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Ça : Terme proposé par Groddeck, puis reprit par Freud. Pour ce dernier, le ça désigne la partie du psychisme où résident les pulsions sexuelles et agressives et les besoins. Le ça a pour fonction de satisfaire les besoins de l'organisme, d'assurer sa survie (Es en allemand). Le ça est subjectif, inné, irrationnel et en grande partie inconscient. Ça, moi et surmoi. Id.

  GRODDECK, G.W. (1923/1980). Le livre du ça. Paris : Gallimard. FELDMAN, H. (1960). The Id : Present, past and future ? Psychoanalytic Review, 47b, 3-15.
FREUD, S. (1927). The Ego and the Id. London : Institute of Psychoanalysis and Hogarth Press. MARCOVITZ, E. (1963). The concept of the Id. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 11, 151-160.
FREUD, A. (1952). The mutual influences in the development of Ego and Id-Introduction to the discussion. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 7, 42-50. HAYMAN, A. (1969). What do we mean by "Id"? Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 17, 353-380.
HARTMANN, H. (1952). The mutual influences in the development of Ego and id. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 7, 9-30. CHZANOWSKI, G. (1973). The rational Id and the irrational ego. Journal of American Academy of Psychoanalysis, 1, 231-241.
KLEIN, M. (1952/95). Les influences mutuelles dans le développement du moi et du ça. Le transfert et autres écrits. Paris : Presses Universitaires de France. SHULMAN, M.E. (1987). On the problem of the Id in psychoanalytic theory. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 68, 161-173.
LEAVITT, H.C. (1953). Organized qualities of the ID structure. Psychoanalytic Review, 40, 295-303. DOWNEY, T.W. (1989). Id or subego-some theoretical questions for clinicians. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 44, 199-209.
  BOS, J. (1992). On the origin of the Id (Das Es). International Review of Psycho-Analysis, 19, 433-443.
GOLDBERGER, E. (1957). The Id and the Ego : A developement interpretation : Part I-4. Psychoanalytic Review, 44, 235-288. BRENNER, C. (2002). Beyond the ego and the id revisited. Journal of Clinical Psychoanalysis, 7, 165-180.
SCHUR, M. (1958). The Ego and the Id in anxiety. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 13, 190-220. PANIGUA, C. (2008). Id analysis and technical approaches. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 77, 219-250.
   SOLMS, M. & PANKSEPP, J. (2012). The "Id" knows more than the "Ego" admits : Neuropsychoanalytic and primal consciousness perspectives on the interface between affective and cognitive neuroscience. Brain Sciences, 2 (2), 147-175. [PDF]
HALL, C.S. (1957). L'ABC de la psychologie freudienne. Paris : Montaigne. Voir aussi Freud, Moi et Surmoi
Cabanis Pierre Jean George (Cosnac Limousin 1757-1808) : Physiologiste, philosophe matérialiste et empiriste français. Chef de file de l'école sensualiste. Élu à l'Académie en 1803 (fauteuil 40).
CABANIS, P. (1797). Du degré de la certitude de la médecine.
CABANIS, P (1799). Quelques considérations sur l'organisation sociale.
CABANIS, P. (1797). Rapports du physique et du moral de l'homme.
 
 
Cabinet : Désigne le lieu aménagé par le psychologue clinicien ou le médecin pour exercer sa profession, recevoir ses patients/clients, les traiter. Cabinet, psychothérapie et psychologie clinique. = bureau privé.

 

CACIOPPO - CAFÉ - CAIRNS - CALCUL - CALKINS - CAMPBELL - CAMERON - CANCER - CANIDÉS - CANNON - CAP

Cache visuel : Dans le modèle de Baddeley, sous-mémoire du calepin visuo-spatial de la mémoire de travail dont la fonction est le stockage passif des informations en provenance des yeux (forme, mouvement et couleur des objets). Le contenu de cette mémoire se détériore rapidement s'il n'est pas rafraichi par le scribe interne. Visual cache.

  BADDELEY, A.D. & HITCH, G.J. (1974). Working memory. In G.A. Bower (Ed.), Recent advances in Learning & Motivation (Vol. 8, pp. 47-90). New York : Academic Press.
BADDELEY, A.D. (1984). Working memory : The interface between memory and cognition. In D.L. Schacter & E. Tulving (Eds.), Memory systems (pp. 351-367). Cambridge, MA : MIT Press.
MATLIN, M. (2004/2001). Cognition. Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated. /La cognition : Une introduction à la psychologie cognitive. Paris : Deboeck Université.
Cachinnation : Désigne les sourires incontrôlés et les brusques explosions de rire chez le schizophrène.

 
Cacioppo John T. ( ) : Psychosociologue et neurocognitiviste américain, spécialisé dans l'étude des déterminants neuro-biologiques des comportements sociaux, notamment de l'isolement social et de la sollitude. Professeur de Uchino. Collaborateur de Berntson, Boysen, Cialdini, Devine, Hatfield, Hawkley, Kintsch, Pety, Reis et Sedikides.
CACIOPPO, J.T. & SANDMAN C.A. (1978). Physiological differentiation of sensory and cognitive tasks as a function of warning, processing demands, and reported unpleasantness. Biological Psychology, 6, 181-192. [PDF]
CACIOPPO, J.T. & PETTY, R.E. (1980). Sex differences in influenceability : Toward specifying the underlying processes. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 6, 651-656. [PDF]
CACIOPPO, J.T. & BERNTSON, G.G. (1992). Social psychological contributions to the decade of the brain : Doctrine of multilevel analysis. American Psychologist, 47, 1019-1028. [PDF]
CACIOPPO, J.T., HAWKLEY, L.C. & BERNTSON, G.G. (2003). The anatomy of loneliness. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 12, 71-74. [PDF]
CACIOPPO, J.T., HAWKLEY, L.C., NORMAN, G.J. & BERNTSON, G.G. (2011). Social isolation. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1231, 17-22. [PDF]
Cadre théorique : Expression qui désigne un ensemble de théories - généralement compatibles entre elles - qui expliquent les mêmes phénomènes. EX: Utiliser les conditionnements opérant de Skinner et répondant de Pavlov pour expliquer les comportement de panique dans des situations dites "normales". Cadre théorique et paradigme.

 
Café/Caféine : Drogue de la famille des stimulants. Caffeine.
  SKINNER, B.F. & HERON, W.T. (1937). Effects of caffeine and benzedrine upon conditioning and extinction. Psychological Record, 1, 340-346. GRIFITHS, R. & VERNTICA, E. (2000). Is caffeine a flavoring agent in cola soft drinks ? Archives of Family Medicine, 9, 727-734.
LATIES, V.G. & WEISS, B. (1962). Enhacement of human performance by caffeine ant the amphetamines. Pharmacological Review, 14, 1-36 KAMIMORI, G.H., PENETAR, D.M. & HEADLEY, D.B. (2000). Effect of three caffeine doseson plasma catecholamines and alertness during prolonged wakefulness. European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 56, 537-544.
MARRIOTT, A.S. (1968). The effects of amphetamine, caffeine and methylphenidate on the locomotor activity of rats in an unfamiliar environment. International Journal of Neuropharmacology, 7, 487-491. JOHNSON, R.F. & MURELLO, D.J. (2000). Caffeine, gender, and sentry duty : effects of a mild stimulant on vigilance and marksman ship. In K. Friedel, H.R. Lieberman, D.H. Ryan & G.A. Bray (Eds.), Countermeasures for battlefield stressor (Vol. 10, pp. 272-289). Baton Rouge : Louisiana State University Press.
REVELLE, W., AMARAL, P. & TURRIFF, S. (1976). Introversion/extroversion, time stress, and caffeine : effect on verbal performance. Science, 192, 149-150. [PDF] BEAUMONT, M., BATEJAT, D., PIERARD, C., VAN BEERS, P., DENIS, J.B., COSTE, O., DOIREAU, P., CHAUFFARD, F., FRENCH, J. & LAGARDE, D. (2000). Slow release caffeine and prolonged (64-h) continuous wakefulness : Effects on vigilance and cognitive performance. Journal of Sleep Ressources, 10, 265-276.
FOXX, R.M. & RUBINOFF, A. (1979). Behavioral treatment of caffeinism : reducing excessive coffee drinking. Journal of Applied Behavioral Analysis, 12 (3), 335-344. [PDF] SMITH, J. & ROGERS, J. (2000). Effects of low doses of caffeine on cognitive performance, mood, and thirst in low and high caffeine consumers. Psychopharmacology, 152, 167-173.
WEINSTEIN, N.D. (1985). Reactions to lifestyle warnings : Coffee and cancer. Health Education Quarterly, 12, 129-134.  
 SHAPIRO, D., LANE, J.D. & HENRY, J.P. (1986). Caffeine, cardiovascular reactivity, and cardiovascular disease. In K.A. Matthews, S.M. Weiss, T. Detre, T.M. Dembrowski, B., Falkner, S.B. Manuck & R.B. Williams (Eds.), Handbook of stress, reactivity and cardiovascular disease : Status and prospect (pp. 311-328). New York : John Wiley & Sons.  
GRIFFITHS, R.R., BIGELOW, G.E. & LIEBSON, I.A. (1986). Human coffee drinking : Reinforcing and physical dependence producing effects of caffeine. The Journal of Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutics, 239, 416-425  
LIEBERMAN, H.R., WURTMAN, R.J., EMDE, G.G., ROBERTS, C. & COVIELLA, I.L.G. (1987). The effects of low doses of caffeine on human performance and mood. Psychopharmacologia, 92 (3), 308-312.  SHOHET, K. & LANDRUM, R.E. (2001). Caffeine consumption questionnaire : A standardized measure for caffeine consumption in undergraduate students. Psychological Reports, 89, 521-526.
 GREENBERG, W. & SHAPIRO, D. (1987). The effects of caffeine and stress on blood pressure in individuals with and without a family history of hypertension. Psychophysiology, 24, 151-157. LIEBERMAN, H.R. (2001). The effects of ginseng, ephedrine, and caffeine on cognitive performance, mood and energy. Nutrition reviews, 59, 91-102.
STEIN, M.B. & UHDE, T.W. (1989). Depersonalization disorder : Effects of caffeine and response to pharmacotherapy. Biological Psychiatry, 26 (3), 315-320.  
FALK, B., BURNSTEIN, R., ASKHENAZI, I., SPILBERG, O., ALTER, J. & ZYLBER-KATZ, E., RUBINSTEIN A., BASHAN, N. & SHAPIRO, Y. (1989). The effect of caffeine ingestion on physical performance after prolonged exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 59, 168-173. LIEBERMAN, H.R., THARION, W.J., SHUKITT-HALE, B., SPECKMAN, K.L. & TULLEY, R. (2002). Effects of caffeine, sleep loss, and stress on cognitive performance and mood during U.S. Navy SEAL training. Psychopharmacology, 164,250-261. [PDF]
ARMSTRONG, B.G., McDONAL, D. & SLOAN, M. (1992). Cigarette, alcohol, and coffee consumption and spontaneous abortion. American Journal of Public Health, 82 (1), 85-87. [PDF] COX, G.R., DESBROW, D., MONTGOMERY, P.G., ANDERSON, M.E., BRUCE, C.R., MACRIDES, T.A., MARTIN, D.T., MOQUIN, A., ROBERTS, A., HAWLEY, J.A. & BURKE, L. (2002). Effect of different protocols of caffeine intake on metabolism and endurance performance. Journal of Applied Physiology, 93, 990-999. [PDF]
NEHLIG, A.J., DAVAL, L. & DEBRY, G. (1992). Caffeine and the central nervous system : mechanisms of action, biochemical, metabolic and psychostimulant effects. Brain Research Reviews, 17, 139-170. SMITH, A.P (2002). Effects of caffeine on human behavior. Food & Chemical Toxicology, 40, 1243-1255.
EVANS, S.M., CRITCHFIELD, T.S. & GRIFFITHS, R.R. (1994). Caffeine reinforcement demonstrated in a majority of moderate caffeine users. Behavioural Pharmacology, 5, 231-238.  
FINE, B.J., KOBRICK, J.L., LIEBERMAN H.R., MARLOWE, B., RILEY, R.H. & THARION, W.J. (1994). Effects of caffeine or diphenhydramine on visual vigilance. Psychopharmacology, 114, 233-238. KAMIMORI, G.H., JOHNSON, D., THORNE, D. & BELENSKY, G. (2003). Multiple caffeine doses maintain vigilance during early morning operations. Aviation, Space & Environmental Medicine, 76 (11), 1046-1050. [PDF]
SMITH, A., KENDRICK, A., MABEN, A. & SALMON, J. (1994). Effects of breakfast and caffeine on cognitive performance, mood and cardiovascular functioning. Appetite, 22, 39-55. BELL, D.G. & McLELLAN, T.M. (2003). Effect of repeated caffeine ingestion on repeated exercise endurance. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 35, 1348-1354. [PDF]
GRAHAM, T.E. & SPRIET, L.L. (1995). Metabolic, catecholamine, and exercise performance responses to various doses of caffeine. Journal of Applied Physiology, 78, 867-874. BEAUMONT, M., BATÉJAT, D., PIÉRARD, C., VAN BEERS, P., DENIS, J.B., COSTE, O., DOIREAU, P., CHAUFFARD, F., FRENCH, J. & LAGARDE, D. (2004). Caffeine or melatonin effects on sleep and sleepiness after rapid eastward transmeridian travel. Journal of Applied Physiology, 96, 50-58. [PDF]
PASMAN, J., VAN BAAK, M.A., JEUKENDRUP, A.E. & HAAN, A. (1995). The effect of different dosages of caffeine on endurance performance time. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 16, 225-230. VAN DUINEN, H., LORIST, M.M. & ZIJDEWIND, I. (2005). The effect of caffeine on cognitive task performance and motor fatigue. Psychopharmacology, 180, 539-547. [PDF]
BONNET, M.H., GOMEZ, S., WIRTH, O. & ARAND, D.L. (1995) The use of caffeine versus prophylactic naps in sustained performance. Sleep, 18, 97-104. MARTIN, P.W., HAMILTON, V.E., MCKIMMIE, B.M., TERRY, D.J. & MARTIN, R. (2006). Effects of caffeine on persuasion and attitude change : The role of secondary tasks in manipulating systematic message processing. European Journal of Social Psychology, 37, 320-338. [PDF]

HORNE, J.A. & REYNER, L.A. (1996). Counteracting driver sleepiness : Effects of napping, caffeine, and placebo. Psychophysiology, 33, 306-309.

D'ANCI, K.E. & KANAREK, R.B. (2006). Caffeine, the methylxanthines and behavior. In J. Worobey, B.J. Teppe & R.B. Kanarek (Eds.), Nutrition and behavior : A multidisciplinary approach (pp. 179-194). Cambridge, MA : Cabi.
REYNER, L.A. & HORNE, J.A. (1996). Suppression of sleepiness in drivers: Combination of caffeine with a short nap. Psychophysiology, 34, 721-725. SMITH, A.P. (2009). Effects of caffeine in chewing gum on mood and attention. Human Psychopharmacology : Clinical & Experimental, 24, 239-247. [PDF]
  LORIST, M.M. & SNEL, J. (2008). Caffeine, sleep, and quality of Life. In J.C. Verster, P. Pandi, R. Seithkurippu & D.L. Streiner (Eds.), Sleep and quality of life in clinical medicine. Humana Press : Totowa, NJ. [PDF]
FEDHOLM. B.B., BATTIG, K. & HOLEM, J. (1999). Actions of caffeine in the brain with special reference to factors that contribute to its widespread use. Pharmacology Review, 51, 83-133. SMITH, A.P. (2009). Caffeine, cognitive failures and health in a non-working community sample. Human Psychopharmacology : Clinical & Experimental, 24, 29-34. [PDF]
FREDHOLM, B.B., BAATIG, K., HOLMEN, J. & ZVARTAU, E.E. (1999). Actions of caffeine in the brain with special reference to factors that contribute to its widespread use. Pharmacology Review, 51, 83-133. JAMES, J.E., KRISTJANSSON, A.L. & SIGFUSDOTTIR, I.D. (2010). Adolescent substance use, sleep, and academic achievement : Evidence of harm due to caffeine. Journal of Adolescence, 34 (4), 665-673. [PDF]
Voir aussi Stimulant et Drogue
Cage : En recherche, généralement dans un laboratoire, lieu clos et généralement de petite taille qui, de ce fait, confère aux chercheurs un très grand contôle sur les événements qui s'y déroulent.

Types de cage
Cage de conservation Cage de Faraday Cage de Skinner
 
Cage de conservation (pour les animaux) : Home cage, quarter.

  BAREHAM, J.R. (1972). Effects of cages and semi-intensive deep litter pens on the behaviour, adrenal response and production in two strains of laying hens. British Veterinary Journal, 128 (2), 153-163. LAWLER, M.M. (2002). Comfortable quarters for rats in research institutions, In V. Reinhardt & A. Reinhardt (Ed.), Comfortable quarters for laboratory animals (pp. 26-32). Washington, D.C.: Animal Welfare Institute.
KNUTSON, J.F., HYNAN, M.T. & KANE, N.L. (1976). The influence of home-cage lighting conditions on shock-induced fighting. Journal of Comparative & Physiological Psychology, 90, 877-888.  DUKE, J.L., ZAMMIT, T.G. & LAWSON, D.M. (2001). The effects of routine cage-changing on cardiovascular and behavioral parameters in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Contemporary Topics in Laboratory Animal Science, 40 (1), 17-20.
SCHNEIDER, S.M. (1988). Rats' behavior in two different home cages. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 2, 39-42. SHARP, J.L., ZAMMIT, T.G., AZAR, T.A. & LAWSON, D.M. (2002). Stress-like responses to common procedures in male rats housed alone or with other rats. Contemporary Topics in Laboratory Animal Science, 41 (4), 8-14. [PDF]
VAN LOO, P.L.P., KRUITWAGEN, C.L.J.J., VAN ZUTPHEN, L.F.M., KOOLHAAS, J.M. & BAUMANS, V. (2000). Modulation of aggression in male mice : influence of cage cleaning regime and scent marks. Animal Welfare 9, 281-295. BURN, C. C., PETERS, A. & MASON, G. J. (2006). Acute effects of cage-cleaning at different frequencies on laboratory rat behavior and welfare. Animal Welfare, 15, 161-172.
VAN LOO, P.L.P. (2001). Modulation of aggression in male mice : influence of group size and cage size. Physiology & Behavior 72, 675-683. BALCOMBE, J.P (2010). Laboratory rodent welfare : Thinking outside the cage. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 13 (1), 77-88. [PDF]
Voir aussi Laboratoire et Isolement expérimental
   
Cage de Faraday : Cage de Faraday et effet électromagnétique.
Cage de Skinner : Voir Boîte de skinner.
Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive : Revue scientifique qui consacre ses pages à l'étude de la cognition. Éditeur : Psychology Press.
DE RIBAUPIERRE, A. (1983). Un modèle néo-piagétien : la théorie des opérateurs constructifs de Pascual-Leone. Cahiersde Psychologie Cognitive, 3, 327-356.

Cahiers Internationaux de Psychologie Sociale : Revue scientifique qui consacre ses pages à l'étude de la psychologie sociale. Éditeur : Cairn.
LECOMPTE, J. (2012). Est-il justifié de parler de psychologie positive ? Les Cahiers Internationaux de Psychologie Sociale, 93, 21-36. [PDF]

Caille (Coturnix coturnix japonica) : Oiseau. Japanese quail.

  DOMJAN, M. & HALL, S. (1986). Determinants of social proximity in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) : Male behavior. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 100, 59-67. [PDF] LEVENS, N. & AKINS, C.K. (2000). Dopamine D2 receptor binding in the brain of male Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). Neuroscience Letters, 296, 77-80.
DOMJAN, M. & HALL, S. (1986). Sexual dimorphism in the social proximity behavior of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 100, 68-71. [PDF] LEVENS, N. & AKINS, C.K. (2001). Cocaine induces place preference and locomotor activity in male domesticated quail (Coturnix japonica). Pharmacology, Biochemistry & Behavior, 68 (1), 71-80.
DOMJAN, M. & KURTH, S. (1986). Effects of novelty on the reproductive behavior of male Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 100, 203-207. [PDF] AKINS, C.K., BAKONDY, H. & LEVENS, N. (2002). Mate choice copying in female domesticated quail (Coturnix japonica) using taxidermic models. Behavioural Processes, 58, 97-103.
DOMJAN, M., LYONS, R., NORTH, N.C. & RUELL, J. (1986). Sexual Pavlovian conditioned approach behavior in male Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 100, 413-421. [PDF] ADKINS-REGAN, E. & MacKILLOP, E.A. (2003). Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) inseminations are more likely to fertilize eggs in a context predicting mating opportunities. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 270,1685-1689. [PDF]
DOMJAN, M. (1987). Photoperiodic and endocrine control of social proximity behavior in male Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Behavioral Neuroscience, 101, 385-392. KRAUSE, M.A., CUSATO, B. & DOMJAM, M. (2003). Extinction of conditioned sexual responses in male japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) : Role of species-typical cues. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 117, 76-86.
DOMJAN, M., O'VARY, D. & GREENE, P. (1988). Conditioning of appetitive and consummatory sexual behavior in male Japanese quail. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 50 (3), 505-519. [PDF] TROISI, J. & AKINS, C.K. (2004). The discriminative stimulus effects of cocaine in a Pavlovian approach paradigm in male Japanese quail. Experimental & Clinical Psychopharmacology, 12 (4), 237-242.
DOMJAN, M. & NASH, S. (1988). Stimulus control of social behavior in male Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Animal Behaviour, 36, 1006-1015. [PDF] LEVENS, N. & AKINS, C.K. (2004). Chronic cocaine pretreatment facilitates Pavlovian sexual conditioning in male Japanese quail. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, & Behavior, 79, 451-457.
AKINS, C.K., DOMJAN, M. & GUTIERREZ, G. (1994). The topography of sexually conditioned behavior in male Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) depends on the CS-US interval. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 20 (2), 199-209. AKINS, C.K. (2004). The role of Pavlovian conditioning in sexual behavior: A comparative analysis of human and nonhuman animals. International Journal of Comparative Psychology, 17 (2), 241-262. [PDF]
CRAWFORD, L.L., AKINS, C.K. & DOMJAN, M. (1994). Stimulus control of copulatory behavior in sexuality naïve male japaneese quail (Cotumix japonica) : Effects of text context and stimulus movement. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 108 (3), 252-261. [PDF] GEARY, E.H. & AKINS, C.K. (2007). Cocaine sensitization in male quail : temporal, conditioning, and dose-dependent characteristics. Physiology & Behavior, 90 (5), 818-824. [PDF]
CRAWFORD, L.L. & DOMJAN, M. (1994). Second-order sexual conditioning in male Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). Animal Learning & Behavior, 23 (3), 327-334. [PDF] AKINS, C.K. & GEARY, E.H. (2008). Cocaine-induced behavioral sensitization and conditioning in male Japanese quail. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, & Behavior, 88, 432-437.
LICKLITER, R., LEWKOWICZ, D.J. & COLUMBUS, R.F. (1996). Intersensory experience and early perceptual development : The role of spatial contiguity in bobwhite quail chicks's responsiveness to multimodal maternal cues. Developmental Psychobiology, 29 (5), 403-416. [PDF] ROSINE, B.J., BOLIN, B.L. & AKINS, C.K. (2009). Chronic methylphenidate cross- sensitizes methamphetamine in male Japanese quail. Behavioural Pharmacology, 20 (4), 352-355.
AKINS, C.K. & ZENTALL, T.R. (1996). Imitative learning in male Japanese quail using the two-action method. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 110 (3), 316-320. [PDF] BOLIN, B.L. & AKINS, C.K. (2009). Chronic preexposure to methamphetamine decreases sexual motivation but not sexual performance in male Japanese quail. Experimental & Clinical Psychopharmacology, 17, 10-20. [PDF]
BURNS, M. & DOMJAN, M. (1996). Sign tracking versus goal tracking in the sexual conditioning of male Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Behavior Processes, 22, 297-306. SCHNEIDER, S.M. & LICKLITER, R. (2010). Operant generalization in quail neonates after intradimensional training : Distinguishing positive and negative reinforcement. Behavioural Processes, 83, 1-7. [PDF]
GALEF, B.G. & WHITE, D.J. (1998). Mate-choice copying in Japanese quail, Coturnix coturnix japonica. Animal Behaviour, 55, 545-552. [PDF] SCHNEIDER, S.M. & LICKLITER, R. (2010). Choice in the quail neonate : The origins of generalized matching. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 94 (3), 315-326. [PDF]
Voir aussi Animal, Oiseau et Animal de ferme
         
Caine S. Barak ( ) : Neuropsychologue américain et spécialiste de l'études des mécanismes neuraux à l'origine de la dépendance aux drogues, notamment de la cocaïne. Collaborateur de Koob.
CAINE, S. & KOOB, G.F. (1993). Modulation of cocaine self-administration in the rat through D-3 dopamine receptors. Science, 260, 1814-1816.
CAINE, S. & KOOB, G.F. (1994). Effects of dopamine D-1 andD-2 antagonistson cocaine self-administration under different schedules of reinforcement in the rat. Journal of Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutics, 270, 209-218.
CAINE, S.B., NEGUS, S.S. & MELLO, N.K. (1999). Method for training operant responding and evaluating cocaine self- administration behavior in mutant mice. Psychopharmacology, 147, 22-24.
CAINE, S.B. NEGUS, S.S., MELLO, N.K. & BERGMAN, J. (1999). Effects of dopamine D1-like and D2-like agonists in rats trained to discriminate cocaine from saline: influence of experimental history. Journal of Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutics, 29 (1), 353-360. [PDF]
CAINE, S.B., THOMSEN, M., GABRIEL, K.I., BERKOWITZ, J.S., GOLD, L.H., KOOB, G.F., TONEGAW, A S., ZHANG J. & XU, M. (2007). Lack of self-administration of cocaine in dopamine D1 receptor knock-out mice. Journal of Neuroscience, 27 (48), 13140-13150. [PDF]
Cairn.info : Cairn et revue scientifique.
  PARISOT, T. (2011). Les enjeux de la diffusion des revues de psychologie en langue française : l’approche développée par Cairn.info. Bulletin de Psychologie, 64 (1), 57-58. [PDF]
Cairns Robert Bennett (1933-1999) : Psychologue cognitivo-béhavioriste et mathématicien américain, spécialisé dans l'étude de l'attachement et de l'agressivité animale et humaine, notamment chez la souris. Collaborateur de Lewis.
CAIRNS, R.B. & LEWIS, M. (1962). Dependency and the reinforcement value of a verbal stimulus. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 26, 1-8.
CAIRNS, R.B. & WERBOFF, J. (1967). Behavior development in the dog : An interspecific analysis. Science, 158, 1070-1072.
CAIRNS, R.B. (1968). Behavior : A question of influence. Science, 161, 522-523.
CAIRNS, R.B. & SCHOLZ, S.D. (1973). On fighting in mice : Dyadic escalation and what is learned. Journal of Comparative & Physiological Psychology, 85, 540-550.
CAIRNS, R.B. & CAIRNS, B.D. (1984). Predicting aggressive patterns in girls and boys. Aggressive Behavior, 10, 227-242.
 
TREMBLAY, R.E. (2000). The development of aggressive behaviour during childhood : What have we learned in the past century ? To the memory of Robert B. Cairns (1933-1999). International Journal of Behavioral Development, 24 (2), 129-141. [PDF]
Calcul :

Types de calcul
Calcul calendaire Calcul des propositions Calcul mental/Compter
 
Calcul calendaire :

  COWAN, R. & CARNEY, D. (2006). Calendrical savants : exceptionality and practice. Cognition 100, B1-B9.
COWAN, R. & FRITH C. (2009). Do calendrical savants use calculation to answer date questions ? A functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society London B 364, 1417-1424. [PDF]
Calcul des propositions :

 
Calcul mental/Calculer/Compter : Habileté mathématique qui consiste à utiliser logiquement des nombres et des symboles (mathématiques, logique, etc) pour décrire ou communiquer une réalité (ou du moins certaines de ses propriétés) ou résoudre des problèmes. Calcul mental, énumération et habileté mathématique. = règle de calcul, opération mathématique. ( ): Voir tableau ci-dessous. Counting, calculus, mental calculation, counting process, mathematical logic, Arithmetic behavior, early arithmetic, numerical competence.
Habiletés cognitives élémentaires
Addition
Division
Multiplication
Soustraction

  WARREN, H. (1897). The reaction time of counting. Psychological Review, 4, 569-591.  
FERSTER, C.B. (1964). Arithmetic behavior in chimpanzees. Scientific American, 210, 98-106. WYNN, K. (1990). Children's understanding of counting. Cognition, 36, 155-193. [PDF]
LURIA, A.R. (1969). On the psychology of computational operations. In J. Kilpatrick & I. Wirzup (Eds.), Soviet studies in the psychology of learning and teaching mathematics (pp. 37-74). Chicago : University of Chicago. WYNN, K. (1990). Children’s acquisition of the number words and the counting system. Cognitive Psychology, 24, 220-251.
GELMAN, R. & GALLISTEL, C.R. (1978). The child's understanding of number. Cambridge : Harvard University Press. GALLISTEL, C.R. & GELMAN, R. (1992). Preverbal and verbal counting and computation. Cognition, 44, 43-74.
SVENSON, O. & SJÖBERG, K. (1978). Subitizing and counting processes in young children. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 19 (1), 247-250. HUTTENLOCHER, J., JORDAN, N. & LEVINE, S.C. (1994). A mental model for early arithmetic. Journal of Experimental Psychology : General, 123, 284-296.
  SIMON, T., HESPOS, S. & ROCHAT, P. (1995). Do infants understand simple arithmetic ? A replication of Wynn (1992). Cognitive Development, 10, 253-269.
  ASHCRAF, M.H. (1995). Cognitive psychology and simple arithmetic : A review and summary of new directions. Mathematical Cognition, 1, 3-34.
DAVIS, H. & MEMMOTT, J. (1982). Counting behavior in animals: A critical evaluation. Psychological Bulletin, 91, 547-571. BRANNON, E.M. & TERRACE, H.S. (1998). Ordering of the numerosities 1-9 by monkeys. Science, 282, 746-749.
  ANDERSON, M., O'CONNOR, N. & HERMELIN, B. (1998). A specific calculating ability. Intelligence, 26, 383-403.
  WHALEN, J., GALLISTEL, C.R. & GELMAN, R. (1999). Nonverbal counting in humans : the psychophysics of number representation. Psychological Science, 10, 130-137.
SMITH, S.B. (1983). The great mental calculators. New York : Columbia Unierssity Press. PESENTI, M., ZAGO, L., CRIVELLO, F., MELLET, E., SAMSON, D., DUROUX, B., SERON, X., MAZOYER, B. & TZOURIO-MAZOYER, N. (2001). Mental calculation in a prodigy is sustained by right prefrontal and medial temporal areas. Nature Neuroscience, 4 (1), 103-107. [PDF]
  PIAZZA, M., MECHELLI, A., BUTTERWORTH, B. & PRICE, C.J. (2002). Are subitizing and counting implemented as separate or functionally overlapping processes ? NeuroImage 15, 435-446. [PDF]
STIGLER, J.W. (1984). "Mental abacus" : The effect of abacus training on Chinese children's mental calculation. Cognitive Psychology, 16, 145-176. DOMAHS, F. & DELAZER, M. (2005). Some assumptions and facts about arithmetic facts. Psychology Science, 47 (1), 96-111. [PDF]
MOSES, J.A.J. (1984). Neuropsychological analysis of calculation deficit. Focus on Learning Problems in Mathematics, 6 (4), 1-11.  LEFEVRE, J.A., SMITH-CHANT, B.L., FAST, L., SKWARCHUK, S., SARGLA, E., ARNUP, J.S., PENNER-WILGER, M., BISANZ, J. & KAMAWAR, D. (2006). What counts as knowing ? The development of conceptual and procedural knowledge of counting from kindergarten through Grade 2. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 93, 285-303.
STASZEWSKI, J.J. (1988). Skilled memory and expert mental calculation. In M.T.H. Chi, R. Glaser & M.J. Farr (Eds.), The nature of expertise (pp. 71-128). Hillsdale, NJ : Erlbaum.  CLÉMENT, A. & DROIT-VOLET, S. (2006). Counting in a time discrimination task in children and adults. Behavioural Processes, 71 (2-3), 164-171.
WIDAMAN, K.F., GEARY, D.C., CORMIER, P. & LITTLE, T.D. (1989). A componential model for mental addition. Journal of Experimental Psychology : Learning, Memory & Cognition, 15, 898-919. PEPPERBERG, I.M. (2006). Grey parrot numerical competence : a review. Animal Cognition, 9, 377-391.
BOYSEN, S.T. & BERNSTON, G.G. (198a). Numerical competence in a chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 103, 23-31.  KAMAWAR, D., LEFEVRE, J.A., BISANZ, J., FAST, L. SKWARCHUK, S., SMITH-CHANT, B.L. & PENNER-WILGER, M. (2010). Knowledge of counting principles : How relevant is order irrelevance ? Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 105 (4), 135-145. [PDF]
  BERAN, M.J., McYNTYRE, J.M., GARLAND, A. & EVANS, T.A. (2013). What counts for "counting" ? Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) respond appropriately to relevant and irrelevant information in a quantity judgment task.Animal Behaviour, 85, 987-993.
Voir aussi Nombre, Opération mathématique, Nombre, Dyscalculie et Habileté mathématique
 
Caldwell W. ( ) : Psychologue structuraliste américain.

CALDWELL, W. (1899). The postulates of a structural psychology. Psychological Review, 6 (2), 187-191. [LIRE]
 
 
 
Calepin visuo-spatial : Concept proposé par Baddeley pour désigner une fonction de la mémoire de travail responsable de la manipulation des informations visuelles (images). = mémoire de travail spatiale. Visuo-spatial sketchpad, visuospatial short-term memory.

