. & VOLBERG, R. (2009) Impact of survey description, administration format, and exclusionary criteria on population prevalence rates of problem gambling. International Gambling Studies, 9 (2), 101-117.
PERKINS, K.A., DONNY, E. & CAGGIULA, A.R. (1999). Sex differences in nicotine effects and self-administration : Review of human and animal evidence. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 1, 301-315. KUYPERS, N.J. & HOANE, M.R. (2010). Pyridoxine (vitamin B6) administration improves behavioral and anatomical outcome following unilateral contusion injury in the rat. Journal of Neurotrauma, 27, 1275-1282.
CAINE, S.B., NEGUS, S.S. & MELLO, N.K. (1999). Method for training operant responding and evaluating cocaine self- administration behavior in mutant mice. Psychopharmacology, 147, 22-24. BELIN, D., BERSON, N., BALADO, E., PIAZZA, P.V. & DEROCHE-GAMONET, V. (2011). High-novelty-preference rats are predisposed to compulsive cocaine self-administration. Neuropsychopharmacology, 36, 569-579.
PERKINS, K.A. (1999). Nicotine self-administration. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 1 (S), 133-137.  
AHMED, S.H. & KOOB, G.F. (1999). Long-lasting increase in the set point for cocaine self-administration after escalation in rats. Psychopharmacology, 146, 303-312. WOOLVERTON, W.L., FREEMAN, K.B., MYERSON, J. & GREEN, L. (2012). Suppression of cocaine self-administration in monkeys : effects of delayed punishment. Psychopharmacology, 220, 509-517.
Voir aussi Drogue
Administrative Science Quarterly : Revue scientifique multidisciplinaire. Éditeur : Sage.
GLISSON, C. & DURICK, M. (1988). Predictors of job satisfaction and organizational commitment in human service organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly, 33, 1-83.

ADN : Molécule qui contient l'information génétique et détermine la synthèse des protéines, synthèse qui est à son tour responsable du développement des organes et des tissus du corps. L’ADN est identique à 99,9 % pour tous les humains. Le 0,1% qui reste participe, avec l'influence du milieu, à l'explication des différences physiques individuelles. L'ADN est concentrée dans le noyau des cellules (et un peu dans les mitonchondies = 1 %). ADN, gène et hérédité. = acide désoxiribonucléique, code génétique, patrimoine génétique. DNA, double helix, genetic code.
Type d'ADN
ADN codant ADN non-codant ADN sans valeur
ADN mitochondriale    
 

  HAMER, D.H., HU, S., MAGNUSON, V.L., HU, N. & PATTATUCHI, A.M.L. (1993). A linkage between DNA markers on the X chromosome and male sexual orientation. Science, 261, 320-326. GODFREY-SMITH, P. (2000). On the theoretical role of "genetic coding". Philosophy of Science, 67, 26-44. [PDF]
BERNSTEIN, H., BYERS G.S. & MICHOD, R.E. (1981). Evolution of sexual reproduction : importance of DNA repair, complementation, and variation. The American Naturalist, 117, 537-549. MILLER, C.A. & SWEATT, J.D. (2007). Covalent modification of DNA regulates memory formation. Neuron, 53, 857-869.
SEARL, D.B. (1992). The linguistics of DNA. American Scientist, 80, 579-591. WANG, J.C. (2009). Understanding the double helix. Cold Spring Harbor : Lab. Press.
INAYAMA, Y., YONEDA, H., SAKAI, T., ISHIDA, T., NONOMURA, Y., KONO, Y., TAKAHATA, R., KOH, J., SAKAI, J., TAKAI, A., INADA, Y. & ASABA, H. (1996). Positive association between a DNA sequence variant in the serotonin 2A receptor gene and schizophrenia. American Journal of Medical Genetics, 67, 103-105. DAR-NIMROD, I. & HEINE, S.J. (2011). Genetic essentialism : On the deceptive determinism of DNA. Psychological Bulletin, 137 (5), 800-818. [PDF]
TSONIS, A.A., EELSNER, J.B. & TSONIS, P.A. (1997). Is DNA a language ? Journal of Theoretical Biology, 184, 25-29. Voir aussi Gène et Hérédité
ABERCROMBIE, M., HICKMAN, C.J. & JOHNSON, M.L. (1980). Dictionary of biology. Londres : Penguin.
ADN codant : Partie de l'ADN qui participe à la synthèse des protéines. Certains auteurs affirment que chez l'humain seulement 1.5 % à 2 % de nos gènes codent des protéines.

  GODFREY-SMITH, P. (2000). On the theoretical role of "genetic coding". Philosophy of Science, 67, 26-44. [PDF]
ADN mitochondriale (mtDNA) : ADN contenu dans les mitochonderies des cellules et que seule la mère transmet à ses enfants. Cette ADN correspond à 1 % de l'ADN total. ADN et matrilignage.
 
ADN non-codant : Partie du génome qui joue un rôle régulateur dans l'expression des gènes. Non-coding DNA.

  STANDIS, T.G. (2002). (Rushing to judgment : functionality in noncoding or "junk" dna. Origins, 53, 7-30.[PDF]
 STEPHAN, W. & CHO, S.W. (1994). Possible role of natural selection in the formation of tandem- repetitive non-coding DNA. Genetics, 136, 333-341. [PDF]
ADN sans valeur : Junk DNA.
  OHNO, S. (1972). So much "junk DNA" in our genome. Evolution of Genetic Systems, 23, 366-370.
NOWAK, R. (1994). Mining treasures from "junk DNA". Science, 263, 608-610.
WELLS, W. (1996). Don’t write off "junk" DNA. New Scientist 150, 19.
ZUCKERLANDL, E. (1997). Junk DNA and sectorial gene repression. Gene, 205, 323-343.
DOOLITTLE, W.F. (2013). Is junk DNA bunk? A critique of ENCODE ? Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences, 110 (14), 5294-53000. [PDF]
Adoption : Voir Enfant adopté.
Adolescence : Du latin adolescere qui signifie "grandir". Période du développement qui se situe entre l'enfance et l'âge adulte, qui se traduit par une multitude de transformations physiques, psychologique et sociales. Débute avec la puberté et se termine dans la plupart des sociétés entre 18 et 21 ans. Adolecence, délinquance et hyprsexualisation. Adolescence, college student, young people.

Naissance Enfance Adolescence Adulte Mort
Nouveau-né Nourrisson Enfant Pré-adolescent Adolescent jeune adulte Adulte Vieux


Adolescence
Crise d'adolescence Adolescent agresseur Adolescent fugueur
Pré-adolescence    
 

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DEBESSE, M. (1943). L'adolescence. Paris : Que sais-je ?/PUF. VANDER STOEP, A., BERESFORD, S., WEISS, N., McKNIGHT, B., CAUCE, M. & COHEN, P. (2000). Community-based study of the transition to adulthood for adolescents with psychiatric disorders. American Journal of Epidemiology, 152 (4), 352-362.
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Voir aussi Puberté, Délinquance, Dépression et Hypersexualisation
Adolescence (Crise d'...) : Expression forgée par Erikson pour désigner les problèmes que la plupart des individus éprouvent à l'adolescence. Les données récentes à cet égard semblent montrer que, contrairement à ce que croyait Erikson, la plupart des adolescents ne vivent pas cette crise ou, du moins, ils ne présentent pas des symptômes aussi sévères que ceux décrits par Erikson. Adolescent crisis.

  ERIKSON, E.H. (1959). The problem of ego identity. Psychological Issues, 1, 101-164.
ERIKSON, E.H. (1968/72). Identity : Youth and crisis. London : Faber & Faber. / Adolescence et crise : la quête de l'identité. Paris : Flammarion.
BEIT-HALLAHMI, H.S. (1977). Identity integration, self-image crisis, and super-ego victory in postadolescent university students. Adolescence, 12, 57-64
GLAZER, C.A. & DUSEK, J.B. (1985). The relationship between sex-role orientation and resolution of Eriksonian developmental crises. Sex Roles, 13, 653-661.
CLOUTIER, R. (1995). L'image des adolescents rongée par les mythes. Revue Québécoise de Psychologie, 16 (3), 89-107.
Voir aussi adolescence et Erikson
Adolescence (Pré...) : Période de l'enfance qui se déroule entre 10 et 12 ans. Preadolescent, tween.

Naissance Enfance Adolescence Adulte Mort
Nouveau-né Nourrisson Enfant Pré- adolescent Adolescent jeune adulte Adulte Vieux

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Adolescence : Revue scientifique multidisciplinaire qui consacre ses pages à l'étude de l'adolescence.
ISSAC, G. (1995). Is bipolar disorder the most common diagnostic entity in hospitalised adolescents and children ? Adolescence, 30, 273-276.

Adolescent agresseur : Adolescent-e qui a commis une agression sexuelle. ( ): délinquant, déliquant sexuel. Adolescent sex offender, violent youth adolescent sexual assaultes, adolescent assaulter, juvenile sex offende, young violent offenders.
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BECKER, J.V. & KAPLAN, M.S. (1993). Cognitive-behavioral treatment of the juvenile sex offender. In H.E. Barbaree, W.L. Marshall & S.M. Hudson (Eds.), The juvenile sex offender (pp. 264-277). New York : The Guilford Press. RODRIGUEZ-FRANCO, L., ANTUNA-BELLERIN, M., LOPEZ-CEEPRO-BORREGO, J., RODIGUEZ-DIAZ, F.-J. & BRINGAS-MOLLEDA, C. (2012). Tolerance towards dating violence in Spanish adolescents. Psicothema, 24 (2), 236-242. [PDF]
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Voir aussi Adolescent et Déliquant sexuel
Adolescent fugueur : Adolescent qui quitte la maison sans annoncer son départ ou son intention de revenir, donc sans l'autorisaton de ses parents. Adolescent fugueur, adolescent itinérant et encadrement parental. /elope, homeless adolescent, runaway adolescent.

  WHITEBECK, L.B. & SIOMONS, R.L. (1993). A Comparison of adaptive strategies and patterns of victimization among homeless adolescents and adults. Violence & Victims, 8 (2), 135-152. [PDF]
WHITEBECK, L.B., HOYT, D.R. & ACKLEY, K.A. (1997). Families of homeless and runaway adolescents : A comparison of parent/caretaker and adolescent perspectives on parenting, family violence, and adolescent conduct. Child Abuse & Neglect, 21, 517-528.
SLESNICK, N., REED, S., LETCHER, A., KATAFIASZ, H., JONES, T. & BUETTNER, C. (2012). Predictors of parental monitoring among families with a runaway adolescent. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 82 (1), 10-18. [PDF]
Voir aussi Enfant fugueur
Aldoph/Adolphs
Karen E. Adolph Ralph Adolph
 
Adolph Karen E. ( ) : Psychologue américaine, spécialiste du développement, notamment de l'apprentissage de la marche et des habiletés motrices. Étudiante de Gibson.
ADOLPH, K.E. (1997). Learning in the development of infant locomotion. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 62 (3, Serial No. 251).
ADOLPH, K.E. & AVOLIO, A.M. (2000). Walking infants adapt locomotion to changing body dimensions. Journal of Experimental Psychology : Human Perception & Performance, 26, 1148-1166.
ADOLPH, K.E. (2000). Specificity of learning : Why infants fall over a veritable cliff. Psychological Science, 11, 290-295. [PDF]
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ADOLPH, K.E. (2008). Learning to move. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17, 213- 218. [PDF]
Adolphs Ralph ( ) : Neuropsychologue américain et spécialiste de l'étude de la relation entre les émotions et l'amygale. Collaborateur de Damasio et Todorov.
ADOLPHS, R., TRANEL, D., DAMASIO, H. & DAMASIO, A. (1994). Impaired recognition of emotion in facial expressions following bilateral damage to the human amygdala. Nature, 372, 669-672.
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ADOLPHS, R., BUCHANAN, T.W. & TRANEL, D. (2005). Amygdala damage impairs emotional memory gist but not details of complex stimuli. Nature Neuroscience, 8 (4), 512-519. [PDF]
Adoption : Voir Enfant adopté.
Adorno Theodor Ludwig Wiesengrund (Frankfurt Allemagne 1903-1969) : Sociologue allemand et membre de l'École de Franfort. Il a notamment étudié la personnalité autoritaire. Collaborateur de Levinson.
ADORNO, T.W., FRENKEL, B.E., SANFORD, R.N. & LEVINSON, D.J. (1950). The authoritarian personality. New York: Harper & Bros.
ADORNO, T. (1956/82). Against epistemology : A metacritique; studies in Husserl and the phenomenological antinomies. Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press.
ADORNO, T. (1963/2000). In T. Schröder (Ed.), Problems of moral philosophy. University Press.
ADORNO, T. (1964/73). The jargon of authenticity. London : Routledge & Kegan Paul.
ADORNO, T. (1966/73). Negative dialectics. New York : Seabury Press.
Adrénaline : Hormone (ou neurotransmetteur) découverte par Vulpian, sécrétée par les glandes surrénales d'un organisme en état de stress ou lors d'effort physique. Elle a pour fonction de préparer l'organisme à faire face à une situation d'urgence. Elle engendre les réactions physiologiques suivantes : accélération du rythme cardio-vasculaire, augmentation de la force des contractions du coeur, hausse de la pression artérielle. = épinéphrine. Adrenaline.
  VULPIAN, A. (1956). Recherches expérimentales sur la physiologie et la pathologie des capsules surrénales. Comptes rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris, 43, 663-665.
AXELROD, J. & WURTMAN, R.J. (1966). Control of enzymatic synthesis of adrenaline in the adrenal medulla by adrenal cortex steroids. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 241, 2301-2305.
ABERCROMBIE, M., HICKMAN, C.J. & JOHNSON, M.L. (1980). Dictionary of biology. Londres : Penguin.
Adrian Edgar Douglas (Londres 1889-1977 Cambridge) : Médecin anglais, neurologue et lauréat du prix Nobel de physiologie et de médecine en 1932 (avec Sherrington). Il fut le premier chercheur à enregistrer l'influx nerveux dans une fibre afférente unique. On lui doit également la formulation de la loi du tout ou rien (co-découverte avec Eccles). Professeur de Rushton. Collaborateur de Moruzzi.
ADRIAN, E.D. & LUCAS, K. (1917). The conduction of the nervous impulse. London : Longmans.
ADRIAN, E.D. (1932). The mechanism of nervous action : electrical studies of the neurone. University of Pennsylvania Press.
ADRIAN, E.D. (1937). Factors determining human behavior. Cambridge : Harvard University Press.
ADRIAN, E.D. & MORUZZI G. (1939). Impulses in the pyramidal tract. The Journal of Physiology, 97, 153-199.
ADRIAN, E.D. (1957). The analysis of the nervous system : Sherrington memorial lecture. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine, 50, 991-998.
Adulation : Admiration excessive et maladive que l'on voue à un individu, souvent à un proche ou à un personnage public, à une vedette. Celebrity worship, idol worship.

  BOON, S.D. & LOMORE, C.D. (2001). Admirer celebrity relationships among young adults. Explaining perceptions of celebrity influence on identity. Human Communication Research, 27, 432-465. TYLER, I. & BENNETT, B. (2010). "Celebrity chav" : Fame, femininity and social class. European Journal of Cultural Studies, 13 (3), 375-393.
MALTBY, J., McCUTCHEON, L.E, ASHE, D. D. & HOURAN, J. (2001). The self-reported psychological well-being of celebrity worshippers. North American Journal of Psychology, 3, 441-452.  
McCUTCHEON, L.E., LANGE, R. & HOURAN, J. (2002). Conceptualization and measurement of celebrity worship. British Journal of Psychology, 93 (1), 67-87. SWAMI, V., CHAMORRO-PREMUZIC, T., MASTOR, K., SIRAN, F. H., SAID, M. M. M., JAAFAR, J., SINNIAH, D. & PILLAI, S.K. (2011). Celebrity worship among university students in Malaysia : A methodological contribution to the Celebrity Attitude Scale. European Psychologist, 16 (4), 334-342.
MALTBY, J., HOURAN, M.A. LANGE, R., ASHE, D. & McCUTCHEON, L.E., (2002). Thou shalt worship no other gods Unless they are celebrities : The relationship between celebrity worship and religious orientation. Personality & Individual Differences, 32, 1157 1172. MALTBY, J. & DAY, L. (2011). Celebrity worship and incidence of elective cosmetic surgery : Evidence of a link among young adults. Journal of Adolescent Health, 49, 483-489.
CHEUNG, C.K. & YUE, X.D. (2003). Identity achievement and idol worship among teenagers in Hong Kong. International Journal of Adolescence & Youth, 11, 1-26.  
MALTBY, J., HOURAN, M.A. & McCUTCHEON, L.E. (2003). A clinical interpretation of attitudes and behaviors associated with celebrity worship. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 191, 25-29. STEVER, G.S. (2011). Celebrity worship : Critiquing a construct. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 41 (6), 1356-1370.
MALTBY, J., DAY, L., McCUTCHEON, L.E., GILLETT, R., HOURAN, M.A. & ASHE, D.D. (2004). Personality and coping: A context for examining celebrity worship and mental health. British Journal of Psychology, 95, 411-428. McUTCHEON, L.E. Griffith, J. D., ARUGUETTE, M. S., & HAIGHT, E. (2012). Cognitive ability and celebrity worship revisited. North American Journal of Psychology, 14, 383-392.
MALTBY, J., GILES, D., BARBER, L. & McCUTCHEON, L.E. (2005). Intense-personal celebrity worship and body image : Evidence of a link among female adolescents. British Journal of Health Psychology, 10, 17-32 [PDF] McUTCHEON, L.E., LOWINGER, R., WONG, M. & JENKINS, W. (2014). Is analytic thinking related to celebrity worship and disbelief in religion ? North American Journal of Psychology, 16 (3), 453-462. [PDF]
MALTBY, J., DAY, L., McCUTCHEON, L.E., HOURAN, J. & ASHE, D. (2006). Extreme celebrity worship, fantasy proneness and dissociation : Developing the measurement and understanding of celebrity worship within a clinical personality context. Personality & Individual Differences, 40, 273-283. MALTBY, J. & DAY, L. (2017). Regulatory motivations in celebrity interest : Self-suppression and self-expansion. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 6 (2), 103-112. [PDF]
Adulte (âge) : Période du développement qui se situe entre l'adolescence et la mort. /enfant. Adult.

Naissance Enfance Adolescence Adulte Mort
Nouveau-né Nourrisson Enfant Pré- adolescent Adolescent jeune adulte Adulte Vieux


  SCHAIE, K.W. (1958). Rigidity-flexibility and intelligence : A cross-sectional study of the adult life span from 20 to 70. Psychological Monographs, 72 (9), 1-26. [PDF] CHASSIN, L., PRESSON, C.C., PITTS, S.C. & SHERMAN, S.J. (2000). The natural history of cigarette smoking from adolescence to adulthood in a midwestern community sample : Multiple trajectories and their psychosocial correlates. Health Psychology, 19 (3), 223-231.
DUSH, D.M., HIRT, M.L. & SCHROEDER, H. (1983). Self-statement modification with adults : A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 94 (3), 408-422. NOVECK, I.A. (2001). When children are more logical than adults : experimental investigation of scalar implicatures. Cognition, 78, 165-188. [PDF]
CORRIGAN, P.W. (1991). Social skills training in adult psychiatric populations : A meta-analysis. Journal of Behavioral Therapy & Experimental Psychiatry, 22 (3), 203-210. KROGER, J. (2002). Identity processes and contents through the years of late adulthood. Identity : An International Journal of Theory & Research, 2, 81-99.
  GRIFFITHS, M., DAVIES, M.N.O. & CHAPPELL, D. (2004). Online computer gaming : A comparison of adolescent and adult gamers. Journal of Adolescence, 27 (1), 87-96. [PDF]
LA ROCQUE, C.L., HARKNESS, K.L. & BAGBY, R.M. (2014). The differential relation of childhood maltreatment to stress sensitization in adolescent and young adult depression. Journal of Adolescence 37, 871-882. [PDF] GAUDET, S. (2005). Responsabilité et identité dans les parcours d’entrée dans l'âge adulte : qu’est-ce que répondre de soi à l'âge adulte ? Canadian Review of Sociology, 42 (1), 25-50.
MEYER, T.J. & MARK, M.M. (1995). Effects of psychosocial interventions with adult cancer patients : A meta-analysis of randomized experiments. Health Psychology, 14 (2), 101-108. CLAY, F., BOWERS, J.S., DAVIS, C.J. & HANLEY, D.A. (2007). Teaching adults new words : The role of practice and consolidation. Journal of Experimental Psychology : Learning, Memory & Cognition, 33 (5), 970-976. [PDF]
ARNETT, J.J. (1998). Learning to stand alone : The contemporary American transition to adulthood in cultural and historical context. Human Development, 41, 295-315. [PDF]  
Voir aussi Vieux et Jeune adulte
Adulte (Jeune) : = adulescent, adulte de sous-sol, ours mal-léché nourri à la pizza extra-fromage. Emerging adulthood, young adult, late adolescence.

Naissance Enfance Adolescence Adulte Mort
Nouveau-né Nourrisson Enfant Pré- adolescent Adolescent jeune adulte Adulte Vieux


  SHERROD, L.R., HAGGERTY, R.J. & FEATHERMAN, D.L. (1993). Introducion : Late adolescence and the transition to adulthood. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 3, 217-226. ARNETT, J.J. & TANNER, J. (2006). Emerging adults in America : Coming of Age in the 21st century. Washington, DC, APA Book.
ARNETT, J.J. (1994). Are college students adults ? Their Conceptions of the transition to adulthood. Journal of Adult Development, 1, 154-168. KROGER, J. (2006). Identity in young adulthood. In P. Hwang and A. Frisen (Eds.) Ungdomarsidentitets utvikling [Identity development among youth]. Stockholm : Natur och Kultur Förlag.
ARNETT, J.J. (1997). Young people's conceptions of the transition to adulthood. Youth & Society, 29, 1-23. [PDF] ZARRETT, N. & ECCLES, J. (2006). The passage to adulthood : Challenges of late adolescence. New Directions for Youth Development, 111 (4), 13-28. [PDF]
ARNETT, J.J. (1998). Learning to stand alone : The contemporary American transition to adulthood in cultural and historical context. Human Development, 41, 295-315. [PDF] CLAY, F., BOWERS, J.S., DAVIS, C.J. & HANLEY, D.A. (2007). Teaching adults new words : The role of practice and consolidation. Journal of Experimental Psychology : Learning, Memory & Cognition, 33 (5), 970-976. [PDF]
ARNETT, J.J. (2000). Emerging Adulthood : A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. American Psychologist, 55 (5), 469-480. [PDF] ARNETT, J.J. (2007). Emerging adulthood : What is it, and what is it good for ? Child Development Perspectives, 1, 68-73. [PDF]
ARNETT, J.J. (2002). A congregation of one : Individualized religious beliefs among emerging adults. Journal of Adolescent Research, 17 (5), 451-467. [PDF] SUBRAHMANYAM, K., REICH, S., WAECHTER, N. & ESPINOZA, G. (2008). Online and offline social networks : Use of social networking sites by emerging adults. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 29, 420-433. [PDF]
STONE, M. (2003). Adolescence and emerging adulthood : The critical passage ways to adulthood. In M.H. Bornstein, L. Davidson, C. Keyes & K.A. Moore (Eds.), Positive development across the life course (pp. 383-406). Mahwah, NJ : Erlbaum. CARLSON, K.S. & GJERDE, P.F. (2009). Preschool personality antecedents of narcissism in adolescence and young adulthood : A 20-Year longitudinal study. Journal of Research in Personality, 43, 570-578. [PDF]
PILOTTI, M., MEADE, M.L. & GALLO, D.A. (2003). Implicit and explicit measures of memory for perceptual information in young adults, healthy older adults, and patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Experimental Aging Research, 29, 15-32. [PDF] MOULIN, S. (2012). L’émergence de l’âge adulte : de l’impact des référentiels institutionnels en France et au Québec. Sociologies : Théories et recherches [LIRE]
ARNETT, J.J. (2004). Conceptions of the transition to adulthood among emerging adults in american ethnic groups. New Directions for Child & Adolescent Development, 100, 63-75. [PDF] WHITLOCK, J.L., MUEHLENKAMP, J.J., ECKENRODE, J., PURINGTON, A., BARAL ABRAMS, G., BARREIRA, P. & KRESS, V. (2013). Nonsuicidal self-injury as a gateway to suicide in young adults. Journal of Adolescent Health, 52 (4), 486-492. [PDF]
ARNETT, J.J. (2004). Emerging Adulthood : The winding road from the late teens through the twenties. New York : Oxford University Press. LA ROCQUE, C.L., HARKNESS, K.L. & BAGBY, R.M. (2014). The differential relation of childhood maltreatment to stress sensitization in adolescent and young adult depression. Journal of Adolescence 37, 871-882. [PDF]
Voir aussi Adolescence et Adulte
Adulte émergeant : Voir Jeune adulte.
Advances in Behaviour Research & Therapy : Revue scientifique de psychologie qui se consacre à l'étude et au traitement des comportements pathologiques. Éditeur : Elsevier.
RACHMAN, S. (1981). Unwanted intrusive cognitions. Advances in Behaviour Research & Therapy, 3, 89-99.

Advances in Child Development & Behavior : Revue scientifique de psychologie qui se consacre à l'étude et du développement des enfants. Éditeur : Elsevier.
KENDLER, T.S. (1979). The development of discrimination learning : a levels-of-functioning explanation. Advances in Child Development & Behavior, 13, 83-117.

Advances in Experimental Social Psychology : Revue scientifique de psychologie sociale. Éditeur : Elsevier.
VALLERAND, R.J. (1997). Toward a hierarchical model of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. In M.P. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 29). New York : Academic Press.

Advances in the History of Psychology : Site pédagogique développé par Green et consacré à l'histoire de la psychologie.
Advances in Mind-Body Medicine : Revue scientifique de philosophie et de médecine. Éditeur :
CUNNINGHAM, A. (2001). Ivan Pavlov and the conditioning of physiological responses. Advances in Mind-Body Medicine, 17, 7-8.

Advances in Psychiatric Treatment : Revue scientifique de recherche en psychiatrie. Éditeur : The Royal College of Pyschiatrists. = APT.
JACOB, K.S. (2009). Major depression : revisiting the concept and diagnosis. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 15, 279-285. [PDF]

Advances in Social Work : Revue scientifique. Éditeur : The Trustees of Indiana University.
SHEARS, J., BUBAR, R. & HALL, R.C. (2011). Understanding fathering among urban native American men. Advances in Social Work, 12 (2), 201-217. [PDF]

Adversaire : Dans un conflit, un duel, un combat ou une guerre, le terme désigne tout organisme, souvent des congénères, qui s'opposent, s'affrontent, intellectuellement ou physiquement.

   
Voir aussi Conflit, Duel, Guerre et Combat
Adversité : Ensemble d'événements, souvent difficiles, voire traumatisants, qu'un individu doit affronter pour se développer, atteindre ses objectifs. Adversity.

  SEERY, M.D., HOLMAN E.A. & SILVER, R.C. (2010). Whatever does not kill us : Cumulative lifetime adversity, vulnerability, and resilience. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 99, 1025-1041.
SARKAR, M., FLETCHER, D. & BROWN, D.J. (2015). What doesn't kill me : Adversity-related experiences are vital in the development of superior Olympic performance. Journal of Science & Medicine in Sport, 18 (4), 475-479. [PDF]
Voir aussi Athlète
AFFAIRE - AFFECT - AFFICHE SCIENTIFIQUE - AFFIRMATION DE SOI - AFGANISTHAN - AFRO-AMÉRICAIN - AG
Affaire : Recherche ou pratique scientifique/clinique qui défraie les manchettes en raison de son caractère illicite ou scandaleux. Affaire, fraude scientifique et Éthique des chercheurs. = controverse, scandale. Affair.

Les grandes affaires en science/clinique
Affaire Bronswick Affaire Dicara Affaire Sokal
Affaire Burt Affaire Lyssenko Affaire Stapel
L'affaire Clever Hans Affaire Piltdown Affaire Tarasoff
 

   
Voir aussi Fraude et Éthique des chercheurs
Affaire Bronswick (L') : Pseudo-documentaire réalisé en 1978 par Robert Awad et André Leduc, qui raconte comment la télévision parvient, grâce à des messages subliminaux, à hypnotiser les téléspectateurs, les amenant ainsi à émettre des comportements étranges (consommation compulsive, vols à l'étage, etc.).
   
Voir aussi Télévision et Message subliminal
 
Affaire Burt (L') : Des historiens des sciences prétendent que Burt aurait trafiqué ses résultats de recherche sur les jumeaux de façon à confirmer l'hypothèse selon laquelle l'intelligence est en grande partie innée. Un certain nombre de faits - corrélations quasi identiques, résultats nébuleux et contre-intuitifs, collaborateurs inventés de toute pièce par Burt - appuient cette hypothèse. En éthique, ce cas est d'ailleurssouvent cité comme un exemple de fraude intellectuelle ou scientifique. À la décharge de l'accusé, il convient de noter que Burt n'a jamais admis avoir trafiqué ses résultats de recherche. Qui plus est, il n'a jamais été officiellement mis en accusation. Burt affair.
   