  BADDELEY, A.D. & HITCH, G.J. (1974). Working memory. In G.A. Bower (Ed.), Recent advances in Learning & Motivation (Vol. 8, pp. 47-90). New York : Academic Press.
BADDELEY, A. (1984). Working memory : The interface between memory and cognition. In D.L. Schacter & E. Tulving (Eds.), Memory systems (pp. 351-367). Cambridge, MA : MIT Press.
FARMER, E.W., BERMAN, J.V.F. & FLETCHER, Y.L. (1986). Evidence for a visuo-spatial scratch-pad in working memory. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 38A, 675-688.
 LOGIE, R.H. (1995). Visuo-spatial working memory. Hove, UK : Lawrence Eribaum Associates. [PDF]
 KLAUER, K.C. & ZHAO, Z. (2004). Double dissociations in visual and spatial short-term memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology : General, 133, 355-381.
ALLOWAY, T.P., GATHERCOLE, S.E. & PICKERING, S.J. (2005). Verbal and visuospatial short-term memory and working memory in children. Are they separable? Child Development, 77 (6), 1698-1716.
MATLIN, M. (2004/2001). Cognition. Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated. / La cognition : Une introduction à la psychologie cognitive. Paris : Deboeck Université.
Califia Pat (1954-) : Thérapeute et spécialiste de l'étude du genre et du mouvement queer. = Patrick Califia.
CALIFIA, P. (1979). Lesbian Sexuality. Journal of Homosexuality, 4 (3), 255-266.
CALIFIA, P. (1988). Lesbian sadomasochism safety manual. Alyson Books.
CALIFIA, P. (1994/2008). Public sex. The future of radical sex / Sexe et utopie. San Francisco : Cleis Press / Paris : La Musardine.
CALIFIA, P. (1997). Sex changes : The politics of transgenderism. San Francisco : Cleis Press.
CALIFIA, P. (2001). Speaking sex to power : The politics of queer sex. San Francisco : Cleis Press.
California School Psychologist : Revue scientifique qui consacre ses pages aux études en éducation. Éditeur : University of California.
JIMERSON, S.R. (2001). A synthesis of grade retention research : Looking backward and moving forward. The California School Psychologist, 6, 47-59. [PDF]

Calkin/Calkins
Abigail B. Calkin Mary Whiton Calkins
 
Calkin Abigail B. ( ) : Psychologue béhavioriste américaine et spécialiste de l'enseignement de précision. Étudiant de Lindsley.
CALKIN, A.B. (1981). One minute timing improves inners. Journal of Precision Teaching, 2 (3), 9-21.
CALKIN, A.B. (1983). Counting fetal movement. Journal of Precision Teaching, 4 (2), 35-40.
CALKIN, A.B. (1990). Changes in behavior as the result of the death of a relative. Journal of Precision Teaching, 7 (2), 74-78.
CALKIN, A.B. (1992). The inner eye : Improving self-esteem. Journal of Precision Teaching, 10 (1), 42-52.
CALKIN, A.B. (2005). Precision teaching : The standard celeration charts. The Behavior Analyst Today, 6 (4), 207-213. [PDF]
 
 FURUMOTO, L. (1980). Mary Whiton Calkins (1863-1930). Psychology of Women Quarterly, 5, 55-68.
Calkins Mary Whiton (Hartford 1863-1930 Newton Massachusetts) : Psychologue américaine. Bien qu'elle ait complété ses études, l'Université Harvard refusa de lui attribuer un doctorat. Elle mis néanmoins sur pied l'un des tout premiers laboratoires de psychologie en sol américain (1898). Elle fut également la toute première présidente de l'American Psychological Association, en 1905. Étudiante de Münsterberg.
 CALKINS, M.W. (1907). Psychology : What is it about? Journal of Philosophy, Psychology & Scientific Methods, 4, 673-683.
 
 
 
 
Call Josep ( ) : Psychologue cognitiviste américain, spécialiste de la psychologie comparée et de l'étude des orang-outans. Collaborateur de Addessi, Clayton, De Wall, Dunbar, Emery, Hare, Kaminski, Tomasello et Visalberghi.
CALL, J. & TOMASELLO, M. (1994). Production and comprehension of referential pointing by orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 108, 307-317.
CALL, J. (2001). Chimpanzee social cognition. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 5, 369-405. [PDF]
CALL, J., BRÄUER, J., KAMINSKI, J. & TOMASELLO, M. (2003). Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) are sensitive to the attentional state of humans. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 117, 257-263. [PDF]
CALL, J. (2007). Apes know that hidden objects can affect the orientation of other objects. Cognition, 105, 1-25. [PDF]
CALL, J. & TOMASELLO, M. (2008). Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind ? 30 years later. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 12 (5), 187-192. [PDF]
Calmar : Céphalopode étudié en biologie en raison de la taille de ses axones (1 mm par rapport à quelques micromètres chez la plupart des vertébrés). Ces études ont mené notamment à la découverte des pompes à ions. = calamar, encornet, chipiron, supion. Squid, loligo.

  PROSSER, C.L. & YOUNG, J.Z. (1937). Responses of muscles of the squid to repetitive stimulation of the giant nerve fibres. Biological Bulletin, 73, 237-241.  TASAKI, I. & SPYROPOULOS, C.S. (1958). Membrane conductance and current-voltage relation in the squid axon under voltage-clamp. American Journal of Physiology, 193 (2), 318-327.
YOUNG, J.Z. (1938). The functioning of the giant nerve fibres of the squid. Journal of Experimental Biology, 15, 170-185  MULLINS, L.J. (1959). An analysis of conductance changes in squid axon. Journal of General of Physiology, 42 (5), 1013-1035.
 HODGKIN, A.L., HUXLEY, A.F. & KATZ, B. (1952). Measurement of current-voltage relations in the membrane of the giant axon of Loligo. Journal of Physiology, 116 (4), 424-448.  COLE, K.S. & MOORE, J.W. (1960). Ionic current measurements in the squid giant axon membrane. Journal of General of Physiology, 44, 123-167.
 HODGKIN, A.L. & HUXLEY, A.F. (1952). Currents carried by sodium and potassium ions through the membrane of the giant axon of Loligo. Journal of Physiology, 116 (4), 449-472. KEYNES, R. (2005). J.Z. and the discovery of squid giant nerve fibers. Journal of Experimental Biology, 208, 179-180.
BURNIE, D. (Ed.) (2001). Animal. Londres : Dorling Kindersley / Le règne animal. Saint-Laurent : Erpi. Voir aussi Animal et Pieuvre
Calsyn Robert J. ( ) : Psychologue et gérontologue américain, spécialisé dans l'étude de l'itinérance. Collaborateur de Kenny et Morse.
CALSYN, R.J., ROADES, L.A., DYLAN, M.A. & CALSYN, S. (1992). Acquiescence in needs assessment studies of the elderly. Gerontologist, 32 (2), 246-252.
CALSYN, R.J. & MORSE, G.A. (1990). Homeless men and women : Commonalities and a service gender gap. American Journal of Community Psychology, 18, 597-608.
CALSYN, R.J. & MORSE, G.A. (1991). Predicting chronic homelessness. Urban Affairs Quarterly 27, 155-164.
CALSYN, R.J. & MORSE, G.A. (1992). Predicting psychiatric symptoms among homeless people. Community Mental Health Journal, 28, 385-395.
CALSYN, R.J. & MORSE, G.A., KLINKENBERG, W.D. & TRUSTY, M. (1997). Reliability and validity of self-report data of homeless mentally ill individuals. Evaluation and Program Planning 20, 47-54.
Calvert Sandra L. (1939-) : Psychologue américiaine et spécialiste du développement, notamment des effets de la technologie (télévision, réseau social, tablette, etc) sur ce processus, plus particulièrement sur l'attention. Collaboratrice de Pempek.
CALVERT, S.L., HUSTON, A.C., WATKINS, B.A. & WRIGHT, J.C. (1982). The relation between selective attention to television forms and children's comprehension of content. Child Development, 53, 601-610.
CALVERT, S.L., HUSTON, A.C., WATKINS, B.A. (1987). Preplay formats on children's attention and story comprehension. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 8
CALVERT, S.L. & GERSH, T.L. (1987). The selective use of sound effects and visual inserts for children's television story comprehension. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 8, 363-375. [PDF]
CALVERT, S.L. STAIANO, E. & BOND, B. (2013). Electronic gaming and the obesity crisis. New Directions for Child & Adolescent Development, 139, 51-57.
CALVERT, S.L. RICHARDS, M.N. & KENT, C. (2014). Personalized interactive characters for toddlers' learning of seration from a video presentation. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 35, 148-155.
Calvin William H. (1939-) : Physiologiste et neurobiologiste américain. On lui doit le concept de marchine de Darwin.
CALVIN, W.H. & OJEMANN, G.A. (1980). Inside the brain. New York : New American Library.
CALVIN, W.H. (1987). The brain as a Darwin machine. Nature, 330, 33-34.
CALVIN, W.H. (1996). How brains think : Evolving intelligence, then and now. New York : Basic Books.
CALVIN, W.H. (1997). The six essentials? Minimal requirements for the darwinian bootstrapping of quality. Journal of Memetics 1, 1.
CALVIN, W.H. (2004). A brief history of the mind : From apes to intellect and beyond. New York : Oxford University Press.
Caméra : Voir Vidéo-caméra.
Cameron
Donald Ewen Cameron Judith A. Cameron
 
Cameron Donald Ewen (Bridge of Allan 1901-1967) : Psychiatre américain, d'origine écossaise, connu pour ses recherches sur la reconstruction psychique et l'amnésie programmée menées en collobaration avec la CIA dans les années 50 et 60 (Le projet MKULTRA). Certaines de ces études ont été réalisées au Allan Memorial Institute de l'Université McGill.
 
 
 
 
Cameron Judith A. ( ) : Psychologue béhavioriste canadienne, spécialisée en éducation et dans l'étude l'apprentissage et du renforcement. Étudiante d'Eisenberger. Collaboratrice de Pierce.
CAMERON, J. & PIERCE, W.D. (1994). Reinforcement, reward and intrinsic motivation : A meta-analysis. Review of Educational Research, 64, 363-423.
CAMERON, J. & PIERCE, W.D. (1996). The debate about rewards and intrinsic motivation : Protests and accusations do not alter the results. Review of Educational Research, 66 (1), 39-51. [PDF]
CAMERON, J., BANKO, K.M. & PIERCE, W.D. (2001). Pervasive negative effects of rewards on intrinsic motivation : The myth continues. The Behavior Analyst, 24, 1-44. [PDF]
CAMERON, J. (2001). Negative effects of reward on intrinsic motivation - A limited phenomenon : Comment on Deci, Koestner, and Ryan (2001). Review of Educational Research, 71, 29-42. [PDF]
CAMERON, J. & PIERCE, W.D. (2005). Rewards and motivation in the classroom. Academic Exchange Quarterly, 9 (2), 67-71.
Camouflage : Ensemble de techniques visant à se dissimuler, à passer inaperçu.

   
Campagne
Campagne (Région) Campagne politique Campage de financement
 
Campagne : Ensemble des régions d'un pays qui se caractérise par sa fonction première - l'agriculture - et son mode de peuplement, les villages. = région rurale. /ville. Rural.

  KUNTZ, K.M. & GUNDERSON, S.K. (2002). Non-normative and pro-social conformity : A study of rural and urban differences. Journal of Undergraduate Research, 233-239. [PDF]
AMATO, P.R. (1983). Helping behavior in urban and rural environments. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 45, 571-586.
AMATO, P.R. (1993). Urban-rural differences in helping friends and family members. Social Psychology Quarterly, 56, 249-262.
LEVINE, R.V., MARTINEZ, T., BRASE, G. & SORENSON, K. (1994). Helping in 36 U.S. cities. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 67, 69-82. [PDF]
STOCKARD, J. (2011). Increasing reading skills in rural areas : An analysis of three school districts. Journal of Research in Rural Education, 26 (8), 1-19. [PDF]
Campagne politique : Organisation temporaire visant à promouvoir un projet ou les candidt-e-s d'un parti politique avant les élections. = campagne électorale. Political campaign

  NEALE, T. (1991). Negative campaigning in national politics : An overview. (Report No. 91-775 GOV). Washington : Con- gressional Research Service.  
O'NEILL, R.M. (1992). Regulating speech to cleanse political campaigns. Capitol University Law Review, 21, 575-591. PATTERSON, S. & CALDEIRA, G. (1993). Getting out the vote : Participation in Gubernatorial campaigns. American Political Science Review, 77, 6756-689.
Voir aussi Candidt-e-s, Parti politique et Élections
 

Campagne de financement : Organisation temporaire visant à recueillir des sommes d'argent afin de contribuer à la ralisation d'un projet, d'aider une bonne cause, de promouvoir etc. Fund raising.

  BELL, R.A. ABRAHAMS, M.F. CLARK, C. & SCHLATTER, C. (1996). The door-in-the-face compliance strategy : an individual differences analysis of two models in an aids fund raising context. Communication Quarterly, 44, 107-124.
GUÉGUEN, N. & JACOB, C. (2001). Fund raising on the Web : The effect of the electronic foot-in-the-door on prosocial request. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 4 (6), 705-709. [PDF]
LIST, J.A. & LUCKING-REILEY, D. (2002). The effects of seed money and refunds on charitable giving : Experimental evidence from a university capital campaign. Journal of Political Economy, 110 (1), 215-233. [PDF]
VESTERLUND, L. 2003. The informational value of sequential fund raising. Journal of Public Economics, 87, 627-657.
GUÉGUEN, N. (2003). Fund raising on the Web : The effect of the electronic foot-in-the-door on prosocial request. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 6 (2), 189-193. [PDF]
NORTON, M.I. & GOETHALS, G.R. (2004). Spin (and pitch) doctors : Campaign strategies in televised political debates. Political Behavior, 26, 227-248.
ANDREONI, J. (2006). Leadership giving in charitable fund raising. Journal of Public Economic Theory, 8, 1-22.
Campbell
Byron A. Campbell Donald T. Campbell Susan B. Campbell
    W. Keith Campbell
 
Campbell Byron A. ( ) : Psychologue cognitivo-béhavioriste et spécialiste de l'étude de la mémoire et de l'ontogénèse.

CAMPBELL, B.A. & CAMPBELL, E.H. (1962). Retention and extinction of learned fear in infant and adult rats. Journal of Comparative & Physiological Psychology, 55, 1-8.
CAMPBELL, B.A. & SPEAR, N.E. (1972). Ontogeny of memory. Psychological Review, 79, 215-236.
CAMPBELL, B.A. MISANIN, J.R., WHITE, B.C. & LYTLE, L.D. (1974). Species differences in ontogeny of memory : Indirect support for neural maturation as a determinant of forgetting. Journal of Comparative & Physiological Psychology, 87, 193-202.
CAMPBELL, B.A. & ALBERTS, J.R. (1979). Ontogeny of long-term memory for learned taste versions. Behavioral & Neuralbiology, 25, 139-156. [PDF]
CAMPBELL, B.A. (1984). Reflections on the ontogeny of learning and memory.In R.V. Kail & N.E. Spear (Eds.), Comparative perspectives on the development of memory (pp. 23-35). New York : Routledge.
Campbell Donald T. (1916-1996) : Psychologue, statisticien et méthodologiste américain. Président de l'APA en 1975. Étudiant de Jones. Professeur de Heyes. Collaborateur de Cook, Fiske, Miller, Shadish et Stanley et Wertsch.
CAMPBELL, D.T. (1957). Methodological suggestions from a comparative psychology of knowledge processes. Inquiry, 2, 152-182.
CAMPBELL, D.T. (1957). Factors relevant to validity of experiments in social settings. Psychological Bulletin, 54, 297-312. [PDF]
CAMPBELL, D.T. & FISKE, D.W. (1959). Convergent and discriminant validation by the multitrait multimethod matrix. Psychological Bulletin, 56, 81-105. [PDF]
CAMPBELL, D.T. & STANLEY, J.C. (1966). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for research. Chicago : Rand McNally and Company.
CAMPBELL, D.T. (1969). Prospective : Artifact and control. In R. Rosenthal & R.L. Rosnow (Eds.), Artifact in behavioral research (pp. 351-382). New York : Academic Press.
 
BREWER, M.B. & COOK, T.D. (1997). Donald T. Campbell (1916-1996): Obituary. American Psychologist, 52 (3), 267-268.
SHADISH, W.R. & COOK, T.D. (1998). Donald Campbell and evaluation theory. American Journal of Evaluation, 19, 417-422.
MILLER, N., PEDERSEN, W.C. & POOLOCK, V.E. (2000). Discriminative validity. In L. Bickman (Ed.), Donald Campbell's legacy : Validity and social experimentation (pp. 65-99). Thousand Oaks, CA : Sage. [PDF]
Campbell Susan B. ( ) : Psychologue américaine, spécialisée dans l'étude de l'hyperactivité et du trouble déficitaire de l'attention. Collaboratrice de Douglas.
CAMPBELL, S.B. (1973). Mother-child interaction in reflective, impulsive, and hyperacative children. Developmental Psychology, 8, 341-349.
CAMPBELL, S.B. (1975). Mother-child interactions : A comparison of hyperactive, learning disabled, and normal boys. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 45, 51-57.
CAMPBELL, S.B. (1987). Parent-referred problem three-year olds : Developmental changes in symptoms. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 28, 835-846.
CAMPBELL, S.B., MATESTIC, P., VON STAUFFENBERG, C., MOHAN, R. & KIRCHNER, T. (2007). Trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms, maternal sensitivity, and children’s functioning at school entry. Developmental Psychology, 43, 1202-1215. [PDF]
CAMPBELL, S.B. & VON STAUFFENBERG, C. (2009). Delay and inhibition as early predictors of ADHD symptoms in third grade. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 37, 1-15. [PDF]
Campbell W. Keith ( ) : Psychologue organisationel et industriel américain, spécialisé dans l'étude du narcissisme. Collaborateur de Foster, Sedikides et Twenge.
CAMPBELL, W.K. (1999). Narcissism and romantic attraction. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 77, 1254-1270. [PDF]
CAMPBELL, W.K., FORSTER, C.A. & FINKEL, E.J. (2002). Does self-love lead to love for others ? A story of narcissistic game playing. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 83, 340-354. [PDF]
CAMPBELL, W.K., BUSH, C.P., BRUNELL, A.B. & SHELTON, J. (2005). Understanding the social costs of narcissism : The case of the Tragedy of the Commons Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 31 (10), 1358-1368. [PDF]
CAMPBELL, W.K. & CAMPBELL, S.M. (2009). On the self-regulatory dynamics created by the peculiar benefits and costs of narcissism : A contextual reinforcement model and examination of leadership. Self & Identity, 8, 214-232. [PDF]
CAMPBELL, W.K., HOFFMAN, B.J., CAMPBELL, S.M. & MARCHISIO, G. (2011). Narcissism in organizational contexts. Human Resource Management Review, 21, 268-284. [PDF]
Campion/Campione
Véronique Campion-Vincent Joseph C. Campione
 
Campion-Vincent Véronique ( ) : Sociologue et ingénieure francaise, spécialiste de l'étude des légendes et des rumeurs.

CAMPION-VINCENT, V. (1990). Situations d'incertitude et rumeurs : disparitions et meurtres d'enfants. Communications, 52, 51-60.
CAMPION-VINCENT, V. (1992). Des fauves dans nos campagnes. Légendes, rumeurs et apparitions. Paris : Imago.
CAMPION-VINCENT, V. (1997). La légende des vols d'organes. Paris : Les Belles Lettres.
CAMPION-VINCENT, V. (2002). Légendes urbaines, rumeurs d'aujourd'hui. Paris : Payot/Petite Bibliothèque.
CAMPION-VINCENT, V. (2007). La société parano, théories du complot, menaces et incertitude. Paris : Payot.
Campione Joseph C. ( ) : Socioconstructiviste américain, spécialisé en éducation et en apprentissage scolaire. Collaborateur de Brown et Palincsar.

CAMPIONE, J.C. & BROWN, L.A. (1978). Toward a theory of intelligence : Contributions from research with retarded children. Intelligence, 2, 279-304.
BROWN, L.A. & CAMPIONE, J.C. (1992). Students as researchers and teachers. In J.W. Keefe & H.J. Walberg (Eds.), Teaching for thinking (pp. 49-57). Reston, VA : National Association of Secondary School Principals.
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Campos Joseph J. ( ) : Psychologue américain, spécialisé dans l'étude du développement, notamment des émotions. Collaborateur de Emde et Fischer.
CAMPOS, J.J., LANGER, A. & KROWITZ, A. (1970). Cardiac responses on the visual cliff in prelocomotor human infants. Science, 170, 196-197.
CAMPOS, J., BERTHENTAL, B. & KERMOIAN, R. (1992). Early experience and emotional development : The emergence of wariness of heights. Psychological Science, 3, 61-64. [PDF]
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Canada/Canadien-ne : Pays et Culture.

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Voir aussi Québec
Canadian Field-Naturalist : Revue scientifique. Éditeur : The Ottawa Field-Naturalists' Club.
MECH, L.D. (2000). Leadership in wolf, Canis lupus, packs. Canadian Field-Naturalist, 114 (2), 259-263.

Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science : Revue scientifique de psychologie. Éditeur : APA.
SENECAL, C., NADEAU, M.F. & NADEAU, G. (2003). Les determinants de la procrastination académique : un modèle mediationnel du contexte familial et des processus du soi. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 35 (2), 97-110.

Canadian Journal of Education/Revue Canadienne de l'Éducation : Revue scientifique qui consacre ses pages aux études en éducation. Éditeur : CSSE.
O ’NEILL, G.P. (1988). Teaching effectiveness : A review of the research. Canadian Journal of Education, 13 (1), 162-185.

BOUCHARD, P. et ST-AMANT, J.C. (2000). Pratiques de masculinité à l’école québécoise. Revue Canadienne de l’Éducation, 25 (2), 73-87.

Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology : Revue scientifique de psychologie. Éditeur : APA.
PERRON, M. & GOSELIN, P. (2009). Difficulté des jeunes enfants à comprendre la dissimulation des émotions. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 63 (4), 276-286.

Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences : Revue scientifique qui consacre ses pages aux neurosciences.
JASPER, H.H. (1991). History of the early development of electroencephalography and clinical neurophysiology at the Montreal Neurological Institute : the first 25 years, 1939-1964. Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences, 18 (4), 533-548.

Canadian Journal of Philosophy : Revue de philosophie.
GRÜNBAUM, A. (1988). The role of the case study method in the foundations of psychoanalysis. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 18 (4), 623-658.

Canadian Journal of Psychanalysis/Revue Canadienne de Psychanalyse : Revue qui consacre ses pages à la théorie et à la thérapie psychanalytique. Éditeur : Canadian Journal of Psychoanalysis.
SIROIS, F. (1995). Le fantasme de viol. Revue Canadienne de Psychanalyse, 3, 223-253.

Canadian Journal of Psychiatry/Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie : Revue scientifique de psychiatrie. Éditeur : Canadian Psychiatric Association.
GABBARD, G.O. (2005). Does psychoanalysis have a future? Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 50, 741-742.

Canadian Journal of Psychology/Revue Canadienne de Psychologie (1947-1992) : Revue scientifique de psychologie.
HEBB, D.O. (1953). On human thought. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 7, 99-110.

Canadian Journal of School Psychology : Revue scientifique de psychologie qui consacre ses pages à l'éducation et aux méthodes d'apprentissage. Éditeur : Sage.
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Canadian Journal of Zoology/Revue Canadienne de Zoologie : Revue scientifique de zoologie. = Can. J. Zool. Éditeur : Éditions Sciences Canada.
PAQUET, P.C. (1991). Scent-marking behavior of sympatric wolves (Canis lupus) and coyotes (C. latrans) in Riding Mountain National Park. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 69, 1721-1727.

Canadian Medical Association Journal : Revue scientifique de médecine. CMAJ.
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TULVING, E. (1985). Memory and consciousness. Canadian Psychology, 26, 1-12.

Canadian Review of Sociology & Anthropology : Revue scientifique de sociologie et d'anthropologie.
CURTIS, J. & CUNEO. C. (1974). Quebec separatism : An analysis of determinants within social-class levels. Canadian Review of Sociology & Anthropology, 11 (1), 1-29.

Canadian Undergraduate Journal of Cognitive Science: Revue scientifique de psychologie qui publie les articles des étudiants universitaires.
 

Canal à ions : Mécanisme électrochimique découvert par Hodgkin et Huxley, qui consiste en une série de canaux permettant un échange d'ions entre la membrane cellulaire et le milieu extra-cellulaire. Cet échange produit une différence de part et d'autre de la membrane dans la répartition des ions de potassium chargés négativement et des ions de sodium chargés négativement, différence qui résulte en un potentiel électrique d'action. Ce mécanisme permet d'expliquer la dépolarisation de la membrane cellulaire et, partant, le passage de proche en proche de l'influx nerveux le long de l'axone. = canal sodium/potassium. Sodium and potassium ions.
   HODGKIN, A.L. & HUXLEY, A.F. (1952). Currents carried by sodium and potassium ions through the membrane of the giant axon of Loligo. Journal of Physiology, 116 (4), 449-472.
 HODGKIN, A.L. & HUXLEY, A.F. (1952). A quantitative description of membrane current and its application to conduction and excitation in nerve. Journal of Physiology, 117, 500-544.
 HODGKIN, A.L. & HUXLEY, A.F. (1952). The dual effect of membrane potential on sodium conductance in the giant axon of Loligo. Journal of Physiology, 116 (4), 497-506.
 HILLE, B. (1972). Ionic permeability changes in active axon membranes. Archives of Internal Medicine, 129 (2), 293-298.
Voir aussi Hodgkin et Huxley
Canard : Oiseau. Canard et empreinte. Duck, duckling.
  LORENZ, K. (1937). Imprinting. The Auk, 54, 245-273. LICKLITER, R. & GOTTLIEB, G. (1986). Training ducklings in broods interferes with maternal imprinting. Developmental Psychobiology, 19, 555-566.
LORENZ, K. (1956/1970). The objective theory of instinct. Dans Foundation Singer-Polignac, L'instinct dans le comportement des animaux et de l'homme (p. 51-56). Paris : Masson et Cie. LICKLITER, R. & GOTTLIEB, G. (1987). Retroactive excitation : Post-training social experience with siblings consolidates maternal imprinting in ducklings. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 101, 40-46.
LICKLITER, R. & GOTTLIEB, G. (1985). Social interaction with siblings is necessary for the visual imprinting of species-specific maternal preference in ducklings. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 99, 371-378. LICKLITER, R. & GOTTLIEB, G. (1988). Social specificity : Interaction with own species is necessary to foster species-specific maternal preference in ducklings. Developmental Psychobiology, 21, 311-321.
LICKLITER, R. & GOTTLIEB, G. (1986). Visually imprinted maternal preference in ducklings is redirected by social interaction with siblings. Developmental Psychobiology, 19, 265- 277. DYER, A., LICKLITER, R. & GOTTLIEB, G. (1989). Maternal and peer imprinting in mallard ducklings under experimentally simulated natural social conditions. Developmental Psychobiology, 22, 463-475.
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Voir aussi Animal, Oiseau et Animal de ferme

Lorenz et ses canards
Cançado Carlos Renato Xavier ( ) : Psychologue béhavioriste mexicain et spécialiste de l'étude de l'apprentissage. Collaborateur de Lattal.

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CANÇADO, C.R.X. ABREU-RODRIGUES, J., ALO, R.M. HAUCK, F. & DOUGHTY, A.H. (2017). Response-reinforcer dependency and resistance to change. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
Cancer : Maladie biologique qui engendre de nombreux troubles psychologiques, même en phase de rémission. Cancer.
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BOVBJERG, D.H., REDD, W.H., JACOBSON, P.B., MANNE, S.L., TAYLOR, K.L., SURBORNEW, A., CROWN, J.P., NORTON, L., GILEWSKI, T.A., HUDIS, C.A., REICHMAN, B.S., KAUFMAN, R.J., CURRIE, V.E. & HAKES, T.B. (1992). An experimental analysis of classically conditioned nausea during cancer chemotherapy. Psychosomatic Medicine, 54, 623-637. RYAN, H., SCHOFIELD, P., COCKBUR,N J., BUTO, W P., TATTERSALL, M., TURNER, J., GIRGIS, A., BANDARANAYAK, E.D. & BOWMAN, D. (2005). How to recognize and manage psychological distress in cancer patients. European Journal of Cancer Care, 14, 7-15. [PDF]
STERLING, T.D., ROSENBAUM, W.L. & WEINKAM, J.J. (1992). Bias in the attribution of lung cancer and its possible consequences for calculating smoking-related risks. Epidemiology, 3, 11-16. CAVRO, É., BUNGENER, C. et BIOY, A. (2005). Le syndrome de Lazare : une problématique de la rémission. Réflexions autour de la maladie cancéreuse chez l’adulte. Revue Francophone de Psycho-Oncologie, 4 (2), 74-79.
SOMERFIELD, M. & CURBOW, B. (1992). Methodological issues and research strategies in the study of coping with cancer. Social Science Medicine, 34, 1203-1216. SCHEIER, M.F., HELGESON, V.S., SCHULZ, R., COLVIN, S., BEGA, S., BRIDGES, M.W., KNAPP, J., GERSZTEN, K. & PAPPERT, W.S. (2005). Interventions to enhance physical and psychological functioning among younger women who are ending nonhormonal adjuvant treatment for early stage breast cancer. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 23(19), 4298-4311. [PDF]
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STANTON, A.L. & SNIDER, P. R. (1993). Coping with breast cancer diagnosis : A prospective study. Health Psychology, 12, 16-23. INGRAM, C., COURNEYA, K.S. & KINGSTON, D. (2006). The effects of exercise on body weight and composition in breast cancer survivors : An integrative systematic review. Oncology Nursing Forum, 33 (5), 937-947. [PDF]
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ANDERSEN, B.L., KIECOLT-GLASER, J.K. & GLASER, R. (1994). A biobehavioral model of cancer stress and disease course. American Psychologist, 49, 389-404 SMIGAL, C., JEMAL, A, WARD, E., COKKNIDES, V., SMITH, R., HOWE, H.L. & THUN, M. (2006). Trends in breast cancer by race and ethnicity : Update 2006. Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 56, 168-183. [PDF]
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  PAI, A.L.H., DROTAR, D., ZEBRACKI, K. MOORE, M. & YOUNGSTOM, E. (2006). A meta-analysis of the effects of psychological interventions in pediatric oncology on outcomes of psychological distress and adjustment. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 31 (9), 978-988. [PDF]
ANDERSEN, B.L. CACIOPPO, J.T. & ROBERTS, D.C. (1995). Delay in seeking a cancer diagnosis : Delay stages and psychophysiological comparison processes. British Journal of Social Psychology, 34, 33-52. KREUTER, M.W., GREEN, M.C., CAPPELLA, J.N., SLATER, M.D., WISE, M.E., STOREY, D., CLARK, E.M., O'KEEFE, D.J., ERWIN, D.O., HOLMES, K., HINYARD, L.J., HOUSTON, T. & WOOLEY, S. (2007). Narrative communication in cancer prevention and control : A framework to guide research and application. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 33, 221-235. [PDF]
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BOLGER, N. FOSTER, M., VINOKUR, A.D. & NG, R. (1996). Close relations and adjustment to breast cancer. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 70, 283-294. WILSON, K.G., CHOCHINOV, H.M., MCPHERSON, C.J., LEMAY, K., ALLARD, P., CHARY, S., GAGNON, P.R., MACMILLAN, K., DE LUCA, M., O'SHEA, F., KUHL, D. & FAINSINGER, R.L. (2007). Suffering with advanced cancer. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 25, 1691-1697.
  STEPANSKI, E.J. & BURGESS, H.J. (2007). Sleep and cancer. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 2, 67-75.
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  CRESWELL, J.D., LAM, S., STANTON, A.L, TAYLOR, S.E., BOWER, J.E. & SHERMAN, D.K. (2007). Does self-affirmation, cognitive processing, or discovery of meaning explain cancer-related health benefits of expressive writing ? Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 238-250.
  WILSON, K.G., CHOCHINOV, H.M., GRAHAM, M., ALLARD, P., CHARY, S., GAGNON, P.R., MACMILLAN, K., DE LUCA, M., O'SHEA, F., KUHL, D., FAINSINGER, R.L. & CLINCH, J.J. (2007). Depression and anxiety disorders in palliative cancer care. Journal of Pain & Symptom Management, 33, 118-129.
HOUTS, P.S., NEZU, A.M., NEZU, C.M. & BUCHER, J.A. (1996). A problem-solving model of family caregiving to cancer patients. Patient Education & Counseling, 27, 63-73. CARROLL, P.S. (2007). The breast cancer epidemic : Modeling and forecasts based on abortion and other risk factors. Journal of American Physicians & Surgeons, 12 (3), 72-78. [PDF]
  COURNEYA, K.S., KATZMARZYK, P.T. & BACON, E. (2008). Physical activity and obesity in Canadian cancer survivors : Population-based estimates from the 2005 Canadian Community Health Survey. Cancer, 112, 2475-2482.
  SARAIYA, B., BODNAR-DEREN, S., LEVENTHAL, E.A. & LEVENTHAL, H. (2008). End of life planning and its relevance for patients and oncologists? decisions in choosing cancer therapy. Cancer, 113 (S12), 3540-3547.
  HORDERN, A., GRAINGER, M., HEGARTY S., JEFFORD, M., WHITE V. & SUTHERLAND, G. (2009). Discussing sexuality in the clinical setting : The impact of a brief training program for oncology health professionals to enhance communication about sexuality.Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology, 5, 270-277. [PDF]
NEZU, A.M., NEZU, C.M., FRIEDMAN, S.H., HOUTS, P.S. & FADDIS, S. (1997). Project Genesis : Application of problem-solving therapy to individuals with cancer. The Behavior Therapist, 20, 155-158. HORDERN, A. (2008). Intimacy and sexuality after cancer : A critical review of the literature. Cancer Nursing, 31, 9-17.
  KNIGHT, A., BAILEY, J. & BALCOMBE, J.P (2009). Which drugs cause cancer ? British Medical Journal, USA, 5, 477-478. [PDF]
HOUTS, P.S., BUCHER, J.A., MOUNT, B.M., BRITON, S.E., NEZU, A.M., NEZU, C.M. & HARVEY, H.A. (Eds.) (1997). Home care guide for advanced cancer : When quality of life is the primary goal of care. Philadelphia : American College of Physicians. DORROS, S.M., CARD, N.A., SEGRIN, C. & BADGER, T.A. (2010). Interdependence in women with breast cancer and their partners : An interindividual model of distress. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 78 (1), 121-125. [PDF]
JENKINS, C., CARMODY, T.J. & RUSH, A.J. (1998). Depression in radiation oncology patients : A preliminary evaluation. Journal of Affective Disorders, 50, 17-21. MANNE, S. & BADR, H. (2010). Intimacy processes and psychological distress among couples coping with head and neck or lung cancer. Psycho-Oncology, 19 (9), 941-954. [PDF]
  RAYNER, L., PRICE, A., HOTOPF, M. & HIGGINSON, I.J. (2011). The development of evidence-based European guidelines on the management of depression in palliative cancer care. European Journal of Cancer, 47, 702-712. [PDF]
  ELWELL, L., GROGAN, S. & COULSON, N.S. (2011). Adolescents living with cancer : The role of computer-mediated support groups. Journal of Health Psychology. 16(2), 236-248
  HASLAM, S.Z. & SCHWARTZ, R. (2011). Is there a link between a high-fat diet during puberty and breast cancer risk ? Women's Health, 7 (1), 1–3. [PDF]
MOYER, A. & SALOVEY, P. (1999). Predictors of social support and psychological distress in women with breast cancer. Journal of Health Psychology, 4, 177-191. BELCHER, A.J., LAURENCEAU, J.-P., GRABER, E.C., COHEN, L.H., DASCH, K.B. & SIEGEL, S.D. (2011). Daily support in couples coping with early stage breast cancer : Maintaining intimacy during adversity. Health Psychology, 30 (6), 665-673. [PDF]
  BELANGER, L.J. & COURNEYA, K.S. (2012). Medical, demographic, and social cognitive correlates of physical activity in a population-based sample of colorectal cancer survivors. European Journal of Cancer Care, 21, 187-196.
  O'KEEFE, D.J. & WU, D. (2012). Gain-framed appeals do not motivate sun protection : A meta-analytic review of randomized trials comparing gain-framed and loss-framed appeals for promoting skin cancer prevention. International Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health, 9, 2121-2133. [PDF]
  DEMARK-WAHNEFRIED, W., PLATZ, E.A., LIGIBEL, J.A., BLAIR, C.K., COURNEYA, K.S., MEYERHARDT, J.A., GANZ, P.A., ROCK, C.L., SCHMITZ, K.H., WADDEN, T., PHILIP, E.J., WOLFE, B., GAPSTUR, S.M., BALLARD- BARBASH, R., MCTIERNAN, A., MINASIAN, L., NEBELING, L. & GOODWIN, P.J. (2012). The role of obesity in cancer survival and recurrence. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, 21, 1244-1259.
  SMITH, S., TURNER, B., PATI, J., PETRIDES, K.V., SEVDALIS, N. & GREEN, J. (2012). Psychological impairments in patients urgently referred for prostate and bladder cancer evaluations : The role of trait emotional intelligence and perceived social support. Supportive Care in Cancer, 20, 699-704. [PDF]
COURNEYA, K.S. & FRIEDENREICH, C.M., ARTHUR, K. & BOBICK, T.M. (1999).Understanding exercise motivation in colorectal cancer patients: A prospective study using the theory of planned behavior. Rehabilitation Psychology, 44, 68-84. BROWNE, J.L. & CHAN, A.Y.C. (2012). Using the theory of planned behaviour and implementation intentions to predict and facilitate upward family communication about mammography. Psychology & Health : an international journal, 27 (6), 655-673. [PDF]
COURNEYA, K.S. & FRIEDENREICH, C.M., ARTHUR, K. & BOBICK, T.M.(1999). Physical exercise and quality of life in postsurgical colorectal cancer patients. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 4, 181- 187. LOWE, S.S., WATANABE, S.M., BARACOS, V.E. & COURNEYA, K.S. (2012). Determinants of physical activity in palliative cancer patients : An application of the theory of planned behavior. Journal of Supportive Oncology, 10, 30-36.
COURNEYA, K.S. & FRIEDENREICH, C.M. (1999).Physical exercise and quality of life following cancer diagnosis: A literature review. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 21, 171-179. ROCK, C.L, DOYLE, C., DEMARK-WAHNEFRIED, W., MEYERHARDT, J., COURNEYA, K.S., SCHWARTZ, A.L., BANDERA, E.V., HAMILTON, K.K., GRANT, B., MCCULLOUGH, M., BYERS, T. & GANSLER, T. (2012). Nutrition and physical activity guidelines for cancer survivors. CA : A Cancer Journal for Clincians, 62, 242-274.
COURNEYA, K.S. & FRIEDENREICH, C.M. (1999). Utility of the theory of planned behavior for understanding exercise during breast cancer treatment. Psycho-Oncology, 8, 112-122. COULSON, N.S. & GREENWOOD, N. (2012). Families affected by childhood cancer : An analysis of the provision of social support within online support groups. Child : Care, Health & Development, 38 (6), 370-377.
BLEIKER, E.M.A. & VAN DER PLOEG, H.M. (1999). Psychosocial factors in the etiology of breast cancer : Review of a popular link. Patient Education & Counseling, 37, 201-214. TRINH, L., PLOTNIKOFF, R.C., RHODES, R.E., NORTH, S. & COURNEYA, K.S. (2012). Physical activity preferences in a population-based sample of kidney cancer survivors. Supportive Care in Cancer, 20, 1709-1717.
SALOVEY, P., SCHNEIDER, T.R. & APANOVITCH, A.M. (1999). Persuasion for the purpose of cancer risk reduction : A discussion. Journal of the National Cancer Institute Monographs, 25, 119-122. CAMPBELL, K., COULSON, N.S. & BUCHANAN, H. (2013). Empowering processes within prostate cancer online support groups. International Journal of Web-Based Communities, 9 (1), 51-66
Voir aussi Prévention et Fumer
Cancérigène (Facteur et substance) : Ensemble des facteurs ou des substances qui provoque l'apparition d'un cancer. Carcinogenicity study.