KAMIN, L.J. (1974). The science and politics of IQ. Potomac, MD : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. MACKINTOSH, N.J. (Ed.) (1995). Cyril Burt : Fraud or framed ? Oxford : Oxford University Press.
JOYNSON, R.B. (1989). The Burt affair. New York : Routledge. RUSHTON, J.P. (1997). Sir Cyril Burt "not guilty". Contemporary Psychology, 42, 655.
JENSEN, A.R. (1992). Scientific fraud or false accusations ? The case of Cyril Burt. In D.J. Miller & M. Hersen (Eds.), Research fraud in the behavioral and biomedical sciences (pp. 97-124). New York : Wiley. RUSHTON, J.P. (2002). New evidence on Sir Cyril Burt : His 1964 speech to the Association of Educational Psychologists. Intelligence, 30, 555-567. [PDF]
RUSHTON, J.P. (1994). Victim of scientific hoax (Cyril Burt and the genetic IQ controversy). Society, 31, 40-44. BRACE, C.L. (2005). Sir Cyril Burt : Scientific Fraud. In C.L. Brace (Ed.), Race is a four lettered Word, the genesis of the concept. Oxford University Press.
Voir aussi Fraude, Jumeaux et Intelligence
Affaire Clever Hans (L') : Cheval savant (car Van Osten - son maître - prétendait qu'il savait compter ! ) devenu à la fois une énigme pour la science et un phénomène public. On doit à Stumpf l'explication de cette énigme. = Hans, le cheval futé. Clever Hans phenomenon.
  PFUNGST, O. (1965). Clever Hans (The horse of Mr. Von Osten) : A contribution to experimental animal and human psychology. New York : Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. [LIRE]
SEBEOK, T.A. & ROSENTHAL, R. (Eds.) (1981). The Clever Hans phenomenon : Communication with horses, whales, apes, and people. New York : New York Academy of Sciences.
Voir aussi Communication avec les animaux, Cheval et Compter
HUNT, M. (1994). The story of psychology. New York : Double Day.  
Affaire Dicara (L') : Dicara affair.
  DICARA, L.V., BARBER, T.X., KAMIYA, J., MILLER, N.E., SHAPIRO, D. & STOYVA, J (Eds.) (1975). Biofeedback and self-control : An Aldine Annual on the regulation of bodily processes and consciousness. Chicago : Aldine.
Voir aussi Fraude et Rétroaction biologique
Affaire Lyssenko (L') : Conformément aux idéologies marxiste et staliniste, qui se fondent notamment sur le concept de malléabilité de la nature humaine, Lyssenko affirme que la nature des plantes peut être modifiée par le milieu. Il nie tout rôle des gènes et des chromosomes dans la transmission héréditaire. Il rejette donc les lois de Mendel et, partant, l'ensemble des connaissances biologiques de son époque sous prétexte que ces connaissances sont bourgeoises et anti-communistes. L'affaire fera évidemment scandale, avant de sombrer dans le ridicule. Lyssenko affair.
  GRATZER, W. (2005). L'affaire Lyssenko, une éclipse de la raison. Médecine Sciences, 21 (2), 203-206
Voir aussi Gènes
Affaire Piltdown (L') : Fraude scientifique en archéologie mise à jour par un groupe de scientifiques, notamment Legros-Clark. Piltdown affair.
  THOMAS, H. (2002). Le mystère de l'homme de Piltdown : Une extraordinaire imposture scientifique. Paris : Belin.
Voir aussi Fraude scientifique
Affaire Sokal (L') : Pseudo-article scientifique écrit par Sokal dans le but de critiquer le post-modernisme et ses méthodes. Pour certains observateurs de la scène scientifique, il s'agit davantage d'un canular que d'une contribution scientifique. N.D.L.R. Je ne partage pas cet avis, il s'agit en fait d'une critique fort pertinente de cette perspective. Sokal affair.
  SOKAL, A. (1996). Transgressing the boundaries : Toward a transformative hermeneutics of quantum gravity. Social Text, 46/47, 217-52.
SOKAL, A. et BRICMONT, J. (1997). Impostures intellectuelles. Paris : Odile Jacob.
RICHELLE, M. (1998). De Lacan à Penrose. Remarques sur "l'affaire Sokal". Les Cahiers Rationalistes, 527, 3-10.
JEANNERET, Y. (1998). L'affaire Sokal ou la querelle des impostures. Paris : Presses Universitaires de France.
LARIVÉE, S. (1999). "L'affaire Sokal"; : les retombees d'un canular. Revue Canadienne de Psycho-Education, 28 (1), 1-39. [PDF]
SOKAL, A. (2005). Pseudosciences et postmodernisme. Paris : Odile Jacob. [PDF]
Voir aussi Post-modernisme et Article-bidon
Affaire Stapel (L') : Stapel case.
  CROCKER, J. (2011). The road to fraud starts with a single step. Nature, 479, 151.
Affaire Tarasoff (L') : En 1976, dans l'affaire Tarasoff contre Regents, les tribunaux américains créé un précédent, connu sous le nom de devoir de protection (duty to protect), en imposant aux thérapeutes de tout genres (médecin, psychologue, psychiatre) l'obligation légale de protéger les victimes potentielles de leur patient/client, donc, dans certaines circonstances de briser leur secret professionnel. Tarasoff case, Tarasoff decision.

  EBERLEIN, l. (1980). Legal duty and confidentiality of psychologists : Tarasoff and Haines. Canadian Psychologist, 21, 49-58.
WULSIN, L.R., BURSZTAJN, H. & GUTHEIL, T.G. (1983). Unexpected clinical features of the Tarasoff decision : The therapeutic alliance and the duty to warn. American Psychiatry, 140, 601-603.
FULERO, S.M. (1988). TARASOFF : Ten years later : Profesionnal psychology : Research & Practice, 19, 184-190.
KAUFMANN M. (1991).Post Tarasoff legal developments and the mental health literature. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 55, 308-322.
TRUSCOTT, D. & CROOK, K.H. (1993). Tarasoff in the Canadian context : Wenden and the duty to protect. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 38 (2), 84-89. [PDF]
Voir aussi Secret professionnel, Psychologie clinique et Éthique
Affect : Dans la perspective psychanalytique, décharge émotionnelle. Pour Freud, il s'agit de l’expression qualitative de la quantité d’énergie pulsionnelle et de ses fluctuations. EX: La honte et la fierté sont des affects. = émotion. ( ): Voir tableau ci-dessous. Affect.

 
Affect positif Affect négatif

  GREEN, A. (1977). Conceptions of affect. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 58, 129-156. ZAJONC, R.B. (2000). Feeling and thinking : Closing the debate over the independence of affect. In J.P. Forgas (Ed.), Feeling and thinking : The role of affect in social cognition (pp. 31-58). New York : Cambridge University Press.
KRYSTAL, H. (1978). Trauma and affects. Psychoanalysis Study of the Child, 33, 81-116. CARVER, C.S. (2001). Affect and the functional bases of behavior : On the dimensional structure of affective experience. Personality & Social Psychology Review, 5, 345-356. [PDF]
  HARMON-JONES, E. (2000). The role of affect in the mere exposure effect : Evidence from psychophysiological and individual differences approaches. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 27 (7), 889-898. [PDF]
RUSSELL, J.A. (1980). A circumplex model of affect. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 39 (6), 1161-1178. POLLICK, F.E., PATERSON, H.M., BRUDERLIN, A. & SANFORD, A.J. (2001). Perceiving affect from arm movement. Cognition, 82, 51-61.
  SHULDBERG, D. & GOTTLIEB, J. (2002). Dynamics and correlates microscopic changes in affect. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology & Life Sciences, 6 (3), 231-257. [PDF]
  WHALEN, C.K., JAMNER, L.D., HENKER, B., GEHRICKE, J-G. & KING, P.S. (2003). Is there a link between adolescent cigarette smoking and pharmacotherapy for ADHD ? Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 17, 332-335.
FISKE, S.T. (1981). Social cognition and affect. In J. Harvey (Ed.), Cognition, social behavior, and the environment (pp. 227-264). Hillsdale, N.J. : Erlbaum. CARVER, C.S. (2003). Pleasure as a sign you can attend to something else : Placing positive feelings within a general model of affect. Cogntion & Emotion, 17 (2), 241-261. [PDF]
RACHAMN, S. (1981). The primacy of affect : Some theoretical implications. Behavior Research & Therapy, 19, 279-290. TERRACCIANO, A., McCRAE, R.R., HAGEMANN, D. & COSTA, P.T. (2003). Individual difference variables, affective differentiation, and the structures of affect. Journal of Personality, 71 (5), 669-703. [PDF]
NOY, P. (1982). A revision of the psychoanalytic theory of affect. The Annual of Psychoanalysis, 10, 139-186. TERRACCIANO, A., McCRAE, R.R. & COSTA, P.T. (2003). Factorial and construct validity of the Italian Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS). European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 19 (2), 131-141. [PDF]
ISEN, A.M. & PATRICK, R. (1983). The effect of positive feelings on risk-taking : When the chips are down. Organizational Behavior & Human Performance, 31, 194-202. YEUNG C.W.M. & WYER, R.S. (2004). Affect, appraisal, and consumer judgment. Journal of Consumer Research, 31, 412-424. [PDF]
ISEN, A.M. & MEANS, B. (1983). The influence of positive affect on decision-making strategy. Social Cognition, 2, 18-31. ISBELL, L.M., BURNS, K.C. & HAAR, T. (2005). The role of affect on the search for global and specific target information. Social Cognition, 6, 529-552.
ISEN, A.M. (1984).Toward understanding the role of affect in cognition.In R. Wyer & T. Srull (Eds.), Handbook of social cognition (pp. 179-236). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. PRESSMAN, S.D. & COHEN, S. (2005). Does positive affect influence health ? Psychological Bulletin, 131, 925-971. [PDF]
ZAJONC, R.B. (1984). On the primacy of affect. American Psychologist, 39, 117-123. [PDF] SLOVIC, P., PETERS, E., FINUCANE, M.L. & MacGREGOR, D.G. (2005). Affect, risk, and decision making. Health Psychology, 24, S35-S40.
DIENER, E. & IRAN-NEJAD, A. (1986). The relationship in experience between various types of affect. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 50, 1031-1038. AMABILE, T.M., BARSADE, S.G., MUELLER, J.S. & STAW, B.M. (2005). Affect and creativity at work. Administrative Science Quarterly, 50, 367-403. [PDF]
BLANEY, P. (1986). Affect and memory : A review. Psychological Bulletin, 99 (2), 229-246. CURRY, L.A. & YOUNGBLADE, L.M. (2006). Negative affect, risk perception, and adolescent risk behavior. Applied Developmental Psychology, 27, 468-485.
SCHERER, K.R. (1986). Vocal affect expression : A review and a model for future research. Psychological Bulletin, 99, 143-65. PETERS, E., VÄSTJFÄLL, D., GÄRLING, T. & SLOVIC, P. (2006). Affect and decision making : A "hot" topic. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 19, 79-85. [PDF]
ISEN, A.M. (1987). Positive affect, cognitive processes, and social behaviors. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology 20, 203-253. SLOVIC, P. & PETERS, E. (2006). Risk perception and affect. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15 (6), 322-325.
HIGGINS, E.T. (1987). Self-discrepancy : A theory relating self and affect. Psychological Review, 94 (3), 319-340. [PDF] COHEN, S. & PRESSMAN, S.D. (2006). Positive affect and health. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15, 122-125. [PDF]
PETTY, R.E. & CACIOPPO, J.T., SEDIKIDES, C. & STRATHMAN, A. (1988). Affect and persuasion : A contemporary perspective. American Behavioral Scientist, 31, 355-371. [PDF] TSAI, J.L., KNUTSON, B. & FUNG, H.H. (2006). Cultural variation in affect valuation. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 90, 288-307. [PDF]
SCHERER, K.R. (1988). On the symbolic functions of vocal affect expression. Journal of Language & Social Psychology, 7, 79-100. SLOVIC, P. (2007). Affect, reason, and mere hunches. Journal of Law, Economics & Policy, 4 (1), 191-211.
BORNSTEIN, R.F. (1989). Exposure and affect : overview and meta-analysis of research, 1968-1987. Psychological Bulletin, 106, 265-289. ISBELL, L.M. & BURNS, K.C. (2007). Affect. In R.F. Baumeister & K.D. Vohs (Eds.), Encyclopedia of social psychology (Vol. 1, pp. 12-13). Thousand Oaks, CA : Sage.
BELL, P.A. & BARON, R.A. (1990). Affect and aggression. In A. M. Isen & B. S. Moore (Eds.), Affect and social behavior (pp. 64-88). London : Cambridge University Press. TSAI, J.L. (2007). Ideal affect cultural causes and behavioral consequences. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2 (3), 242-259. [PDF]
CARVER, C.S. & SCHEIER, M.F. (1990). Origins and functions of positive and negative affect : A control process view. Psychological review, 97, 19. HASLER, B.P., MEHL, M.R., BOOTZIN, R.R. & VAZIRE, S. (2008). Preliminary evidence of diurnal rhythms in everyday behaviors associated with positive affect. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 1537-1546. [PDF]
WAKEFIELD, J.C. (1992). Freud and the intentionality of affect. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 9, 1-23. KIRSHNER, R.B., FIGUEREDO, J. & JACOBS, J. (2009). Structural relations among negative affect, mate value, and mating effort. Evolutionary Psychology, 7 (3), 374-397. [PDF]
ISEN, A.M., NIENDERTHAL, P. & CANTOR, N. (1992). The influence of positive affect on social categorization. Motivation & Emotion, 16, 65-78. SLOVIC, P. & VÄSFJÂLL, D. (2010). Affect, moral intuition, and risk. Psychological Inquiry, 21, 387-398.
HAIDT, J., KOLLER, S. & DIAS, M. (1993). Affect, culture, and morality, or is it wrong to eat your dog ? Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 65, 613-628. [PDF] LIM, Y.-J., YU, B.H., KIM, D.K. & KIM, J.-H. (2010). The positive and negative affect schedule : Psychometric properties of the Korean version. Psychiatry Investigation, 7, 163-169. [PDF]
GREEN, D.P., SALOVEY, P. & TRUAX, K.M. (1999). Static, dynamic, and causative bipolarity of affect. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 76 (5), 856-867. LARAN, J. (2010). The Influence of information processing goal pursuit on postdecision affect and behavioral intentions. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 98 (1), 16-28. [PDF]
BUCK, R. (1999). The biological affects : A typology. Psychological Review, 106 (2), 301-336. KLEINSMITH, A. & BIANCHI-BERTHOUZE, N (2013). Affective body expression perception and recognition : A survey. IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing, 4 (1), 15-33. [PDF]
SILLAMY, N. (1989). Dictionnaire de la psychologie. Paris : Larousse. Voir aussi Émotion
Affect négatif : Affect négatif et émotion négative. Negative affect.

  RUSSELL J.A. & CARROLL, J.M. (1999). On the bipolarity of positive and negative affect. Psychological Bulletin, 125 (1), 3-30.
TERRACCIANO, A., McCRAE, R.R. & COSTA, P.T. (2003). Factorial and construct validity of the Italian Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS). European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 19 (2), 131-141. [PDF]
LARSEN, J.T., NORRIS, C.J. & CACIOPPO, J.T. (2003). Effects of positive and negative affect on electromyographic activity over zygomaticus major and corrugator supercilii. Psychophysiology, 40 (5), 776-785.
CURRY, L.A. & YOUNGBLADE, L.M. (2006). Negative affect, risk perception, and adolescent risk behavior. Applied Developmental Psychology, 27, 468-485.
KIRSHNER, R.B., FIGUEREDO, J. & JACOBS, J. (2009). Structural relations among negative affect, mate value, and mating effort . Evolutionary Psychology, 7 (3), 374-397. [PDF]
WIRTZ, D., CHIU, C., DIENER, E. & OISHI, S. (2009). What constitutes a good life ? Cultural differences in the role of positive and negative affect in subjective well-being. Journal of Personality, 77, 1167- 1196. [PDF]
LIM, Y.-J., YU, B.H., KIM, D.K. & KIM, J.-H. (2010). The positive and negative affect schedule : Psychometric properties of the Korean version. Psychiatry Investigation, 7, 163-169. [PDF]
Voir aussi Affect et Émotion négative
Affect positif : Affect positif et émotion positive. Positive affect.

  ISEN, A.M. & MEANS, B. (1983). The influence of positive affect on decision-making strategy. Social Cognition, 2, 18-31. NYGREN, T.E., ISEN, A.M., TAYLOR, P.J. & DULIN, J. (1996). The influence of positive affect on the decision rule in risk situations : Focus on outcome (and especially avoidance of loss) rather than probability. Organizational Behavior & Human Decision Processes, 66, 59-72.
  DOVIDIO, J.F., GAERTNER, S.L., ISEN, A.M., RUST, M.C. & GUERRA, P. (1997). Positive affect, cognition, and the reduction of intergroup bias. In C. Sedikides, J. Schopler, & C.A.Insko (Eds.), Intergroup cognition and intergroup behavior (pp. 337-366). Hillsdale, NJ : L. Erlbaum
ISEN, A.M. & PATRICK, R. (1983). The effect of positive feelings on risk-taking : When the chips are down. Organizational Behavior & Human Performance, 31, 194-202. ESTRADA, C., ISEN, A.M. & YOUNG, M.J. (1997). Positive affect facilitates integration of information and decreases anchoring in reasoning among physicians. Organizational & Human Decision Processes, 72, 117-135.
ISEN, A.M., JOHNSON, M.M.S., MERTZ, E. & ROBINSON, G.F. (1985). The influence of positive affect on the unusualness of word associations. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 48, 1413-1426. ISEN, A.M. (1999). Positive affect. In T. Dalgleish & M. Power (Eds.), The handbook of cognition and emotion (pp. 521-539). Sussex, England: Wiley.
ISEN, A.M. (1987). Positive affect, cognitive processes, and social behaviors. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology 20, 203-253. ISEN, A.M. (1999). Positive affect and creativity. In S. Russ (Ed.), Affect, creative experience, and psychological adjustment (pp. 3-17). Philadelphia : Bruner/Mazel.
ISEN, A.M. & GEVA, N. (1987). The influence of positive affect on acceptable level of risk : The person with a large canoe has a large worry. Organizational Behavior & Human Decision Processes, 39 (2), 145-154. RUSSELL J.A. & CARROLL, J.M. (1999). On the bipolarity of positive and negative affect. Psychological Bulletin, 125 (1), 3-30.
ISEN, A.M. (1987). Positive affect, cognitive processes, and social behavior. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 20, pp. 203-253). New York : Academic. ISEN, A.M. (2000). Positive affect and decision making. In M. Lewis & J. M. Haviland-Jones (Ed.), Handbook of emotions (pp. 417-435). New York : Guilford.
ISEN, A.M., DAUBMAN, K.A. & NOWICKI, G.P. (1987). Positive affect facilitates creative problem solving. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 52, 1122-1131. [PDF] ISEN, A.M. (2001). An influence of positive affect on decision making in complex situations : Theoretical issues with practical implications. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 11 (2), 75-85. [PDF]
GREENE, T.R. & NOICE, H. (1988). Influence of positive affect upon creative thinking and problem solving in children. Psychological Reports, 63, 895-898. LARSEN, J.T., NORRIS, C.J. & CACIOPPO, J.T. (2003). Effects of positive and negative affect on electromyographic activity over zygomaticus major and corrugator supercilii. Psychophysiology, 40 (5), 776-785.
ISEN, A.M., NYGREN, T.E. & ASHBY, F. G. (1988). The influence of positive affect on the perceived utility of gains and losses. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 55, 710-717. TERRACCIANO, A., McCRAE, R.R. & COSTA, P.T. (2003). Factorial and construct validity of the Italian Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS). European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 19 (2), 131-141. [PDF]
BARON, R.A. (1990). Environmentally-induced positive affect : Its impact on self-efficacy, task performance, negotiation, and conflict. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 20 (5), 368-384. PRESSMAN, S.D. & COHEN, S. (2005). Does positive affect influence health ? Psychological Bulletin, 131, 925-971. [PDF]
ISEN, A.M. & BARON, R.A. (1991). Positive affect in organizations. In L. Cummings & B. Staw (Eds.), Research in organizational behavior (pp. 1-52). Greenwich, CT: JAI. ISEN, A.M. & REEVE, J. (2005). The influence of positive affect on intrinsic and extrinsic motivation : Facilitating enjoyment of play, responsible work behavior, and self-control. Motivation & Emotion, 29 (4), 297-325. [PDF]
ISEN, A.M., ROSENZWEIG, A.S. & YOUNG, M.J. (1991).The influence of positive affect on clinical problem solving. Medical Decision Making, 11, 221-227. MOSKOWITZ, J.T. (2003). Positive affect predicts lower risk of AIDS mortality. Psychosomatic Medicine, 65, 620-626.
 BARON, R.A., REA, M.S. & DANIELS, S.G. (1992). Effects of indoor lighting (illuminance and spectral distribution) on the performance of cognitive tasks and interpersonal behaviors : the potential mediating role of positive affect. Motivation & Emotion 1, 1-33. COHEN, S. & PRESSMAN, S.D. (2006). Positive affect and health. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15, 122-125. [PDF]
ISEN, A.M., NIENDERTHAL, P. & CANTOR, N. (1992). The influence of positive affect on social categorization. Motivation & Emotion, 16, 65-78. HASLER, B.P., MEHL, M.R., BOOTZIN, R.R. & VAZIRE, S. (2008). Preliminary evidence of diurnal rhythms in everyday behaviors associated with positive affect. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 1537-1546. [PDF]
ISEN, A.M. (1993). Positive affect and decision making. In M. Lewis & J. Haviland (Eds.), Handbook of emotion (pp. 261-277). New York : Guilford. WIRTZ, D., CHIU, C., DIENER, E. & OISHI, S. (2009). What constitutes a good life ? Cultural differences in the role of positive and negative affect in subjective well-being. Journal of Personality, 77, 1167- 1196. [PDF]
KAHN, B.E. & ISEN, A.M. (1993). The influence of positive affect on variety seeking among safe, enjoyable products. Journal of Consumer Research. 20, 257-270. LIM, Y.-J., YU, B.H., KIM, D.K. & KIM, J.-H. (2010). The positive and negative affect schedule : Psychometric properties of the Korean version. Psychiatry Investigation, 7, 163-169. [PDF]
ISEN, A.M. (1993). The influence of positive affect on cognitive organization : Some implications for consumer decision making in response to advertising. In A. Mitchell (Ed.), Advertising exposure, memory, and choice (pp. 239-258). Hillsdale, NJ : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. SLOVIC, P. & VÄSFJÂLL, D. (2010). Affect, moral intuition, and risk. Psychological Inquiry, 21, 387-398. [PDF]
ESTRADA, C., ISEN, A.M. & YOUNG, M.J. (1994). Positive affect influences creative problem solving and reported source of practice satisfaction in physicians. Motivation & Emotion, 18, 285-299.  
DOVIDIO, J.F., GAERTNER, S.L., ISEN, A.M. & LOWRANCE, R. (1995). Group representations and intergroup bias : Positive Affect, Similarity and group size. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 21 (6), 856-865.  
MELTON R. J. (1995). The role of positive affect in syllogism performance. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 21, 788-794.  
Voir aussi Affect et Émotion positive
Affection : Affection.

  WHITE, L. (1999). Contagion in family affection : Mothers, fathers, and young children. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 61, 284-294.
Afférence : Voir Fibre afférente.
Affiche scientifique : Grand carton qui sert à communiquer par écrit et visuellement l'essentiel des résultats d'une recherche scientifique. Poster, Poster session.
  GORE P.A. & CAMP, J.C. (1987). A radical poster session. Teaching of Psychology, 14, 243-244.
ROSENBERG, J. & BLOUNT, R.L. (1988). Poster sessions revisited : A student research convocation. Teaching of Psychology, 15, 38-39.
BAIRD, B.N. (1991). In-class poster sessions. Teaching of Psychology, 18, 27-29.
SCHAPMAN, A.M. (1998). Tips for presenting a poster. Journal of Psychological Inquiry, 3, 53.
HERBRANSON, W.T.(2005). Serial response time learning in pigeons (Columba livia). 85th annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association. Portland Oregon. [PDF]
BEINS, B.C. & BEINS, A.M. (2008). Effective writing in psychology : Papers, posters, and presentations. Malden : Blackwell Publishing.
MILOSEVIC, I. & RADOMSKY, A.S. (2009). Review of effective writing in psychology : Papers, posters, and presentations. Canadian Psychology/Psychologie Canadienne, 50 (3), 214-216.
Voir aussi Communiquer et Recherche scientifique
Affinité élective : Voir Effet de sélection, Censure indirecte, Comité de lecture.
Affirmation de soi : Concept proposé par Steele pour décrire les efforts consentis par un individu pour maintenir et améliorer la conception qu'il se fait de lui-même (= soi privé ) et exprimer et défendre ses idées, ses biens et ses droits de façon ferme et respectueuse envers autrui, sans faire usage d'agressivité verbale ou physique (= soi public). = Intégrité personelle. Self-affirmation.

  ROSENBERG, J. & BLOUNT, R.L. (1988). Poster sessions revisited : A student research convocation. Teaching of Psychology, 15, 38-39. CORRELL, J., SPENCER, S.J. & ZANNA, M.P. (2004). An affirmed self and an open mind : Self-affirmation and sensitivity to argument strength. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40, 350-356.
STEELE, C.M. (1988). The psychology of self-affirmation : Sustaining the integrity of the self. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in Experimental Social Psychology (Vol. 21, pp. 261-302). San Diego, CA : Academic Press. HARRIS, P.R. & NAPPER, L. (2005). Self-affirmation and the biased processing of threatening health-risk information. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 31, 1250-1263.
HEINE, S.J. & LEHMAN, D.R. (1997). Culture, dissonance, and self affirmation. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 23 (4), 389-400. [PDF] SHERMAN, D.K. & COHEN, G.L. (2006). The psychology of self-defense: Self-affirmation theory. In M. P. Zanna (Ed.) Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 38, pp. 183-242). San Diego, CA : Academic Press.
SHERMAN, D.A.K., NELSON, L.D. & STEELE, C.M. (2000). Do messages about health risks threaten the self ? Increasing the acceptance of threatening health messages via self-affirmation. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 26, 1046-1058. HARRIS, P.R., MAYLE, K., MABBOTT, L. & NAPPER, L. (2007). Self-affirmation reduces smokers’ defensiveness to graphic on-pack cigarette warning labels. Health Psychology, 26 (4), 437-446.
NELSON, S.K., FULLER, JA.K., CHOI, I. & LYUBOMIRSKY, S. (2014). Beyond self-protection : Self-affirmation benefits hedonic and eudaimonic well-being. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 40 (8), 998-1011. [PDF]
Affirmation de soi (Entraînement à l'...) : Intervention visant à entraîner un individu (souvent un enfant) à exprimer ses idées et à défendre ses biens et ses droits de façon ferme et respectueuse envers autrui, sans faire usage d'agressivité verbale ou physique. On peut apprendre aux individus à s'affirmer. = assertivité, comportement d'affirmation, affirmation de soi, ne pas se laisser manger la laine sur le dos. Assertive behavior.

  HERSEN, M.H., EISLER, R.M. & MILLER, P.M., JOHNSON, M.B. & PINKSTON, S.G. (1973). Effects of practice, instructions, and modeling on components of assertive behavior. Behaviour Research & Therapy, 11, 443-451. LINEHAN, M.M., GOLDFRIED, M.R. & GODFRIED, A.P. (1979). Assertion therapy : Skill training or cognitive restructuring. Behavior Therapy, 10, 372-388.
EISLER, R.M., HERSEN, M.H. & MILLER, P.M. (1975). An experimental analysis of generalization in assertive training. Behaviour Research & Therapy, 12, 295-310. LINEHAN, M.M. & WALKER, R.O. (1983). The components of assertion : Factor analysis of a multi-method assessment battery. The British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 22, 277-281.
EISLER, R.M., HERSEN, M.H., MILLER, P.M. & BLANCHARD, E.B. (1975). Situational determinants of assertive behaviors. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 43 (3), 330-340. LINEHAN, M.M. & SEIFERT, R. (1983). Sex and contextual differences in the appropriateness of assertive behavior : Fact or myth ? Psychology of Women Quarterly, 8, 79-88.
LINEHAN, M.M., WALKER, R.O., BROHEIM, S., HAYNES, H.F. & EVZEROFF, H. (1979). Group vs. individual assertion training. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 47, 1000-1002. LINEHAN, M.M. (1984). Interpersonal effectiveness training for assertive situations. In E.A. Blechman (Ed.), Behavior modification with women (pp. 143-169). New York : Guilford Press.
Afghanistan (Guerre en...) : Afghanistan, armée et guerre. Afghanistan war.
  HOGE, C.W, CASTRO, C.A., MESSER, S.C., McGURK, D. COTTING, D.I. & KOFFMAN, R.L. (2004). Comba duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, mental health problems, and barriers to care. New England Journal of Medicine, 351, 13-22.
FRIEDMAN, M.J. (2006). Posttraumatic stress disorder among military returnees from Afghanistan and Iraq. American Journal of Psychiatry, 163 (4), 586-593.
SCHNURR, P.P., LUNNEY, C.A., BOIVIN, M.J. & MARX, B.P. (2009). Posttraumatic stress disorder and quality of life : Extension of findings to veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Clinical Psychology Review, 29, 727-735. [PDF]
NOVACO, R.W., SWANSON, R.D., GONZALEZ, O.I., GAHM, G.A. & REGER, M.D. (2012). Anger and post-combat mental health : Validation of a brief anger measure with U.S. soldiers post-deployed from Iraq and Afghanistan. Psychological Assessment, 24, 661-675.
McNALLY, R.J. & FRUEH, B.C. (2013). Why are Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans seeking PTSD disability compensation at unprecedented rates ? Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 27, 520-526. [PDF]
Voir aussi Vétéran, Guerre et Syndrome post-traumatique
Afrique/Africain : Continent qui regroupe un ensemble de pays (N=54) et un ensemble de cultures. Africa, African.