  FISHER, R.A. (1958). Lung cancer and cigarettes. Nature, 182 (4628), 108.
KNIGHT, A., BAILEY, J. & BALCOMBE, J.P. (2005). Animal carcinogenicity studies: poor human predictivity. Proceedings, 5th World Congress on Alternaives & Animal Use in the Life Sciences, Berlin, 21-25.
KNIGHT, A., BAILEY, J. & BALCOMBE, J.P. (2009). Which drugs cause cancer ? British Medical Journal, USA, 5, 477-478. [PDF]
Candidat/Candidature : Tout individu qui brigue un poste, qui désire être choisi à ce poste par nomination, cooptation ou élection. La première étape consiste à faire part de ses intentions à l'employeur de son choix. Généralement, poser sa candidature consiste à faire parvenir ses lettres de recommandation et un CV au comité de sélection du service de ressources humaines de l'entreprise, et s'il y a lieu, à passer une entrevue d'embauche et des tests psychologiques, à faire une simulation d'emploi ou des jeux de rôle, etc. Dans certains cas, les candidats sont choisis sans autres formalités en raison de leurs états de service ou de leur potentiel unique. Candidate.

  ANDERSEN, P.A. & KIBLER, R.J. (1978). Candidate valence as a predictor of voter preference. Human Communication Research, 5, 4-14. TRENT, J.S., SHORT-THOMPSON, C., MONGEAU, P.A., NUSZ, A. & TRENT, J.D. (2001). Image, media bias, and voter characteristics : The ideal candidate from 1988-2000. American Behavioral Scientist, 44, 2101-2124.
TRENT, J.S., MONGEAU, P., TRENT, J.D., KENDALL, K.E. & CUSHING, R.D. (1993). The ideal candidate: A study of the desired attributes of the public and media across two presidential campaigns. American Behavior Scientist, 37, 225-239. ANDERSON, K.V. (2002). From spouses to candidates: Hillary Rodham Clinton, Elizabeth Dole and the gendered office of U.S. president. Rhetoric & Public Affairs, 5, 105-132.
FUNK, C.L. (1996). The impact of scandal on candidate evaluations : An experimental test of the role of candidate traits. Political Behavior, 18, 1-24.  
FUNK, C.L. (1997). Implications of political expertise in candidate trait evaluations. Political Research Quarterly, 50, 675-697. TRENT, J.S., SHORT-THOMPSON, C., MONGEAU, P.A., METZLER, M.S. & TRENT, J.D. (2005). The idealized presidential candidate : A vision over time. American Behavioral Scientist, 49, 130-156.
TRENT, J.S., TRENT, J.D., MONGEAU, P.A. & SHORT-THOMPSON, C. (1997). The ideal candidate revisited : A study of the desired attributes of the public and the media across three presidential campaigns. American Behavior Scientist, 40, 1001-1019. TEVEN, J.J. (2008). An examination of perceived credibility of the 2008 presidential candidates : Relationships with believability, likeability, and deceptiveness. Human Communication, 11 (4), 383-400. [PDF]
AYLOR, B. (1999). Source credibility and presidential candidates in 1996: The changing nature of character and empathy evaluations. Communication Research Reports, 16 (3), 296-304. MacINNNIS, B. & KROSNICK, J.A. (2016). The impact of candidates' statements about global warming on electoral success in 2008 to 2015 : Evidence using five methodologies. In J.-A. Krosnick, I.-C. Chiang & T. Stark (Eds.), Political psychology : New explorations. New York : Psychology Press.
Voir aussi Élection et CV
Canguilhem Georges (Castelnaudary France 1904-1995 Marly-le-Roi France) : Philosophe et un épistémologue français. Il s'est notamment intéressé au problème de la normalité et de la déviance (anormalité/pathologie). Professeur de Deleuze et Foucault.
CANGUILHEM, G. (1943/66). Essai sur quelques problèmes concernant le normal et le pathologique. Paris : Presses Universitaire de France.
CANGUILHEM, G. (1952). Aspects du vitalisme, La connaissance de la vie. Paris : Hachette.
CANGUILHEM, G. (1985). La connaissance de la vie. Paris : Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin.
CANGUILHEM, G. (1991). The normal and the pathological. New York : Zone Books.
Canidé : Famille de mammifères carnivores digitigrades. ( ): Voir tableau ci-dessous. Canid.

Les canidés
Chacal Coyote Loup
Chien Hyène Lycaon
    Renard
 

Règne animal
  Embranchement  
  Classe  
  Ordre  
  Famille  
  Genre  
  Espèce  
  Population  


  BEKOFF, M. (1977). Social communication in canids, evidence for the evolution of a stereotyped mammalian display. Science, 197, 1097-1099.
WAYNE, R.K. & O'BRIEN, S.J. (1987). Allozyme divergence within the canidae. Systematic Zoology 36 (4), 339–355.
SILLERO-ZUBIRI, C., HOFFMANN, M. & MACDONALD, D.W. (Eds.). (2004). Canids : Foxes, wolves, jackals and dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN.
PONGRÀCZ, P., GÀSCI, M., HEGEDÜS, D., PÉTER, A. & MIKLOSI, A. (2013). Test sensitivity is important for detecting variability in pointing comprehension in canines. Animal Cognition, 16, 721-735.
BURNIE, D. (Dir.) (2001). Animal. Londres : Dorling Kindersley / Le règne animal. Saint-Laurent : Erpi. Voir aussi Animal
Cannabis : Voir Marijuana.
Cannibalisme : Consiste à tuer et à manger un congénère (avec ou sans sel). Cannibalism.
  HAILMAN, J.P. (1960). Cannibalism. Science, 132, 829-831. DAY, C.S.D. & GALEF, B.G. (1977). Pup cannibalism : One aspect of maternal behavior in golden hamsters. Journal of Comparative & Physiological Psychology, 91, 1179-1189.
HARRIS, M. (1964). Cannibals and kings : The origins of cultures. New York : Random House. NISHIDA, T. & KAWANAKA, K. (1985). Within-group cannibalism by adult male chimpanzees. Primates, 26, 274-284.
SUZUKI, A. (1971). Carnivority and cannibalism observed among forest-living chimpanzees. Journal of Anthropological Society of Nippon, 79, 30-48. WATTS, D.P. & MITANI, J. (2000). Infanticide and cannibalism by male chimpanzees at Ngogo, Kibale National Park, Uganda. Primates, 41, 357-365.
GOODALL, J. (1977). Infant-killing and cannibalism in free-living chimpanzees. Folia Primatologica, 28, 259-282. STIRLING, I. & ROSS, J.E. (2011). Observations of cannibalism by polar bears (Ursus maritimus) on summer and autumn sea ice at Svalbard, Norway. Arctic, 64, 478-482.
Voir aussi Tuer et Congénère
Cannon Walter Bradford (Wisconsin 1871-1945) : Biologiste et physiologiste américain. En collaboration avec Bard, il a développé une théorie des émotions. On lui doit également le concept d'homéostasie. Professeur de Bard. Collaborateur de Rosenblueth.
CANNON, W.B. (1913/20). The interrelation of emotion suggest by recent physioiogical research. American Journal of psychology, 256, Année Psychologique, 421.
CANNON, W.B. (1918). Bodily changes. In pain, hunger, fear, and rage. New York/London : Appleton-Century-Crofts.
CANNON, W.B. (1919). Les bases physiologiques de la soif. Revue Générale de Sciences.
CANNON, W.B. (1927). The James-Lange theory of emotions : A critical examination and an alternative theory. American Journal of Psychology, 39, 106-124.
CANNON, W.B. (1932/46). The wisdom of the body. New York : WW Norton and Company. / La sagesse du corps. Paris : Éditions de la Nouvelle Revue Critique.
Canons de Morgan (Les) : Principe épistémologique de parcimonie formulé par Morgan en 1894, qui stipule qu'il faut éviter de recourir à une faculté mentale ou à un mécanisme de haut niveau pour expliquer un comportement qui peut être expliqué plus simplement. Canon de Morgan et Rasoir d'Ockham. Morgan's canon.
  MORGAN, C.L. (1894). An introduction to comparative psychology. London : W. Scott.
WATERS, R.H. (1939). Morgan's Canon and anthropomoprhism. Psychological Review, 46, 534-540.
 THOMAS, R.K. (1998). Lloyd Morgan's Canon. In G. Greenberg & M.M. Haraway (Eds.), Comparative psychology : A handbook (pp. 156-163). New York : Garland Press. [PDF]
 HEYES, C.M. (1988). The distant blast of Lloyd Morgan's Canon. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 11, 256-257.
 THOMAS, R.K. (2001). Lloyd Morgan's canon: A history of Its misrepresentation. History and Theory in Psychology [PDF]
Voir Morgan, Principe de parcimonie et Rasoir d'Ockham
 
CANTAB : = Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery.

  ROBBINS, T.W., JAMES, M., OWEN, A.M., SAHAKIAN, B.J., MCINNES, L. & RABBITT, P.M.A.. (1994). Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB): A factor analytic study of a large sample of normal elderly volunteers. Dementia, 5, 266-281.
FRAY, P.J., ROBBINS, T. W. & SAHAKIAN, B.J. (1996). Neuropsychiatric applications of CANTAB. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 11,329-336.
ROBBINS, T.W., JAMES, M., OWEN, A.M., SAHAKIAN, B.J., LAWRENCE, A.D., MCINNES, L. & RABBITT, P.M.A. (1998). A study of performance on tests from the CANTAB battery sensitive to frontal lobe dysfunction in a large sample of normal volunteers : Implications for theories of executive functioning and cognitive aging. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 4, 474-490.
OZONOFF, S., COOK, H., COON, H., DAWSON, G., JOSEPH, R.M., KLIN, A., MCMAHON, W.M., MINSHEW, N., MUNSON, J.A., PENNINGTON, B.F., ROGERS, S.J., SPENCE, A., TAGER-FLUSBERG, H., VOLKMAR, F.R. & WRATHALL, D. (2004). Performance on Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery subtests sensitive to frontal lobe function in people with autistic disorder: Evidence from the collaborative programs of Excellence in Autism Network. Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders, 34 (2), 139-150. [PDF]
Voir aussi Mesure/Évaluation de l'autisme
Canter Lee ( ) : Spécialiste américain de l'éducation. Il s'intéresse notamment à la discipline et à la gestion de classe.
CANTER, L. (1976). Assertive discipline : a take-cherge approach for today' s educator. Seal Beach, CA : Lee Canter Associates.
CANTER, L. (1989). Assertive discipline: More than names on the board and marbles in a jar. The Phi Delta Kappan, 71 (1), 57-61. [PDF]
CANTER, L. & CANTER, M. (1993). Succeeding with difficult students : New strategies for reaching your most challenging students. Santa Monica, CAS : Les Canter Associates.
CANTER, L. (1996). First, the rapport - then, the rules. Learning, 24 (5), 12-14.
CANTER, L. (2005). Classroom management for academic success. National Educational Service;
 
Cantor Georg Ferdinand Ludwig Philippg (Saint-Pétersbourg 1845-1918 Halle) : Mathématicien allemand d'origine russe. On lui doit la théorie des ensembles et le concept d'infinité des nombres.
CANTOR, G. (1969). Fondements d'une théorie générale des ensembles. Seuil : Paris.
 
 
DAUBEN, J.W. (1979). Georg Cantor, his mathematics and philosophy of the infinite. Princeton University Press.
CHARRAUD, N. (1994). Infini et inconscient, essai sur Georg Cantor. Paris : Economica.
Cantril Hadley (Utah 1906-1969) : Psychosociologue américain et spécialiste de l'étude de l'opinion publique. Il a fondé l'Office of Public Opinion Research. Collaborateur de Allport, Katz et Sherif.
CANTRIL, H. & ALLPORT, G.W. (1935). The psychology of radio. New York : Harper and Brothers.
CANTRIL, H. & SHERIF, M. (1938). The kingdom of father divine. Journal of Abnormal & Social Psychology, 33, 147-167.
CANTRIL, H. (1940). Invasion from Mars : A study in the psychology of panic. Princeton University Press. [PDF]
CANTRIL, H. (1941). The psychology of social movements. New York : John Wiley & Sons.
CANTRIL, H. & MENEFFE, S.C (1944). Gauging public opinion. Science & Society, 8 (4), 375-377.
 
POOLEY, J.D. & SOCOLOW, M.J. (2013). Checking Up on The Invasion from Mars : Hadley Cantril, Paul F. Lazarsfeld, and the making of a misremembered classic. International Journal of Communication 7, 1920–1948. [PDF]
Canular scientifique : Voir Fraude scientifique.
CAPITAL - CAPLAN - CARACTÈRE - CARIBOU - CARNAP - CARNINE - CARNIVORE - CARR - CARTE COGNITIVE - CARVER - CAS
Capacité (psychologique) : État d'un organisme en mesure d'agir, de faire quelque chose. En psychologie, ce concept a un rôle plus descriptif qu'explicatif. EX: capable de penser, d'apprendre, d'agir, etc. Cet état peut être inné ou acquis, de nature aussi bien mentale que biologique. Ce concept est descriptif et ne peut en aucun cas se substituer à une explication des phénomènes psychologiques (Comment sait-il lire ou compter ? Réponse : parce qu'il a la capacité de lire et de compter...). Bref, en psychologie, ce terme semble davantage constituer un aveu d'ignorance qu'une explication au sens strict du terme. Certains auteurs considèrent qu'il s'agit de concept poubelle, c-à-d une famille de concept tellement vide sens que l'on peut leur accorder n'importe quelle signification. En revanche, d'autres auteurs l'utilise pour décrire une aptitude innée, quasi immuable dans sa forme, par opposition à une habileté acquise et perfectible. = capacité mentale. Ability.

Types de capacité
Capacité d'apprendre Capacité d'une mémoire Capacité de rappel
 

  NICHOLLS, J.G. (1975). The differentiation of the concept of difficulty and ability. Child Development, 54, 951-959.
NICHOLLS, J.G. (1984). Achievement motivation : conceptions of ability, subjective experience, task choice, and performance. Psychological Review, 9 (3), 328-346. [PDF]
NICHOLLS, J.G. (1980). The development of the concept of difficulty. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 26, 271-281.
NICHOLLS, J.G., PATASHNIK, M. & METTETSAL, G. (1986). Conceptions of ability and intelligence. Child Development, 57, 636-645.
NICHOLLS, J.G. & MILLER, A.T. (1984). Development and its discontents : The differentiation of the concept of ability. In J.G. Nicholls (Ed.), The development of achievement motivation (pp. 185-218). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
MILLER, A.T. & HOM, H.L. (1997). Conceptions of ability and the interpretation of praise, blame, and material rewards. The Journal of Experimental Education, 65, 2(2), 163-177.
Voir aussi Aptitude
Capacité d'apprentissage : Aptitude innée à apprendre de nouveaux comportements, présente chez la plupart des espèces animales.

  Voir aussi Apprentissage
Capacité d'une mémoire : Voir Mémoire (Empan)

  Voir aussi Capacité d'une mémoire (Empan)
Capacité de rappel : Nombre de mots qu'un individu est en mesure de se rappeler après un temps x.

  Voir aussi Rappel
Capital : Ensemble de ressources que possède un individu pour assurer son développement, jouer son rôle dans la société. Capital.

Types de capital
Capital culturel Capital humain Capital social
Capital économique Capital organisationnel Capital symbolique
 

  COMBS, J.G. & KETCHEN, D.J. (1999). Can capital scarcity help agency theory explain franchising ? Revisiting the capital scarcity hypothesis. Academy of Management Journal, 42, 196-207.
PIKETTY, T. (2013). Le capital au xxie siècle. Paris : Le Seuil.
Voir aussi Ressources
Capital culturel : Selon Bourdieu, ressources culturelles que possède un individu pour assurer son développement, jouer son rôle dans la société. EX: diplômes. Cultural capital.

  BOURDIEU, P. (1979). Les trois états du capital culturel. Actes de la Recherche en Sciences Sociales, 30, 3-6. [PDF]
LAREAU, A. (1987). Social class differences in family-school relationships : The importance of cultural capital. Sociology of Education, 60, 73-85.
BOURDIEU, P. (1987). Choses dites. Paris : Minuit.
FERNANDEZ-KELLY, P. (1995). Social and cultural capital in the urban ghetto. In A. Portes (Ed.), The economisociology of immigration : Essays on networks, ethnicity, and entrepreneurship (pp. 213-247). New York : Russell Sage Foundation.
KHODADADY, E. & ZABIHI, R. (2011). Social and cultural capital : Underlying factors and their relationship with the school achievement of Iranian university students. International Education Studies, 4 (2), 63-71. [PDF]
Voir aussi Capital
Capital économique : Selon Bourdieu, ressources économiques que possède un individu pour assurer son développement, jouer son rôle dans la société. EX: Héritage, salaire, placements boursiers, rente. Economic capital.

  BOURDIEU, P. (1987). Choses dites. Paris : Minuit.
PIKETTY, T. (2013). Le capital au xxie siècle. Paris : Le Seuil.
Voir aussi Capital
Capital humain : Human capital.

  MINCER, J. (1958). Investment in human capital and personal income distribution. The Journal of Political Economy, 281-302.
BECKER, G.S. (1962). Investment in human capital : A theoretical analysis. Journal of Political Economics, 70 (2), 9-49.
BECKER, G.S. (1964/1993). Human capital : A theoretical and empirical analysis, with special reference to education. Chicago : The University of Chicago Press.
O’NEILL, J. (1990). The role of human capital in earnings differences between Black and White men. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 4, 25-45.
Voir aussi Capital
Capital organisationnel : Ensemble des ressources dont dispose l'organisation d'une entreprise afin de remplir sa mission. Organizational capital.

  LOPEZ, J.E.N., SALAZAR, E.A.,MARTIN DE CASTRO, G. & SAÈZ, P.L. (2006). Organizational capital as competitive advantage of the firm. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 7 (3), 324-337. [PDF]
CARLIN, B.I., CHOWDHRY, B. & GARMAISE, M.J. (2012). Investment in organization capital. Journal of Financial Intermediation, 21 (2), 268-286. [PDF]
Voir aussi Organisation et Capital
Capital social : Selon Bourdieu, ressources sociales que possède un individu pour assurer son développement, jouer son rôle dans la société. EX: nos parents, nos amis, nos connaissances, nos relations. Capital social, réseau social et réseau social virtuel. Social capital.

  BOURDIEU, P. (1987). Choses dites. Paris : Minuit. SMITH, A. (2000). Mobilizing social resources : race, ethnic, and gender differences in social capital and persisting wage inequalities. The Sociological Quarterly, 41(4), 509-537.
COLEMAN, J.S. (1988). Social capital in the creation of human capital. American Journal of Sociology, 94, 95-121. WOOLCOCK, M. & NARAYAN, D. (2000). Social capital : implications for development theory, research, and policy. World Bank Research Observer, 15 (2), 225-249. [PDF]
SMART, A. (1993). Gifts, bribes, and Guanxi : a reconsideration of Bourdieu's social capital. Cultural Anthropology, 8 (30), 388-408. PORTES A. & LANDOLT, P. (2000). Social capital : promises and pitfalls of its role in development. Journal of Latin American Studies, 32, 529-547.
FERNANDEZ-KELLY, P. (1995). Social and cultural capital in the urban ghetto. In A. Portes (Ed.), The economisociology of immigration : Essays on networks, ethnicity, and entrepreneurship (pp. 213-247). New York : Russell Sage Foundation.  
BURT, R. (1997). A note on social capital and network content. Social Networks, 19 (4), 355-373. LIN, N., COOK, K. & BURT, R.S. (Eds.) (2001). Social capital. New York : Aldine de Gruyter.
PUTZEL, J. (1997). Accounting for the dark side of social capital : reading Robert Putnam on democracy. Journal of International Development, 9 (7), 939-949. WELLMAN, B., HAASE, A.Q., WITTE, J. & HAMPTON, K. (2001). Does the Internet increase, decrease, or supplement social capital ? Social networks, participation and community commitment. American Behavioral Scientist, 45, 436-455.
KAWACHI I., KENNEDY, B. P., OCHNER, K., & PROTHROw-STITH, D. (1997). Social capital, income inequality, and mortality. American Journal of Public Health, 87, 1491-1498. MAYOUX, L. (2001). Tackling the downside : social capital, women's empowerment and micro-finance in Cameroon. Development & Change, 32 (3), 435-464.
BURT, R. (1997). The contingent value of social capital. Administrative Science Quarterly, 42, 339-365. MOLYNEAUX, M. (2002). Gender and the silences of social 1435 capital. Development & Change, 33 (2), 167-188.
NAHAPIET, J. & GHOSHAL, S. (1998). Social capital, intellectual capital, and the organizational advantage. The Academy of Management Review, 23, 242-266. SILVEY, R. & ELMHIRST, R. (2003). Engendering social capital : Women workers and rural urban networks in Indonesia's crisis. World Devlopment, 31 (5), 865-879. [PDF]
BURT, R. (1998). The gender of social capital. Rationality & Society, 10 (1), 5-46.  
PORTES, A. (1998). Social capital : its origins and appli- cations in modern sociology. Annual Review of Sociology, 24, 1-24. VEENSTRA, G., LUGINAAH, I., WAKEFIELD, S., BIRCH, S., EYLES, J. & ELLIOTT, S. (2005). Who you know, where you live: Social capital, neighbourhood and health. Social Science & Medicine, 60, 2799-2818.
JACKMAN, R.W. & MILLER, R.A. (1998). Social capital and politics. Annual Review of Political Science, 1, 4-73. WILLIAMS, D. (2006). On and off the "net" : Scales for social capital in an online era. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 11, 593-628.
WOOLCOCK, M. (1998). Social capital and economic development : toward a theoretical synthesis and policy framework. Theory & Society, 27 (2), 151-208. ELLISON, N.B., STEINFIELD, C. & LAMPE, C. (2007). The benefits of Facebook "friends" : Social capital and college students' use of online social network sites. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 12 (4), 1143-1168.
LIN, N. (1999). Building a network theory of social capital. Connections, 22, 28-51. STEINFIELD, C., ELLISON, N.B. & LAMPE, C. (2008). Social capital, self-esteem, and use of online social network sites : A longitudinal analysis. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 29 (6), 434-445. [PDF]
MORROW, V. (1999). Conceptualizing social capital in relation to the well-being of children and young people: A critical review. Sociological Review, 47, 744-765. VALENZUELA, S., PARK, N. & KEE, K.F. (2009). Is there social capital in a social network site ? : Facebook use and college students' life satisfaction, trust, and participation. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 14 (4), 875-901. [PDF]
FINE, B. (1999). The developmental state is dead : Long live social capital ? Development & Change, 30, 1-19. ELLISON, N.B., LAMPE, C., STEINFIELD, C. & VITAK, J. (2010). With a little help from my friends : Social network sites and social capital. In Z. Papacharissi (Ed.), The networked self : Identity, community and culture on social network sites (pp. 124-145). New York : Routledge.
COMBS, J.G. & KETCHEN, D.J. (1999). Can capital scarcity help agency theory explain franchising ? Revisiting the capital scarcity hypothesis. Academy of Management Journal, 42 196-207. VAN TUBERGEN, F. & VOLKER, B. (2015). Inequality in access to social capital in the Netherlands. Sociology, 49 (3), 521-38.
BEBBINGTON, A. & PERREAULT, T. (1999). Social capital, development, and access to resources in highland Ecuador. Economic Geography, 75 (4), 395-418. VERHAEGHE, P., VAN DER BRACHT, K. & VAN DE PUTTE, B. (2015). Inequalities in social capital and their longitudinal effects on the labour market entry. Social Networks 40, 174-184.
Voir aussi Capital
Capital symbolique : Selon Bourdieu, connaissance et reconnaissance que les individus ont de la distribution inégale du capital cuturel, social et économique au sein de la société. = conscience de classe.

  BOURDIEU, P. (1987). Choses dites. Paris : Minuit.
BOURDIEU, P. (1994). Raisons pratiques. Paris : Seuil.
GUILBERT, S. (2010). Violence et capital symbolique : L’exemple du sport. French Cultural Studies, 21 (1), 19-30.
Voir aussi Capital
Capitalisme : Système économique fondé sur la quête du profit et l'accumulation des biens. Capitalism.

  SCHUMPETER, J. (1950). Capitalism, socialism, and democracy. New York : Harper.  
GALBRAITH, J.K. (1952). American capitalism : The concept of countervailing power. Boston : Houghton Mifflin. GERLACH, M. (1992). Alliance capitalism: The social organization of Japanese business. Berkeley: University of California Press.
RAND, A. (1967). Capitalism : The unknown ideal. New York : Signet. REDDING, S.G. (1993). The spirit of Chinese capitalism. New York : Walter de Gruyter.
AGLIETTA, M. (1974), Accumulation et régulation du capitalisme en longue période. L’exemple des Etats Unis (1870-1970). Paris : INSEE. BONEFELD, W. (1999). Notes on competition, capitalist crises and class. Historical Materialism, 5 (1), 5-28.
BOURQUE, G. (1977). L'état capitalisme et la question nationale. Montréal : Les Presses de l'Université de Montréal. [PDF] CRAMER, C. (2002). Capitalism, violence, and war. In A. Saad-Filho (Ed.), Anti-capitalism : a Marxist introduction. London : Pluto Press.
FINE, B., KINSEY, R., LEA, J., PICCIOTTO, S. & YOUNG, J. (Eds) (1979). Capitalism and the rule of law : from deviancy to marxism, London : Hutchinson. DOSTALER, G. et MARIS, B. (2009). Capitalisme et pulsion de mort. Paris : Albin Michel.
THOMPSON, P. (2010). The capitalist labour process : Concepts and connections. Capital & Class, 34 (1), 7-14. [PDF]
CLARKE, S. (1990). Crisis of fordism and the crisis of capitalism. Telos, 83, 71-98. [PDF] HOLLOWAY, J. (2010/12). Crack capitalism. Pluto Press. / Crack Capitalism : 33 thèses contre le capital. Libertalia.
LEPAGE, H. (1978). Demain le capitalisme. Paris : Édition Hachette.
Caplan
Jeremy B. Caplan Paula J. Caplan Robert D. Caplan
 
Caplan Jeremy B. ( ) : Psychologue américain. Collaborateur de Caplan.

CAPLAN, P.J. & CAPLAN, J.B. (1997). Do sex-related differences exist, and why do people seek them out? In P.J. Caplan, M. Crawford, J.S. Hyde & J.T.E. Richardson (Eds.), Gender differences in human cognition (pp. 52-80). New York : Oxford University Press.
CAPLAN, P.J. & CAPLAN, J.B. (1999). Thinking critically about research on sex and gender. New York : Longman.
 
 
Caplan Paula J. (Springfield États-Unis) : Psychologue féministe et clinicienne américaine, spécialisée dans l'étude de la sexualité des femmes, des critères de santé mentale et des genres. Collaboratrice de Caplan et Hyde.
CAPLAN, P.J. (1984). The myth of women’s masochism. American Psychologist, 39, 130-139.
CAPLAN, P.J. (1991). How do they decide who is normal ? The bizarre, but true, tale of the DSM process. Canadian Psychology, 32 (2), 162-170.
CAPLAN, P.J. (1992). What should we ask about women and therapy ? Canada's Mental Health, 40, 25-26.
CAPLAN, P.J. & CAPLAN, J.B. (1999). Thinking critically about research on sex and gender. New York : Longman.
CAPLAN, P.J. (2001). Chronic fatigue syndrome : A first-person story. Women & Therapy special issue on Minding the Body, 23 (1), 23-43.
 
DAGENAIS, H. (1994). Paula J. Caplan : Lifting a ton of feathers. A woman’s guide to surviving in the academic world. Recherches Féministes, 7 (1), 155-158. [PDF]
Caplan Robert D. ( ) : Psychologue organisationel américain, spécialisé dans l'étude du travail, du stress et de la perte d'emploi. Collaborateur de French et Vinokur.

CAPLAN, R.D. (1972). Organizational stress and individual strain : a social psychological study of risk factors in coronary heart disease among administrators, engineers and scientists. Dissertation Abstract International, 32.
FRENCH, J.R.P., CAPLAN, R.D. & HARRISON, R.V. (1982). The mechanisms of job stress and strain. New York : John Wiley.
CAPLAN, R.D., VINOKUR, A.D., PRICE, R.H. & VAN RYN, M. (1989). Job seeking, reemployment, and mental health : A randomized field experiment in coping with job loss. Journal of Applied Psychology, 74 (5), 759-769. [PDF]
CAPLAN, R.D. & HARRISON, R.V. (1993). Person-environment fit theory : Some history, recent developments, and future directions. Journal of Social Issues, 49, 253-276.
CAPLAN, R.D., VINOKUR, A.D. & PRICE, R.H. (1997). From job loss to reemployment : field experiments in prevention-focused coping. In G.W. Albee & T.P. Gullotta (Eds.), Primary prevention works (Vol. 16, pp. 341-379). Thousand Oaks, CA : Sage Publications.
Caprice alimentaire : Trouble alimentaire mineur qui consiste à manger une gamme restreinte d'aliments ou à lever le nez sur certaines catégories d'aliments (les légumes, le poisson, etc.), qui ne sont pourtant associées à aucune aversion alimentaire ou proscrit par aucune diète (diabète, végéatrisme, etc.). Food selectivity.

   SHORE, B.A., BABBITT, R L., WILLIAMS, K.E., COE, D.A. & SNYDER, A. (1998). Use of texture fading in the treatment of food selectivity. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 31, 621-633. [PDF]
 PIAZZA, C.C., PATEL, M.R., SANTANA, C.M., GOH, H., DELIA, M.D. & LANCASTER, B.M. (2002). An evaluation of simultaneous and sequential presentation of preferred and nonpreferred food to treat food selectivity. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 35 (3), 259-270. [PDF]
Voir aussi Trouble alimentaire
Captivité : Voir Animal en captivité.
Capture/Recapture : Mécanisme chimique qui agit dans la fente synaptique, à la jonction de deux neurones, afin d'augmenter ou de diminuer la quantité de neuro-transmetteur et ainsi permettre (excitation) ou non (inhibition) le passage de l'influx nerveux.

 
Capucin (Cebus capucinus/Cebus apella) : Singe. Capuchin monkey.

   D'AMATO, M.R. & COLOMBO, M (1985). Auditory matching-to-sample inmonkeys (Cebusapella). Animal Learning & Behavior, 13, 375-382.  MEUNIER, H., LECA, J.B. DENEUBOUR, J.L. & PETIT, O. (2006). Group movement decisions in capuchin monkeys : The utility of an experimental study and a mathematical model to explore the relationship between individual and collective behaviours. Behaviour, 143, 1511-1527. [PDF]
 D'AMATO, M.R. SALMON, D.P. & COLOMBO, M. (1985). Extent and limits of the matching concept in monkeys (Cebus apella). Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Behavior Processes, 11 (1), 35-51.  LECA, J.B., GUNST, N. & PETIT, O. (2007). Social aspects of fur rubbing in Cebus capucinus and C. apella. International Journal of Primatology, 28, 801-817. [PDF]
  ADDESSI, E., CRESCIMBENE L. & VISALBERGHI E. (2007). Do capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella) use tokens as symbols ? Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 274, 2579-2585.
 D'AMATO, M.R. SALMON, D.P. & COLOMBO, M. (1986). Processing of identity and conditional relations in monkeys (Cebus apella) and pigeons (Columba livid). Animal Learning & Behavior, 14 (4), 365-373. [PDF]  MEUNIER, H. & VAUCLAIR, J. (2007). Hand preferences on unimanual and bimanual tasks in white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus). American Journal of Primatology, 69, 1064-1069. [PDF]
 D'AMATO, M.R. & COLOMBO, M. (1988). Representation of serial order in monkeys (Cebus apella). Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Behavior Processes, 14, 131-139. BERAN, M.J., KLEIN, E.D., EVANS, T.A., CHAN, B., FLEMMING, T.J., HARRIS E.H., WASHBURN, D.A. & RUMBAUGH, D.M. (2008). Discrimination reversal learning in capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella). Psychological Record, 58, 3-14.
 D'AMATO, M.R. & VAN SANT, P. (1988). The person oncept in monkeys (Cebus apella). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 14 (1), 43-55. BERAN, M.J. (2008). Capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella) succeed in a test of quantity conservation. Animal Cognition, 11, 109-116.
 D'AMATO, M.R. & COLOMBO, M. (1989). Serial learning with wild card items by monkeys (Cebus apella) : Implications for knowledge of ordinal position. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 103, 252-261. BERAN, M.J., HARRIS E.H., EVANS, T.A., KLEIN, E.D., CHAN, B., FLEMMING, T.J. & WASHBURN, D.A. (2008). Ordinal judgments of symbolic stimuli by capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella) and rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) : The effects of differential and nondifferential reward. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 122, 52-61.
 D'AMATO, M.R. & COLOMBO, M. (1989). On the limits of the matching concept in monkeys (Cebus apella). Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 52 (3), 225–236. [PDF]  SMITH, J.D., BERANJUSTIN, M.J., COUCHMAN, J. COUTINHO, M.V.C. & BOOMER, J.B. (2009). The curious incident of the capuchins. Comparative Cognition & Behavior Reviews, 4, 61-64. [PDF]
VISALBERGHI, E. & LIMONGELLI, L. (1994). Lack of comprehension of cause-effect relations in tool-using capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 108, 15-22. BERAN, M.J., SMITH, J.D., COUTONHO, M.V.C., COUCHMAN, J.J. & BOOMER, J. (2009). The psychological organization of "uncertainty"responses and "middle" responses : A dissociation in capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella). Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Behavior Processes 35,371-381
  POTI, P., KANNGIESSER, P., SAPORITI, M., AMICONI, A.B.B. & CALL, J. (2010). Searching in the middle capuchins' (Cebus apella) and bonobos' (Pan paniscus) behavior during a spatial search task. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Animal Behavior Processes, 36, (1), 92-109.
ANDERSON, J.R, SALLABERRY, P. & BARBIER, H. (1996). Use of experimenter-given cues during object-choice tasks by capuchin monkeys.Animal Behaviour, 49 (1), 201-208.  BERGSTROM, M.L. & FEDIGAN, L.M. (2010). Dominance among female white-faced capuchin monkeys (Cebus capucinus) : hierarchical linearity, nepotism, strength and stability. Behaviour, 147, 899-931. [PDF]
   YOCOM. A.M. & BOYSEN, S.Y. (2010). Capuchins (Cebus apella) can solve a means-ends problem. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 124, 271-277.
 ITAKURA, S. & ANDERSON, J.R. (1996). Learning to use experimenter-given cues during an object-choice task by a capuchin monkey. Current Psychology of Cognition, 15, 103-112. BERAN, M.J. & SMITH, J.D. (2011). Information seeking by rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) and capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella). Cognition, 120, 90-105.
BAKER, M. (1996). Fur rubbing : Use of medicinal plants by capuchin monkeys (Cebus capucinus). American Journal of Primatology, 38, 263-270. SABBATINI, G., TRUPPA, V., HRIBAR, A., GAMBETTA, B., CALL, J. & VISALBERGHI, E. (2012). Understanding the functional properties of tools: chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella) attend to tool features differently. Animal Cognition, 15, 577-59-. [PDF]
COLOMBO, M. & FROST, N. (2001). Representation of serial order in humans : A comparison to the findings with monkeys (Cebus apella). Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 8 (2), 262-269. [PDF] BERAN, M.J. & PARRISH, A.E. (2012). Sequential responding and planning in capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella). Animal Cognition, 15 (6), 1085-1094. [PDF]
 LECA, J.B., FORNASIERI, I. & PETIT, O. (2002). Aggression and reconciliation in Cebus capucinus. International Journal of Primatology, 23, 979-998. PAGLIERI, F., FOCAROLI, V., BRAMLETT, J., TIERNO, V., MCINTYRE, J., ADDESSI, E., EVANS, T.A. & BERAN, M.J. (2013). The hybrid delay task : Can capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella) sustain a delay after an initial choice to do so ? Behavioural Processes, 94, 45-54. [PDF]
HARE,B., ADDESSI, E., CALL, J., TOMASELLO, M. & VISALBERGHI, E. (2003). Do capuchin monkeys, Cebus apella, know what conspecifics do and do not see ? Animal Behaviour, 65, 13-142. ADDESSI, E., PAGLIERI, F., BERAN, M. EVANS, T. MACCHITELLA, L., DE PETRILLO, F. & FOCAROLI, V. (2013). Delay choice vs. delay maintenance : Different measures of delayed gratification in capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 127, 392-398. [PDF]
 O'MALLEY, R.C. & FEDIGAN, L.M. (2005). Evaluating social influences on food-processing behavior in white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus). American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 127, 481-491. [PDF]  LEIMGRUBER, K.L., WARD, A.F., WIDNESS, J., NORTON, M.I., OLSON, K.R., GRAY, K. & SANTOS, L.R. (2014). Give what you get : Capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella) and 4-year-old children pay forward positive and negative outcomes to conspecifics. PLoS ONE 9 (1): 1-8. [PDF]
 VOGEL, E.R. (2005). Rank differences in energy intake rates in white-faced capuchin monkeys, Cebus capucinus : The effects of contest competition. Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology, 58, 333-344. EVANS, T.A., PERDUE, B.M., PARRISH, EA. & BERAN, M.J. (2014). Working and waiting for better rewards : Self-control in two monkey species (Cebus apella and Macaca mulatta). Behavioural Processes, 103, 236-242.
  BERAN, M.J. CHURCH, B.A., SMITH, J.D. & PERDU B.M. (2016). Capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella) modulate their use of an uncertainty response depending on risk. Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Learning & Cognition, 42 (1), 32-43. [PDF]
  PARRISH, A.E., JAMES, B.T., ROSSETTIE, M.S., SMITH, T., OTALORA-GARCIA, A. & BERAN, M.J. (2018). Investigating the depletion effect : Self-control does not waiver in capuchin monkeys. Animal Behavior & Cognition, 5(1), 118-138. [PDF]
DAWKINS, R. (2004/07). The ancestor's tale : A pilgrimage to the dawn of evolution. New York : Houghton Mifflin./ Il était une fois l'évolution. Paris : Hachette. Voir aussi Animal et Singe
Caraco Thomas ( ) : Biologiste et écologiste américain, spécialisé dans l'étude des groupes. Collaborateur de Giraldeau et Kacelnik.
CARACO, T. & WOLF, L.L. (1975). Ecological determinants of group sizes of foraging lion. The American Naturalist, 109 (967), 343-352.
CARACO, T. (1979). Time budgeting and group size: a theory. Ecology 60, 611-617.
CARACO, T. (1979). Time budgeting and group size : a test of theory. Ecology, 60, 618-627.
CARACO, T. & GIRALDEAU, L.-A. (1991). Social foraging : producing and scrounging in a stochastic environment. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 153, 559-583.
CARACO, T., KACELNIK, A., MESNICK, N. & SMULEWITZ, M. (1992). Short- term rate maximization when rewards and delays covary. Animal Behaviour, 44, 441-448.
Caractère : Le mot a un sens psychologique et biologique : a) En psychologie, il désigne les variations ou les traits distinctifs de la personnalité d'un individu (parfois appliqué aux animaux); b) En biologie, il renvoie à l'expression particulière d'un gène ou d'un groupe de gènes aux différents niveaux d'organisation biologique d'un organisme (comportemental, physiologique, neuronal, biochimique) sous l'influence (caractère acquis) ou non (caractère inné) de l'environnement. = caractère phénotypé. Character.

  a
HOLLINGWORTH, H.L. (1922). Judging human character. New York : Appleton.  BERGER, G. (1952). Traité pratique d'analyse du caractère. Paris : Presses Universitaires de France.
KRETSCHMER, E.K. (1925). Physique and character. London : Kegan Paul. LE GALL, A. (1973). Caractérologie des enfants et des adolescents. Paris : Presses Universitaires de France.
KANTOR, J.R. (1937-1938). Character and personality : their nature and interrelations. Character & Personality, 2, 3-32. REICH, W. (1984/96). Character analysis. FSG Adult / L'analyse caractérielle. Paris : Payot.
WALLON, H. (1934/49/70). Les origines du caractère chez l'enfant. Paris : Presses Universitaires de France. SAUCIER, G. & GOLDBERG, L.R. (2006). Personnalité, caractère et tempérament : La structure translinguistique des traits. Psychologie Française, 51, 265-284. [PDF]
Voir aussi Traits et Personnalité
b
Voir aussi Gène
Caractère sexuel primaire : Organes qui distinguent les deux sexes d'une espèce et qui sont essentiels à leur reproduction. = organes sexuelles, organes génitaux.

 
Caractère sexuel secondaire : Traits ou variations anatomiques qui distinguent les deux sexes d'une espèce, mais qui ne participent pas directement à la reproduction. Ces caractères se développent à la puberté chez l'humain (mue de la voix, élargissement du bassin et des épaules, augmentation de la musculature, des seins et de la pilosité, etc.). Secondary sexual characteristics.

  BROOKS-GUNN, J. & WARREN, M.P. (1988). The psychological significance of secondary sexual characteristics in 9- to 11-year-old girls. Child Development, 59, 1061-1069.
HERMAN-GIDDENS, M.E., SLORA, E., WASSERMAN, R., BOURDONY, C.J., BHAPAR. M.M., KOCH, G.G. & HASEMEIER, C.M. (1997). Secondary sexual characteristics and menses in young girls seen in office practice : a study from the Pediatric Research in Office Settings network. Pediatrics, 99 (4), 505–512.
HERMAN-GIDDENS, M.E., WANG, L. & KOCH, G. (2001). Secondary sexual characteristics in boys : estimates from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, 1988-1994. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 155 (9),1022-1028.
HERMAN-GIDDENS, M.E., STEFFES, J., HARRIS, D., SLORA, E., HUSSEY, M., DOWSHEN, S.A., WASSERMAN, R., SERWINT, J.R., SMITHERMAN, L. & REITER, E.O. (2012). Secondary sexual characteristics in boys : Data from the pediatric research in office settings network. Pediatrics, 130 (5), 1058-1068. [PDF]
Caractériser : En biologie et en écologie, consiste à décrire les caractéristiques essentielles/propriétés d'un milieu, d'un environnement. Par analogie, on utilise le terme pour décrire certains phénomènes psychologiques. Characterization.

  WOLF, K., MASS, R., KIEFER, F., WIEDEMANN, K. & NABER, D. (2006). Characterization of the facial expression of emotions in schizophrenia patients : Preliminary findings with a new electromyography method. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 51 (6), 335-341. [PDF]
Caractéristique (des objets) : Propriété d'un objet. EX: Ce mur est bleu, cette femme est grande. = propriété.

 
Caractéristique physique :

Caractéristiques physiques
Cheveux
Nez
Poids
Sourire
Sein
Taille
Yeux

  Voir aussi Beauté et Apparence physique
Cardiaque : Voir Maladie cardiaque.
Carelli Regina M. ( ) : Neuropsychologue béhavioriste américaine et spécialiste de l'étude du noyau accumbens et de son rôle dans le conditionnement et la dépendance aux drogues, notamment la cocaïne.
CARELLI, R.M. & DEADWYLE, S.A. (1994). A comparison of nucleus accumbens neuronal firing patterns during cocaine self-administration and water reinforcement in rats. Journal of Neuroscience, 14 (12), 7735-7746. [PDF]
CARELLI, R.M. & DEADWYLER, S.A. (1997). Cellular mechanisms underlying reinforcement-related processing in the nucleus accumbens : electrophysiological studies in behaving animals. Pharmacology Biochemistry & Behavior, 57, 495–504.
CARELLI, R.M., IJAMES, S.G. & CRUMLING, A.J. (2000). Evidence that separate neural circuits in the nucleus accumbens encode cocaine versus "natural" (water and food) reward. Journal of Neuroscience, 20, (11), 4255-4266. [PDF]
CARELLI, R.M. (2002). Nucleus accumbens cell firing during goal-directed behaviors for cocaine vs. "natural" reinforcement. Physiology & Behavior, 76, 379-387.
CARELLI, R.M. & WIGHTMAN, R.M. (2004). Functional microcircuitry in the accumbens underlying drug addiction : insights from real-time signaling during behavior. Current Opinion in Neurobiology 14, 763–768. [PDF]
Caribou (Rangifer tarandus) : Animal de la classe des mammifères. Boreal caribou, northern mountain caribou.
   DE VOS, A. & PETERSON, R.L. (1951). A review of the status of woodland caribou in Ontario. Journal of Mammalogy, 32, 329-337. DUCHESNE, M., CÔTÉ, S.D. & BARRETTE, C. (2000). Responses of woodland caribou to winter ecotourism in the Charlevoix Biosphere Reserve, Canada. Biological Conservation, 96, 311-317.
 BANFIELD, A.W.F. & TENER, J.S. (1958). A preliminary study of the Ungava caribou. Journal of Mammalogy, 39, 560-573.  RACEY, G.D. & ARMSTRONG, A. (2000). Woodland caribou range occupancy in northwestern Ontario : past and present. Rangifer, Special Issue, 12, 173-184.
 BERGERUD, A.T. (1978). Caribou. In J.L. Schmidt and D.L. Gilbert (Eds.), Big game of North America : ecology and management. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania : Stackpole Books  RUSSELL, D.E. & WHITE, G. (2000). Surviving in the north- a conceptual model of reproductive strategies in arctic caribou. Rangifer Special Issue, 12, 67.
   BOUDREAU, S., PAYETTE, S., MORNEAU, C. & LAMOTHE, P. (2002). Le caribou migrateur (Rangifer tarandus L.) du Nord québécois dans l’espace et le temps. La Société d'Histoire Naturelle du Canada, 24-35. [PDF]
 CALEF, G. (1981). Caribou and the barren-lands. Toronto Firefly Books Ltd.  COURTOIS, R.L., BERNATCHEZ, J.P., OULLET, J.P. & BRETON, L. (2003). Significance of caribou (Rangifer tarandus) ecotypes from a molecular genetics viewpoint. Conservation Genetics, 4, 393-404.
 RUSSELL, D.E & MARTELL, A.M. (1984). The winter ecology of caribou (Rangifer tarandus). In R. Olson, F. Geddes & R. Hastings (Eds.), Northern ecology and resource management. Edmonton : University of Alberta Press.  BROWN, G.S., MALLORY, F.F. & RETTIE, W.J. (2003). Range size and seasonal movement for female woodland caribou in the boreal forest of northeastern Ontario. Rangifer Special Issue, 14, 227-233.
   SCHMELZER, I. & OTTO, R. (2003). Winter range drift in the George River caribou herd : a response to summer forage limitation ? Rangifer Special Issue, 14, 113-122.
 FANCY, S.G. & WHITE, R.G. (1985). Energy expenditure by caribou while cratering in snow. Journal of Wildlife Management, 49, 987-993.  CRONIN, M.A., McNEIL, M.C. & PATTON, J.C. (2005). Variation in Mitochondrial DNA and Microsatellite DNA in Caribou (Rangifer tarandus) in North America. Journal of Mammalogy, 86 (3), 495-505.
 BERGERUD, A.T. & ELLIOT, J.P. (1986). Dynamics of caribou and wolves in northern British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 64, 1515-1529.  BOUDREAU, S., PAYETTE, S., MORNEAU, C. & COUTURIER, S. (2003). Recent decline of the George River caribou herd as revealed by tree-ring analysis. Arctic, Antarctic, & Alpine Research, 35, 187-195.
 BARRETTE, C. & VANDAL, D. (1986). Social rank, dominance, antler size, and access to food in snow-bound woodland caribou. Behaviour, 97, 118-146.  BOUDREAU, S. & PAYETTE, S. (2004). Growth performance of Cladina stellaris following caribou disturbance in subarctic Québec. Écoscience, 11, 347-355.
 BERGERUD, A.T. (1988). Caribou, wolves and man. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 3, 68-72.  PAYETTE, S., BOUDREAU, S., MORNEAU, C. & PITRE, N. (2004). Long- term interactions between migratory caribou, wildfires and Nunavik hunters inferred from tree-rings. Ambio, 33, 482-486.
 COUTURIER, S., BRUNELLE, J., VANDAL, D. & ST-MARTIN, G. (1990). Changes in the population dynamics of the George River caribou herd, 1976-87. Arctic, 43, 9-20.  BOUDREAU, S. & PAYETTE, S. (2004). Caribou-induced changes in species dominance of lichen woodlands : an application of plant remains. American Journal of Botany, 91, 422-429.
 CRÊTE, M., RIVEST, L.P., LE HÉNAFF, D. & LUTTICH, S.N. (1991). Adapting sampling plans to caribou distribution on calving grounds. Rangifer Special Issue, 7,137-150.  PARKER, K.L., BARBOZA, P.S. & STEPHENSON, T.R. (2005). Protein conservation in female caribou (Rangifer tarandus): effects of decreasing diet quality during winter. Journal of Mammalogy, 86, 610-622.
 CRÊTE, M. & HUOT, J. (1993). Regulation of a large herd of migratory caribou : summer nutrition affects calf growth and body reserves of dams. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 71,2291-2296.  ADAMS, L.G. (2005). Effects of maternal characteristics and climatic variation on birth masses of Alaskan caribou. Journal of Mammalogy, 86, 506-513.
GAGNON, L. et C. BARRETTE, C. (1995). Caribous du Nouveau-Québec : inventaire terrestre à la saison des mises bas. Cahiers d’Éthologie, 14, 313-318.  BOULET, M.S., COUTURIER, S. CÔTÉ, S.D., OTTO, R. & BERNATCHEZ, L. (2007). Integrative use of spatial, genetic, and demographic analyses for investigating genetic connectivity between migratory, montane, and sedentary caribou herds. Molecular Ecology, 16, 4223-4240.
 COUTURIER, S., COURTOIS, R., CRÉPEAU, H., RIVEST, L.P. & LUTTICH, S. (1996). Calving photocensus of the Rivière George caribou herd and comparison with an independent census. Rangifer Special Issue, 9, 283-296.  GEIST, V. (2007). Defining subspecies, invalid taxonomic tools, and the fate of the woodland caribou. Rangifer, Special Issue, 17, 25-28. [PDF]
 BERGERUD, A.T. (1996). Evolving perspectives on caribou population dynamics, have we got it right yet ? Rangifer Special Issue, 9, 95-115.  VORS, L.S., SCHAEFER, J.A., POND, P.A., RODGERS, A.R. & PATTERSON, B.R. (2007). Woodland caribou extirpation and anthropogenic landscape disturbance in Ontario. Journal of Wildlife Management, 71 (4), 1249-1256. [PDF]
 CRÊTE, M., COUTURIER, S., HEARN, B.J. & CHUBB, T.E. (1996). Relative contribution of decreased productivity and survival to recent changes in the demographic trend of the Rivière George caribou herd. Rangifer 9, 27-36.  BOULET, M.S., COUTURIER, S.D., CÔTÉ, R.D., OTTO, R.D. & BERNATCHEZ, L. (2007). Integrative use of spatial, genetic and demographic analyses for investigating genetic connectivity between migratory, montane, and sedentary caribou herds. Molecular Ecology, 16, 4223-4240. [PDF]
 ADAMS, L.G. & DALE, B.W. (1998). Reproductive performance of female Alaskan caribou. Journal of Wildlife Management, 62, 1184-1195.  BERGERUD, A.T., LUTTICH, S.N. & CAMPS, L. (2008). The return of caribou to Ungava. McGill-Queen’s University Press, Montreal, Qc.
MORNEAU, C. & PAYETTE, S. (1998). A dendroecological method to evaluate past caribou (Rangifer tarandus L.) activity. Écoscience, 5, 64-76. [PDF]  
 ABRAHAM, K.F. & THOMPSON, J E. (1998). Defining the Pen Islands caribou herd of southern Hudson Bay. Rangifer Special Issue, 10, 33-40.  SHARMA, S., COUTURIER, S. & CÔTÉ, S.D. (2009). Impacts of climate change on the seasonal distribution of migratory caribou. Global Change Biology, 15, 2549-2562.
 CUMMING, H.G. (1998). Status of woodland caribou in Ontario : 1996. Rangifer Special Issue, 10, 99-104.  COUTURIER, S., CÔTÉ, S.D., OTTO, R., WELADJI, B. & HUOT, J. (2009). Variations in calf body mass in migratory caribou : the role of habitat, climate, and movements. Journal of Mammalogy, 90, 442-452. [PDF]
 CHAN-MCLEOD, A.C.A., WHITE, R.G. & RUSSELL, D.E. (1999). Comparative body composition strategies of breeding and non- breeding female caribou. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 77, 1901-1907.  COUTURIER, S., OTTO, R.D., CÔTÉ, S.D., LUTHER, G. & MAHONEY, S.P. (2010). Body size variations in caribou ecotypes and relationships with demography. Journal of Wildlife Management, 74, 395-404.
Voir aussi Animal
Cardinalité : Propriété des nombres qui désigne la quantité. Cardinalité, nombre et ordinalité. = taille, quantité. Cardination.

   BRAINERD, C.J. (1976). Measuring the ordination ordination --» cardination sequence. Psychological Reports, 88, 1266.
 BRAINERD, C.J. (1977). Effects of spatial cues on children's cardinal number judgments. Developmental Psychology, 13, 425-430.
KINGMA, J. & ROELINGA, U. (1983). Task sensitivity and the sequence of development in seriation, ordinal correspondence, and cardination. Genetic Psychology Monographs, 110, 181-205.
IONIN, T. & MATUSHANSKY, O. (2006). The composition of complex cardinal. Journal of Semantics, 2 (3), 315-360.
Carlsson Arvid (Uppsala 1923-) : Neurobiologiste suédois et lauréat du prix Nobel de physiologie et de médecine en 2000 pour ses travaux sur le rôle de la dopamine comme médiateur chimique du cerveau, notamment dans le contrôle de la motricité. Ces travaux ont également permis de mieux comprendre la maladie de Parkinson.
 CARLSSON, A. (1976). The contribution of drug research to investigating the nature of endogenous depression. Pharmakopsychiatry, 9, 2-10.
 CARLSSON, A. (1986). Current views on the mode of action of antidepressant drugs. Advances in Pharmacotherapy, 2, 167-174.
 CARLSSON, A. (1988). The current status of the dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia. Neuropsychopharmacology, 1, 179-186.
 CARLSSON, A. & LECRUBIER, Y. (2004). Progress in dopamine research schizophrenia : A Guide for physicians. Taylor & Francis.
 CARLSSON, A. & WONG, D.T. (1997). A note on the discovery of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Life Science, 161, 1203-1203.
Carmichael Leonard (Philadelphie 1898-1973 Washington) : Psychologue américain et spécialiste de l'étude du développement. Président de l'APA en 1940. Collaborateur de Schlosberg.
 CARMICHAEL, L. (1925). Heredity and environment : Are they antithetical ? Journal of Abnormal & Social Psychology, 20, 245-260.
 CARMICHAEL, L. (1926). The development of behavior in vertebrates experimentally removed from the influence of external stimulation. Psychological Review, 33, 51-58.
 CARMICHAEL, L. (1926). What is empirical psychology ? American Journal of Psychology, 37, 521-527.
 CARMICHAEL, L. (1928). A further experimental study of the development of behavior. Psychological Review, 35, 253-269.
 CARMICHAEL, L. (1941). The experimental embryology of mind. Psychological Bulletin, 38, 1-28.
Carnap Rudolf (Ronsdorf Allemagne 1891-1970 Santa Monica, États-Unis) : Philosophe et épistémologue allemand. Membre du Cercle de Vienne. Professeur d'Apostel.
 CARNAP, R. (1935). Les concepts physiques et les concepts psychologiques sont-ils différents ? Revue de Synthese.
 CARNAP, R. (1943). Formalization of logic. Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press.
 CARNAP, R. (1947). Meaning and necessity : a study in semantics and modal logic. Chicago : University of Chicago Press.
 CARNAP, R. (1950). Empiricism, semantics, and ontology. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 4, 20-40. / In R. Rorty (Ed.), The linguistic turn. Chicago : University of Chicago Press.
 CARNAP, R. (1952). The continuum of inductive methods. Chicago : University of Chicago Press.
 
ROZEBOOM, W.W. (1960). A note on Carnap's meaning criterion. Philosophical Studies, 11, 33-38.
 PSILLOS, S. (2008). Carnap and incommensurability. Philosophical Inquiry, 30 (1-2), 135-156.
 JUSTUS, J. (2014). Carnap's forgotten criterion of empirical significance. Mind, 123 (490), 415-36.
Carnet de thérapie : Technique thérapeutique comportementale et cognitive qui consiste à demander au patient/client de noter ses comportements et le contexte (Sd et contingence) dans lequel ils sont émis.

  KANFER, F.H. (1975). Self-management methods. In F.H. Kanfer & A.P. Goldstein AP (Eds), Helping people change (pp 309-356). New York : Pergamon.
Carnine Douglas W. ( ) : Psychopédagogue behavioriste américain et chef de file de l'enseignement direct. Collaborateur de Baker, Becker, Biglan, Englemann, Gersten et Kame'enui
CARNINE, D.W. (1976). Effects of two-teacher presentation rates on off-task behavior, answering correctly, and participation. Journal of Applied Behavioral Analysis, 9 (2), 199-206. [PDF]
CARNINE, D.W. (1979). Direct instruction : A successful system for educationally high risk children. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 11 (1), 29-45.
CARNINE, D.W. (1980). Three procedures for presenting minimally different positive and negative instances. Journal of Educational Psychology, 72 (4), 452-456.
CARNINE, D.W., KAMEENUI, E.J. & WOOLFSON, N. (1982). Training of textual dimensions related to text-based inferences. Journal of Literacy Research, 14, 335-340. [PDF]
CARNINE, D. (1992). Rational schools : The role of science in helping education become a profession. Behavior & Social Issues, 5 (2), 5-19.
Carnivore : Ordre animal qui se nourrit essentiellement d'autres animaux. Carnivore et herbivore. Carnivore.

Les carnivores
Chat Coyote Loup
Chacal   Lycaon
Chauve-souris Dauphin Ours
Chien Humain Rat
Chimpanzé Lion Renard
 

  SCHALLER, G.B. & LOWTHER, G.R. (1969). The relevance of carnivore behavior to the study of early hominids. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology, 25, 307-341. NAHALLAGE, C.A.D. & HUFFMAN, M.A. (2006). Observations of meat eating by captive juvenile macaques. Laboratory Primate Newsletter 45 (1), 1-4.
TARROUX, A., BÊTY, J., GAUTHIER, G. & BERTEAUX, D. (2012). The marine side of a terrestrial carnivore : intra-population variation in use of allochthonous resources by arctic foxes. PLoS one, 7 (8), 1-12. [PDF]  
PACKER, C. & PUSEY, A.E. (1984). Infanticide in carnivores. In G. Hausfater & S.B. Blaffer-Hrdy (Eds.), Infanticide in animals and man (pp. 31-42). New York : Aldine. WARD, C. & SMUTS, B.B. (2007). JDP Forum : Why does carnivore play matter ? Journal of Developmental Processes, 2 (2), 31-38. [PDF]
GITTLEMAN, J.L. (1986). Carnivore brain size, behavioral ecology, and phylogeny. Journal of Mammalogy, 67, 23-36. PERDUE, B.M., SYNDER, R.J. ZHIHE, Z., MARR, M.J. & MAPLE, T. (2011). Sex differences in spatial ability : A test of the range size hypothesis in the order carnivora. Biology Letters, 7, 380-383.
OGADA, M.O., WOODROFFE, R., OGUGE, N.O. & FRANK, L.G. (2003). Limiting depredation by African carnivores : the role of livestock husbandry. Conservation Biology, 17, 1-10. STERLING, D.M., McLELLAN, B.N. & DEROCHER, A.E. (2013). Conservation and management of large carnivores in North America. International Journal of Environmental Studies, 70 (3), 383-398.
CUBB, R. & MASON, G. (2003). Animal welfare : Captive effects on wide ranging carnivores. Nature, 425, 473.  
Voir aussi Herbivore
Caron Jean ( ) : Psychologue écologiste québécois et spécialiste de l'épidémiologie sociale. Il enseigne à l'Université Mcgill. Étudiant de Beaugrand. Collaborateur de Perreault et Tousignant.
CARON, J. & BEAUGRAND, J.P. (1988). Social and spatial structure in brook chars (Salvelinus fontinalis) under competition for food and shelter/shade. Behavioural Processes, 16, 173-191.
CARON, J. (2002). Hypothèses macrosociales sur le suicide des hommes au Québec : l'éclairage de l'Abitibi. Santé Mentale au Québec, 27 (2), 281-301. [PDF]
CARON, J., TOUSIGNANT, M., PEDERSEN, D., FLEURY, M., CARGO, M., DANIEL, M., KESTIN, Y., CROCKER, A., PERREAULT, M., BRUNET, A., TREMBLAY, J., TURECKI, G. & BEAULIEU, S. (2007). La création d’une nouvelle génération d’études épidémiologiques en santé mentale. Santé Mentale au Québec, 32 (2), 27-36. [PDF]
CARON, J. & LIU, A. (2011). Factors associated with psychological distress in the Canadian population : a comparison of low-income and non low-income sub-groups. Community Mental Health Journal, 47 (3), 318-330.
CARON, J., FLEURY, M., PERREAULT, M., CROCKER, A., TREMBLAY, J., TOUSIGNANT, M., KESTINS, Y., CARGO, M. & DANIEL, M. (2012). Prevalence of psychological distress and mental disorders, and use of mental health services in the epidemiological catchment area of Montreal South-West. BMC Psychiatry, 12 (1), 1-12. [PDF]
Carpenter William T. ( ) : Psychiatre américain et spécialiste de l'étude de la schizophrénie.
CARPENTER, W.T., STRAUSS, J.S. & BARTKO, J.J. (1973). A flexible system for the identification of schizophrenia. A report from the international pilot study of schizophrenia. Science, 182, 1275-1278
CARPENTER, W.T. (1977). The treatment of acute schizophrenia without drugs. American Journal of Psychiatry 134, 14-20.
CARPENTER, W.T. (1983). What is schizophrenia ? Schizophrenia Bulletin, 9 (1), 9-10.
CARPENTER, W.T. (1986). Early targeted psychotherapeutic intervention in schizophrenia. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 47, 23-29.
CARPENTER, W.T. & BUCHANAN, R.W. (1994). Schizophrenia. New England Journal of Medicine, 330, 681-690.
Carr
Edward G. Carr James E. Carr Thomas H. Carr
Harvey A Carr    
 
Carr Edward G. (1947-2009) : Psychologue béhavioriste américain, spécialiste de l'étude et du traitement de l'automutilation et de l'autisme. = Ted Carr. Collaborateur de Azrin, Dorsey, Durand, Favell, Foxx, Horner, Koegel, Lovaas, Mcdowell, Rincover, Risley et Schreibman.
CARR, E.G. (1977). Social control of self-injurious behavior of organic etiology. Behavior Therapy, 11 (3), 402-409.
CARR, E.G. & McDOWELL, J.J. (1980). The motivation of self-injurious behavior : a review of some hypotheses. Psychological Bulletin, 84 (4), 800-816. [PDF]
CARR, E.G. & DURAND, V.M. (1985). Reducing behavior problems through functional communication training. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 18, 111-126. [PDF]
CARR, E.G. (1993). Behavior analysis is not ultimately about behavior. The Behavior Analyst, 16 (1), 47-49. [PDF]
CARR, E.G. (1994). Emerging themes in the functional analysis of problem behavior. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 27 (2), 393- 399. [PDF]
Carr Harvey A. (Indiana États-Unis 1873-1954) : Psychologue américain et chef de file du fonctionnalisme américain. Certains historiens des sciences le considèrent comme l'un des précurseurs du béhaviorisme. On lui doit l'invention de nombreux labyrinthes pour animaux. Président de l'APA en 1926.Étudiant d'Angell. Professeur de Thorndike et Woodworth. Collaborateur de Watson.
CARR, H. & WATSON, J.B. (1908). Orientation of the white rat. Journal of Comparative Neurology & Psychology, 18, 27-44.
CARR, H.A. (1917). The nature of mental process. Psychological Review, 24, 181-187.
CARR, H.A. (1925). Psychology : A study of mental activity. New York : longmans, Green.
CARR, H.A. (1930). Functionalism. In C. Murchison (Ed.), Psychologies of 1930 (pp. 59-78). Worcester, MA : Clark University Press.
CARR, H.A. (1961). Harvey A. Carr. In C. Murchison (Ed), A history of psychology in autobiography (Vol. 6, pp. 69-82). Englewood Cliffs, NJ : Prentice-Hall.
Carr James E. ( ) : Psychologue béhavioriste américain, spécialiste de l'étude et du traitement de l'automutilation et de l'autisme. = Ted Carr. Étudiant de Bailey. Collaborateur de Ghezzi, Leblanc, Michael, Patel et Rapp.
CARR, J.E. (1996). On the use of the term "non-contingent reinforcement." Journal of Behavior Analysis & Therapy, 1, 33-37. [PDF]
CARR, J.E., BAILEY, J.S., ECOT, C.L., UCKER, K.D. & WEIL, T.M. (1998). On the effects of non-contingent delivery of differing magnitudes of reinforcement. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 31 (3), 313-321. [PDF]
CARR, J.E., NICOLSON, A.C. & HIGBEE, T.S. (2000). Evaluation of a brief multiple-stimulus assessment in a naturalistic context. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 33 (3), 353-357. [PDF]
CARR, J.E., CORIATY, S., WILDER, D.A., GAUNT, B.T., DOZIER, C.L., BRITTON, L.N., AVINA, C. & REED, C.L. (2000). A review of "noncontingent" reinforcement as treatment for the aberrant behavior of individuals with developmental disabilities. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 21, 377-391
CARR, J.E., KELLUM, K.K. & CHONG, I.M. (2001). The reductive effects of noncontingent rein- forcement : Fixed-time versus variable-time schedules. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 34, 505-509. [PDF]
Carr Thomas H. ( ) : Psychologue cognitiviste américain et spécialiste de la lecture. Professeur de Beilock. Collaborateur de Posner.
CARR, T.H., COOKE, T. P., STRAIN, P.S. & McILLAN, D. (1975). An ecologically oriented approach to youth deviance. Journal of Community Psychology, 4, 389-400.
CARR, T.H., BACHARACH, V.R. & MEHNER, D.S. (1977). Preparing children to look at pictures : Advance descriptions direct attention and facilitate active processing.Child Development, 48, 18-24.
CARR, T.H., POLLATESEK, A. & POSNER, M.I. (1981). What does the visual system know about words ? Perception & Psychophysics, 29, 183-190.
CARR, T.H., BROWN, J.S. & CHARALAMBOUS, A. (1989). Repetition and reading: Perceptual encoding mechanisms are very abstract but not very interactive. Journal of Experimental Psychology : Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 15, 763-778.
CARR, T.H. (1992).Automaticity and cognitive anatomy : Is word recognition automatic ? American Journal of Psychology (Special Issue on Varieties of Automaticity), 105, 201-237.
Carré Justin M. ( ) : Biopsychologue américain et spécialiste de l'étude des hormones, notamment de la testosterone, et du sport, surtout le hockey.
CARRÉ, J.M., MUIR, C., BELANGER, J. & PUTNAM, S.K. (2006). Pre-competition hormonal and psychological levels of elite hockey players : Relationship to the "home advantage". Physiology & Behavior 89, 392-398. [PDF]
CARRÉ, J.M. & McCORMICK, C.M. (2008). In your face : facial metrics predict aggressive behaviour in the laboratory and in varsity and professional hockey players. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London : Biological Sciences, 275, 2651-2656. [PDF]
CARRÉ, J.M. (2009). No place like home : testosterone responses to victory depend on game location. American Journal of Human Biology, 21, 392-394. [PDF]
CARRÉ, J.M. & PUTNAM, S.K. (2010). Watching a previous victory produces an increase in testosterone among elite hockey players. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 35, 475-479. [PDF]
CARRÉ, J.M. & METHA, P.H. (2011). Importance of considering testosterone-cortisol interactions in predicting human aggression and dominance. Aggressive Behavior, 37, 1-3. [PDF]
Carré latin : Voir Plan de recherche.
Carrier Micheline ( ) : Philosophe et féministe québécoise. Avec Élaine Audet, elle publie sur internet Sisyphe, un site féministe.
CARRIER, M. (1983). La pornographie base ideologique de l'oppression des femmes. Sillery : Édition Apostrophe.
CARRIER M. (1983). La danse macabre : violence et pornographie. Sillery : Édition Apostrophe.
CARRIER, M. & GENDRON, C. (1997). La mort : Condition de la vie. Montréal : Presses de l'Université du Québec.
Carrière : Travail dont la forme progresse et qui, de ce fait, permet à celui ou à celle qui l'a choisi de grimper dans la hiérarchie d'une entreprise. Carrière, effet du plafond de verre et choix d'une carrière. Career.