Continents
Afrique
Amérique
Asie
Europe
Océanie

   JAHODA, G. (1961). White man : A study of the attitudes of Africans to Europeans before independence. London/New York : Oxford University Press.  
MBITI, J. (1969). African religions & philosophy. London : Heinemann. ADAMS, G. (2005). The cultural grounding of personal relationship: Enemyship in North American and West African worlds. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 88, 948-968. [PDF]
WEISZ, J.R. (1972). East African medical attitudes. Social Science & Medicine, 6, 323-333. [PDF] NASIM, A., UTSEY, S.O., BELGRAVE, F.Z., CORONA, R., PLYBON, L. & FALLAH, N. (2006). Religiosity, drug refusal efficacy, and substance use among African American adolescents and emerging adults. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse, 5, 27- 48.
WINTHROB, R.M. (1973). The cultural dynamics of student anxiety : Report from Liberia. Psychopathologie Africaine, 9, 267-283. UTSEY, S.O., HOOK, J.N. & STANARD, P. (2007). A re-examination of cultural factors in relation to risk, resilience, and African American suicide: A review of the literature and recommendations for future research. Death Studies, 31, 399-416.
WEISZ, J.R., (1973). Psychiatric patterns in Uganda. East African Medical Journal, 50, 261-265.  MATORY, J.L. (2007). Free to be a slave: Slavery as metaphor in the Afro-Atlantic religions. Journal of Religion in Africa, 37,398-425. [PDF]
DeVRIES, M. & DeVRIES, R.M. (1977). Cultural relativity of toilet training readines : A perspective from East-Africa. Pediatrics, 60, 170-177. UTSEY, S.O. BOLDEN, M.A., WILLIAMS, O., LEE, A. & LANIER, Y. (2007). Spiritual well-being as a mediator of the relation between culture-specific coping and quality of life in a community sample of African Americans. Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology, 38, 123-136.
ODUYOYE, M. (1994). Feminist theology in an African perspective. In R. Gibellini (Eds.), Paths of African theology (pp. 166-181). London : SCM Press. UTSEY, S.O., GLESBRECHT, N., HOOK, J.N. & STANARD, P.M. (2008). Cultural, socio familial, and psychological resources that inhibit psychological distress in African Americans exposed to stressful life events and race-related stress. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 55, 49-62.
 JAHODA, G. (1997). Always something new out of Africa. In M.H. Bond (Ed.), Working at the interface of cultures : Eighteen lives in social science (pp. 27-37). Routeledge.  
UTSEY, S.O. (1997). Racism and the psychological well-being of African American men. Journal of African American Men, 3, 69-87. KASOMO, D. (2009). An investigation of sin and evil in African cosmology. International Journal of Sociology & Anthropology, 1 (8), 145-155.
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UTSEY, S.O.& PONTEROTTO, J.G., REYNOLDS, A.L. & CANCELLI, A.A. (2000). Racial dis- crimination, coping, life satisfaction, and self-esteem among African Americans. Journal of Counseling & Development, 78, 72-81. KASOMO, D. & MASENO, L. (2011). A critical appraisal of African feminist theology. International Journal of Current Research, 2 (1), 154-162. [PDF]
INEICHEN, B. (2000). The epidemiology of dementia in Africa : A review. Social Science & Medicine, 50, 1673-1677.  
UTSEY, S.O., ADAMS, E.P. & BOLDEN, M. (2000). Development and initial validation of the Africultural Coping Systems Inventory. Journal of Black Psychology, 6, 194-215. KASOMO, D. & MASENO, L. (2011). The factors behind the formation of independent churches in Kenya. International Journal of Current Research, 2 (1), 163-169.
ODUYOYE, M. (2001). Introducing African women's theology. Sheffield : Sheffield Academic Press. KASOMO, D. (2011). Africa is the cradle of christian religion. Germany : VDM Verlag Dr. Muller GmbH & Co.KG
ADAMS, G. & DZOKOTO, V.A. (2003). Self and identity in African Studies. Self & Identity, 2, 345-359. MTEGA, W.P., BERNARD, R., MSUNGU, A.C. & SANARE, R. (2012). Using mobile phones for teaching and learning purposes in higher learning institutions : the case of Sokoine university of agriculture in Tanzania. Proceedings & report of the 5th UbuntuNet Alliance annual conference, 118-129. [PDF]
ADAMS, G. & PLAUT, V.C. (2003). The cultural grounding of personal relationship : Friendship in North American and West African worlds. Personal Relationships, 10, 333-348.  
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Voir aussi pays et Culture
Afrique du sud : Pays. South Africa.

  DANZIGER, K. (1963). Ideology and utopia in South Africa : A methodological contribution to the sociology of knowledge. British Journal of Sociology, 14, 59-76.
TE NIJENHUIS, J. MURPHY, R., & VAN EEDEN, R. (2011). The Flynn effect in South Africa. Intelligence, 39 (6), 456-467.
Afro-Américain : Désigne tous les individus de descendance africaine et Antillaise vivant aux états-unis. = Black, Noir. Voi aussi Biais culturel, Différence raciale ou Culturelle. Black, African Americans, Black man, Negro.

  BEAN, R.B. (1906). Some racial peculiarities of the Negro brain. American Journal of Anatomy, 5, 353-432. ALTMAN, N. (2000). Black and white thinking : A psychoanalyst reconsiders race. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 10, 589-606.
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PETERSON, J., LANIER, L.H. & WALKER, H.M. (1925). Comparisons of white and negro children. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 5, 271-283. HUNT, L.L. & HUNT, M.O. (2001). Race, religion, and religious involvement : A comparative study of Whites and African Americans. Social Forces, 80, 605-631. [PDF]
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Voir aussi États-Unis, Biais culturel, Différence raciale ou Culturelle.
AGISME - AGORAPHOBIE - AGRESSION - AGRESSIVITÉ - AHEARN - AIDE - AINSWORTH - AIRE - AJZEN - ÄKERSTEDT - AL
Âge (chronologique) : Temps écoulé depuis la naissance. En psychologie, c'est l'âge du sujet au moment de la passation d'un test. Âge, différence entre les âges et vieillissement. = Âge. Chronological age.

Naissance Enfance Adolescence Adulte Mort
Nouveau-né Nourrisson Enfant Pré- adolescent Adolescent jeune adulte Adulte Vieux


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Voir aussi Vieillisement et Différences d'âge
Âges (Différences entre les...) : Age differences.

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SWITZER, J.Y. (1990). The impact of generic word choices : an empirical investigation of age- and sex-related differences. Sex Roles, 22, 69-82. VERHAEGHEN, P. (2002). Age differences in efficiency and effectiveness of encoding for visual search and memory search : A time-accuracy study. Aging, Neuropsychology, & Cognition, 9, 114-126.
PLOMIN, R., CAMPOS, C., CORLEY, R., EMDE, R.N., FULKER, D.W., KAGAN, J., REZNICK, J.S., ROBINSON, J.L., ZAHN-WAXLER, C. & DEFRIES, J.C. (1990). Individual differences during the second year of life. In J. Colombo & J. Fagen (Eds.), Individual differences in infancy. Hillsdale, N.J. : LEA. BUUNK, B.P., DIJSTRA, P., KENRICK, D.T. & WARNJTES, A. (2002). Age and gender differences in mate selection criteria for various involvement levels. Personal Relationships, 9, 271-278. [PDF]
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Voir aussi Différences, Vieillisement et Âge chronologique
Âge mental : Évaluation développée par Binet dans le tout premier test d'aptitudes intellectuelles pour enfants. Il s'agit du niveau de développement cognitif d'un enfant, établi par comparaison au niveau mesuré chez la majorité des sujets de l'âge chronologique X, soit 75 % des sujets. Pour calculer le QI, il faut diviser l'âge mental du sujet par son âge chronologique, puis multiplier le résultat par 100. EX: (11 ans/10) X 100 = QI de 110. = âge psychologique. Mental age.

  THURSTONE, L.L. (1926). The mental age concept. Psychological Review, 33, 268-278. [LIRE]
Agent : Terme générique qui a deux acceptions voisines et logiquement reliées : a) Il renvoie à l'idée de cause immédiate ou lointaine, ou à tout le moins de facteurs déterminants. b) Cette cause peut être un individu ou un groupe. Agent.

Types d'agent
Agent de renforcement négatif Agent de renforcment secondaire Agent économique
Agent de renforcement positif Agent de socialisation Agent stresseur
Agent de renforcement primaire   Agent teratogène
 

  a
 
b
LANGLOIS, J.H & DOWNS, A.C. (1980). Mothers, fathers and peers as socialization agents of sex-typed play behaviors in young children. Child Development, 51, 1237-1247.
Agent de renforcement négatif (R-) : Voir Renforcement négatif. Negative reinforcement.
Agent de renforcement positif (R+) : Voir Renforcement positif. Positive reinforcement.
Agent de renforcement primaire : Voir Renforçateur primaire.Primary reinforcement.
Agent de renforcement secondaire : Voir Renforçateur secondaire. Secondary reinforcement.
Agent de socialisation : Tout individu qui contribue à la socialisation d'un congénère. Socialization agent.

  LANGLOIS, J.H. & DOWNS, A.C. (1980). Mothers, fathers and peers as socialization agents of sex-typed play behaviors in young children. Child Development, 51, 1237-1247.
Agent économique : Toute inidividu ou groupe qui joue un rôle dans l'économie. Il peut s'agir d'un individu, d'un ménage, d'une entreprise, d'une institution, d'une organisation, d'un pays.

   
Agent stresseur : Voir stresseur. Stressor.
Agent tératogène : Voir Facteur tératogène. Teratogen factor.
Aggleton John P. ( ) : Neuropsychologue anglais et spécialiste de l'étude de l'amnésie et du rôle de l'amygdale et de l'hippocampe dans la compréhension de ce phénomène.Collaborateur de Vann et Yonelinas.
AGGLETON, J.P. (1993). The contribution of the amygdala to normal and abnormal emotional states. Trends in Neurosciences, 16 (8), 328-333. [PDF]
AGGLETON, J.P. & BROWN, M.W. (1999). Episodic memory, amnesia, and the hippocampal-anterior thalamic axis. Behavioral & Brain Science, 22, 425-489. [PDF]
AGGLETON, J.P. & WASKETT, L. (1999).The ability of odours to serve as state-dependent cues for real-world memories : Can Viking smells aid the recall of Viking experiences ? British Journal of Psychology, 90, 1-7. [PDF]
AGGLETON, J.P. (2008). Understanding anterograde amnesia : Disconnections and hidden lesions. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 61 (10), 1441-1471. [PDF]
AGGLETON, J.P., POIRIER, G.L., AGGLETON, H.S., VANN, S.D. & PEARCE, J M. (2009). Lesions of the fornix and anterioir thalamic nuclei dissociate different aspects of hippocampal-dependent spatial learning : Implications for the neural basis of scene learning. Behavioral Neuroscience, 123, 504-519. [PDF]
Aggression & Violent Behavior : Revue scientifique qui consacre ses pages à l'étude de la violence et des agressions. Éditeur : Elsevier.
 

Aggressive Behavior : Revue scientifiquequi consacre ses pages à l'étude de l'agressivité. Éditeur : Wiley.
SACHSER, N. & PRÖVE, E. (1984). Short-term effects of residence on the testosterone responses to fighting in alpha male guinea pigs. Aggressive Behavior, 10, 285-292.

Aging & Mental Health : Revue scientifique qui consacre ses pages au vieillissement et à la santé. Éditeur : Taylor & Francis Group.
BÉLAND, S.-G., PRÉVILLE, M., DUBOIS, M.-F., LORRAIN, D., GRENIER, S., VOYER, P., PÉRODEAU, G. & MORIDE, Y. (2010). Benzodiazepine use and quality of sleep in the community-dwelling elderly population. Aging & Mental Health, 14, 843-850.

Aging, Neuropsychology & Cognition : Revue scientifique qui consacre ses pages au vieillissement dans une perspective neurocognitive. Éditeur : Taylor & Francis Group.
HERNANDEZ, A. & KOHNERT, K. (1999). Aging and language switching in bilinguals. Aging, Neuropsychology & Cognition, 6 (2), 69-83.

Agir/Agissement : Voir Comportement, Réponse ou Conduite.
Âgisme : Forme de discrimination fondée sur l'âge. Âgisme, différence d'âge et vieillissement. Ageism.

  COMFORT, A. (1976). Age prejudice in America. Social Policy, 7, 3-8. PASUPATHI, M., CARSTENSEN, L.L. & TSAI, J.L. (1994). Ageism in interpersonal settings. In B. Lott & D. Maluso (Eds.), The social psychology of interpersonal discrimination (pp. 160-182). New York : Guilford Press.
BUTLER, R.N. (1980). Ageism : A forward. Journal of Social Issues, 36, 8-11. HASSELL, B.L. & PERREWE, P.L. (1995). An examination of beliefs about older workers : Do stereotypes still exist ? Journal of Organizational Behavior, 16, 457-468.
SIGELMAN, L. & SIGELMAN, C.K. (1982). Sexism, racism, and ageism in voting behavior : An experimental analysis. Social Psychology Quarterly, 45, 263-269. FINKELSTEIN, L.M., BURKE, M.J. & RAJU, N.S. (1995). Age discrimination in simulated employment contexts : An integrative analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 80, 652-663.
  GARLOCK, V.M., WALLEY, A.C. & METSAL, J.L. (2001). Age-of-acquisition, word frequency, and neigh-borhood density effects on spoken word recognition by children and adults. Journal of Memory & Language, 45, 468-492.
AVOLIO, B.J. & BARRETT, G.V. (1987). Effects of age stereotyping in a simulated interview. Psychology & Aging, 2, 56-63. BRAITHWAITE, V. (2002). Reducing ageism. In T.D. Nelson (Ed.), Ageism : stereotyping and prejudice against older persons (pp. 311-338). Cambridge : The MIT Press.
PERDUE, C.W. & GURTMAN, M.B. (1990). Evidence for the automaticity of ageism. Journal of Experimental & Social Psychology, 26, 199-216. MONTPARE, J.M. & ZEBROWITZ, L.A. (2002). A social-developmental view of ageism. In T.D. Nelson (Ed.), Ageism (pp. 77-125). Cambridge, MA : MIT Press.
  LEVY, B.R., & BANAJI, M.R. (2002). Implicit Ageism. In T. D. Nelson (Ed.), Ageism : Stereotyping and prejudice against older persons (pp. 49-75). Cambridge MA : MIT Press.
Voir aussi Vieillisement, Préjugé et Discrimination
Agitation : Mouvements désordonnés ou sans fonction apparente, qui nuit parfois aux apprentissages. Agitation, hyperactivité et relaxation. Agitative-disruptive behavior.