  RAPOPORT, R. & RAPOPORT, R. (1971). Dual-career families. London: Penguin. BURKE, R.J. (2002). Career development of managerial women. In R.J. Burke & D.L. Nelson (Eds.), Advancing women's careers (pp.139-161). Oxford : Blackwell.
FERBER, M.A. & HUBER, J. (1979). Husbands, wives, and careers. Journal of Marriage & the Family, 41, 315-325. UPTON, M., EGAN, T.M. & LYNHAM, S.A. (2003). Career development : Definitions, theories, and dependent variables. In T.M. Egan (Ed.), Proceedings of the Academy of Human Resource Development, USA (pp. 728-735). Bowling Green, OH: AHRD.
STEFFY, B.D. & JONES, J.W. (1988). The impact of family and career planning variables on the organizational, career, and community commitment of professional women. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 32, 196-212.
VAN DIJK, M. (2004). Career development within HRD: Foundation or fad ? In T.M. Egan (Ed.), Proceedings of the Academy of Human Resource Development, USA (pp. 771-778). Bowling Green, OH : AHRD.
ADLER, P., ADLER, P., AHRONS, C., PERLMUTTER, M., STAPLES, W. & WARREN, C.A.B. (1989). Dual-Careerism and the conjoint career couple. The American Sociologist, 20 (3), 207-236. THARENOU, P. (2005). Does mentor support increase women's career advancement more than men's ? The differential effects of career and psychological support. Australian Journal of Management, 30 (1), 77-109.
STORH, L.K., BRETT, J.M. & REILLY, A.H. (1992). All the right stuff : A comparison of female and male managers' career progression. Journal of Applied Psychology, 77, 251-260. SCHERMERR, J.A. (2012). The Jackson career explorer : Two further validity studies. Journal of Career Assessment, 20(4), 507-519.
MAINIERO, L. A. (1994). Getting anointed for advancement: the case of executive women. Academy of Management Executive, 8 (2), 53-67. WEBBER, K.L. & CANCHÉ, M.G. (2015). Not equal for all : Gender and race differences in salary for doctoral degree recipients. Research in Higher Education, 56, 645-672. [PDF]
HONEY, J., OSGOOD, D.W. & MARSHALL, I.H. (1995). Criminal careers in the short-term : Intra-individual variability in crime and its relation to local life circumstances. American Sociological Review, 60 (5), 655-673. [PDF]  
EDWARDS, C., WOODWALL, J. & WELCHMAN, R. (1996). Organizational change and women managers' careers : the restructuring of disadvantage? Employee Relations, 18 (5), 25-45. HÜTTGES, A. & FAY, D. (2015). Gender influences on career development. Journal of Personnel Psychology, 14 (3), 113-120.
Voir aussi Effet du plafond de verre, Différence sexuelle et Choix d'une carrière
Carroll
John Bissell Carroll Kathleen M. Carroll
 
Carroll John Bissell (Hartford 1916-2003 Fairbanks) : Psychométricien américain, spécialisé dans l'étude du langage et de l'intelligence. Avec Cattell et Horn, il a développé un modèle de l'intelligenc (CHC). Signataire du Groupe des 52. Étudiant de Goodenough et Thurstone. Collaborateur de Chall.

CARROLL, J.B. (1938). Diversity of vocabulary and the harmonic series law of word-frequency distribution. The Psychological Record, 2, 379-386. [PDF]
CARROLL, J.B. (1964). Language and thought. Englewood Cliffs, NJ : Prentice Hall.
CARROLL, J.B. (1989). The Carroll model : A twenty-five year retrospective and prospective view. Educational Researcher, 18 (1), 26-31.
CARROLL, J.B. (1997). Psychometrics, intelligence, and public perception. Intelligence, 24 (1), 25-52.
CARROLL, J.B. (1997). The three-stratum theory of cognitive abilities. In D.P. Flanagan, J.L. Genshaft & P.L. Harrison (Eds.), Contemporary intellectual assessment : Theories, tests, and issues (pp. 122-130). New York : The Guilford Press.
 
LUBINSKI, D. (2004). John Bissell Carroll (1916-2003) : Obituary. American Psychologist, 59 (1), 43-44.
Carroll Kathleen M. ( ) : Psychologue cognitivo-béhavioriste américaine et spécialiste de l'étude de la dépendance aux drogues. Collaboratrice de Crits-Christoph et Potenza.
CARROLL, K.M., FENTON, L.R., BALL, S.A., NICH, C., FRANKFORTER, T.L., SHI, J. & ROUNSAVILLE, B.J. (2004). Efficacy of disulfiram and cognitive behavior therapy in cocaine-dependent outpatients : a randomized placebo-controlled trial. Archives of General Psychiatry, 61 (3), 264-272. [PDF]
CARROLL, K.M., KOSTEN, T.R. & ROUNSAVILLE, B.J. (2004). Choosing a behavioral therapy platform for pharmacotherapy of substance users. Drug Alcohol Depend, 75 (2), 123-134. [PDF]
CARROLL, K.M. & ONKEN, L.S. (2005). Behavioral therapies for drug abuse. American Journal of Psychiatry, 162 (8), 1452-1460. [PDF]
CARROLL, K.M. & ROUNSAVILLE, B.J. (2007). A vision of the next generation of behavioral therapies research in the addictions. Addiction, 2 (6), 850-862. [PDF]
CARROLL, K.M., KILUK, B.D., NICH, C., BABUSCIO, T.A., BREWER, J.A., POTENZA, M.N., BALL, S.A., MARTINO, S., ROUNSAVILLE, B.J. & LEJUEZ, C.W. (2011). Cognitive function and treatment response in a randomized clinical trial of computer-based training in cognitive-behavioral therapy. Substance Use & Misuse, 46 (1), 23-34. [PDF]
Carron Albert V. (1943-2014) : Spécialiste de l'étude du sport. Il s'intéresse notamment à la cohésion et à l'efficicité des équipes sportives. Collaborateur de Bray, Chelladurai et Courneya.
CARRON, A.V. (1982). Cohesiveness in sport groups : Interpretations and considerations. Journal of Sport Psychology, 4, 123-138.
CARRON, A.V. & SPINK, K.S. (1993). Team building in an exercise setting. The Sport Psychologist, 7, 8-18.
CARRON, A.V., SPINK, K.S. & PRAPAVESSIS, H. (1997). Team building and cohesiveness in the sport and exercise setting : use of indirect interventions. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 9, 61-72.
CARRON, A.V., COLMAN, M.M., WHEELER, J. & STEVENS, D. (2002). Cohesion and performance in sport : A meta analysis. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 24, 168-183. [PDF]
CARRON, A.V., LOUGHEAD, T.M. & BRAY, S.R. (2005). The home advantage in sport competitions : Courneya and Carron's (1992) conceptual framework a decade later. Journal of Sports Sciences, 23, 395-407.
Carruthers Peter ( ) : Philosophe anglais, spécialiste de la conscience et de la créativité. Étudiant de Dummett.
CARRUTHERS, P. (1998). Natural theories of consciousness. European Journal of Philosophy, 6, 203-222. [PDF]
CARRUTHERS, P. (2002). The cognitive functions of language. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 25, 657-726. [PDF]
CARRUTHERS, P. (2002). Human creativity : its evolution, its cognitive basis, and its connections with childhood pretence. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 53, 225-249. [PDF]
CARRUTHERS, P. (2004). Practical reasoning in a modular mind. Mind & Language, 19, 259-278. [PDF]
CARRUTHERS, P. (2013). Animal minds are real (distinctively) human minds are not. American Philosophical Quarterly, 50, 233-247. [PDF]
Types de carte
Carte cognitive Carte-question Carte-réponse
Carte de crédit Carte de jeu  
 
Carte cognitive : Représentation mentale d'un lieu ou d'un espace, qui guide les comportements, et donc favorise l'apprentissage. Concept développé par Tolman. = carte mentale. Cognitive map.
  TOLMAN, E.C. (1948). Cognitive maps in rats and men. Psychological Review, 55, 189-208. [LIRE] VOICU, H. & SCHMAJUK, N.A. (2001). Three-dimensional cognitive mapping with a neural network. Robots & Autonomous Systems, 35, 23-36.
CIANCIA, F. (1991). Tolman et Honzik (1930) .revisited or the mazes of psychology. The psychological Record, 4, 461-472. VOICU, H. & SCHMAJUK, N.A. (2001). Exploration, navigation, and cognitive mapping. Adaptive Behavior, 8 (3-4), 207-224.
SCHMAJUK, N.A. & THIENNE, A.D. (1992). Purposive behavior and cognitive mapping : An adaptive neural network. Biological Cybernetics, 67, 165-174. MACKINTOSH, N.J. (2002). Do not ask whether they have a cognitive map, but how they find their way about. Psicologia, 23, 165-185.
BLUM, K.I. & ABBOT, L.F. (1996). A model of spatial map formation in the hippocampus of the rat. Neural Computation, 8, 85-93. VOICU, H. (2003). Hierarchical cognitive maps. Neural Networks, 16, 569-576. [PDF]
SCHMAJUK, N.A. & BUHUSI, C.V. (1997). Spatial and temporal cognitive mapping : A neural network approach. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 1, 109-114. VOICU, H. & SCHMAJUK, N.A. (2004). Detour strategies in humans : Testing the predictions of a cognitive map model. Spatial Cognition & Computation, 4 (3), 189-206.
PEARCE, J. ROBERTS, A.D.L. & GOOD, M. (1998). Hippocampal lesions disrupt a cognitive map but not vector encoding. Nature, 996, 75-77. MANNING, J.R., SEKULER, R., LEW, T.F., LI, N. & KAHANA, M.J. (2014). MAGELLAN : A cognitive map-based model of human wayfinding. Journal of Experimental Psychology : General, 143 (3), 1314-1330. [PDF]
MATLIN, M. (2004/2001). Cognition. Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated / La cognition : Une introduction à la psychologie cognitive. Paris : Deboeck Université. Voir aussi Représentation mentale
Carte de crédit : Credit card.

 
HOGARTH, J.M., HILGERT, M.A., KOLODNISKY, J.M. & LEE, J. (2001). Problems with credit cards : An exploration of consumer complaining behaviors. Journal of Consumer Satisfaction, Dissatisfaction & Complaining Behavior, 14, 88-107.
Carte d'un jeu : Voir Jeu de hasard.
Carte-question : Voir Jeu questionnaire.
Carte-réponse : Ancêtre du télévoteur. Petit tableau blanc qu'un élève/étudiant brandit en classe pour répondre à une question du professeur. Cette méthode favorise la participation et, partant, l'apprentissage. Response card.

  NARAYAN, J., HEWARD, W.L. & GARDNER, R. (1990). Using response cards to increase student participation in an elementary classroom. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 23, 483-490. [PDF] CHRISTLE, C.A. & SCHUSTER J.W. (2003). The effects of using response cards on student participation, academic achievement, and on-task behavior during whole-class math instruction. Journal of Behavioral Education, 12, 147-165.
  DAVIS, L.L. & O'NEILL, R.E. (2004). Use of response cards with a group of students with learning disabilities including those for whom English is a second language. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 37, 219-222. [PDF]
GARDNER, R., HEWARD, W.L. & GROSSI, T.A. (1994). Effects of response cards on student participation and academic achievement: A systematic replication with inner-city students during whole-class science instruction. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 27 (1), 63-71. [PDF] MARMOLEJO, E.K., WILDER, D.A. & BRADLEY, L. (2004). A preliminary analysis of the effects of response cards on student performance and participation in an upper division university course. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 37 (3), 405-410. [PDF]
MONDRIA, J.-A. & MONDRIA-DE VRIES, S. (1994). Efficiently memorizing words with the help of word cards and "hand computer" : Theory and applications. System, 22 (1), 47-57. LAMBERT, M.C., CARTLEDGE, G., HEWARD, W.L. & LO, Y. (2006). Effects of response cards on disruptive behavior and academic responding during math lessons by fourth-grade urban students. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 8, 88-99.
CAVANAUGH, R. A., HEWARD, W.L. & DONELSON, F. (1996). Effects of response cards during lesson closure on the academic performance of secondary students in an earth science course. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 29 (3), 403-406. [PDF] CLAYTON, M.C. & WOODARD, C. (2007). The effects of response cards on participation and weekly quiz scores of university students enrolled in introductory psychology courses. Journal of Behavioral Education, 16, 250-258.
HEWARD, W.L., GARDNER, R., CAVANAUGH, R.A., COURSON, F.H., GROSSI, T.A. & BARBETTA, P.M. (1996). Everyone participates in this class : Using response cards to increase active student response. Teaching Exceptional Children, 28, 4-11 RANDOLPH, J.J. (2007). Meta-analysis of the research on response cards : Effects on test achievement, quiz achievement, participation, and off-task behavior. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 9, 113-128.
  MUNRO, D.W. & STEPHENSON, J. (2009). The effects of response cards on student and teacher behavior during vocabulary instruction. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 42 (4), 795-800. [PDF]
KELLUM, K.K., CARR, J.E. & DOZIER, C.L. (2001). Response-card instruction and student learning in a college classroom. Teaching of Psychology, 28, 101-104.  
Voir aussi Apprentissage actif et Télévoteur
Cartwright
Dorwnin P. Cartwright Nancy Cartwright
 
Cartwright Dorwin P. (1915-2008 Santa-Barbara) : Psychosociologue américain. On lui doit l'affirmation selon laquelle 90 % des psychologues ayant existé ont vécu au siècle dernier. N.D.L.R. Il s'agit d'une estimation intuitive, et non le résultat d'une recherche scientifique. Cette affirmation avait pour but de souligner la forte croissance de la psychologie universitaire et scientifique au siècle dernier, tant sur le plan des effectifs que de la production d'articles sientifiques et de livres. Étudiant d'Allport. Professeur de Kelly.
CARTWRIGHT, D. & ZANDER, A. (1960). Group dynamics : Research and theory. New York : Harper & Row.
CARTWRIGHT, D. (1968). The nature of group cohesiveness. In D. Cartwright & A. Zander (Eds.), Group Dynamics. New York : Harper & Row.
CARTWRIGHT, D. (1978). Theory and practice. Journal of Social Issues, 34 (4), 181-199.
 
 
Cartwright Nancy (1944-) : Philosophe et épistémologue américaine, spécialiste de l'étude de la causalité et des lois.
CARTWRIGHT, N. (1983). How the laws of physics lie. Oxford : Oxford University Press.
CARTWRIGHT, N. (1991). Replicability, reproducibility and robustness : Comments on Harry Collins. History of Political Economy, 23, 143-155.
CARTWRIGHT, N. (1993). Is natural science "natural" enough ? Synthese, 94, 291-301.
CARTWRIGHT, N. (1999). The dappled world : A study of the boundaries of science. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.
CARTWRIGHT, N. (2007). Hunting causes and using them : Approaches in philosophy and economics. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.
Carus Carl Gustav (Leipzig 1789-1869 Dresde) : Philosophe allemand. Il s'intéresse notamment à l'inconscient.
CARUS C.G. (1846). Psyche.
 
 
 
Carver Charles S. (1947-) : Psychosociologue américain. Il étudie la gestion de soi, les affects et la conscience de soi. Avec Scheier, il a proposé une théorie de l'optimisme dispositionel. Collaborateur de Gibbons, Scheier et Stephan.
CARVER, C.S. & SCHEIER, M.F (1990). Origins and functions of positive and negative affect : A control process view. Psychological Review, 97 (1), 19-35.
CARVER, C.S. (1997). Adult attachment and personality : Converging evidence and a new measure. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 23, 865-883. [PDF]
CARVER, C.S. & SCHEIER, M.F. (2002). Control processes and self-organization as complementary principles underlying behavior. Personality & Social Psychology Review, 6, 304-315. [PDF]
CARVER, C.S. (2003). Pleasure as a sign you can attend to something else : Placing positive feelings within a general model of affect. Cogntion & Emotion, 17 (2), 241-261. [PDF]
CARVER, C.S. (2005). Impulse and constraint : Perspectives from personality psychology, convergence with theory in other areas, and potential for integration. Personality & Social Psychology Review, 9, 312-333. [PDF]
CASE - CASTANEDA - CASTORIADIS - CATALANO - CATANIA - CATÉGORISER - CATHARSIS - CATTELL - CAUSALITÉ - CAUSE - CE
Cas : Individu ou groupe qui vit une situation particulière, digne d'intérêt sur la plan scientifique ou clinique, que l'on examine de près et cite en exemple pour illustrer un principe ou une théorie. Cas, méthode du cas unique et étude de cas.

Types de cas
Cas clinique Cas limite Cas unique
 
Cas célèbres
Dora L'homme aux rats Victor d'Aveyron
HM Peter Petit Hans
Kitty Genovese   Petit Albert
L'homme aux loups Phineas Gage Bruce/David Reimer
 

 
Cas clinique : Situation particulière d'un client/patient que l'on examine de près, puis que l'on cite en exemple parce qu'elle illustre un symptôme nouveau ou une maladie jusqu'ici inconnue, ou sa cure. Cas et étude de cas. = cas type, exemple classique.

 
Cas limite : Voir Personnalité limite. Boderline.
Cas unique : Voir Méthode du cas unique.
Casalis Séverine ( ) : Psychologue cognitive américaine, d'origine française, et spécialiste de l'étude de la dyslexie. Collaboratrice de Sprenger-Charolles.
CASALIS, S. (1996). Dyslexies du développement : présentation de deux cas contrastés. Revue de Neuropsychologie, 6 (2), 189-203.
CASALIS, S. (2000). Prédire et dépister précocement les dyslexies de l'enfant. Quelques questions théoriques et méthodologiques. Rééducation Orthophonique, 204, 19-33.
CASALIS, S., COLÉ, P. & SOPO, D. (2004). Morphological awareness in developmental dyslexia. Annals of Dyslexia, 54 (1), 114-138. [PDF]
CASALIS, S., COLÉ, P. et MATHIOT, E. (2006). La reconnaissance de mots morphologiquement complexes chez les dyslexiques. Rééducation Orthophonique, 225, 111-128.
CASALIS, S., DEACON, H. & PACTON, S. (2011). How specific is the connection between morphological awareness and spelling ? Applied Psycholinguistics, 32 (3), 499-511.
Case Robbie (Barrie 1944-2000) : Psychologue cognitiviste européen, d'origine canadienne, spécialisé dans l'étude du développement, notammament dans une perspective piagétienne et néo-piagétienne. Collaborateur de Demetriou.
CASE, R. (1972). Learning and development : A neo-piagetian interpretation. Human Development, 15, 339-358.
CASE, R. (1972). Validation of a neo-piagetian capacity construct. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 14, 287-322.
CASE, R. (1987). Neo-piagetian theory : Retrospect and prospect. International Journal of Psychology, 22, 773-791.
CASE, R. (1993). Theories of learning and therories of develpment. Educational Psychologist, 28 (3), 219-233. [PDF]
CASE, R., DEMETRIOU A., PLATSIDOU M. & KAZI, S. (2001). Integrating concepts and tests of intelligence from the differential and the developmental traditions. Intelligence, 29, 307-336.
 
OLSON, D.R. (2002). Robbie Case (1944-2000) : Obituary. American Psychologist, 57 (9), 724.
Casey
B.J. Casey M. Beth Casey
 
Casey B.J. ( ) : Neuropsychologue américaine. Collaboratrice de Mischel.
CASEY, B.J., GIEDD, J.N. & THOMAS, K.M. (2000). Structural and functional brain development and its relation to cognitive development. Biological Psychology, 54, 241-257. [PDF]
CASEY, B.J., DAVIDSON, M.C., HARA, Y., THOMAS, K.M., MATINEZ, A., GALVAN, A., ALPERIN, J.M., RODRIGUEZ-ARANDA, C.E. & TOTTENHAM, N. (2004). Early development of subcortical regions involved in non-cued attention switching. Developmental Science, 7 (5), 534-542. [PDF]
CASEY, B.J., GALVAN, A. & HARE, T.A. (2005). Changes in cerebral functional organization during cognitive development. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 15, 239-244. [PDF]
CASEY, B.J. & DURSTON, S. (2006). From behavior to cognition to the brain and back : What have we learned from functional imaging studies of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ? American Journal of Psychiatry, 163 (6), 957-960. [PDF]
CASEY, B.J., SOMERVILLE, L.H., GOTLIB, I., AYDUK, O., FRANKLIN, N., ASKREN, M.K., JONIDES, J., BERMAN, M.G., WILSON, N.L., TESLOVICH, T., GLOVER, G., ZAYAS, V., MISCHEL, W. & SHODA, Y. (2011). Behavioral and neural correlates of delay of gratification 40 years later. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. [PDF]
Casey M.Beth ( ) : Psychologue américaine et spécialiste du développement, notamment des différences sexuelles sur le plan cognitif. et des habiletés spatiales. Collaboratrice Benbow.
CASEY, M.B. (1975). The effect of training procedures on the over-learning reversal effect in young children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 20, 1-12.
CASEY, M.B. (1984). Individual differences in use of left-right visual cues: A reexamination of mirror-image confusions in preschoolers. Developmental Psychology, 20, 551-559.
CASEY, M.B. & LIPPMAN, M. (1991). Learning to plan through play. Young Children, 46, 52-58.
CASEY, M.B. (1996). Gender, sex, and cognition : considering the interrelationship between biological and environmental factors. Learning & Individual Differences, 8 (1), 39-53. [PDF]
CASEY, M.B., NUTTALL, R.L. & PEZARIS, E. (1999). Evidence in support of a model that predicats how biological and environmental factors interact to influence spatial skills. Developmental Psychology, 35, 1237-1247.
Caspi Avshalom A.R. ( ) : Psychiatre américain d'origine israélienne, spécialisé dans l'étude de l'intéraction gène-environnement. Collaborateur de Bardone-Cone, Defries, Goldberg, Krueger, Moffitt, Plomin, Roberts, Robins et Slutske.
CASPI, A. OZER, D.J. & HERBENER, E.S. (1992). Shared experiences and the similarity of personalities : A longitudinal study of married couples. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 62, 281-291.et Sluske.
CASPI, A. & MOFFITT, T.E., NEWMAN, D.L. & SILA, P.A. (1996). Behavioral observations at age 3 predict adult psychiatric disorders : Longitudinal evidence from a birth cohort. Archives of General Psychiatry, 53, 1033-1039.
CASPI, A., McCLAY, J., MOFFITT, T. MILL, J., MARTIN, J., CRAIG, I., TAYLOR, A. & POULTON, R. (2002). Role of genotype in the cycle of violence in maltreated children. Science, 297 (5582), 851-854. [PDF]
CASPI, A., SUGDEN, K., MOFFITT, T.E., TAYLOR, A., GRAIG, I.W., HARRINGTON, H., McCLAY, J., MILL, J., MARTIN, J., BRATHWAITE, A. & POULTON, R. (2003). Influence of life stress on depression : Moderation by a polymorphism in the 5-HTT gene. Science, 301, 386-389. [PDF]
CASPI, A. & MOFFITT, T.E. (2006). Gene-environment interactions in psychiatry : joining forces with neuroscience. Naturel Review of Neuroscience, 7 (7), 583-590. [PDF]
Cassirer Ernst (Breslau 1874-1945 Princeton) : Philosophe allemand, idéaliste néo-kantien et épistémologue phénoménologiste, spécialisé dans l'étude des fondements des mathématiques et des sciences humaines.
CASSIRER, E. (1923/55). The philosophy of symbolic forms : Language. New Haven : Yale University Press.
CASSIRER, E. (1929). The philosophy of symbolic forms : The phenomenology of knowledge. New Haven : Yale University Press.
CASSIRER, E. (1936/56). Determinism and indeterminism in modern physics. New Haven : Yale University Press.
CASSIRER, E. (1944). An essay on man. New Haven : Yale University Press.
CASSIRER, E. (1946). The myth of the state. New Haven : Yale University Press.
Castaneda Cesar Arana Carlos (Sao Paulo Brésil/Cajamarca au Pérou 1925-1998 Los Angeles) : Anthropologue et philosophe brésilien/péruvien.
CASTANEDA, A.C. (1975/93). Histoires de pouvoir. Paris : Gallimard/Folio Essais.
CASTANEDA, A.C. (1977/84/98/02). L'herbe du diable et la petite fumée, Une voie Yaqui de la connaissance. Paris : UGE.
CASTANEDA, A.C. (1979/96). Le second anneau de pouvoir. Paris : Gallimard/Folio Essais.
CASTANEDA, A.C. (1988/99). La force du silence. Paris : Gallimard/Folio Essais.
CASTANEDA, A.C. (1994/96). L'art de rêver, Les quatre portes de la perception de l'univers. Monaco : Le Rocher/Paris : Pocket.
Castano Emanuel ( ) : Psychosociologue belge et spécialiste de l'étude des groupes et de leur influence sur le plan international. Collaborateur de Leyens et Yzerbyt.
CASTANO, E. & YZERBYT, V.Y. (1998). The highs and lows of group homogeneity. Behavioural Processes, 42, 219-238.
CASTANO, E. (2002). Who may enter ? The impact of in-group identification on in-group/out-group. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 38, 315-322. [PDF]
CASTANO, E. (2002). The primacy of the ingroup : The interplay of entitativity and identification. European Review of Social Psychology, 11 (2), 449-468. [PDF]
CASTANO, E., SACCHI, S. & HAYS GRIES, P. (2003). The perception of the other in international relations : Evidence for the polarizing effect of entitativity. Political Psychology, 24, 449-468. [PDF]
CASTANO, E. (2004). In case of death, cling to the ingroup. European Journal of Social Psychology, 34, 1-10.
Caste : Au sens strict, synonyme de classe sociale en Inde. De façon plus large, on utilise ce terme pour désigner une classe sociale fermée et qui cherche à tout prix à préserver ses privilèges.

 
Castellanos Francisco Xavier ( ) : Psychiatre américain et spécialiste de l'étude du trouble d'attention avec hyperactivité. Collaborateur de Sonuga-Barke et Tannock.
CASTELLANOS, F.X. & TANNOCK, R. (2002). Neuroscience of attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder : The search for endophenotypes. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 3, 617-628. [PDF]
CASTELLANOS, F.X. (2002). Anatomic magnetic resonance imaging studies of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 4 (4), 444-448. [PDF]
CASTELLANOS, F.X., SHARP, W.S., GOTTESMAN, R.F., GREENSTEIN, D.K., GIEDD, J.N. & RAPOPORT, J.L. (2003). Anatomic brain abnormalities in monozygotic twins discordant for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 160 (9), 1693-1696.
CASTELLANOS, F.X., (2005). Varieties of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder-related intra-individual variability. Biological Psychiatry, 57, 1416-1423.
CASTELLANOS, F.X., SONUGA-BARKE, E.J., MILHAM, M.P. & TANNOCK, R. (2006). Characterizing cognition in ADHD : beyond executive dysfunction. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 10 (3), 117-123. [PDF]
Castonguay Charles (Ottowa 1940-) : Mathématicien et statisticien canadien, spécialisé en démographie. Professeur à l'Université d'Ottawa et membre du comité scientifique de l'Institut de recherche sur le français en Amérique. Collaborateur de Dubuc.
CASTONGUAY, C. (1976). Les transferts linguistiques au foyer. Recherches Sociographiques, 17 (3), 341-351.
CASTONGUAY, C. (1985). Transferts et semi-transferts linguistiques au Québec d’après le recensement de 1981. Cahiers Québécois de Démographie, 14 (1), 59-85.
CASTONGUAY, C. (1997). Évolution de l’assimilation linguistique au Québec et au Canada entre 1971 et 1991. Recherches Sociographiques, 38 (3), 469-490.
CASTONGUAY, C. (2002). Assimilation linguistique et remplacement des générations francophones et anglophones au Québec et au Canada. Recherches Sociographiques,43 (1), 149-182.
CASTONGUAY, C. (2003). La vraie question linguistique : quelle est la force d’attraction réelle du français au Québec ? Analyse critique de l’amélioration de la situation du français au Québec observée en 2001. Dans M. Venne (Dir.), L’annuaire du Québec 2004 (p. 232-253). Montréal : Fides.
Castoriadis Cornélius (Istanbul 1922-1997 Paris) : Philosophe et psychanalyste français d'origine grecque.
CASTORIADIS, C. (1986). Domaines de l'Homme, carrefours du labyrinthe II. Paris : Seuil.
 
 
 
 
Castration (chimique) : Inhibition du fonctionnement des organes de reproduction mâles ou femelles. Castration et destruction cérébrale. Chemical castration.

  PALMER, C.T., THORNHILL, R. & DIBARI, D.N. (2000). Biology, sex and the debate over chemical castration. In J.F. Hodgson and D.S. Kelly (Eds.), Sexual violence : Policies, practice and challenges. Praeger.
Castration (physique) : Ablation des organes de reproduction mâles ou femelles. Castration et destruction cérébrale. Castration.

  DANIEL, F.E. (1893). Castration of sexual perverts. Texas Medical Journal, 255-271.
STONE, C.P. (1927). The retention of copulatory ability in male rats following castration. Comparative Psychology, 7, 369-368.
WILLE, R. & BEIER, K.M. (1989). Castration in Germany. Annual Review of Sex Research, 2, 103-133.
SCOTT, C.L. & HOLMBERG, T. (2003). Castration of sex offenders : prisoners' rights versus public safety. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 31, 502-509.
C.A.T. : Ce Test projectif est la version adaptée pour les enfants du T.A.T. Children Aperception Test.
 
Catalano Ralph ( ) : Économiste écologiste américain. Il étudie la relation entre les conditions et les déterminants socio-économiques et la santé mentale. Collaborateur de Dooley et Novaco.
CATALANO, R. & DOOLEY, D. (1981). The behavioral costs of economic instability. Policy Studies Journal, 10, 338-349.
CATALANO, R., NOVACO, R. & McCONNELL, W. (1997). A model of the net effect of job loss on violence. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 72 (6), 1440-1447.
CATALANO, R., ALDRETE, E., VEGA, W., KOLODY, B. & AGUILAR-GAXIOLA, S. (2000). Job loss and major depression among Mexican Americans. Social Science Quarterly, 81, 477-487.
CATALANO, R. (2003). Sex ratios in the two Germanies : A test of the economic stress hypothesis. Human Reproduction, 18, 1972-1975. [PDF]
CATALANO, R., GOLDMAN-MELLOR, S., SAXTON, K., MARGERISON-ZILKO, C., SUBBARAMAN, M., LEWINN, K. & ANDERSON, E. (2011). The health effects of economic decline. Annual Review of Public Health, 32, 431-450. [PDF]
Cataldo Michael F. ( ) : Psychologue béhavioriste américain. Collaborateur de Deleon, Fisher, Iwata, Neef, Piazza, Risley et Schroeder.
CATALDO, M.F. & RISLEY, T.R. (1973). Development of a standardized measure of classroom participation. Paper presented at American Psychological Association, Montréal, 1-4. [PDF]
CATALDO, M.F. & RISLEY, T.R. (1974). Infant day care. In R. Ulrich, T. Stachnik & J .Mabry (Eds.), Control of human behavior. Glenview, Ilinois : Scott, Foresman and Company.
CATALDO, M.F., WARD, E.M., RUSSO, D.C., RIORDAN, M.M. & BENNET, D. (1986). Compliance and corelated problem behavior in children : Effects of contingent and noncontingent reinforcement. Analysis & Intervention in Developmental Disabilities, 6, 265-282.
CATALDO, M.F. & BRADY, J.V. (1994). Deriving relations from the experimental analysis of behaviorJournal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 41 (1), 1-5. [PDF]
CATALDO, M.F. (2008). Todd Risley : a man who didn't like counting angels. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 41 (1), 1-5. [PDF]
Catalepsie : Suspension complète et volontaire du mouvement, des muscles. Symptôme de certaines formes de schizophrénie. Catalepsy.

 
Catalyseur : Tout facteur qui accélère l'acquisition d'une connaissance, d'un comportement. Catalysis.

  COHEN, D.J. & LINDSLEY, O.R. (1964). Catalysis of controlled leadership in cooperation by human stimulation. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 5, 119-137.
Catania A. Charles (1936-) : Psychologue béhavioriste américain. Il s'est notamment intéressé à l'apprentissage des comportements verbaux et au programme de renforcement concomittant. Étudiant de Schoenfeld. Professeur de Cerutti. Collaborateur de Deleon, Harnad, Hineline, Laties, Matthews, Pennypacker, Reynolds, Sagvolden, Shimoff et Skinner.
CATANIA, A.C. (1961). Behavioral contrast in a multiple and concurrent schedule of reinforcement. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 6, 335-342. [PDF]
CATANIA, A.C. & REYNOLDS, G.S. (1968). A quantitative analysis of the responding maintained by interval schedules of reinforcement. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 11 (S3), 327-383. [PDF]
CATANIA, A.C. (1975). The myth of self-reinforcement. Behaviorism, 3, 192-199. [PDF]
CATANIA, A.C. (2005). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) : Delay-of-reinforcement gradients andother behavioral mechanisms. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 28 (3), 419-424. [PDF]
CATANIA, A.C. (2006). Operant contingencies : Responses and their consequences. European Journal of Behavior Analysis, 7 (2), 99-102. [PDF]
Cataplexie : Chute soudaine du tonus musculaire, sans altération de la conscience, survenant à la suite d'une forte émotion.

 
Catastrophe : Conséquences soudaines et graves pour un individu ou un groupe. Souvent les «solutions» à une catastrophe ne parviennent pas à atténuer la gravité de l'événement. Catastrophe, Syndrome du survivant et théorie des catastrophes. = drame.

Types de catastrophe
Accident de voiture Écrasement d'avion Guerre
Désastre naturel   Maladie
 
 
 
Catastrophe naturelle : Voir Désastre naturel.
Catatonie/Catatonique : Au sens large, état de passivité qui alterne, parfois soudainement, avec une forme d'agitation motrice et verbale. La catatonie constitue un des symptômes du syndrome post-traumatique et de la schizophrénie catatonique. = état catatonique. Catatonia.

  WING, L. & SHAH, A. (2000). Catatonia in autistic spectrum disorders. British Journal of Psychiatry 176, 357–362.
FINK, M. & TAYLOR, MA. (2001). The many varieties of catatonia. European Archives of Psychiatry & Clinical Neuroscience, 251 (S1), 8-13.
NORTHOFF, G. (2002). Neurophysiology, neuropsychiatry and neurophilosophy of catatonia. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 25 (5), 592-599.
WILCOX, J.A. & DUFFY, P.R. (2015). The syndrome of catatonia. Behavioral Sciences, 5, 576-588. [PDF]
Catecholamine : Hormone et neurotransmetteur. ( ): Adrénaline, nordadrénaline, dopamine. Catecholamine.

  SCHILDKRAUT, J.J. (1965). The catecholamine hypothesis of affective disorders : A review of supporting evidence. Journal of Neuropsychiatry & Clinical Neurosciences, 7, 524-533.
ANISMAN, H. & SKLAR, L. (1979). Catecholamine depletion in mice upon reexposure to stress : Mediation of the escape deficits produced by inescapable shock. Journal of Comparative & Physiological Psychology, 93, 610-625.
SERVAN-SCHREIBER, D., PRINTZ, H. & COHEN, J.D. (1990). A network model of catecholamine effects: Gain, signal-to-noise ratio, and behavior. Science, 249, 892-895. [PDF]
Catégorie/Catégoriser/Catégorisation : Fonction cognitive qui consiste à organiser l'information en classe (ou catégorie). Ici organiser signifie regrouper un ensemble d'objets qui partage au moins une caractéristique/propriété. Cette catégorie peut être nommer. La catégorisation peut être utilisée comme une stratégie de codage ou de récupération de l'information. = classer. Categorization, category information, classification.

Types de catégorie
Auto-catégorisation Catégorie naturelle Catégorisation sociale
Catégorie kantienne    
 

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HOUDÉ, O. (1992). Catégorisation et développement cognitif. Paris : PUF. PARK, B. & JUDD, C.M. (2005). Rethinking the link between categorization and prejudice within the social cognition perspective. Personality & Social Psychology Review, 9, 108-130. [PDF]
WOLFE, J.M., STEWART, M.I., FRIEDMAN-HILL, S.R. & O'CONNELL, K.M. (1992). The role of categorization in visual search for orientation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 18, 34-49. MURPHY, G.L. & ROSS, B.H. (2005). The two faces of typicality in category-based induction. Cognition, 95, 175-200. [PDF]
MEUNIER, J.-G. (1992). Le problème de la catégorisation dans la représentation des connaissances. Intellectica, 1/2, 13-14, 7-44. [PDF] VERDE, M.F., MURPHY, G.L. & ROSS, B.H. (2005). Influence of multiple categories in inductive inference. Memory & Cognition, 33, 479-487
NOSOFSKY, R.M., PALMERI, T.J. & McKINLEY, S.C. (1994). Rule-plus-exception model of classification learning. Psychological Review, 101 (1), 53-79. [PDF] McCOTTER, M., GOSSELIN, F., SNOWDEN, P. & SCHYNS, P.G. (2005). The use of visual information in natural scenes categorization. Visual Cognition, 12, 938-953. [PDF]
BIERNAT, M.R. & VESCIO, T.K. (1993). Categorization and stereotyping : Effect of group context on memory and social judgment. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 29, 166-202. ASHBY, F.G. & MADDOX, W.T. (2005). Human category learning. Annual Review of Psychology, 56, 149-178.
RIPS, L.J. & COLLINS, A. (1993). Categories and resemblance. Journal of Experimental Psychology : General, 122, 468-486. QUINN, P.C., WESTERLUD, A. & NELSON, C.A. (2006). Neural markers of categorization in 6-month-old infants. Psychological Science, 17, 59-66.
GOLDSTONE, R.L. (1994). The role of similarity in categorization : Providing a groundwork. Cognition, 52, 125-157. [PDF] HORNE, P.J., HUGHES, J.C. & LOWE, C.F. (2006). Naming and categorization in young children: IV: Listener behavior training and transfer of function. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 85 (2), 247–273. [PDF]
ESTES, W.K. (1994). Classification and cognition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.  COHEN, H. & LEFEBVRE, C. (Eds.). (2006). Handbook of categorization in cognitive science. Oxford : Elsevier.
AYDIN, A. & PEARCE, J.M. (1994). Prototype effects in categorization by pigeons. Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Behavior Processes, 20, 264-277. ASHBY, F.G. & ENNIS, J.M. (2006). The role of the basal ganglia in category learning. The Psychology of Learning & Motivation, 46, 1-36. [PDF]
SMITH, E.E. & SLOMAN, S.A. (1994). Similarity- versus rule-based categorization. Memory & Cognition, 22, 377-386. QUINN, P.C. (2007). Categorization. In A. Slater & M. Lewis (Eds.), Introduction to infant development (pp. 119-136). Oxford University Press : Oxford, UK.
  LUPYAN, G., RAKISON, D.H. & McCLELLAND J.L. (2007). Language is not just for talking : Labels facilitate learning of novel categories. Psychological Science, 18 (12), 1077-1082. [PDF]
HARE, M., ELMAN, J.L. & DAUGHERTY, K.G. (1995). Default categorization in connectionist networks. Language & Cognitive Processes, 10, 601-630. URADA, D.I., STENSTORM, D.M. & MILLER, N. (2007). Crossed categorization beyond the two-group model. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 92, 649-664.
MACKINTOSH, N.J. (1995). Categorization by people and pigeons. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 48B, 193-214.  ASHBY, F.G., ENNIS, J.M. & SPIERING, A. (2007). Neurobiological theory of automaticity in perceptual categorization. Psychological Review, 114 (3), 632-656. [PDF]
  ROGERS, T.T. & PATTERSON, K. (2007). Object categorization : Reversals and explanations of the basic-level advantage. Journal of Experimental Psychology : General, 136, (3), 451-469. [PDF]
SPINOZZI, G. (1996). Categorization in monkeys and chimpanzees. Behavioural Brain Research, 74, 17-24. HORNE, P.J., LOWE, C.F. & HARRIS, F.D.A. (2007). Naming and categorization in young children : V. Manual sign training. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 87 (3), 367-381. [PDF]
QUINN, P.C. & EIMAS, P.D. (1996). Perceptual organization and categorization in young infants. In C. Rovee-Collier & L.P. Lipsitt (Eds.), Advances in infancy research (Vol. 10, pp. 1-36). Norwood, NJ : Ablex. SMITH, E.E. & GROSSMAN, M. (2008). Multiple systems for category learning. Neuroscience & Behavioral Reviews, 32, 249-264. [PDF]
  GROSSMANN, T., GLIGA, T., JOHNSON, M.H. & MARESCHAL, D. (2009) The neural basis of perceptual category learning in human infants. The Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 21, 2276-2286.
BÉGIN, J. & PROULX, R. (1996). Categorization in unsupervised neural networks : The Eidos model. IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, 7, 147-154. MAHON, B.Z. & CARAMAZZA, A. (2009). Concepts and categories : A cognitive neuropsychological perspective. Annual Review of Psychology, 60, 27-51. [PDF]
LACOUTURE Y., LI S.-C. & MARLEY A.A J. (1998). The roles of stimulus and response set size in the identification and categorisation of unidimensional stimuli. Australian Journal of Psychology, 50, 165-174. GOLDSTONE, R.L. & HENDRICKSON, A.T. (2009). Categorical perception. WIREs Cognitive Science, 1, 65-78. [PDF]
 ASHBY, F.G., ALFONSO-REESE, L.A., TURKEN, A.U. & WALDRON, E.M. (1998). A neuropsychological theory of multiple systems in category learning. Psychological Review, 105, 442-481. MURPHY, G.L. & ROSS, B.H. (2010). Category vs. object knowledge in category-based induction. Journal of Memory & Language, 63, 1-17. [PDF]
  KALISH, C.W., ROGERS, T.T., LANG, J. & ZHU, X. (2011). Can semi-supervised learning explain incorrect beliefs about categories ? Cognition, 120 (1), 106-118.
SMITH, E.E., PATALANO, A. & JONIDES, J. (1998). Alternative strategies of categorization. Cognition, 65,167-196. [PDF] LITTLE, D.R., NOSOFSKY, R.M. & DENTON, S.E. (2011). Response-time tests of logical-rule models of categorization. Journal of Experimental Psychology : Learning, Memory & Cognition, 37, 1-27. [PDF]
ZAYAN, R. & VAUCLAIR, J. (1998). Categories as paradigms for comparative cognition. Behavioural Processes, 42, 87-99. WANG, H.F., FRIEL, N., GOSSELIN, F. & SCHYNS, P.G. (2011). Efficient bubbles for visual categorization tasks. Vision Research, 51, 1318-1323. [PDF]
  LUPYAN, G., Mirman, D., Hamilton, R., Thompson-Schill, S.L., (2012). Categorization is modulated by transcranial direct current stimulation over left prefrontal cortex. Cognition,124(1), 36–49.
ITO, T.A., LARSEN, J.T., SMITH, N.K. & CACIOPPO, J.T. (1998). Negative information weighs more heavily on the brain : The negativity bias in evaluative categorizations. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 75, 887-900. CARVALHO, P.F. & GOLDSTONE, R.L. (2012). Category structure modulates interleaving and blocking advantage in inductive category acquisition. Proceedings of the Thirty-Fourth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 186-191). Sapporo, Japan : Cognitive Science Society. [PDF]
  CORTER, J.E. & GLUCK, M.A. (2013). Machine generalization and human categorization : An information-theoretic view. Proceedings of the First Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence, 201-207. [PDF]
Voir aussi Catégorie naturelle et Nommer
Catégorie(s) confondue(s) (Toutes...) : Voir Toutes catégories confondues.
Catégorie kantienne :
Catégorie naturelle : Natural category.

  QUINE, W.V.O. (1969). Natural kinds. In W.V. Quine (Ed.), Ontological relativity and other essays (pp. 114-138). New York : Columbia University Press. BOSTER, J.S. (1988). Natural sources of internal category structure : typicality, familiarity and similarity of birds. Memory & Cognition, 16, 258-270.
ROSCH, E. (1973). Natural categories. Cognitive Psychology, 4, 328-350. GELMAN, S.A. (1989). Children’s use of categories to guide biological inferences. Human Development, 32, 65-71.
ROSCH, E., MERVIS, C.B., GRAY, W.D., JOHNSON, D.M. & BOYES-BRAEM, P. (1976). Basic objects in natural categories. Cognitive Psychology, 8, 382-439. TVERSKY, B. & HEMENWAY, K. (1991). Parts and the basic level in natural categories and artificial stimuli : Comments on Murphy (1991). Memory & Cognition, 19 (5), 439-442. [PDF]
McCLOSKEY, M. & GLUCKSBERG, S. (1978). Natural categories : Well-defined or fuzzy sets ? Memory & Cognition, 6, 462-472. LASSAUNE, M. E., WISNIEWSKI, E. J., A MEDIN, D.L. (1991). The basic level in artificial and natural categories: Are all basic levels created equal ? In B. Bums (Ed.), Percepts, concepts and categories : The representation and processing information. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
BROWN, R. (1980). Natural categories and basic objects in the domain of persons. Katz-Newcomb Lecture. Ann Arbor, MI : University of Michigan. FABRE-THORPE, M., RICHARD, G. & THORPE, S.J. (1998). Rapid categorization of natural images by rhesus monkeys. NeuroReport, 9, 303-308.
MERVIS, C.B. & ROSCH, E. (1981). Categorization of natural objects. Annual Review of Psychology, 32, 89-115. HAMPTON, J.A. (1998). Similarity-based categorization and fuzziness of natural categories. Cognition, 65, 137-165.
BYBEE J.L. & MODER, C.L. (1983). Morphological classes as natural categories. Language, 59, 251-270. RIPS, L.J. (2001). Necessity and natural categories. Psychological Bulletin, 127 (6), 827-852. [PDF]
GELMAN, S.A. (1988). Children’s expectations concerning natural kind categories. Human Development, 31, 28-34.  
 
Catégorisation (Auto-) : Processus cognitif et ensemble de critères qui conduisent un individu à s'inclure ou à s'exlure lui-même d'un groupe. Auto-catégorisation, identité de groupe et identité sociale. Self-categorization.

  TURNER, J.C., HOGG, M.A., OAKES, P.J., REICHER, S.D. & WETHERELL, M.S. (1987). Rediscovering the social group : A self-categorization theory. Oxford : Blackwell.
HASLAM, A., OAKES, P.J., TURNER, J.-C. & McGARTY, G. (1996). Social identity, self-categorization, and the perceived homogeneity of ingroups and outgroups : The interaction between social motivation and cognition. In R. Sorrentino & E. Higgins (Eds.), Handbook of motivation and cognition: the interpersonal context. Handbook of motivation and cognition (pp. 182-222). New York : Guilford Press.
TURNER, J.C. & ONORATO, R.S. (1998). Social identity, personality, and the self-concept : A self-categorization perspective. In T.R. Tyler, R.M. Kramer & O.P. John (Eds.), The psychology of the social self (pp. 1-46). Psychology Press.
TURNER, J.C. (1999). Some current issues in research on social identity and self-categorization thoeries. In N. Ellemers, R. Spears & B. Doosje (Eds.), Social identity (pp. 6-34). Oxford : Blackwell.
Catégorisation sociale : Social categorization, social clustering.
  TAJFEL, H., BILLIG, M.G., BUNDY, R.P. & FLAMENT, C. (1971). Social categorization and intergroup behavior. European Journal of Social Psychology, 1 (2), 149-178. [PDF] DUMONT, M., YZERBYT, V.Y., WIGBOLDUS, D. & GORDJIN, E. (2003). Social categorization and fear reactions to the September 11th terrorist attacks. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 29, 112-123.
BILLIG, M.G. & TAJFEL, H. (1973). Social categorization and similarity in intergroup behavior. European Journal of Social Psychology, 3 (1), 27-52. HUGENBERG, K. & BODENHAUSEN, G.V. (2004). Ambiguity in social categorization: The Role of prejudice and facial affect in racial categorization. Psychological Science. 15 (5), 342-345.
TAYLOR, S.E., FISKE, S.T., ETCOFF, N.L. & RUDERMAN, A.J. (1978). Categorical and contextual bases of person memory and sereotyping. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 36 (7), 778-793. [PDF] AKRAMI, N., EKEHAMMAR, B. & ARAYA, T. (2006). Category and stereotype activation revisited. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 47, 513-522.
OAKES, P.J. & TURNER, J.C. (1980). Social categorization and intergroup behavior : Does minimal intergroup discrimination make social identity more positive ? European Journal of Social Psychology, 10, 295-301. GARCIA, S., TOR, A., BAZERMAN, M. & MILLER, D.T. (2005). Profit maximization versus disadvantageous inequality : The impact of social categorization. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 18, 187- 198.
TAYLOR, S.E. & FALCONE, H.T. (1982). Cognitive bases of stereotyping: The relationship between categorization and prejudice. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 8, 426-432. McGARTY, C. (2006). Hierarchies and groups : The roles of salience, overlap, and background knowledge in selecting meaningful social categorizations from multiple alternatives. In R.J. Crisp & M. Hewstone (Eds.), Multiple social categorization : Processes, models and applications. Hove, E. Sussex : Psychology Press.
TURNER, J.C. (1985). Social categorization and the self-concept : A social cognitive theory of group behavior. In E. J. Lawler (Ed.), Advances in group processes : Theory and research (Vol. 2, pp. 77-122). Greenwich, CT : JAI Press. HEWSTONE, M., TURNER, R.N., KENWORTHY, J.B. & CRISP, R.J. (2006). Multiple social categorization: Integrative themes and future research priorities. In R.J. Crisp & M. Hewstone (Eds.), Multiple social categorization : Processes, models and applications (pp. 271-310). New York : Psychology Press.
MORELAND, R.L. (1985). Social categorization and the assimilation of "new" group members. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 48, 1173-1190. SUSSKIND, J.E. (2007). Preadolescents' categorization of gender and ethnicity at the subgroup level in memory. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 25, 213-225.
SKITKA, L.J. & MASLACH, C. (1990). Gender roles and the categorization of gender relevant behavior. Sex Roles, 22 (3/4), 133-150. [PDF] PRENTICE, D.A. & MILLER, D.T. (2007). Psychological essentialism of human categories. Current Directions in Psychology, 16, 202-204.
TANAKA, J.W. (1991). Object categories and expertise: Is the basic level in the eye of the beholder ? Cognitive Psychology, 23, 457-482. APFELBAUM, E. P., PAUKER, K., AMBADY, N., SOMMERS, R. & NORTON, M.I. (2008). Learning (not) to talk about race : When older children underperform in social categorization. Developmental Psychology, 44, 1513-1518. [PDF]
ISEN, A.M., NIENDERTHAL, P. & CANTOR, N. (1992). The influence of positive affect on social categorization. Motivation & Emotion, 16, 65-78. KRUEGER, J.I. & DIDONATO, T.E. (2008). Social categorization and the perception of groups and group differences. Social & Personality Psychology Compass, 2 (2), 733-750. [PDF]
  BODENHAUSEN, G.V. & PEERY, D. (2009). Social categorization and stereotyping in vivo : The VUCA challenge. Social & Personality Psychology Compass, 3, 133-151.
VAN KNIPPENBERG, A., VAN TWUYVER, M. & PEPELS, J. (1994). Factors affecting social categorization pro- cesses in memory. British Journal of Social Psychology, 33, 419-431. SHUTTS, K., BANAJI, M.R. & SPELKE, E.S. (2010). Social categories guide young children's preferences for novel objects. Developmental Science, 13 (4), 599-610. [PDF]
  BODENHAUSEN, G.V., KANG, S.K. & PEERY, D. (2011). Social categorization and the perception of social group. In S.T. Fiske & N. Macrae (Ed.), The SAGE handbook of social cognition. Sage. [PDF]
NELSON, L.J. & MILLER, D.T. (1995). The distinctiveness effect in social categorization : You are what makes you unusual. Psychological Science, 6, 246-249. BASTIAN, B., LOUGHNAN, S. & KOVAL, P. (2011). Essentialist beliefs predict automatic motor-responses to social categories. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 14 (4), 559-567. [PDF]
LATANÉ, B. & L'HERROU, T. (1996). Social clustering in the conformity game : Dynamic social impact in electronic groups. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 70, 1218-1230. STEPANOVA, E.V. & STRUBE, M.J. (2012). The role of skin color and facial physiognomy in racial categorization : Moderation by implicit racial attitudes. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 867-878.
LATANÉ, B. (1996). The emergence of clustering and correlation from social interaction. In R. Hegselmann & H.O. Peitgen (Eds.), Modelle sozialer dynamiken : Ordnung, chaos und komplexität (pp. 79-104). Vienna : Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky. PIETRASZEWKI, D. & SCHAWARTZ, A. (2014). Evidence that accent is a dimension of social categorization, not a byproduct of perceptual salience, familiarity, or ease-of-processing. Evolution & Human Behavior, 35, 43-50. [PDF]
McGARTY, C. (1999). Categorization in social psychology. London : Sage.  
Voir aussi Catégorisation
Catégorisation sociale (Re-) : Recategorisation.

  GAERTNER, S.L., MANN, J.A., MURRELL, A.J. & DOVIDIO, J.F. (1989). Reduction of intergroup bias : The benefits of recategorisation. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 57, 239-249.
GAERTNER, S.L., DOVIDIO, J.F., ANASTASIO, P.A., BACHMAN, B.A. & RUST, M.C. (1993). The common ingroup identity model : Recategorisation and the reduction of intergroup bias. In W. Stroebe & M. Hewstone (Eds.), European review of social psychology (Vol. 4. pp. 1-26). New York : John Wiley & Sons.
CRISP., R.J., STONE, C.H. & HALL, N.R. (2006). Recategorisation and identification: Predicting and preventing threats from common ingroups. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 32, 230-243.
Catharsis : Voir Effet cathartique.
Catholicisme : Religion.

  KASOMO, D. (2010). An assessment of the Catholic Charismatic Renewal towards peaceful co-existence in the Roman Catholic Church. International Journal of Sociology & Anthropology, 2 (8), 171-177.
 
 
Cattell (Test de...) : Voir Test de Cattell.
Cattell
James McKeen Cattell Raymond Bernard Cattell
 
Cattell James McKeen (Easton 1860-1944 Lancaster) : Psychologue fonctionnaliste américain. Il est considéré, par plusieurs historiens des sciences, comme le premier professeur de psychologie aux États-Unis. Il est également le premier a avoir utilisé le mot mental test pour désigner une série d'épreuves visant à comparer ses étudiants. Président de l'APA en 1895. Étudiant de Wundt, Hall et Galton. Professeur de Franz, Henmon, Hollingworth, Murphy, Thorndike, Wissler et Wooodworth. Collaborateur de Fullerton.
CATTELL, J.M. (1886). The time it takes to see and name objects. Mind, 11, 63-65.
CATTELL, J.M. (1888). The psychological laboratory at Leipsic. Mind, 13, 37-51.
CATTELL, J.M. (1890). Mental tests and measurements. Mind, 15, 373-381.
CATTELL, J.M. (1893). Mental measurement. Philosophical Review, 2, 316-33
CATTELL, J.M. (1902). The time of perception as a measure of differences in intensity. Philosophische Studien, 19, 63-68.
 
HOLLINGSWORTH, H.L. (1914). Professor Cattell's studies by the method of relative position. In The Psychological Researches of James McKeen Cattell : A review by some of his pupils. Archives of Psychology, 30, 75-91.
SOKAL, M.M. (1971). The unpublished autobiography of James McKeen Cattell. The American Psychologist, 26 (7), 626-35.
SOKAL, M.M. (1980). Science and James McKeen Cattell, 1894 to 1945. Science, 209 (4452), 43-52.
TUCKER, W.H. (2009). The Cattell controversy : Race, science, and ideology. University of Illinois Press.
SOKAL, M.M. (2009). James McKeen Cattell, Nicholas Murray Butler, and academic freedom at Columbia Univesity, 1902-1923. History of Psychology, 12 (2), 87-122. [PDF]
Cattell Raymond Bernard (1905-1998) : Psychométricien anglais. Il a notamment étudié la personnalité et l'intelligence. Il est aussi l'inventeur du 16PF, un test qui permet d'évaluer la personnalité, et du culturel free, un test d'intelligence. Signataire du Groupe des 52. Étudiant de Spearman. Professeur de Horn. Collaborateur de Luborsky.
CATTELL, R.B. (1952). Factor analysis. New York : Harper.
CATTELL, R.B. & DREVDAHL, J.E. (1955). A comparison of the personality profile (16 P.F.) of eminent teachers and administrators, and of the general population. British Journal of Psychology, 46, 248-261.
CATTELL, R.B. (1957). Personality and motivation structure and measurement. New York : World Book.
CATTELL, R.B. (1967). La théorie de l'intelligence fluide et cristallisée. Revue de Psychologie Appliquée, 16 (3), 135-154.
CATTELL, R.B. (1983). Structured personality learning theory. New York : Praeger.
 
HORN, J. (2001). Raymond Bernard Cattell (1905-1998) : Obituary. American Psychologist, 56 (1), 71-72. [PDF]
REVELLE, W. (2009). Personality structure and measurement : the contributions of Raymond Cattell. British Journal of Psychology, 100, 253-257. [PDF]
Caucasian (Type...) : = blanc, europoïde. White.

  BHOPAL, R. & DONALDSON, L. (1998). White, European, Western, Caucasian, or what ? Inappropriate labeling in research on race, ethnicity, and health. American Journal of Public Health, 88, 1303-1307.
AHMED, N.U., AHMED, N.S., SEMENYA, K.A., ELZEY, J.D., LARSON, C., BENNETT, C.R. & HINDS, J.E. (2004). Prevalence and correlates of initiation of smoking behavior among preteen black and white children. Journal of the National Medical Association, 96 (2), 200-208. [PDF]
DEVOS, T. & BANAJI, M.R. (2005). American1⁄4White ? Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 88, 447-466.
DIXON, T.L. (2007). Black criminals and White officers : The effects of racially misrepresenting law breakers and law defenders on television news. Media Psychology, 10, 270-291. [PDF]
Voir aussi Race
Cauchemar : Parasomnie qui prend la forme d'un rêve empreint d'anxiété et de peur. Pour certains psychanalystes, le cauchemar met en scène des individus ou des objets qui se substituent à la conscience morale du surmoi et dont la fonction est de punir symboliquement le dormeur. Cauchemar, rêve et sommeil. Nightmare.

  WOOD, J.M. & BOOTZIN, R.R. (1990). The prevalence of nightmares and their independence from anxiety. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 99, 64-68. CHEYNE, J.A. (2003). Sleep paralysis and the structure of waking-nightmare hallucinations. Dreaming, 13, 163-179.
THOMPSON, D.F. & PIERCE, D.R. (1999). Drug-induced nightmares. The Annals of Pharmacotherapy, 33, 93-98. DURAND, V.M. & CHRISTODULU, K.V. (2003). Nightmares. In T.H. Ollendick and C.S. Schroeder (Eds.), Encyclopedia of pediatric and child psychology (pp. 412-413). Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
ZADRA, A. & DONDERI, D. C. (2000). Nightmares and bad dreams: Their prevalence and relationship to well-being. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109, 273-281 COOLIDGE, F.L., SEGAL, D.L., COOLIDGE, C.M., SPINATH, F.M. & GOTTSCHLING, J. (2010). Donightmares and generalized anxiety disorder in childhood and adolescence have a common genetic origin ? Behavior Genetics, 40, 349-356 [PDF]
TANSKANEN, A., TUOMILEHTO, J., VIINAMÄKI, H., VARTIAINEN, E., LEHTONEN, J. & PUSKA, P. (2001). Nightmares as predictors of suicide. Sleep, 24, 845-848. SCHREDL, M. & REINHARD, I. (2011). Gender differences in nightmare frequency : A meta- analysis. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 15, 115-121.
Causalité (Principe de la...) : Principe selon lequel tout phénomène a une cause. Principe de la causalité et explication. = déterminisme. Causality.
X Y
Cause Effet


Les formes de causalité
Causalité circulaire Causalité illusoire Causalité intuitive
 
 


  PIAGET, J. (1924). Étude critique sur "L'expérience humaine et la causalité physique" de L. Brunschvicg. Journal de Psychologie Normale et Pathologique, 21, 586-607. [PDF] ROSCH, E.H. (1994). Is causality circular : Event structure in folk psychology, cognitive science, and Buddhist logic. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 1, 50-65.
GRÜNBAUM, A. (1952). Causality and the science of human behavior. American Scientist, 40 (4), 665-676. SUN, R. (1994). A neural network model of causality. IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, 5 (4), 604-611. [PDF]
ADAMS, E.M. (1966). Mental causality. Mind, 75, 552-563. GREEN, A. (1995). La causalité psychique. Paris : Odile Jacob.
PIAGET, J. & GARCIA, R. (1974). Understanding causality. New York : Norton. FORSYTH, J.P., LEJUEZ, C.W., HAWKINS, R.P. & EIFERT, G.H. (1996). Cognitive versus contextual causation : Different world views but perhaps not irreconcilable. Journal of Behavior Therapy & Experimental Psychiatry, 27, 369-376. [PDF]
BUNGE, M. (1979/2008). Causality and modern science. New York : Dover. CHENG, P.W. (1997). From covariation to causation : A causal power theory. Psychological Review, 104 (2), 367-405.
 KENNY, D.A. (1979). Correlation and causality. New York : Wiley-Interscience. [PDF] SALMON, W. (1998). Causality and explanation. Oxford : Oxford University Press.
SHOEMAKER, S. (1980). Causality and properties. In Identity, cause and mind (pp. 206-233). Oxford, Oxford University Press. LEIGLAND, S. (1998). Radical behaviorism and the clarification of causality, constructs, and confusions : A reply to Hayes, Adams, and Dixon. The Psychological Record, 48, 423-437. [PDF]
   HARNAD, S. (2000). Correlation vs. causality : How/why the mind/bbody problem is hard. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 7 (4), 54-61. [LIRE]
MALCOM, N. (1984). Consciousness and causality. In D. M. Armstrong & N. Malcolm (Eds.), Consciousness and causality : A debate on the nature of mind (pp. 3-101). Oxford : Blackwell. SCHAFFER, J. (2000). Causation by disconnection. Philosophy of Science, 67, 285-300. [PDF]
BANDURA, A. (1984). Representing personal determinants in causal structures. Psychological Review, 91, 508-511. [PDF] FERGUSON, C.J. (2002). Media violence : Miscast causality. American Psychologist, 57 (6-7), 446-447. [PDF]
HERMANN, I. (1986). The psychological field : Chance and causality. Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 22, 652-665. HOHWY, J. (2004). The experience of mental causation. Behavior & Philosophy, 32, 377-400. [PDF]
WHITE, P.A. (1990). Ideas about causation in philosophy and psychology. Psychological Bulletin, 108, 3-18. RICHARDSON, R.C. (2006). Explanation and causality in self-organizing systems. In B. Feltz, M. Crommelinck & P. Goujon (Eds), Self-organization and emergence in life sciences (pp. 315-340). Springer Verlag / Explication et causalité dans les systèmes auto-organisés. Dans B. Feltz, M. Crommelinck & P. Goujon (Eds), Auto-organisation et émergence dan les sciences de la vie (p. 439-474). Bruxelles : OUSIA.
EELLS, E. (1991). Probabilistic causality. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.  FALMIER, O. & YOUNG, M.E. (2008). The impact of object animacy on the appraisal of causality. American Journal of Psychology, 121 (3), 475-500. [PDF]
HAYNES, S.N. (1992). Models of causality in psychopathology: Toward synthetic, dynamic and nonlinear models of causality in psychopathology. Des Moines, IA : Ayllon & Bacon BURAS, T. (2009). An Argument against causal theories of mental content. American Philosophical Quarterly, 46, 117-130.
COX, D.R. (1993). Causality and graphical models. Bulletin of the international statistical institute, 49 (1), 363-372. NORTON, J. (2009). Is there an independent principle of causality in physics ? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 60, 475-486. [PDF]
Voir aussi Principe et Cause
Causalité circulaire : Voir Boucle de rétroaction.

 
Causalité illusoire : Relation de causalité que l'on croit fondée alors qu'elle n'est que pure coïncidence. Causalité illusoire et perception de la causalité. Cognitive illusion.