  WEBSTER, D.R. & AZRIN, N.H. (1973). Required relaxation : a method of inhibiting agitative-disruptive behavior of retardates. Behavior Research & Therapy, 11 (1), 67-78.
Agnosie : Trouble de la perception causé par une lésion cérébrale. Agnosia.

  GERSTMANN, J. (1940). Syndrome of finger agnosia, disorientation for right and left, agraphia, acalculia. Archives of Neurology & Psychology, 44, 398-408.
NIELSON, J.M. (1946). Agnosia, apraxia, aphasia : Their value in cerebral localization. New York : Hoeber.
McCARTHY, R.A. & WARRINGTON, E.K. (1986). Visual associative agnosia : a clinico-anatomical study of a single case. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 49, 1233-1240. [PDF]
REED, C.L. & CASELLI, R.J. (1994). The nature of tactile agnosia: a case study. Neuropsychologia, 32, 527-539.
RAMACHADRAN, V.S., ALTSCHULER, E.L. & HILLYER, S. (1997). Mirror agnosia. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 264, 645-647.
BEHRMANN, M. & KIMCHI, R. (2003). What does visual agnosia tell us about perceptual organization and its relationship to object perception ? Journal of Experimental Psychology : Human Perception & Performance, 29 (1), 19-42. [PDF]
ROSENZWEIG, M. et LEIMAN, A.L. (1991). Psychophysiologie. Ville Mont Royal : Décarie. Voir aussi Perception et Lésion cérébrale
Agnosie musicale : Trouble de la perception de la musique causé par une lésion cérébrale. = amusie. Congenital amusia, amusic brain, tone deafness.
  PERETZ, I. (1985). Asymétrie hémisphérique dans les amusies. Revue Neurologique, 141, 169-183. [PDF] PERETZ, I., CUMMINGS, S. & DUBÉ, M-P. (2007). The genetics of congenital amusia (Tone deafness) : A family-aggregation study. The American Journal of Human Genetics, 81, 582-588. [PDF]
AYOTTE, J., PERETZ, I., ROUSSEZU, I., BARD, C. & BOJANOWSKI, M. (2000). Patterns of music agnosia associated with middle cerebral artery artefact. Brain, 123 (9), 1926-1938. [PDF] MOREAU, P., JOLICOEUR, P. & PERETZ, I. (2009). Automatic brain responses to pitch changes in congenital amusia. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1169, 191-194. [PDF]
PERETZ, I., AYOTTE, J., ZATORRE, R., MEHLER., J., AHAD, P., PENHUNE, V.B. & JUTRAS, B. (2002). Congenital amusia : A disorder of fine-grained pitch discrimination. Neuron, 33, 185-191. [PDF] PERETZ, I., BRATTICO, E., JARVENPAA, M. & TERVANIEMI, M. (2009). The amusic brain : In tune, out of key, and unaware. Brain, 132, 1277-1286. [PDF]
PERETZ, I., CHAMPOD, A.-S. & HYDE, K. (2003). Varieties of musical disorders: the Montreal Battery of Evaluation of Amusia. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 999, 58-75. [PDF] NAN, Y., SUN, Y. & PERETZ, I. (2010). Congenital amusia in speakers of a tone language : association with lexical tone agnosia. Brain, 133, 2635-2642. [PDF]
PERETZ, I. & HYDE, K.L. (2003). What is specific to music processing? Insights from congenital amusia. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 7 (8), 362-367. [PDF] PERETZ, I. (2011). The bological foundations of music : Insights from congenital amusia. In D. Deutsch (Ed.), The psychology of music. Elsevier. [PDF]
ROSENZWEIG, M. et LEIMAN, A.L. (1991). Psychophysiologie. Ville Mont Royal : Décarie. Voir aussi Agnosie, Musique et Lésion cérébrale
Agnosie tactile : Trouble de la perception du toucher causé par une lésion cérébrale. Tactile agnosia

  GERSTMANN, J. (1940). Syndrome of finger agnosia, disorientation for right and left, agraphia, acalculia. Archives of Neurology & Psychology, 44, 398-408.
REED, C.L. & CASELLI, R.J. (1994). The nature of tactile agnosia: a case study. Neuropsychologia, 32, 527-539.
REED, C.L. & CASELLI, R.J. & FARAH, M.J. (1996). Tactile agnosia : Underlying impairment and implications for normal tactile object recognition. Brain, 119, 875–888.
Voir aussi Agnosie
Agnosticisme : Doctrine philosophique selon laquelle tout ce qui est au-delà de nos sens est inconnaissable. L'agnostique ne peut donc se prononcer sur l'existence de l'esprit ou de Dieu. Sa position est : «On ne sait pas, attendons de voir... ». N.D.L.R. L'agnostique est un athée qui a peur de finir ses jours en enfer... *athéisme. Agnosticism.
  TETLOCK, P.E. (1989). The selfishness-altruism debate : In defense of agnosticism. Brain & Behavioral Sciences, 12, 723-724. [PDF]
MOSER, P.K. (1992). Realism and agnosticism. The American Philosophical Quarterly, 29 (1), 1-17.
Agoraphobie/Agoraphobe : Voir phobie (Agora).
Agrammatisme : Forme d'aphasie qui se caractérise par la perte partielle ou totale de la capacité de construire oralement des phrases correctes sur le plan syntaxique, consécutive à une lésion cérébrale, située généralement dans l'air de Broca. Agrammatism.
  TISSOT, R.J., MOUNIN, G. et LHERMITTE, F. (1973) L'agrammmatisme. Brussels, Dessart.  
GOODGLASS, H. (1976). Agrammatism. In H. Whitaker & H.A. Whitaker (Eds), Studies in neurolinguistics (Vol. 1.) New York : Academic Press. STAVRAKAKI, S. & KOUVAVA, S. (2003). Functional categories in agrammatism : Evidence from Greek. Brain & Language, 86, 129-141. [PDF]
SAFFRAN, E.M., SCHWARTZ, M.F. & MARIN, O.S. (1980). The word order problem in agrammatism. II. Production. Brain & Language, 10, 263-280.  
SCHWARTZ, M.F., SAFFRAN, E.M. & MARIN, O.S.M. (1980) The word order problem in agrammatism, I. Comprehension. Brain & Language, 10 (2), 249-262.  
SCHWARTZ, M.F., SAFFRAN, E.M. & LINEBARGER. M.C. (1985). The status of the syntactic theory of agrammatism. In M. L. Kean (Ed.), Agammatism. New York, Academic Press.  
SAFFRAN, E.M., SCHWARTZ, M.F. & MARIN, O.S. (1980). The word order problem in agrammatism. I. Comprehension. Brain & Language, 10, 249-262.  
BADECKER, W. & CARAMAZZA, A. (1985). On considerations of method and theory governing the use of clinical categories in neurolinguistics and cognitive neuropsychology : The case against agrammatism. Cognition, 20, 97-125. WENZLAFF, M. & CLAHSEN, H. (2004). Tense and agreement in german agrammatism. Brain & Language, 89, 57-68. [PDF]
BUTTERWORTH, B. & HOWARD, D. (1987). Paragrammatisms. Cognition, 26 (1), 1-37. [PDF] BURCHERT, F., SWOBODA-MOLL, M. & DE BLESER, R. (2005). Tense and agreement dissociations in German agrammatic speakers : Underspecification vs. hierarchy. Brain & Language, 94, 188-199.
ZINGESER, L.B. & BERNDT, R.S. (1990). Retrieval of nouns and verbs in agrammatism and anomia. Brain & Language, 39 (1), 14-32. BASTIAANSE, R. & VAN ZONNEVELD, R. (2005). Sentence production with verbs of alternating transitivity in Broca’s agrammatic aphasia. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 18, 57-66.
LUKATELA, K., SHANKWEILER, D. & CRAIN, S. (1994-5). Syntactic Processing in Agrammatic Aphasia by Speakers of a Slavic Language. Haskins LAboratories Status Report on Speech Research, 119-120, 95-115.  
HICKOK G. & AVRUTIN, S. (1995). Representation, referentiality, and processing in agrammatic comprehension : Two case studies. Brain & Language, 50, 10-26. WENZLAFF, M. & CLAHSEN, H. (2005). Finiteness and verb-second in german agrammatism. Brain & Language, 92 (1), 33-44.
FRIEDMANN, N. & GRODZINSKY, Y. (1997). Tense and agreement in agrammatic production : Pruning the syntactic tree. Brain & Language, 56, 397-425. YARBAY DUMAN, T., AYGEN, G. & BASTIAANSE, R. (2006). Object scrambling and finiteness in Turkish agrammatic production. Brain & Language, 99, 8-219. [PDF]
GOODGLASS, H. (1997). Agrammatism in aphasiology. Clinical Neuroscience, 4 (2), 51-56. LEE, J., MILMAN, L.H. & RHOMPSON, C.K. (2008). Functional category production in English agrammatism. Aphasiology, 22 (7-8), 893-905. [PDF]
FRIEDMANN, N. (2000). Moving verbs in agrammatic production. In R. Bastiaanse & Y. Grodzinsky (Eds.), Grammatical disorders in aphasia : A neourolinguistic perspective (pp. 152-170). London: Whurr. BASTIAANSE, R. (2008). Production of verbs in base position by Dutch agrammatic speakers : Inflection versus finiteness. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 21, 104-119.
FRIEDMANN, N. (2001). Agrammatism and the psychological reality of the syntactic tree. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 30, 71-90. YYARBAY DUMAN, T. & BASTIAANSE, R. (2009). Time reference through verb inflection in Turkish agrammatic aphasia. Brain & Language, 108, 30-39. [PDF]
Voir aussi Aphasie et Phrase
Agraphie : Du grec a qui signifie "sans, privé de " et de graphia qui signifie "écrire". Amnésie spécifique de la capacité d'écrire causée par une lésion cérébrale du lobe pariétal. Agraphia.

  GERSTMANN, J. (1940). Syndrome of finger agnosia, disorientation for right and left, agraphia, acalculia. Archives of Neurology & Psychology, 44, 398-408.
BENSON, D.F. (1979). Aphasia, alexia and agraphia. New York : Churchill Livingstone.
TOHGI, H., SAITOH, K., TAKAHASHI, S., TAKAHASHI, H., UTSUGISAWAK., K., YONEZAWA, H., HATANO, K. & TOSHIAKI, S. (1995). Agraphia and acalculia after a left prefrontal (F1, F2) infarction. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 58, 629-632. [PDF]
Voir aussi Lésion, Agraphie, Écriture, Lettre
Agras William Stewart (Londres 1929-) : Psychiatre cognitivio-béhavioriste anglais, spécialisé dans l'étude et le traitemement des problèmes de phobie, de l'agoraphobie et des troubles alimentaires. Collaborateur de Barlow, Ehlers et Stice.
AGRAS, W.S., LEITENBERG, H. & BARLOW, D.H. (1968). Social reinforcement in the modification of agoraphobia. Archives of General Psychiatry, 19, 423- 427.
AGRAS, W.S., LEITENBERG, H., BARLOW, D.H. & THOMSON, L.E. (1969). Instructions and reinforcement in the modification of neurotic behavior. American Journal of Psychiatry, 125, 1435-1439.
AGRAS, W.S., SYLVESTER, D. & OLIVEAU, D.C. (1969). The epidemiology of common fears and phobias. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 10, 151-156.
AGRAS, W.S. (1973). Toward the certification of behavior therapists ? Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 6 (1), 167-172. [PDF]
AGRAS, W.S., SCHNEIDER, J.A., ARNOW, B., RAEBURN, S.D. & TELCH, C.F. (1989). Cognitive-behavioral and response-prevention treatments for bulimia nervosa. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 57, 215-221.
Agresseur : Tout individu qui utilise la force ou une arme pour commettre une agression (blesser ou tuer volontairement autrui). Agresseur et victime.

 
Agresseur (adolescent) : Voir Adolescent agresseur.
Agression : Agressivité dirigée vers un individu et qui a pour fonction de le blesser, de le violer, de lui faire peur ou de lui porter préjudice (lui causer un tort non-physique dans le cas de l'agression indirecte). EX : Frapper un mur est de l'agressivité, alors que frapper un collègue est une agression. L'agression est donc une fonction de l'agressivité. Agression, agressivité et frustration. = violence, agressivité hostile. *agressivité. ( ): Voir tableau ci-dessous. Aggression.
Types d'agression
Agression sexuel d'enfant/Agresseur d'enfant Agression indirecte Agression offensive/defensive
Agression directe Agression instrumentale Agression sexuelle
 

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ANDERSON, C.A. (1989). Temperature and aggression : Ubiquitous effects of heat on occurrence of human violence. Psychological Bulletin, 106, 74-96. [PDF] WALLACE, M.T., BARRY, C.T., ZEIGLER-HILL, V. & GREEN, B.A. (2012). Locus of control as a contributing factor in the relation between self-perception and adolescent aggression. Aggressive Behavior, 38, 213-221. [PDF]
Voir aussi Agressivité et Comportement agressif
Agression directe : Type d'agression qui comporte des comportements agressifs moteurs émis à l'endroit de la victime. EX: Frapper un autre enfant à coups de poing. = violence. Direct aggression, physical agression.

  BJORKVIST, K. (1994). Sex differences in physical, verbal, and indirect aggression : A review of recent research. Sex Roles, 30, 177-188. [PDF]
VAILLANCOURT, T., BRENDGEN, M., BOIVIN, M. & TREMBLAY, R.E. (2003). A longitudinal confirmatory factor analysis of indirect and physical aggression : Evidence of two factors over time ? Child Development, 74 (6), 1628-1638.
CAMPBELL, A. (2006). Sex differences in direct aggression : what are the psychological mediators ? Aggression & Violent Behavior, 11 (3), 237-264. [PDF]
Voir aussi Agression
Agression indirecte : Type d'agression qui comporte des comportements verbaux susceptibles d'entraîner chez autrui des comportements agressifs moteurs envers la victime. EX: Inciter autrui à être violent au moyen de discours haineux, de rumeur. = violence verbale, violence symbolique, incitation à la violence. Indirect aggression.