  TAYLOR, S.E. & FISKE, S.T. (1975). Point of view and perceptions of causality. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 32, 439-445.
TVERSKY, A. & GILOVICH, T. (1989). The hot hand : Statistical reality or cognitive illusion ? Chance, 2 (4), 31 -34.
 LIEN, Y. & CHENG, P.W. (2000). Distinguishing genuine from spurious causes : a coherence hypothesis. Cognitive Psychology, 40, 87-137. [PDF]
SANDERS, G., BERECZKEI, T., CSATO, A. & MANNING, J. (2005). The ratio of the 2nd to 4th finger length predicts spatial ability in men but not women. Cortex, 41, 789-795.
Causalité intuitive :

  PIAGET, J. (1923). La causalité chez l'enfant. The British Journal of Psychology, 18 (3), 276-301.
PIAGET, J. et KRAFT, H. (1925). De quelques formes primitives de causalité chez l'enfant : phénoménisme et efficacité. L'Année Psychologique, 26, 31-71. [PDF]
PIAGET, J. (1927). La causalité physique chez l’enfant. Paris : Alcan.
JAMET, F., LEGROS, D. & PUDELKO, B. (2004). Dessin et discours : construction de la représentation de la causalité du monde physique. Intellectica, 38, 103-137.
Cause : Facteur déterminant l'apparition d'un phénomène (effet). Pour certains épistémologues, une cause est une condition nécessaire et suffisante à l'apparition d'un phénomène. Au sens strict, la cause précède toujours l'effet; jamais l'inverse. En sciences humaines, de nombreux auteurs hésitent à parler de cause. Selon eux, le terme serait adéquat pour décrire les relations matérielles ou physiques entre des objets inanimés, des relations linéaires, invariables et de proximité, mais il serait inapproprié pour expliquer les phénomènes biologiques, plus complexes, ou psychologiques. Ces derniers seraient d'une autre essence, d'une autre nature (que matériel ou physique). Les phénomèmes biologiques, psychologiques ou sociaux n'échapperaient pas au déterminisme pour autant, mais appeleraient des explications d'un autre ordre. Par exemple, dans le conditionnement opérant, le comportement du sujet modifie l'environnement, et en retour l'environnement influence la réponse du sujet. Ici A cause B, mais B cause également A. L'effet devient la cause, et survient après le phénomène que l'on souhaite expliquer. Ces boucles de rétroaction, que l'on observe également en biologie, peuvent-elles être considérées comme de simples causes ? Une relation causale bidirectionnelle est-elle toujours une cause ? D'autres auteurs affirment que les phénomènes psychologiques sont tout simplement immatériels (niveau psychique ou mental), et ne peuvent pour cette raison s'expliquer en terme de relation causale. Pour ces deux raisons, et bien d'autres, de nombreux auteurs préférent utiliser le terme de facteurs déterminants. Cause et effet. = relation de causalité, relation de cause à effet, déterminant, facteur explicatif. Cause, causation, causal determinant.
X Y
Cause Effet



Les types de causes
4 causes Cause immédiate Cause psychologique
Cause fondamentale Cause distale
 

  HUME, D. (1739/1946/60). A treatise of human nature : Being an attempt to introduce the experimental method of reasoning into moral subjects/ Traité de la nature humaine. Oxford : Clarendon Press/Paris : Aubier. BRAUN, D. (1995). Causally relevant properties. Philosophical Perspectives, 9, 447-475.
KANT, E (1781/1944). Critique de la raison pure. Paris : Presses Universitaires de France. BLOCK, N. (1995). Reply : Causation and two kinds of laws. In C. Macdonald (Ed.), Philosophy of psychology : Debates on psychological explanation. Oxford University Press.
TOLMAN, E.C. & BRUNSWICK, E. (1935). The organism and the causal texture of the environment. Psychological Review, 42, 43-47.  
GRÜNBAUM, A. (1952). Causality and the science of human behavior. American Scientist, 40 (4), 665-676. DOUGHER, M.J. (1995). A bigger picture : Cause and cognition in relation to differing scientific frameworks. Journal of Behavior Therapy & Experimental Psychiatry, 26 (3), 215-219.
HANSON, N.R. (1955). Causal chains. Mind, 64, 289-311. SPERBER, D., PREMARK, D. & PREMARK, A.J. (Eds.) (1995). Causal cognition : A multidisciplinary debate. New York : Oxford University Press.
MAYR, E. (1961). Cause and effect in biology. Science, 131, 1501-1506. LAYNG, T.V.J. (1995). Causation and complexity : Old lessons new crusades. Journal of Behavior Therapy & Experimental Psychiatry, 26, 249-258.
DAVIDSON, D. (1963). Actions reasons and causes. Journal of Philosophy, 60, 685-700. DAVIDSON, D. (1995). Laws and cause. Dialectica, 49,263-279.
LEWIS, D. (1973). Causation. Journal of Philosophy, 70, 556-67. GLENNAN, S. (1996). Mechanisms and the nature of causation. Erkenntnis, 44, 49–71.
CUMMINS, R. (1974). Dispositions, states and causes. Analysis, 34 (6), 94-204. [PDF] ANGRIST, J., IMBENS, G.W. & RUBIN, D.B. (1996). Identification of causal effects using instrumental variables. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 91, 444-472.
ROTHMAN, K.J. (1974). Synergy and antagonism in cause-effect relationships. American Journal of Epidemiology, 99, 385-388. CHIESA, M. (1996). Cause, explanation, and theory in a science of behavior. Mexican Journal of Behavior Analysis, 22, 61-82.
SOSA, E. (1975). Introduction to causation and conditionals. London : Oxford University Press. RIBES-INESTA, E. (1997). Causality and contingency : Some conceptual considerations. The Psychological Record, 47, 619-635.
  YABLO, S. (1997). Wide causation. Philosophical Perspectives, 11, 251-281. [PDF]
SPERRY, R.W. (1976). Mental phenomena as causal determinants in brain function. In O.O. Globus, G. Maxwell & I. Savodnik (Eds.), Consciousness and the brain (pp. 163-177). New York : Plenum Press. CHENG, P.W. (1997). From covariation to causation : A causal power theory. Psychological Review, 104, 367-405. [PDF]
SCHNAITTER, R. (1978). Private causes. Behaviorism, 6 (1), 1-12. SEHON, S. (1998). Connectionism and the causal theory of action explanation. Philosophical Psychology 11 (4), 511-532.
ZURIFF, G.E. (1979). Ten inner causes. Behaviorism, 7 (1), 1-8. [PDF] DICKINSON, A. & BALLEINE, B. (2000). Causal cognition and goal-directed action. In C. Heyes & L. Huber (Eds.), The evolution of cognition (pp. 185-204). Cambridge, MA : The MIT Press.
LEWIS, D. (1981). Causal decision theory. Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 59, 5-30. KILLEEN, P.R. (2001). The four causes of behavior. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 10, 136-140.
JAMES, L.R., MULAIK, S.A. & BRETT, J.M. (1982). Causal analysis : Assumptions, models, and data. Beverly Hills, CA : Sage. WALTER, S. & HECKMANN, H.-D. (Eds.) (2003). Physicalism and mental causation. Charlottesville, VA : Imprint Academic.
SPERRY, R.W. (1987). Consciousness and causality. In R. Gregory (Ed.), The Oxford companion to the mind (pp. 164-1660). Oxford : Oxford University Press. YABLO, S. (2003). Causal relevance. Philosophical Issues, 13 (1), 316-28.
DRETSKE, F. (1988). Explaining behavior : Reasons in a world of causes. Cambridge, MA : MIT Press. SHAFER, J. (2004). Causes need not be physically connected to their effects : The case for negative causation. In C. Hitchcock (Ed.), Contemporary debates in philosophy of science. Oxford : Blackwell Publishing.
WHITE, P.A. (1990). Ideas about causation in philosophy and psychology. Psychological Bulletin, 108, 3-18. BONTLY, T.D. (2005). Exclusion, overdetermination, and the nature of causation. Journal of Philosophical Research 30, 261-282.
TOOLEY, M. (1990). Causation : Reductionism versus realism. Philosophy & Phenomenological Research, 50 (S), 215-236. BONTLY, T.D. (2005). Proportionality, causation, and exclusion. Philosophia, 32 (1-4), 331-348.
YABLO, S. (1992). Mental causation. Philosophical Review, 101 (2), 245-280. [PDF] KRUEGER, J.I. & FUNDER, D.C. (2004). Towards a balanced social psychology : Causes, consequences, and cures for the problem-seeking approach to social behavior & cognition, Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 27 (3), 313-327. [PDF]
ALESSI, G. (1992). Models of proximate and ultimate causation in psychology. American Psychologist, 47, 1359-1370. DILWORTH, J. (2005). Perceptual causality problems reflexively resolved. Acta Analytica, 20, 11-31. [PDF]
YABLO, S. (1992). Cause and essence. Synthese, 93, 403-449. KIM, J. (2005). Laws, causation, and explanation in the special sciences. History & Philosophy of the Life Sciences, 27, 325-338.
SOSA, E. & TOOLEY, M. (Eds.) (1993). Causation. Oxford : Oxford University Press, Readings in Philosophy Series. BENNETT, K. (2007). Mental causation. Philosophy Compass, 2 (2), 316-337.
AUDI, R.N. (1993). Mental causation : Sustaining and dynamic. In J. Heil & A.R. Mele (Eds.), Mental causation. Oxford University Press. CARTWRIGHT, N. (2007). Hunting causes and using them : Approaches in philosophy and economics. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.
DAVIDSON, D. (1993). Thinking causes. In J. Heil and A. Mele (Eds.), Mental causation. Oxford : Oxford University Press. PÉREZ ÀLVAREZ, M. (2009). The four causes of behavior : International Journal of Psychology & Psychological Therapy, 9 (1), 45-57. [PDF]
HEIL, J. & MELE, A. (1993). Mental causation. Oxford: Oxford University Press. TOOLEY, M. (2010). Time, truth, actuality, and causation : On the impossibility of divine foreknowledge. European Journal for Philosophy of Religion, 1, 143-163.
CRANE, T. (1995). The mental causation debate. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society Suppl., 69, 211-236. SCOTT-PHILLIPS, T.C., DICKINS, T.E. & WEST, S.A. (2011). Evolutionary theory and the ultimate-proximate distinction in the human behavioral sciences. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6 (1), 38-47. [PDF]
Voir aussi Facteur déterminant
Causes (Chaîne de... ) :

X1 X2 Y
Causes Effet

   
Causes (Les quatre... ) : Types proposés par Aristote : 1) cause efficiente; 2) cause matérielle; 3) cause formelle; 4) cause finale. Four causes.

  KILLEEN, P.R & NASH, M.R. (2003). The four causes of hypnosis. International Journal of Clinical & Experimental Hypnosis, 51, 195-231. [PDF]
Cause distale : Ultimate cause.

  ALESSI, G. (1992). Models of proximate and ultimate causation in psychology. American Psychologist, 47, 1359-1370.
ALCOCK, J. & SHERMAN, P. (1994). The utility of the proximate–ultimate dichotomy in ethology. Ethology 96, 58-62.
BEATTY, J. (1994). The proximate/ultimate distinction in the multiple careers of Ernst Mayr. Biology & Philosophy, 9 (3), 333-356.
DEWSBURY, D.A. (1999). The proximate and the ultimate : past, present, and future. Behavioural Processes, 46,189-199. [PDF]
Cause finale (Principe de la.. ) : Chez Aristote, la cause finale renvoie à l'intention qui précède le comportement (effet), au but que poursuit un individu. Telos.
Cause fondamentale : = cause distale.
Cause immédiate : Ensemble des causes biologiques ou psychologiques qui échappent à l'influence directe de l'évolution. = cause proximale.

  ALESSI, G. (1992). Models of proximate and ultimate causation in psychology. American Psychologist, 47, 1359-1370.
ALCOCK, J. & SHERMAN, P. (1994). The utility of the proximate–ultimate dichotomy in ethology. Ethology 96, 58-62.
BEATTY, J. (1994). The proximate/ultimate distinction in the multiple careers of Ernst Mayr. Biology & Philosophy, 9 (3), 333-356.
DEWSBURY, D.A. (1999). The proximate and the ultimate : past, present, and future. Behavioural Processes, 46,189-199. [PDF]
Cause psychologique : Expression qui recouvre deux réalités complémentaires : a) Au sens large, l'expression désigne une vaste gamme de phénomèmes explicatifs qui se trouvent dans l'individu, sans être de nature biologique (EX : les attitudes, les intentions, les maladies mentales, etc.). N.D.L.R. Attention, en psychologie, il existe de nombreuses explications monistes biologiques ou sociales dites externalismes) que l'on qualifie également de psychologique. = facteur psychologique. /cause biologique. b) Le terme renvoie également au débat entre les matérialistes/monistes et les mentalistes/dualistes; la thèse de ces derniers soutient qu'il existe des causes internes non-biologiques qui permettent d'expliquer des phénomènes biologiques/physiques, comme les comportements. = cause mentale, cause interne. Mental causation, inner cause.

  a
   
b
SPERRY, R.W. (1976). Mental phenomena as causal determinants in brain function. In O.O. Globus, G. Maxwell & I. Savodnik (Eds.), Consciousness and the brain (pp. 163-177). New York : Plenum Press. SPERBER, D., PREMARK, D. & PREMARK, A.J. (Eds.) (1995). Causal cognition : A multidisciplinary debate. New York : Oxford University Press.
ZURIFF, G.E. (1979). Ten inner causes. Behaviorism, 7, 1-8. DOUGHER, M.J. (1995). A bigger picture : Cause and cognition in relation to differing scientific frameworks. Journal of Behavior Therapy & Experimental Psychiatry, 26 (3), 215-219.
YABLO, S. (1992). Mental causation. Philosophical Review, 101 (2), 245-280. DICKINSON, A. & BALLEINE, B. (2000). Causal cognition and goal-directed action. In C. Heyes & L. Huber (Eds.), The evolution of cognition (pp. 185-204). Cambridge, MA : The MIT Press.
HEIL, J. & MELE, A. (1993). Mental causation. Oxford : Oxford University Press. SHAFER, J. (2004). Causes need not be physically connected to their effects : The case for negative causation. In C. Hitchcock (Ed.), Contemporary debates in philosophy of science. Oxford : Blackwell Publishing.
CRANE, T. (1995). The mental causation debate. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 69 (S), 211-236. BENNETT, K. (2007). Mental causation. Philosophy Compass, 2 (2), 316-337.
PÉREZ ÀLVAREZ, M. (2009). The four causes of behavior : International Journal of Psychology & Psychological Therapy, 9 (1), 45-57. [PDF]
Cautela Joseph R. ( ) : Béhavioriste américain et spécialiste des thérapies béhaviorales.

CAUTELA, J.R. (1967). Covert sensitization. Psychological Reports, 20 (2), 459-468.
CAUTELA, J.R. (1970). The treatment of alcoholism by covert sensitization. Psychotherapy : Theory, Research & Practice, 7 (2), 86-90.
CAUTELA, J.R., CAUTELA, J. & ESONIS, S. (1983). Forms for behavior analysis with children : Research Press Publication.
CAUTELA, J.R. & KEARNEY, A.J. (1986). The covert conditioning handbook. New York : Springer.
CAUTELA, J.R. & KEARNEY, A.J. (1990). Behavior analysis, cognitive therapy, and covert conditioning. Journal of Behavior Therapy & Experimental Psychiatry, 21 (2), 83-90.
Cautilli Joseph D. ( ) : Béhavioriste américain et spécialiste des thérapies béhaviorales. Collaborateur de Axelrod et Hineline.
 CAUTILLI, J.D. (2005). Brief report: Application of proposed model of decreasing reinforcement intensity. International Journal of Behavioral Consultation & Therapy, 1 (1), 21-26.
 CAUTILLI, J.D., RILEY-TILLMAN, T.C., AXELROD, S. & HINELINE, P (2005). The role of verbal conditioning in third generation behavior therapy. The Behavior Analyst Today, 6 (2), 138-145.
 CAUTILLI, J.D., RILEY-TILLMAN, T.C., AXELROD, S. & HINELINE, P. (2005). Current behavioral models of client and consultee resistance: A critical review. International Journal of Behavioral Consultation & Therapy, 1 (2), 147-164.
 CAUTILLI, J.D. & WEINBERG, M. (2006). Behaviorally oriented therapies, corrections, and public policy. The Behavior Analyst Today, 7 (4), 442-451. [PDF]
 HASSET, D.L., KELLY, A.M., PRITCHARD, J.K. & CAUTILLI, J.D. (2008). The liicensing of behavior analysts : Protecting the profession and the public. Journal of Early & Intensive Behavior Intervention 5 (2), 8–19.
Cavalli-Sforza Luca Luigi (1922-) : Biologiste et généticien italien, spécialisé dans l'étude de la transmission culturelle.
CAVALLI-SFORZA, L.L. & EDWARDS, A.W.F. (1967). Phylogenetic analysis : models and estimation procedures. American Journal of Human Genetics, 19, 233-257.
CAVALLI-SFORZA, L.L. & BODMER, W.F. (1971/99). The genetics of human populations. W. H. Freeman, San Francisco/Dover Publications.
CAVALLI-SFORZA, L.L. & FELDMAN, M.M.W. (1981). Cultural transmission and evolution. Princeton : Princeton University Press.
CAVALLI-SFORZA, L.L., MEOZZ, P. & PIZZA, A. (1998). The history and geography of human genes. Princeton : Princeton University Press.
CAVALLI-SFORZA, L.L. (1996). Qui sommes-nous ? Une histoire de la diversité humaine. Paris : Flammarion.
Cavanagh Patrick ( ) : Neuropsychologue américain, d'origine canadienne, spécialisé dans l'étude de la vision et de la recherche visuelle. Collaborateur de Ceci, Jolicoeur, Lassonde et Ramachadran.
CAVANAGH, P. & CHASE, W.G. (1971). The equivalence of target and nontarget processing in visual search. Perception & Psychophysics, 9, 493-495. [PDF]
CAVANAGH, P., HUNT, A.R., AFRAZ, A. & ROLFS, M. (2010). Attention Pointers : Response to Mayo and Sommer. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 14 (9), 390-391. [PDF]
CAVANAGH, P. & ANTSIS, S. (2002). The boogie-woogie illusion. Perception, 31, 100-1011. [PDF]
CAVANAGH, P. et VANRULLEN, R. (2007). La résolution de l’attention : le grain spatial et temporal de la conscience visuelle. Dans G.Michael (Dir.), Les dimensions de l’attention visuelle (pp. 63-81). Marseille : Solal. [PDF]
CAVANAGH, P. (2011). Visual cognition. Vision Research, 13, 1538-1551. [PDF]
ccmdCCDMD : Centre Collégial de Développement de Matériel Didactique. Organisme gouvernemental qui promeut le developpement des TICS à l'école.
ccdmd
 
CECI - CÉCITÉ - CÉGEP - CEI - CEL - CENTRA - CERTITUDE - CERUTTI - CERVEAU - CERVELET - CETERUS PARIBUS - CH
Ce que l'on doit savoir : Connaissance essentielle pour comprendre un problème, un domaine. = connaissance essentielle.

 
Ce que l'on sait : Expression qui désigne le savoir ou la connaissance actuelle d'un domaine de recherche. = niveau actuel des connaissances, état de la question. What do we know, current knowledge.

  HARDOON, K.K. & DEREVENSKY, J.L. (2002). Child and adolescent gambling behavior : Current Knowlege. Clinical Child & Psychiatry, 7 (2), 139-145. [PDF]
GAWRONSKI, B. & BODENHAUSEN, G.V. (2007). What do we know about implicit attitude measure and what do we have to learn ? In B. Wittenbrink and N. Schwarz (Eds), Implicit measures of attitudes (pp. 265-286). New York : Guilford Press. [PDF]
VISMARA, L.A. & ROGERS, S. J. (2010). Behavioral treatments in autism spectrum disorder : What do we know ? Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 6, 447-468.
Ce que l'on veut savoir : En science, expression qui désigne ce que l'on ignore d'un thème ou d'un domaine de recherche (faille), mais qui mérite d'être su ou mieux connu (pertinence du problème). = Voir tableau ci-dessous. What do we have to learn.

Éléments de «ce que l'on veut savoir»
Faille Pertinence du problème Question de recherche
Justification de la recherche Problème de recherche  
 
 

  GAWRONSKI, B. & BODENHAUSEN, G.V. (2007). What do we know about implicit attitude measure and what do we have to learn ? In B. Wittenbrink & N. Schwarz (Eds), Implicit measures of attitudes (pp. 265-286). New York : Guilford Press. [PDF]
Ceci Stephen J. ( ) : Psychologue écologiste et cognitiviste américain, spécialisé dans l'étude de la mémoire et de l'intelligence des enfants. Il s'intéresse également au processus de communication scientifique et au rôle dans ce processus des comités de lecture.étudiant de Howe. Collaborateur de Bjork, Bouchard, Brainerd, Bronfenbrenner, Cavanagh, Halpern, Loehlin, Loftus, Neisser, Perloff, Sternberg, Urbina et Williams.
CECI, S.J. (1984). A developmental study of learning disabilities and memory : An algebraic approach to disentangling automaticity and purposivity in development. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 38, 352-371.
CECI, S.J., BAKER, J. & BRONFENBRENNER, U. (1987). Memory development and ecological complexity : The case of prospective memory. In M. Perlmutter & F. Weinert (Eds.), Individual differences and universal changes in memory development research. Hillsdale NJ : Erlbaum.
CECI, S.J. (1990). The relationship between microlevel and macrolevel processing : Some arguments against reductionism. Intelligence, 14, 1-9.
CECI, S.J. (1991). How much does schooling Influence general intelligence and its cognitive components? A reassessment of the evidence. Developmental Psychology, 27, 703-722.
CECI, S.J. & WILLIAMS, W.M. (2010). Sex differences in math-intensive fields. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 19 (5), 275-279. [PDF]
 
WILLIAMS, W.M. (2004). A biography of Stephen J. Ceci. In C.B. Fisher & R.M. Lerner (Eds.), Applied developmental science encyclopedia (pp. 213-215). Sage publications, Inc
Cécité : Trouble de la vision qui se caractérise par une incapacité à voir, totale ou partielle. Blindness, low vision.

  SUPRA, M., COTZIN, M.E. & DALLENBACH, K.M. (1944). "Facial vision": The perception of obstacles by the blind. American Journal of Psychology, 57, 133-183. CORNOLDI, C., BERTUCCELLI, B., ROCCHI, P. & SBRANA, B. (1993). Pro- cessing capacity limitations in pictorial and spatial representations in the totally congenitally blind. Cortex, 29, 675-689.
WORCHEL, P. & DALLENBACH, K.M. (1947). "Facial vision": Perception of obstacles by the deaf-blind. American Journal of Psychology, 60, 502-553. THINUS-BLANC, C. & GAUNET, F. (1997). Representation of space in the blind : Vision as a spatial sense ? Psychological Bulletin, 121, 20-42.
WORCHEL, P. (1951). Space perception and orientation in the blind. Psychological Monographs : General & Applied, 65 (15, Whole No. 332), 1-28. CASLA, M., BLANCO, F. & TRAVIESO, D. (1999). Haptic perception of geometric illusions by persons who are totally congenitally blind. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 93, 583-588.
LANDAU, B., GLEITMAN, H. & SPELKE, E.S. (1981). Spatial knowledge and geometrical representation in a child blind from birth. Science, 213, 1275-1278. GOUGOUX, F., LEPORE, F., LASSONDE, M., VOSS, P., ZATTORE, R. & BELIN, P. (2004). Neuropsychology : pitch discrimination in the early blind. Nature, 309.
  GERUSCHAT, D.R. & HASSAN, S.E. (2005). Driver Behavior in Yielding to Sighted and Blind Pedestrians at Roundabouts. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 99(5), 286-302.
LANDAU, B., SPELKE, E.S. & GLEITMAN, H. (1984). Spatial knowledge in a young blind child. Cognition, 16, 225-260. PTITO, M., MATTEAU, I., GJEDDE, A. & KUPERS, R. (2009). Recruitment of the middle temporal area by tactile motion in congenital blindness. NeuroReport, 20 (6), 543-547.
  MARTINIELLO, N. (2012). Navigating the university campus : Considering the accessibility needs of blind and low vision students. Communiqué, 13 (1), 13-16. [PDF]
Voir aussi Trouble de la vision
Cecité attentionnelle : Voir Attention.
CÉGEP : Voir Collège.
Ceinture de protection (d'un programme de recherche) : Chez Lakatos, principe selon lequel... = ceinture de sécurité théorique. Protective belt.

 
Ceinture de sécurité (Port de la...) : Ceinture de sécurité, accident et conduite automobile. Safety belt, seat belt.

    THYER, B.A., GELLER, E.S.. (1990). Behavior analysis in the promotion of safety belt use: A review. In M. Hersen, R. M. Eisler & P. M. Miller (Eds.), Progress in behavior modification (Vol. 26, pp. 150-172). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
FHANER, G. & HANE, M. (1973). Seatbelts : Factors influencing their use : A literature survey. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 5, 27-43. BERRY, T.D. & GELLER, E.S. (1991). A single-subject approach to evaluating vehicle safety belt reminders : Back to basics. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 24 (1), 13-22. [PDF]
FHANER, G. & HANE, M. (1973). Seatbelts : The importance of situational factors. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 5, 267-285. GELLER, E.S. (1991). War on the highways : An inter- national tragedy. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 24, 3-7. [PDF]
  BERRY, T.D. & GELLER, E.S., CALEF, R.S. & CALEF, R.S.(1992). Moderating effects of social assistance on verbal interventions to promote safety belt use. An analysis of weak plys. Environment & Behavior, 24, 653-669.
MATHEWS, R.M. & DIX, M. (1992). Behavior change in the funny papers: feedback to cartoonists on safety belt use. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 25 (4), 769-775. [PDF]
ROBERTSON, L.S., KELLEY, A.B., O'NEILL, B., WIXOM, C.W., EISWIRTH, R.S. & HADDON, W. (1974). A controled study of the effect of television messages on safety belt use. American Journal of Public Health, 64, 1071-1080. [PDF] WILLIAMS, A.F., REINFURT, D.F. & WELLS, J.K. (1996). Increasing seat belt use in North Carolina. Journal of Safety Research, 27, 33-41.
ROBERTSON, L.S. (1975). Safety belt use in automobiles with starter-interlock and buzzer-light reminder systems. American Journal of Public Health, 65, 1319-1325. MALENFANT, J.E.L., WELLS. J.K., VAN HOUTEN, R. & WILLIAMS, A.F. (1996). The use of feedback to increase observed daytime seat belt use in two cities in North Carolina. Accident Analysis & Revention, 28, 771-777.
ElLMAN, D. & KILLBREW, T.J. (1978). Incentives and seat belts : Changing a resistant behavior through ex- trinsic motivation. Journal of Applied Social Psyhology, 8, 72-83. WILLIAMS, A., REINFURT, D.W. & WELLS, J.K. (1996). Increasing seat belt use in North Carolina. Journal of Safety Research, 27, 33-41.
GELLER, E.S., CASALI, J.G. & JOHNSON, R.P. (1980). Seat-belt usage : A potential target for applied behavior analysis. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 13, 94-100. [PDF] ENGERMAN, J. A., AUSTIN, J. & BAILEY, J. S. (1997). Prompting patron safety belt use at a supermarket. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 30 (3), 577-579. [PDF]
NAU, P.A. & VAN HOUTEN, R. (1981-82). The effects of prompts, feedback and an advertising campaign on the use of safety belts by automobile drivers in Nova Scotia. Journal of Environmental Systems, 11, 351-361. WILLIAMS, A.F., WELLS, J.K., McCARTT, A.T. & REUSSER, D.F. (2000). "Buckle up now !" An enforcement program to achieve high belt use. Journal of Safety Research, 31, 195-201.
GELLER, E.S., JOHNSON, R.P. & PELTON, S.L. (1982). Community-based interventions for encouraging safety belt use. American Journal of Community Psychology, 10, 183-195. DINH-ZARR, T.B., SLEET, D.A., SHULTS, R.A., ZAZA, S., ELDER, R.W. & NICHOLS, J.L. (2001). Reviews of evidence regarding interventions to increase the use of safety belts. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 21, 48-65.
GELLER, E.S., PATERSON, L. & TALBOTT, E. (1982). A behavioral analysis of incentive prompts for motivating seat belt use. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 15, 403-413. [PDF] WELLS, J.K., MALENFANT, L., WILLIAMS, A.F. & VAN HOUTEN, R. (2000). Use of a community program to increase seat belt use among shopping center patrons in Charlotte, North Carolina. Journal of Safety Research, 31 (2), 93-99.
GELLER, E.S. (1983). Rewarding safety belt usage at an industrial setting : Tests of treatment generality and response maintenance. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 16 (2), 43-56. [PDF] EBY, D.W., FORDYCE, T.A. & VIVODA, J.M. (2002). A comparison of safety belt use between commercial and noncommercial light vehicle occupants. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 34, 285-291.
JOHNSON, R.P. & GELLER, E.S. (1984). Contingent versus noncontingent rewards for promoting seat belt usage. Journal of Community Psychology, 12, 113-122. WILLIAMS, A.F. & WELLS, J.K. (2004). The role of enforcement programs in increasing seat belt use. Journal of Safety Research, 35 (2), 175-180.
CAMPBELL, B.J., HUNTER, W.W., GEMMING, M.G. & STEWART, J.R. (1984). Seat belts payof : The use of economic incentives and public information to increase seat belt use in a community. Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center. VAN HOUTEN, R., MALENFANT, J.E.L., AUSTIN, J. & LEBBON, A. (2005). The effects of a seatbelt-gearshift delay prompt on the seatbelt use of motorists who do not regularly wear seatbelts. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 38 (2), 195-203. [PDF]
JONAH, B.A. & GRANT, B.A. (1985). Long-term effectiveness of selective traffic enforcement programs for increasing seat belt use. Journal of Applied Psychology, 70, 257-263. CLAYTON, M.C., HELMS, B. & SIMPSON, C. (2006). Active prompting to decrease cell phone use and increase seat belt use while driving. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 39 (3), 341-349. [PDF]
RUDD, J.R. & GELLER, E.S. (1985). A university-based incentive program to increase safety belt use: Toward cost-efective institutionalization. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 18, 215-226. FARRELL, L.V., COX, M.G. & GELLER, E.S. (2007). Prompting safety-belt use in the context of a belt-use law : The flash-for-life revisited. Journal of Safety Research, 38, 407-411.
GELLER, E.S., BRUFF, C.D. & NIMMER, J.G. (1985). The "flash for life" : A community prompting strategy for safety belt promotion. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 18 (4), 145-159. [PDF] CLAYTON, M.C. & HELMS, B. (2009). Increasing seat belt use on a college campus: An evaluation of two prompting procedures. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 42 (1), 161-164. [PDF]
WEINTEIN, N.D., GRUBB, P.D. & VAULTIER, J.S. (1986). Increasing automobile seat belt use : An intervention emphasizing risk susceptibility. Journal of Applied Psychology, 71 (2), 285-290. COX, M.G. & GELLER E.S. (2010). Prompting safety-belt use : Comparative impact on the target behavior and relevant body language. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 43 (2), 321-325. [PDF]
THYER, B.A., GELLER, E.S., WILLIAMS, M. & PURCELL, E. (1987). Community-based"flashing" to increase safety-belt use. Journal of Experimental Education, 55, 155-159.  
VAN HOUTEN, R. & MALENFANT, J.E.L (1988). The effects of nighttime seat belt enforcement on seat belt use by tavern patrons: A preliminary analysis. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 21 (3), 271-276. [PDF]  
Célébrité : Voir Vedette.
Célibat/Célibataire ( ) : État de celui ou celle qui vit seul, sans conjoint (mais pas nécessairement sans enfant). Célibat, vie de couple et mariage. /couple.

   DICKINSON R. L. & BEAM, L. (1934). The single woman. Oxford: Williams & Wilkins. SCHUTZ, A., HERTEL, J., DEPAULO, B.M., MORRIS, W.L. & STUCKE, T.S. (2007). She’s single, so what ? How are singles perceived compared with people who are in romantic relationships ? Journal of Family Research, 9, 139-158.
 STEIN, P.J. (1976). Single. Englewood Cliffs, NJ : Prentice-Hall. HERTEL, J., SCHÜTZ, A. DEPAULO, B.M., MORRIS, W.L. & STRUCKE, T.J. (2007. She’s single, so what ? Journal of Family Research, 19 (2), 139-158. [PDF]
 CARGAN, L. (1981). Singles : An examination of two stereotypes. Family Relations, 30, 377-385. MORRIS, W.L., SINCLAIR, S. & DEPAULO, B.M. (2007). No shelter for singles : The perceived legitimacy of marital status discrimination. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 10, 457-470.
 ZAJICEK A. M. & KOSKI, P.R. (2003). Strategies of resistance to stigmatization among white middle-class singles. Sociological Spectrum, 23, 377-403. MORRIS, W.L. DEPAULO, B.M. HERTEL, J. & AYLOR L.C. (2008). Singlism : another problem that has no name : Prejudice, stereotypes, and discrimination against singles. In M.A. Morrison & T.G. Morrison (Eds.), The psychology of modern prejudice (pp. 165-194). New York : Nova Science Publishers.
DEPAULO, B.M. & MORRIS, W.L. (2005). Singles in society and in science. Psychological Inquiry, 16, 57-83. DEPAULO, B.M. (2012). Single, no children : Who is your family ? In A. Vangelisti (Ed.), Routledge handbook of family communication (pp. 190-204). New York : Routledge.
DEPAULO, B.M. & MORRIS, W.L. (2005). Should singles and the scholars who study them make their mark or stay in their place ? Psychological Inquiry, 16, 142-149. CASPER, W.J. & DEPAULO, B.M. (2012). A new layer to inclusion : Creating singles-friendly work environments. In N.P. Reilly, A. Gorman & M.J. Sirgy (Eds.), Work and quality of life : Ethical practices in organizations (pp. 217-234). New York : Springer.
DEPAULO, B.M. & MORRIS, W.L. (2006). The unrecognized stereotyping and discrimination against people who are single. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15, 251-254. Voir aussi Réseau et Solitude
Cellérier Guy (1935-) : Psychologue cognitiviste européen d'origine suisse. Étudiant de Piaget. Collaborateur d'Inhelder et Papert.
CELLÉRIER, G., PAPERT, S. et VOYAT, G. (1968). Cybernétique et épistémologie. Paris : Presses Universitaire de France.
CELLÉRIER, G. (1973). Piaget par Guy Célérier. Paris : Presses Universitaire de France.
CELLÉRIER, G. (1987). La psychologie génétique et le cognitivisme. Débat, 5 (47), 116-129.
INHELDER, B. et CELLÉRIER, G. (Dirs.) (1992). Le cheminement des découvertes chez l'enfant : Recherches sur les micro-genèses cognitives. Paris/Neuchâtel : Delachaux et Niestlé.
 
 
Cellule : Du latin cellula qui signifie «petite chambre». Il s'agit de la plus petite entité viable et autonome des organismes. Les cellules du cerveau se nomme neurone. ( ): cellule nerveuse, cellule souche. Cell.