  LAGERSPETZ, K., BJORKQVIST, K. & PELTONEN, T. (1988). Is indirect aggression typical of females ? Gender differences in aggressiveness in 11- to 12-year-old children. Aggressive Behavior, 14, 403-414. VAILLANCOURT, T., BRENDGEN, M., BOIVIN, M. & TREMBLAY, R.E. (2003). A longitudinal confirmatory factor analysis of indirect and physical aggression : Evidence of two factors over time ? Child Development, 74 (6), 1628-1638.
  VAILLANCOURT, T. (2005). Indirect aggression among humans : Social construct or evolutionary adaptation ? In R.E. Tremblay, W.W. Hartup and J. Archer (Eds.), Developmental origins of aggression (pp. 158-177). New York : Guilford.
BJORKVIST, K. (1994). Sex differences in physical, verbal, and indirect aggression : A review of recent research. Sex Roles, 30, 177-188. [PDF] ARCHER, J. & COYNE, S.M. (2005). An integrated review of indirect, relational, and social aggression. Personality & Social Psychology Review, 9, 212-230.
OWENS, L., SHUTE, R. & SLEE, P. (2000). "Guess what I just heard !": Indirect aggression among teenage girls in Australia. Aggressive Behavior, 26, 67-83. HUNTLEY, J. & OWENS, L. (2006). "I know they are manipulating me..." : Unmasking indirect aggression in an adolescent girls’ friendship group : A case study. International Education Journal, 7 (4), 514-523. [PDF]
OWENS, L., SHUTE, R. & SLEE, P. (2000). "I’m in and you’re out... " : Explanations for teenage girls’ indirect aggression. Psychology, Evolution & Gender, 2, 19-46. HESS, N.H. & HAGEN, E.H. (2006). Sex differences in indirect aggression psychological evidence from young adults. Evolution & Human Behavior, 27, 231-245. [PDF]
Voir aussi Agression
Agression instrumentale : Forme d'agessivité qui sert à obtenir un objet ou exercer un contrôle sur le milieu plutôt qu'à blesser; l'agressivité est ici un moyen plutôt qu'une fin ou un objectif. /agressivité hostile. Instrumental aggression.

  ATKINS, M., STOFF, D., OSBORNE, M. & ROWN, K. (1993). Distinguishing instrumental and hostile aggression : Does it make a difference ? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 21, 355-365.
ATKINS, M.S. & STOFF, D. (1993). Instrumental and hostile aggression in childhood disruptive behavior disorders. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 21, 165-178.
Voir aussi Agression
Agression offensive/defensive : Type d'agression dont la forme varie selon que l'individu agressif initie un comportement agressif (fit (dit «offensif») ou agit en réponse à un comportement offensif (dit «défensif») = agressivité active/passive. Reactive and proactive aggression.

  DODGE, K.A. & COIE, J.D. (1987). Social-information-processing factors in reactive and proactive aggression in children's peer groups. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 53, 1146-1158. SMITHMYER, CM., HUBBARD, J.A. & SIMONS, R.F. (2000). Proactive and reactive aggression in delinquent adolescents : Relations to aggression outcome expectancies. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 29, 86-93.
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BROWN, K., ATKINS, M., OSBORNE, M. & MILNAMOW, M. (1996). A revised teacher rating scale for reactive and proactive aggression. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 24, 473-480. KEMPES, M., MATTHYS, W., De VRIES, H. & VAN ENGELAND, H. (2005). Reactive and proactive aggression in children A review of theory, findings and the relevance for child and adolescent psychiatry. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 14, 11-19.
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DODGE, K.A., LOCHMAN, J.E., HARNISH, J.D. & BATES, J.E (1997). . Reactive and proactive aggression in school children and psychiatrically impaired chronically assaultive youth. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 106, 37-51. VITARO, F., BRENDGEN, M. (2005). Proactive and reactive aggression : A developmental perspective. In R.E. Tremblay, W.M. Hartup & J. Archer (Eds.), Developmental origins of aggression. New York : Guilford Press.
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Voir aussi Agressivité
 
Agression sexuelle/Agresseur sexuelle : Agression dirigée vers un enfant ou un adulte qui comporte des attouchements sexuels non-désirés ou un viol. Agression sexuelle, Prostitution et viol. = abus sexuel (calque de l'anglais). Sexual assault, sexual crime, sexual offender, sexual abuse, sexual deviancy, Violence against women, sexual violence perpetration.

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  JESPERSEN, A.F., LALUMIÈRE, M.L. & SETO, M.C. (2009). Sexual abuse history among adult sex offenders and non-sex offenders : A meta-analysis. Child Abuse & Neglect, 33, 179-192.
ELLIOT, M. (1994). Female sexual abuse of children. Guilford. FORTIER, M.A., DILILLO, D., MESSMAN-MOORE, T.L., PEUGH, J. & DENARDI, K.A. (2009). Severity of child sexual abuse and revictimization : The mediating role of coping and trauma symptoms. Psychology of Women Quarterly,33 (3), 308–320. [PDF]
BOERINGER, S.B. (1994). Pornography and sexual aggression : Associations of violent and nonviolent depictions with rape and rape proclivity. Deviant Behavior, 15, 289-304. JACQUES-TIURA, A.J., TKATCH, R., ABBEY, A. & WEGNER, R. (2010). Disclosure of sexual assault : Characteristics and implications for posttraumatic stress symptoms among African American and Caucasian survivors. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, 11, 174-192. [PDF]
JENNY, C., ROESLER, T.A. & POYER, K.L. (1994). Are children at risk for sexual abuse by homosexuals ? Pediatrics, 94 (1), 41-44 SUMARI, M. & PING, C.L. (2010). Healing experience of a woman survivor of childhood sexual abuse. The International Journal of Research & Review, 5 (2), 24-28. [PDF]
GLEAVES, D.H. & EBERENZ, K.P. (1994). Sexual abuse histories among treatment-resistant bulimia nervosa patients. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 15, 227-231. BRIDGES, A.J., WOSNITZER, R., SCHARRER, E., SUN, C. & LIBERMAN, R. (2010). Aggression and sexual behavior in best-selling pornography videos : A content analysis update. Violence Against Women, 16 (10), 1065-1085.
  RICKERT, V.I., WIEMANN, C.M., VAUGHAN, R.D. & WHITE, J.W. (2004). Rates and risk factors for sexual violence among an ethnically diverse sample of adolescents. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 158 (12), 1132-1139.
  NAJDOWSKI, C. & ULLMAN, S.E. (2011). The effects of revictimization on coping in women sexual assault victims. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 24, 218-221.
HUNTER, B.A., ROBISON, E. & JASON, L.A. (2012). Characteristics of sexual assault and disclosure among women in substance abuse recovery homes. Journal of Interpersonnal Violence, 27 (13), 2627-2644. [PDF]
Voir aussi Agression, Misogynie, Prostitution, Viol, Violence et Pornographie
 
Agression sexuel d'enfant/Agresseur d'enfant : Forme de maltraitance qui prend la forme d'une agression sur un enfant (victime), qui comporte ou non des attouchements sexuels non-désirés, un viol ou des sévices. Agression d'enfant, agression sexuelle et viol. = enfant victime d'agression sexuelle. Child sexual abuse, sexual assault of children.

  GROTH, A.N. & BURGESS, A.W. (1977). Motivational intent in the sexual assault of children. Criminal Justice & Behavior 4, 14-24. FREUND, K., WATSON, R. & DICKEY, R. (1990). Does sexual abuse in childhood cause pedophilia : An exploratory study. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 19, 557-568.
FINKELHOR, D. & BROWNE, A. (1985). The traumatic impact of child sexual abuse : A conceptualization. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 55, 530-541. FINKELHOR, D. (1990). Early and long-term effects of child sexual abuse : An update. Professional Psychology : Research & Practice, 21, 325-330.
FINKELHOR, D. (1986). A sourcebook on child sexual abuse. London : Sage. DEJONG, A.R. & ROSE, M. (1991). Legal proof of child sexual abuse in the absence of physical findings. Pediatrics, 88, 506-511.
BROWNE, A. & FINKELHOR, D. (1986). Impact of child sexual abuse : A review of the research. Psychological Bulletin, 99, 66-77. O'DONOHUE, W.T. & ELLIOTT, A. (1991). A model for the clinical assessment of the sexually abused child. Behavioral Assessment, 13, 325-339.
PORTER, E. (1986). Treating the young male victim of sexual assault. Syracuse, NY : Safer Society Press O'DONOHUE, W.T. (1991). Assessment of the effects of child sexual abuse. Behavioral Assessment, 13, 321-324.
CORWIN, D.L., BERLINER L., GOODMAN, G., GOODWIN, J. & WHITE, S. (1987). Child sexual abuse and custody disputes: No easy answers. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2, 91- 105. CONTE, J.R. (1992). Has this child been sexually abuse? Dilemmas for the mental health professional who seeks the answer. Criminal Justice & Behavior, 19, 54-73.
COHEN, J.A. & MANNARINO, A.P. (1988). Psychological symptoms in sexually abused girls. Child Abuse & Neglect, 12, 571-577. CORWIN, D.L. & OLAFSON, E. (1993). Overview : Clinical identification of sexually abused children. Child Abuse & Neglect, 17, 3-5.
CANTWELL, H.B. (1988). Child sexual abuse : Very young perpetrators. Child Abuse & Neglect, 12, 579-582. ELLIOT, M. (1994). Female sexual abuse of children. Guilford.
FRIEDRICH W., EILKE, R. & URQUIZA, A. (1988). Behavior problems in young sexually abused boys. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 3, 21-27. COSENTINO, C., MEYER-BAHLBURG, H., ALPERT, J., WEINBERG, S. & GAINES, R. (1995). Sexual behavior problems psychopathology symptoms in sexually abused girls. Journal of the American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry, 34, 1033-1042.
KELLY, L. (1989). What's in a name ? defining child sexual abuse. Feminist Review, 28, 65-73. FINKELHOR, D. & BERLINER, L. (1995). Research on the treatment of sexually abused children : A review and recommendations. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 34, 1408-1423.
  POPE, H.G. & HUDSON, J.I. (1995). Does childhood sexual abuse cause adult psychiatric disorders ? Essentials of methodology. Journal of Psychiatry & Law, 23, 363-381.
  De JONG, T.L. & GOREY, K.M. (1996). Short-term versus long-term group work with female survivors of childhood sexual abuse : A brief meta-analytic review. Social Work with Groups, 19 (1), 19-27.
DEBLINGER, E., McLEER, S.V., ATKINS, M.S., RALPHE, D. & FOA, E. (1989). Post-traumatic stress in sexually abused, physically abused, and nonabused children. Child Abuse & Neglect, 13, 403-408. CERMAK, P. & MOLIDOR, C. (1996). Male victims of child sexual abuse. Child & Adolescent Social Work, 13, 385-400.
  RIND B. & TROMOVITCH, P. (1997). A meta-analytic review of findings from national samples on psychological correlates of child sexual abuse. Journal of Sex Research, 34, 237-255.
  RIND, B. TROMOVITCH, P. & BAUSERMAN, R. (1998). A meta-analytic examination of assumed properties of child sexual abuse using college samples. Psychological Bulletin, 124, 22-53. [PDF]
EPSTEIN, M. & BOTTOMS, B.L. (1998). Memories of childhood sexual abuse : A survey of young adults. Child Abuse & Neglect, 22, 1217-1238.
  RIECKERT, J. & MÖLLER, A. (2000). Rational-emotive behaviour therapy in the treatment of adult victims of childhood sexual abuse. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 18 (2), 87-102.
  SPIEGEL, D. (2000). The price of abusing children and numbers. Sexuality & Culture, 4, 63-66.
  ONDERSMA, S. J., CHAFFIN M., BERLINER, L., CODON, I., GOODMAN, G.S. & BARNETT, D. (2001). Sex with children is abuse : Comment on Rind, Tromovitch, and Bauserman (1998). Psychological Bulletin, 127, 707-714.
FARMER, C.A., ARNOLD, L.E., BUKSTEIN, O., FINDLING, R.L., GADOW, K.D., LI, X., BUTTER, E.M. & AMAN, M.G. (2011). The treatment of severe child aggression (TOSCA) study : Design challenges. Child & Adolescent Psychiatry & Mental Health, 5 (36), 282-296. [PDF]
Voir aussi Agression, Enfant maltraîté et Pédophilie
Agressivité : Ensemble de comportements dont la variation à la hausse de l'intensité (force) permet, selon le contexte, d'obtenir ce que l'on désire (agressivité active ou offensive) ou d'éviter de perdre ce que l'on possède déjà (agressivité passive ou défensive). EX: une fillette redouble d'effort pour prendre possession de la rondelle; un bébé tient fermement son hochet pour ne pas le perdre. On utilise le terme agression lorsque cette force est utilisée pour blesser autrui (volontairement ou non). La pratique de nombreux sports nécessite une certaine dose d'agressivité; agressivité qui peut parfois se transformer en agression (bagarres au hockey, coup de boule de Zidane, etc.). Pour Lorenz, l'agressivité est un instinct. On peut sans doute affirmer que les variations à la hausse de l'intensité (force) sont programmées génétiquement, mais que les comportements qui expriment ces variations sont appris. Agressivité et théorie de la frustration/agression. = comportement agressif, agressivité instrumentale. *violence, agression. Aggressive behavior.
Types d'agressivité
Agressivité (générale) Agressivité motrice Agressivité relationnelle
Agressivité chez les enfants   Agressivté verbale
 

  SEARS, R.R., HOVLAND, C.I. & MILLER, N.E. (1940). Minor studies of aggression : I. Measurement of aggressive behavior. Journal of Psychology, 9, 275-295. DUMAS, J.E. (1986). Parental perception and treatment outcome in families of aggressive children. A causal model. Behavior Therapy, 17, 420-432.
REYNOLDS, G.S., CATANIA, A.C. & SKINNER, B.F. (1963). Conditioned and unconditioned aggression in pigeons. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 6, 73-74. [PDF] ROSNOW, R.L. & CRABB, P.B. (1988). What is aggressive ? : Some contextual factors in judging international behavior. Aggressive Behavior, 14, 105-112.
AZRIN, N.H., HUTCHISON, R.R. & SALERY, D.F. (1964). Pain-aggression toward inanimate objects. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 7 (3), 223-228. [PDF] LABORIT, H. (1994). L'agressivité détournée. Éditions UGE 10-18.
AZRIN, N.H., HUTCHISON, R.R. & McLAUGHLIN, R. (1965). The opportunity for aggression as an operant reinforcer during aversive stimulation Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 8 (3), 171-180. [PDF] HUESMANN, L.R. (Ed.) (1994). Aggressive behavior : Current perspectives. New York : Springer.
POOLE, T.B. & MORGAN, H.D.R. (1973). Differences in aggressive behviour between male mice (Mus musculus) in colonies of different sizes. Animal Behavior 21, 788-795. TREMBLAY, R.E. (2000). The development of aggressive behavior during childhood : What have we learned in the past century ? International Journal of Behavioral Development, 24 (2), 129-141. [PDF]
VAN RILLAER, J. (1975). L'agressivité humaine. Bruxelles : Mardaga. PAHLAVAN, F. (2002). Les conduites agressives. Paris : Armand Colin.
THOMAS, M.H. (1982). Physiological arousal, exposure to a relatively lengthy aggressive film and aggressive behavior. Journal of Research in Personality, 16, 72-81. HUESMANN, L.R. & PODOLSKI, C.L. (2003). Punishment and the development of aggressive and antisocial behavior. In S. McConville (Ed.), The use of punishment (pp. 55-88). Cullompton, UK : Willan Publishing.
BEAUGRAND, J.P. & ZAYAN, R. (1985). An experimental model of aggressive dominance in Xiphophorus helleri (Pisces, Poeciliidae). Behavioural Processes, 10, 1-52. IHORI, N., SAKAMOTO, A., SHIBUYA, A. & YUKAWA, S. (2007). Effect of video games on children's aggressive behavior and pro-social behavior : A panel study with elementary school students. Proceedings of DiGRA 2007 Conference, 170-177. [PDF]
Voir aussi Agression et Force
Agressivité (chez les enfants) : Agressivité, enfant et Dominic Interactif. Childhood aggression agressive child, aggression in girls and boys.

  REDL, F. & WINEMAN, D. (1951). The agressive child. Children who hate. New York : Free Press. BJORKVIST, K. (1994). Sex differences in physical, verbal, and indirect aggression : A review of recent research. Sex Roles, 30, 177-188. [PDF]
PENFERGRASS, V.E. (1971). Effects of length of time-out from positive reinforcement and schedule of application in suppression of aggressive behavior. Psychological Record, 21, 75-80. DUMAS, J.E., BLECHMAN, E.A. & PRINZ, R.J. (1994). Aggressive children and effective communication. Aggressive Behavior, 20, 347-358.
CAIRNS, R.B. & CAIRNS, B.D. (1984). Predicting aggressive patterns in girls and boys. Aggressive Behavior, 10, 227-242. POULIN, F. & BOIVIN, M. (1995). Agressivité et statut auprès des pairs chez les garçons du primaire : un examen de la règle de dissimilarité. Revue Canadienne des Sciences du Comportement, 27, 286-300. [PDF]
CAIRNS, R.B. (1986). The prediction of aggression in girls and boys. Social Science, 71, 16-21. TREMBLAY, R.E. (2000). The development of aggressive behavior during childhood : What have we learned in the past century ? International Journal of Behavioral Development, 24 (2), 129-141.
EARLS, C.M. (1992). Clinical issues in the psychological assessment of child molesters. W. O'Donohue & Geer, J.H (Eds.), The sexual abuse of children : Clinical issues (Vo 1-2, pp. 232-255). New Jersey : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers. DUMAS, J.E. (2000). L’enfant violent. Le connaître, l’aider, l’aimer. Paris : Bayard Éditions.
DUMAS, J.E., BLECHMAN, E.A. & PRINZ, R.J. (1992). Helping families with aggressive children and adolescents change. In R. DeV. Peters, R.J. McMahon & V.L. Quinsey (Eds.), Aggression and violence throughout the lifespan (pp. 126-154). Newbury Park, CA : Sage.  
PRINZ, R.J., BLECHMAN, E.A. & DUMAS, J.E. (1994). An evaluation of peer coping-skills training for childhood aggression. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 23, 193-203. DUMAS, J.E. (2004). L’enfant violent : pourquoi, comment ? Sciences Humaines, 45, 42-45.
Voir aussi Agressivité
Agressivité/Agression (Mesure et évaluation de...) : Ensemble des tests et des outils de collecte de données qui permettent d'évaluer et de mesurer l'agressivité/Agression.

  BUSS, A.H. & PERRY, M. (1992). The aggression questionnaire. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 63, 452-459.  
HAMMOCK, G. & RICHARDSON, D. (1992). Predictors of aggressive behavior. Aggressive Behavior, 18, 219-229. DE WAAL, F.B.M., DINDO, M., FREEMAN, C.A. & HALL, M. (2005). The monkey in the mirror : Hardly a stranger. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 102, 11140-11147.
BROWN, K., ATKINS, M., OSBORNE, M. & MILNAMOW, M. (1996). A revised teacher rating scale for reactive and proactive aggression. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 24, 473-480.  
Voir aussi Agressivité
Agressivité motrice : Forme d'agessivité qui prend la forme de comportements moteurs dont la fonction est de faire mal ou de blesser autrui. = agressivité physique. Physical aggression.
  TREMBLAY, R.E., MÂSSE, L.C., PAGANI, L. & VITARO, F. (1996). From childhood physical aggression to adolescent maladjustment : The Montréal Prevention Experiment. In R.D. Peters & R.J. McMahon R.J. (Eds.), Preventing childhood disorders, substance abuse and delinquency. Thousand Oaks, CA : Sage. TREMBLAY, R.E. & NAGIN, D.S. (2005). The developmental origins of physical aggression in humans. In R.E. Tremblay, W.W. Hartup & J. Archer (Eds.), Developmental origins of aggression. New York : Guilford Press.
TREMBLAY, R.E. (2000). The development of aggressive behaviour during childhood : What have we learned in the past century ? International Journal of Behavioral development, 24, 129–141.  
DIONNE, G, TREMBLAY, R.E., BOIVIN, M., LAPLANTE, D. & PéRUSSE, D. (2003). Physical aggression and expressive vocabulary in 19-month-old twins. Developmental Psychology, 39 (2), 261-273. CÔTÉ, S.M., VAILLANCOURT, T., LEBLANC, J.C., NAGIN, D.S. & TREMBLAY, R.E. (2006). The development of physical aggression from toddlerhood to pre-adolescence : A nation wide longitudinal study of canadian children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 34, (1), 71–85.
TREMBLAY, R.E. (2003). Why socialization fails ? The case of chronic physical aggression. In B.B. Lahey, T.E. Moffitt & A. Caspi (Eds.), Causes of conduct disorder and juvenile delinquency (pp. 182-224). New York : Guilford Publications. BAILLARGEON, R.H., ZOCCOLILLO, M., KEENAN, K., CÔTÉ, S.M., PÉRUSSE, D., WU, H.X., BOIVIN, M. & TREMBLAY, R.E. (2007). Gender differences in physical aggression: A prospective population-based survey of children before and after 2 years of age. Developmental Psychology, 43 (1), 13-26.
TREMBLAY, R.E. & NAGIN, D.S. SéGUIN, J.R., ZOCCOLILLO, M., ZELAZO, P.D., BOIVIN, M., PéRUSSE, D. & JAPEL, C. (2004). Physical aggression during early childhood : trajectories and predictors. Pediatrics, 114 (1), 43-50. [PDF] CÔTÉ, S.M., BOIVIN, M., NAGIN, D.S., JAPEL, C., XU, Q., ZOCCOLILLO, M., JUNGER, M. & TREMBLAY, R.E. (2007). The role of maternal education and non-maternal care services in the prevention of children’s physical aggression. Archives of General Psychiatry, 64 (11), 1305-1312. [PDF]
TREMBLAY, R.E. (2004). The development of human physical aggression : How important is early childhood ? In L.A. & Leavitt, D.M.B. Hall (Eds.), Social and moral development : Emerging evidence on the toddler years (pp. 221–238). New Brunswick, NJ : Johnson and Johnson Pediatric Institute.  
Voir aussi Agressivité
Agressivité relationnelle : Voir Enfant maltraîté et Femme maltraité.

 
Agressivité verbale : Forme d'agessivité qui prend la forme de comportements moteurs. Verbale aggression.

  VAN NAGEL, C. & DEERING-LEVIN, S. (1984). The art of managing verbal aggression in the classroom. Jacksonville, FL: Super Learning System.
BJORKVIST, K. (1994). Sex differences in physical, verbal, and indirect aggression : A review of recent research. Sex Roles, 30, 177-188. [PDF]
HAMILTON, M.A. (2012). Verbal aggression understanding the psychological antecedents and social consequences. Journal of Language & Social Psychology, 31 (1), 5-12.
Voir aussi Agressivité
Ahearn William H. ( ) : Psychologue béhavioriste américain, spécialisé dans l'étude des troubles alimentaires, notamment du refus de manger.
AHEARN, W.H., KERWIN, M.L., EICHER, P.S., SHANTZ, J. & SWEARINGIN, W. (1996). An alternating treatments comparison of two intensive interventions for food refusal. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 29 (3), 321-332. [PDF]
AHEARN, W.H., KERWIN, M.E., EICHER, P.S. & LUKENS, C.T. (2001). An ABAC comparison of two intensive interventions for food refusal. Behavior Modification, 25, 385-405.
AHEARN, W.H. (2003). Using simultaneous presentation to increase vegetable consumption in a mildly selective child with autism. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 36 (3), 361-365. [PDF]
AHEARN, W.H., CLARK, K., GARDENIER, N., CHUNG, B. & DUBE, W.V. (2003). Persistence of automatically reinforced stereotypy : Examining the effects of external reinforcers. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 36 (4), 439-448.
AHEARN, W.H., CLARK, K., MacDONALD, R.P.F. & CHUNG, B.I. (2007). Vocal stereotypy : Assessing and treating acontextual vocalizations in children with autism. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 40 (2), 263-275. [PDF]
Ahmed
Nafeez Mosaddeq Ahmed Serge H. Ahmed
 
Ahmed Mosaddeq Nafeez (1978-) : Politologue anglais et spécialiste de l'étude de la guerre, des conflits internationaux et du terrorisme.

AHMED, N.M. (2003). Behind the war on terror : Western secret strategy and the struggle for Iraq. New Society Publishers.
AHMED, N.M. (2005). The war on truth : 9/11, Disinformation, and the anatomy of terrorism. Olive Branch Press. / La Guerre contre la vérité : 11 Septembre, désinformation et anatomie du terrorisme. Demi-Lune.
AHMED, N.M. (2005). The globalization of insecurity : How the international economic order undermines human and national security on a world scale. Historia Actual, 5, 113-126. [PDF]
AHMED, N.M. (2006). Un humanitarian intervention in East Timor. A critical appraisal. Entelechy : Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 2, 227-244. [PDF]
AHMED, N.M. (2007). Structural violence as a form of genocide : The impact of the international economic order. Entelechy : Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 5, 3-41 [PDF]
Ahmed Serge H. ( ) : Neurobiologiste français et spécialiste de l'étude de la cocaïne et de l'héroïne. Collaborateur de Koob.

AHMED, S.H. & KOOB, G.F. (1997). Cocaine- but not food-seeking behavior is reinstated by stress after extinction. Psychopharmacology, 32, 289-295.
AHMED, S.H. & KOOB, G.F. (1999). Long-lasting increase in the set point for cocaine self-administration after escalation in rats. Psychopharmacology, 146, 303-312.
AHMED, S.H., WALKER, J.R. & KOOB, G.F. (2000). Persistent increase in the motivation to take heroin in rats with history of drug escalation. Neuropsychopharmacology, 22, 413-421. [PDF]
AHMED, S.H., KENNY, P.J., KOOB, G.F. & MARKOU, A. (2002). Neurobiological evidence for hedonic allostasis associated with escalating cocaine use. Nature Neuroscience, 5 (7), 625-626.
AHMED, S.H. (2010). Validation crisis in animal models of drug addiction : Beyond non-disordered drug use toward drug addiction. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 35, 172-184. [PDF]
Ahrons Constance R. ( ) Psychologue américaine, spécialisée dans l'étude de la famille et du divorce.

AHRONS, C.R. (1976). Counselors' perceptions of career images of women. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 8, 197- 207.
AHRONS, C.R.& Arnn, S. (1981). Children and their divorced parents : Issues for hospital staff. Health and Social Work, 6, 21-28.
AHRONS, C.R.& TANNER, J. (2003), Adult children’s relationships with their fathers twenty years after divorce. Family Relations, 52, 340-351.
AHRONS, C.R. (2007). Introduction to the special issue on divorce and its aftermath. Family Process, 46 (1), 2-6. [PDF]
AHRONS, C.R. (2007). Family ties after divorce : Long-term implications for children. Family Process, 46 (1), 53-65. [PDF]
Aichorn August (Vienne 1878-1949) : Psychanalyste et éducateur autrichien, spécialisé dans l'étude de la délinquance. Analysé par Federn.
AICHORN, A. (1951). Wayward youth. London : Imago Publishing Company.
AICHORN, A. (2000). Jeunes en souffrance; psychanalyse et éducation specialisée. Champ Social et Theetete/Collection : Psychanalyse Champ Social.
AICHORN, A. (2007). Cliniques de la délinquance. Champ Social et Theetete/Collection : Psychanalyse Champ Social.
 
 
Aide : Le terme renvoie à deux réalités complémentaires : a) Il peut s'agir d'un ensemble de comportements pontuels émis pour le bénéfice d'autrui (céder son siège dans l'autobus, tenir la porte à un collègue les bras chargés, payer un café et un beigne à un sans-abri, etc.). = comportement d'aide. b) Il peut s'agir d'un ensemble de comportements qui s'inscrivent dans une relation entre un aidant naturel ou professionnel et une personne malade ou souffrante. Quand l'aide est réciproque, on parle d'entraide ou de coopération/collaboration. ( ): Voir tableau ci-dessous.

Types d'aide
Aide à distance Aide naturelle Aide professionnelle
Aide à domicile Aide par les pairs/Tutotat Comportement d'aide
    Entraide
 

  a
DARLEY, J.M. & LATANÉ, B. (1968). When will people help in a crisis ? Psychology Today, 54-57, 70-71.
Voir Comportement d'aide
b
Voir Aide naturelle ou Aide professionnelle
Aide à distance : Voir Thérapie à distance, Groupe de soutien à distance et Cyberpsychologie.
Aide à domicile : Individu - souvent un professionnel ou un para-profesionnel - qui se rend au domicile d'un malade, d'un handicapé, d'une femme enceinte, d'un parent monoparental ou d'une personne âgée pour lui prodiguer des soins ou simplement l'aider à accomplir ses tâches quotidiennes. = soin à domicile. Residential care, home visiting, home visiting program.

  OLDS, D.L. & KITZMAN, H. (1993). Review of research on home visiting for pregnant women and parents of young children. The Future of Children, 3 (3), 53-92. [PDF]
OLDS, D.L., ROBINSON, J., PETTITT, L., LUCKEY, D.W., HOMBERG, J., NG, R.K., ISACKS, K., SHEFF, K. & HENDERSON, C.R. (2004). Effects of home visits by paraprofessionals and by nurses : Age 4 follow-up results of a randomized trial. Pediatrics, 114, 1560-1568.
GOMBY, D.S. (2007). The promise and limitations of home visiting : Implementing effective programs. Child Abuse & Neglect, 31 (8), 793-799.
DUGGAN, A., CALDERA, D., RODRIGUEZ, K., BURRELL, L., ROHDE, C. & CROWNE, S.S. (2007). Impact of a statewide home visiting program to prevent child abus