   TRINKAUS, J.P. (1969). Cells into organs. Eaglewood Cliffs, NJ. : Prentice-Hall.  SHORS, T.J. (2008). From stem cells to grandmother cells : How neurogenesis relates to learning and memory. Cell Stem Cell, 3, 253-258.
BYRNE, J.H. (1987). Cellular analysis of associative learning. Physiological Reviews, 67, 329-439. ZHANG, J.M., KONKLE, A.T.M., ZUP, S.L. & McCARTHY, M.M. (2008). Impact of sex and hormones on new cells in the developing rat hippocampus : a novel source of sex dimorphism ? European Journal of Neuroscience, 27 (4), 791-800. [PDF]
 SKOTTUN, B.C, DE VALOIS, R.L., GROSOF, D.H., MOVSHON, J.A., ALBRETCHT D. & BONDS, A.B. (1991). Classifying simple and complex cells on the basis of response modulation. Vision Research, 31 (7/8), 1079-1086. [PDF]  
SAKURAI, Y. (1996). Hippocampal and neocortical cell assemblies encode memory processes for different types of stimuli in the rat. Journal of Neuroscience, 16, 2809–2819.  
MARKHAM, M.R. & STODDARD, P.K. (2005). Adrenocorticotropic hormone enhances the masculinity of an electric communication signal by modulating the waveform and timing of action potentials within individual cells. Journal of Neuroscience, 25, 8746-8754. CURLIK, D.M., DIFEO, G. & SHORS, T.J. (2014). Preparing for adulthood : Thousands upon thousands of new cells are born in the hippocampus during puberty, and most survive with effortful learning. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 8, 1-8. [PDF]
GÖTZ, M. & HUTTNER, W.B. (2005). The cell biology of neurogenesis. Nature Reviews : Molecular Cell Biology, 6. 777-788. [PDF]  
CARPENTER, M.B. & SUTIN, J . (1983). Human neuroanatomy. Londres : Williams & Wilkins. Voir aussi Neurone
Cellule nerveuse :
 
Cellule souche : Stem cell.
 
Celllulaire : Voir Téléphone.
Censure : Le mot a moins deux significations voisines : a) En thérapie, processus ou mécanisme de répression de certains contenus psychiques jugés gênants ou traumatisants par le malade/patient/client. b) Le concept désigne également les pressions sociale s qu'un milieu exerce sur ses membres quand ils ne se conforment pas aux règles ou aux valeurs admises dans ce groupe/société. Cette pression peut prendre de nombreuses formes : appel au silence, suppression de certaines informations, menaces, etc. = refoulement.

Types de censure
Censure directe Censure par sélection Censure volontaire
Censurer par le vide    
 
 

 
Censure directe : Au sein d'un groupe/organisation, ensemble de mécanismes individuels et sociaux de répression des idées qui consistent à critiquer et à punir l'expression d'idées divergentes aux idées dominantes et à encourager seulement les idées convergentes ou celles du bloc au pouvoir. Ces mécanismes sont : l'isolement, l'indifférence, la dérision, le congédiement, la mutation, le blâme (lettre au dossier), etc.

 
Censure par le vide : Mécanisme de censure à l'oeuvre dans certains médias québécois et qui consiste à ne choisir comme animateur que des individus dépourvus d'opinion ou d'idées, censurant ainsi indirectement les idées ou les points de vue opposés à ceux de la direction. EX: Les chaînes de télévision engagent de plus en plus d'animateurs neutres ou ignorants sur le plan politique, une pratique qui limite l'expression et le débat des idées et confine de plus en plus les ondes aux potinages et aux faits divers. = censure indirecte, censure douce.

 
Censure par sélection : Mécanisme de censure à l'oeuvre dans certains médias et qui consiste à ne choisir que des individus qui pensent et appuient les idées du propriétaire du journal ou de la chaîne de télévision, censurant ainsi indirectement les autres idées ou points de vue. EX: L'un des grands quotidiens de Montréal n'engage pratiquement que des pro-fédéralistes (sélection), une pratique qui limite l'expression des autres idées (socialistes, écologistes, souverainistes, centristes, etc.). = censure indirecte, effet de sélection.

 
Censure volontaire :

 
Centile : Ensemble des valeurs - il y en a 99 - qui divisent une distribution, triées en 100 parts égales. Percentile.
  GILLES, A. (1984). Éléments de méthodologie et d'analyse statistique pour les sciences sociales. St-Laurent : Mcgraw-Hill Éditeurs.
Cent plus grands psychologues : Voir les Psychologues (Les cent plus grand...)
Centra John A. ( ) : Spécialiste américain de l'éducation, et plus particulièrement de l'évaluation des enseignements et des professeurs.

CENTRA, J.A. (1975). Colleagues as raters of classroom instruction. Journal of Higher Education, 46, 327-337.
CENTRA, J.A. & CREECH, F.R. (1976). The relationship between students, teachers, and course characteristics and student ratings of teacher efectiveness. Princeton, N.J. : Educational Testing Service.
CENTRA, J.A. (1993). Reflective faculty evaluation. San Francisco : Jossey-Bass.
CENTRA, J.A. & GAUBATZ, N.B. (2000). Is there a gender bias in student evaluations of teaching ? Journal of Higher Education, 71 (1), 17-33.
CENTRA, J.A. (2003). Will teachers receive higher student evaluations by giving higher grades and less course work ? Reseach in Higher Education, 44 (5), 495-518. [PDF]
Centre : Comme le nom l'indique, le mot centre désigne un lieu précis où se déroule une activité particulière.

Les centres
Centre de la petite enfance Centre de recherche Centre du plaisir
 
Centre de la petite enfance (CPE) : Type de garderie qui met l'accent sur le développement cognitif et social. Centre de la petite enfance, garderie et maternelle.

 
Centre de recherche : Désigne un lieu, souvent situé dans une université (mais pas nécessairement) où se concentrent les activités de recherche d'une équipe de scientifique. Centre de recherche, chaire et laboratoire.

 
Centre du plaisir : Expression qui désigne un lieu précis dans le cerveau - le neurocircuit de récompense/renforcement - découvert par Olds et Milner, et où résiderait le mécanisme de sensation du plaisir qui serait à l'origine de l'effet de récompense/renforcement. Pleasure centers, cerebral localization of pleasure, pleausre circuit, reward circuit.
  OLDS, J. & MILNER, P.M. (1955). Positive reinforcement produced by electrical stimulation of septal area and other regions of rat brain. Journal of Comparative & Physiological Psychology, 47, 419-427.
JACQUES, S. (1979). Brain stimulation and reward : "pleasure centers" after twenty-five years. Neurosurgery, 5 (2), 277-283. [PDF]
BAUMEISTER, A.A. (2006). Serendipity and the cerebral localization of pleasure. Journal of the History of the Neurosciences, 15, 92-98. [PDF]
Cercle : Groupe d'intellectuels ou de scientifiques formé autour d'un thème, d'un problème, d'une perspective.

Les cercles
Cercle de Berlin Cercle linguistique de Copenhague Cercle linguistique de Prague
Cercle de Vienne
 
Cercle de Berlin : Petit groupe de scientifiques et d'épistémologues formé en 1928 autour des travaux de Reichenbach. ( ): Hempel, Hilbert, Reichenbach, Von Mises et Grelling. Society for Empirical Philosophy.
 
Cercle de Vienne : Groupe de scientifiques et d'épistémologues formé en 1925 autour de Schlick. Ils se donnent notamment pour mandat d'exclure les considérations métaphysiques du discours scientifique. Ce cercle, devenu par la suite une association, est à l'origine du positivisme logique. Vienna circle.
  KOLAKOWSKI, L. (1972). Positivist Philosophy : From Hume to the Vienna Circle. Middlesex: Penguin.
SOULEZ, A. (Dir.) (1985). Manifeste du Cercle de Vienne et autres écrits. Paris : Presses universitaires de France.
SEBESTIK, J. et SOULEZ, A. (Dir.) (1986). Le Cercle de Vienne : Doctrines et controverses. Méridiens Klincksieck.
LEAHEY, H.T. (1987). A history of psychology. New Jersey : Prentice-Hall.
Cercle linguistique de Copenhague : Groupe de linguistes qui s'est constitué autour des travaux de Saussure. ( ): Hjelmslev,Saussure, Togeby.
  LEAHEY, H.T. (1987). A history of psychology. New Jersey : Prentice-Hall.
Cercle linguistique de Prague : Groupe de linguistes russes et tchèques formé en 1926. ( ): Benveniste, Jakobson, Jones, Martinet, Mathesius, Trnka, Troubetskoï, Vachek.
  LEAHEY, H.T. (1987). A history of psychology. New Jersey : Prentice-Hall.
Cerebral Cortex : Revue scientifique de neuroanatomie et de neuropsychologie. Éditeur : Oxford Journals.
JOANISSE, M.F. ZEVIN, J.D. & McCANDLISS, B.D. (2007). Brain mechanisms implicated in the preattentive categorization of speech sounds revealed using fMRI and short interval habituation trials. Cerebral Cortex, 17, 2084-2093. [PDF]

Cérébrolésés : Individu souffrant d'une lésion cérébrale.

 
Cerf (Cervus elaphus L.) : Animal de la classe des mammifères.

  CLUTTON-BROCK, T.H., ALBON, S.D. GIBSON, R.M. & GUINESS, F.E. (1979).The logical stag: adaptive aspects of fighting in red deer (Cervus elaphus L.). Animal Behaviour, 27, 211-225. THOULESS, C.R. (1990). Feeding competition between grazing red deer hinds. Animal Behaviour, 40, 105-111.
CLUTTON-BROCK, T.H., ALBON, S.D. & GUINESS, F.E. (1986). Great expectations : dominance, breeding success and offspring sex ratios in red deer. Animal Behaviour, 34, 460-471. [PDF] CLUTTON-BROCK, T.H. & LONERGAN, M. (1994). Culling regimes and sex ratio biases in highland red deer. Journal of Applied Ecology, 31, 521-527. [PDF]
MECH, L.D., MCROBERTS, R.E., PETERSON, R.O. & PAGE, R.E. (1987). Relationship of deer and moose populations to previous winters’ snow. Journal of Animal Ecology, 56, 615-627. VINCENT, J. P., BIDEAU, E., HEWISON, A.J.M. & ANGIBAULT, J.M. (1995). The influence of increasing density on body weight, kid production, home range and winter grouping in roe deer (Capreolus capreolus). Journal of Zoology, 236, 371-382.
 GEIST, V. (1988). Deer of the World. Mechanicsburg, Pa., Stackpole Books. PUTMAN, R.J., LANGBEIN, J., HEWISON, A.J.M. & SHARMA, S.K. (1996). Relative roles of density-dependent and density-independent factors in population dynamics of British deer. Mammal Review, 26, 81-101.
Voir aussi Animal
Certitude : Se dit d'une proposition dont la véracité ne fait aucun doute. Parfois, on parle de degré de certitude pour décrire jusqu'à quel point on doute de ce que l'on sait ou croit savoir. /incertitude, doute.. Certainty.

  YOUNG, J.Z. (1950). Doubt and certainty in science : A biologist’s reflections on the brain. Oxford : Claredon Press.
TIBERGHIEN, G. (1971). Certitude et mémoire. Paris : Editions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique.
TIBERGHIEN, G. (1971). La certitude : Esquisse historique et théorique d'un concept. Psychologie Française, 16, 67-87.
TIBERGHIEN, G., DENHIÈRE, G. & VERSTIGGEL, J-C. (1972). Influence de l'incertitude objective et du système de coûts sur la latence et la certitude dans une situation de jugement prédictif. L'Année Psychologique, 72, 319-336.
VERDAN, A. (1991). Karl Popper ou la connaissance sans certitude. Lausanne : Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes.
MAZUR, J.E. (2004). Risky choice : Selecting between certain and uncertain outcomes. Behavior Analysis Today, 5, 190-203.
Cerutti Daniel T. (1953-2007) : Psychologue béhavioriste américain et spécialiste de l'apprentissage. Étudiant de Catania. Collaborateur de Rumbaugh, Staddon et Thompson.
CERUTTI, D.T. & CATANIA, A.C. (1986). Rapid determinations of preference in multiple-concurrent chain schedules. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 46 (2), 211-218. [PDF]
CERUTTI, D.T. (1989). Discrimination theory of rule-governed behavior. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 51 (2), 259-276. [PDF]
CERUTTI, D.T. & RUMBAUGH, D.M. (1993). Stimulus relations in comparative primate perspective. Psychological Record, 43, 811-821.
CERUTTI, D.T. & CATANIA, A.C. (1997). Pigeons’ preference for free choice : Number of keys versus key area. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 68 (3), 349-356. [PDF]
CERUTTI, D.T. & STADDON, J.E.R. (2004). Immediacy versus delay in the time-left experiment : A test of the cognitive hypothesis. Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Behavior Processes, 30, 45-57.
Cerveau (biologique) : Organe du corps. Le cerveau est l'élément principal du système nerveux central. Il est constitué de deux hémisphères cérébraux (droit et gauche) et de structures qui les relient (thalamus, hippocampe, corps mamillaire, amygdale, etc). Le cerveau, le cervelet et le tronc cérébral forment l'encéphale. Cette structure intègre et traite toutes les informations qui circulent dans notre corps. L'unité de base du cerveau est le neurone; on en compte environ cent milliards. = prosencéphale. /cerveau virtuel. Brain.


Cerveau
Cerveau et mythes Cerveau émotionnel Cerveau reptilien
Cerveau humain Cerveau triunique
Cerveau divisé Cerveau limbique Cerveau virtuel
    Taille du cerveau
 


 
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  JOEL, D. & YANKELEVITCH-YAHAV, R. (2014). Reconceptualizing sex, brain and psychopathology : Interaction, interaction, interaction. British Journal of Pharmacology, 171, 4620-4635. [PDF]
CARPENTER, M.B. & SUTIN, J. (1983). Human neuroanatomy. Londres : Williams & Wilkins. PLETSCHIG, J., PENKE, L., WICHERTS, J.M., ZELLER, M. & VORACEK, M. (2015). Meta-analysis of associations between human brain volume and intelligence differences : How strong are they and what do they mean ? Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 57, 411-432. [PDF]
  JORDAN-YOUNG, R.M. (2016). Hormones, sexe et cervau. Paris : Belin. / Brainstorm : The flaws in the science of sexe differences. Harvard University Press.
Cerveau (Mythe concernant le...) : Ensemble des mythes concernant le cerveau et son fonctionnement.

  HOFMAN, M.A. & SWAAB, D.F. (1991). Sexual dimorphism of the human brain : myth and reality. Experimental & Clinical Endocrinology, 98 (2), 161-170. [PDF] LEVINTHAL, A. & MARTELL, C.R. (2006). The myth of depression as disease : Limitations and alternatives to drugs. New York : Praeger.
BISHOP, K.M. & WALHSTEN, D. (1997). Sex difference in the human corpus callosum : Myth or reality ? Neuroscience Behavioral Review, 21, 581-601. [PDF] CORBALLIS, M.C. (2007). The dual-brain myth. In S.D. Sala (Ed.), Tall tales about the mind and brain : separating fact from fiction. Oxford : Oxford University Press.
HIGBEE, K.L. & CLAY, S.L. (1998). College students’ beliefs in the ten-percent myth. Journal of Psychology, 132, 469-476, 471. MONCRIEFF, J. (2008). The myth of the chemical cure : A critique of psychiatric drug treatment. London : Palgrave Macmillan.
RADFORD, B. (1999). The ten-percent myth. Skeptical Inquirer (Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal). [LIRE] IOANNIDIS, J. (2008). Effectiveness of antidepressants : an evidence myth constructed from a thousand randomized trials ? Philosophy, Ethics & Humanities in Medicine, 3, 14. [PDF]
BEYERSTEIN, B.L. (1999). Pseudoscience and the brain : tuners and tonics for aspiring superhumans. In S. Della Sala (Ed.), Mind myths : Exploring popular assumptions about the mind and brain (pp. 59-82). John wiley and Sons. [PDF] KIRSCH, I. (2009). The emperor's new drugs : Exploding the antidepressant myth. London : The Bodley Head.
BEYERSTEIN, B.L. (1999). Whence cometh the myth that we only use ten percent of our brains ? In, S. Della Sala (Ed.), Mind myths : Exploring popular assumptions about the mind and brain (pp. 1-24). Chichester, UK : John Wiley and Sons., Ltd. DEKKER, S., LEE, N.C., HOWARD-JONES, P. & JOLLES, J. (2012). Neuromyths in education : Prevalence and predictors of misconceptions among teachers. Frontiers in Psychology, 3, 1-8. [PDF]
Voir aussi Cerveau et Mythe
Cerveau (Taille et volume du...) : Brain size, human brain volume.
  PASSINGHAM, R.E. (1979). Brain size and intelligence in man. Brain, Behavior, & Evolution, 16, 253-270. SCHOENEMANN, P.T., BUDINGER, T.F., SARICH, V.M. & WANG, W. (2000). Brain size does not predict general cognitive ability within families. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 97 (9), 4932-4937.
ANKNEY, C.D. (1992). Sex difference in relative brain size : The mismeasure of woman, too ? Intelligence, 16, 329-336. LÜDERS, E., REX, D.E., NARR, K.L., WOODS, R.P., JANCKE, L., THOMPSON, P.M., MAZZIOTTA, J.C. & TOGA, A.W. (2003). Relationships between sulcal asymmetries and corpus callosum size : gender and handedness effects. Cerebral Cortex, 13 (10), 1084-1093.
RUSHTON, J.P. (1992). Cranial capacity related to sex, rank and race in a stratified sample of 6,325 military personnel. Intelligence, 16, 401-413. GIGNAC, C., VERNON, P.A. & WICKETT, J.C. (2003). Factors influencing the relationship between brain size and intelligence. In H. Nyborg (Ed.), The scientific study of general intelligence : Tribute to Arthur R. Jensen (pp. 93-106). Oxford : Pergamon.
RUSHTON, J.P. (1993). Corrections to a paper on race and sex difference in brain size and intelligence, Personality & Individual Differences, 15 (2), 229-231. [PDF] McDANIEL, M.A. (2005). Big-brained people are smarter : A meta-analysis of the relationship between in vivo brain volume and intelligence. Intelligence, 33 (4), 337-346.
LYNN, R. (1994). Sex differences in intelligence and brain size : A paradox resolved. Personality & Individual, Differences, 17, 257-271. NYBORG, H. (2005). Sex-related differences in general intelligence g, brain size, and social status. Personality & Individual Differences, 39, 497-509. [PDF]
ANKNEY, C.D. (1995). Sex difference in brain size and mental abilities : Comments on R. Lynn and Benbow, C.P. Personality & Individual Differences, 18, 423-424. NYBORG, H. (2007). Intelligence, hormones, sex, brain size and biochemistry : It all needs to have equal causal standing before integration is possible. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 30, 164-165.
RUSHTON, J.P. & ANKEY, C.D. (1996). Brain size and cognitive ability : Correlations with age, sex, social class, and race. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 3 (1), 21-36. RUSTON, J.P. & ANKNEY, C.D. (2009). Whole brain size and general mental ability : a review. International Journal of Neuroscience, 119, 691-731. [PDF]
  LUDERS, E., TOGA, A.W., LEPORE, N. & GASER, C. (2009). The underlying anatomical correlates of long-term meditation : Larger hippocampal and frontal volumes of gray matter. NeuroImage, 45 (3), 672-678. [PDF]
  LÜDERS, E., TOGA, A.W. & THOMPSON, P.M. (2014). Why size matters: differences in brain volume account for apparent sex differences in callosal anatomy : the sexual dimorphism of the corpus callosum. Neuroimage, 84, 820–824. [PDF]
LYNN, R. (1999). Sex difference in intelligence and brain size : A developmental theory. Intelligence, 27 (1), 1-12. PLETSCHIG, J., PENKE, L., WICHERTS, J.M., ZELLER, M. & VORACEK, M. (2015). Meta-analysis of associations between human brain volume and intelligence differences : How strong are they and what do they mean ? Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 57, 411-432. [PDF]
Voir aussi Dimorphisme, Différence sexuelle/Cerveau et Cerveau
GOULD, S.J. (1996/7). The mismeasure of Man / La mal-mesure de l'homme. Paris : Odile Jacob/W.W. Norton.  
Cerveau divisé : Split-brain, separated hemispheres.
  GLICKSTEIN, M. & SPERRY, R.W. (1959). Intermanual transfer of somesthetic discriminations in split-brain Rhesus monkeys. Physiologist 2, 45-46 LEDOUX, J.E., WILSON, D.H. & GAZZANIGA, M.S. (1977). A divided mind : observation conscious properties of the separated hemispheres. Annals of Neurology, 2, 417-421. [PDF]
SCHRIER, A.M. SPERRY, R.W. (1959). Visuomotor integration in split-brain cats. Science 129, 1275-1276. ZAIDEL, E. (1978). Concepts of cerebral dominance in the split brain. In P. Buser & A. Rougeul (Eds.), Cerebral correlates of conscious experience (pp. 263-284). Amsterdam : Elsevier.
GLICKSTEIN, M. & SPERRY, R.W. (1960). Intermanual somesthetic transfer in split-brain Rhesus monkeys. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 53, 322-327. BOGEN, J.E. (1986). Split-brain basics : Relevance for the concept of one's other mind. Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis, 28 (2), 341-369.
  LASSONDE, M. & JEEVES, M. (Eds.) (1994). Callosal agenesis : A natural split brain ? New York : Plenum Press.
LEE-TENG, E. & SPERRY, R.W. (1966). Intermanual stereognostic size discrimination in split-brain monkeys. Journal of Comparative & Physiological, 62, 84-89. GAZZANIGA, M.S. (1995). Principles of human brain organization derived from split-brain studies. Neuron, 14, 217-228. [PDF]
SPERRY, R.W. (1967). Split-brain approach to learning problems. In G.C. Quarton, T. Melnechuk & F.O. Schmitt (Eds.), The neurosciences : A study program (pp. 714-722). New York : Rockefeller University Press. MORIN, A. (2001). The split-brain debate revisited : On the importance of language and self- recognition for right hemispheric consciousness. Journal of Mind & Behavior, 22(2), 107-118. [PDF]
HAMILTON, C.R., HILLYARD, S.A. & SPERRY, R.W. (1968). Interhemispheric comparison of color in split-brain monkeys. Experimental Neurology, 21, 486-494. LASSONDE, M. (2002). Split brain research. In Encyclopedia of cognitive science (pp. 206-211). London : Nature/ MacMillan Press.
GAVALES, R. & SPERRY, R.W. (1969). Central integration of visual half fields in split-brain monkeys. Brain Research, 15, 97-106. Voir aussi Cerveau
CARPENTER, M.B. & SUTIN, J. (1983). Human neuroanatomy. Londres : Williams & Wilkins.
Cerveau émotionnel : = cerveau affectif. Emotional brain.

  LEDOUX, J.E. (2002). The emotional brain, fear, and the amygdala. Cellular & Molecular Neurobiology, 23 (4/5), 727-738. [PDF]
LOTSTA, F. (2002). Le cerveau émotionnel ou la neuroanatomie des émotions. Cahiers Critiques de Thérapie Familiale et de Pratiques de Réseaux, 29, 73-86. [PDF]
WAGER, T.D. & OCHSNER, K.N. (2005). Sex differences in the emotional brain. NeuroReport, 16 (2), 85-87. [PDF]
YOO, S.S., GUJAR, N., HU, P., JOLESZ, F.A. & WALKER, M.P. (2007). The human emotional brain without sleep-A prefrontal amygdala disconnect. Current Biology, 17, 877-878. [PDF]
PINEL, J. (2007). Biopsychologie. Pearsons.
Cerveau humain : Selon Maclean, ce cerveau serait la plus récente partie du cerveau humain. Ce nouveau cerveau ou "néo-cortex" est apparu chez les primates. Il prend la forme de deux gros hémisphères cérébraux. Chez l'humain, il assure les fonctions dites nobles ou supérieures, comme la conscience et l'apprentissage du langage, de la pensée abstraite, de la logique, de l’imagination, etc. = cerveau rationnel, néo-cortex, cerveau moderne.
   MACLEAN, P.D. (1990). The triune brain in evolution : Role in paleocerebral functions. Springer.
ROSENZWEIG, M. et LEIMAN, A.L. (1991). Psychophysiologie. Ville Mont Royal : Décarie.
Cerveau limbique : Selon Maclean, ce cerveau s'est développé chez les premiers mammifères (dont nos premiers ancêtres) après le cerveau reptilien. Il est apparu chez les premiers mammifères il y a environ 150 millions d'années, et les a rendus capables de mémoriser les expériences agréables ou désagréables, et donc d'éprouver des émotions. Il comprend principalement l’hypothalamus, l’hippocampe, l’amygdale. C’est dans ces sous-structures que seraient stockées nos valeurs, nos opinions, nos idées irrationnelles. = système linbique. Limbic brain.
   MACLEAN, P.D. (1990). The triune brain in evolution : Role in paleocerebral functions. Springer.
MORGANE, P.J. & GALLER, J.R. & MOKLER, D.J. (2005). A review of systems and networks of the limbic forebrain/limbic midbrain. Progress in Neurobiology, 75, 143-160. [PDF]
ROSENZWEIG, M. et LEIMAN, A.L. (1991). Psychophysiologie. Ville Mont Royal : Décarie.
Cerveau reptilien : Selon Maclean, ce cerveau serait la plus vieille partie du cerveau humain. Il est apparu chez les poissons il y a environ 500 millions d'années. Il s'acquitte des fonctions vitales de l’organisme et régule la température corporelle, le rythme cardio-vasculaire, l’équilibre, la respiration, etc. Il est composé du tronc cérébral et du cervelet. = cerveau primitif. Reptilian brain.
   MACLEAN, P.D. (1990). The triune brain in evolution : Role in paleocerebral functions. Springer.
LIEBERMAN, P. (2003). Human language and our reptilian brain : The subcortical bases of speech, syntax and thought. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press.
ROSENZWEIG, M. et LEIMAN, A.L. (1991). Psychophysiologie. Ville Mont Royal : Décarie.
Cerveau triunique : Théorie des trois cerveaux développée par Maclean, selon laquelle le cerveau serait divisé en trois structures distinctes, spécialisées mais étroitement reliées entre elles. Apparues successivement chez nos ancêtres, ces sous-structures auraient été lentement façonnées par l'évolution, d'où le vocable cerveau reptilien, cerveau limbique de mammifère et cerveau humain utilisé pour les nommer. Triune brain.
   MACLEAN, P.D. (1990). The triune brain in evolution : Role in paleocerebral functions. Springer.
ROSENZWEIG, M. et LEIMAN, A.L. (1991). Psychophysiologie. Ville Mont Royal : Décarie.
Cerveau virtuel : Désigne l'ensemble des processus cognitifs qui permettent à un organisme de traiter l'information et donc de s'adapter au milieu (résolution de problème). Ces processus sont inférés plutôt qu'observés. Les théories de ce domaine de recherche ont pour but d'expliquer le comportement moteur et verbal (pensée), et non le fonctionnement biologique du cerveau réel. Cerveau virtuel, machine binaire et analogie fonctionnelle. = cerveau formel, cerveau cognitif, cerveau computationnel, cerveau analogique. /cerveau biologique. Virtual brain, cognitive brain, computational brain, Conceptuel Nervous System.

  HEBB, D.O. (1955). Drives and the C.N.S. (Conceptuel Nervous System). Psychological Review, 62, 243-254. [LIRE]  CSÀNYI, V (1992). The brain's models and communication. In T.A. Sebeok & J. Umiker-Sebeok (Eds.), The semiotic web (pp. 27-43). Berlin : Moyton de Gruyter,
GROSSBERG, S. (1980). How does a brain build a cognitive code ? Psychological Review, 87, 1-51. BUTTERWORTH, B. (1999). The mathematical brain. London : Macmillan.
GROSSBERG, S. (1980). Human and computer rules and representations are not equivalent. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 3, 136-138. SPIVEY, M., RIDCHARSON, D & FITVENA, S. (2004). Thinking outside the brain : Spatial inidices to visual and linguistic information. In J. Henderson &. F. Ferreira. (Eds.), The Interface of vision language and action. New York : Psychology Press.
CHURCHLAND, P.S. & SEJNOWSKI, T. (1992). The computational brain. Cambridge, MA : MIT Press. LITT, A., ELIASMITH, C., KROON, F.W., WEINSTEIN, S. & THAGARD, P. (2006). Is the brain a quantum computer. Cognitive Science, 30, 593-603. [PDF]
Voir Traiter l'information, Machine binaire et Cerveau
Cervelet : Chez l'humain et l'ensemble des mammifères, partie de l'encéphale qui régit le mouvement volontaire, les activités musculaires toniques de la posture, ainsi que l'équilibre. Il est aussi à l'oeuvre dans l'apprentissage de certains types de réponses simples. Le cervelet est en fait un centre régulateur de la fonction motrice. Il se subdivise en trois parties : l'archéocérébellum, le paléocérébellum et le néocérébellum. Il est relié à la moelle épinière, et au mésencéphale par l’intermédiaire des pédoncules cérébelleux. = petit cerveau. Cerebellum.
  BREMER, F. (1927). Recherches sur la physiologie du cervelet chez le pigeon. Archives Internationales de Physiologie et de Biochimie, 28, 58-95. WOODRUFF-PAK, D.S. GOLDENBERG, G., DOWNEY-LAMB, M. M., BOYKO, O.B. & EMIEUX, S.K. (2000). Cerebellar volume in humans related to magnitude of classical conditioning. NeuroReport, 14, 609-615.
MAGOUN, H.W., HARE, W.K. & RANSON, S.W. (1937). Role of cerebellum in postural contractions. Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry, 37 (6), 1237-1250. MIDDLETON, F.A. & STRICK, P.L. (2000) Basal ganglia and cerebellar loops : motor and cognitive circuits. Brain Research. Brain Research Reviews, 31, 236-250.
SPRAGUE, J.M. & CHAMBERS, W.W. (1954). Control of posture by reticular formation and cerebellum in the intact, anesthetized and unanesthetized and in the decerebrated cat. American Journal of Physiology. 17, 652-664. NICOLSON, R.I. & FAWCETT, A.J. & DEAN, P. (2001). Developmental dyslexia : the cerebellar deficit hypothesis. Trends in Neurosciences, 24 (9), 508-516. [PDF]
CLARK, R.E., ZHANG, A.A. & LAVOND, D.G. (1992). Reversible lesions of the cerebellar interpositus nucleus during acquisition and retention of a classically conditioned behavior. Behavioural Neuroscience, 106, 879-888. RAVIZZA, S.M. & IVRY, R.B (2001). Comparison of the basal ganglia and cerebellum in shifting attention. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 13 (3), 285-297.
FAWCETT, A.J., NICOLSON, R.I. & DEAN, P. (1996). Impaired performance of children with dyslexia on a range of cerebellar tasks. Annals of Dyslexia, 46, 259-283. [PDF] VAN MIER, H. & PETERSEN, S.E. (2002). Role of the cerebellum in motor cognition. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 878 (3), 34-353. [PDF]
NICOLSON, R.I. & FAWCETT, A.J. & DEAN, P. (1995). Time estimation deficits in developmental dyslexia : Evidence for cerebellar involvement. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London : Biological Sciences, 259, 43-47. RAE, C., HARASTY, J., DZENDROWSKYJ, T.E., TALCOT, J.B. SIMPSON, J.M., BLAMIRE, A.M., DIXON, R.M., LEE, M.A., THOMPSON, C.H., STYLES, P., RICHARDSON, A.J. & STEIN, J.F. (2002). Cerebellar morphology in developmental dyslexia. Neuropsychologia, 40, 1285-1292. [PDF]
ALLEN, G., BUXTON, R.B., WONG, E.C. & COURCHESNE, E. (1997). Attentional activation of the cerebellum independent of motor involvement. Science, 275 (5308), 1940-1943. FAWCETT, A.J. & NICOLSON, R.I. (2003). Dyslexia : The role of the cerebellum. Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, 2 (2), 35-58. [PDF]
DOYON, J., LAFORCE, R., BOUCHARD, G., GAUDREAU, D., ROY, J., POIRIER, M., BÉDARD, F. & BOUCHARD, J.P. (1998). Role of the striatum, cerebellum and frontal lobes in the automatization of a repeated visuomotor sequence of movements. Neuropsychologia, 36 (7), 625-641. LEE, T. & KIM, J.J. (2004). Differential effects of cerebellar, amygdalar, and hippocampal lesions on classical eyeblink conditioning in rats. The Journal of Neuroscience, 24 (13), 3242–3250. [PDF]
SCHMAHMANN, J.D. & SHERMAN, J.C. (1998). The cerebellar cognitive affective syndrome. Brain, 121 (4), 561-579. [PDF] NICOLSON, R.I. & FAWCETT, A.J. (2005). Developmental dyslexia, learning and the cerebellum. Journal of Neural Transmission, 69 (S), 19-36.
NICOLSON, R.I. & FAWCETT, A.J., BERRY, E.L., JENKINS, H., DEAN, P. & BROOKS, D. (1999). Association of abnormal cerebellar activation with motor learning difficulties in dyslexic adults. The Lancet, 353, 1662-1667. HAUTZEL, H., MOTTAGHY, F.M., SPECHT, K., MÜLLER, H.-W. & KRAUSE, B.J. (2009). Evidence of a modality-dependent role of the cerebellum in working memory ? An fMRI study comparing verbal and abstract n-back tasks. NeuroImage 47, 2073–2082. [PDF]
NICOLSON, R.I. & FAWCETT, A.J. (1999). Developmental dyslexia : The role of the cerebellum. Dyslexia, 5, 515-177. [PDF] NICOLSON, R.I. & FAWCETT, A.J. (2009). Dyslexia, dysgraphia, procedural learning and the cerebellum. Cortex, 47 (1), 117-127.
FAWCETT, A.J. & NICOLSON, R.I. (1999). Performance of dyslexic children on cerebellar and cognitive tests. Journal of Motor Behaviour, 31, 68-78. PONTI, G., CROCIARA, P., ARMENTANO, M. & BONFANTI, L. (2010). Adult neurogenesis without germinal layers : the "atypical" cerebellum of rabbits. Archives Italiennes de Biologie, 148, 147-158. [PDF]
ROSENZWEIG, M. et LEIMAN, A.L. (1991). Psychophysiologie. Ville Mont Royal : Décarie. STOODLEY, C.J. & STEIN, J.F. (2011). The cerebellum and dyslexia. Cortex, 47, 101-116. [PDF]
  Voir aussi Cerveau
Cesario Joseph ( ) : Psychosociologue et épistémologue amé;ricain. Collaborateur de Higgins et Navarrete.
CESARIO, J., PLAKS, J.E. & HIGGINS, E.T. (2006). Automatic social behavior as motivated preparation to interact. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 90, 893-910. [PDF]
CESARIO, J., PLAKS, J.E., HAGIWARA, N., NAVARETE, C.D. & HIGGINS, E.T. (2010). The ecology of automaticity : How situational contingencies shape action semantics and social behavior. Psychological Science, 21, 1311-1317. [PDF]
CESARIO, J. & McDONALD, M.M. (2013). Bodies in context : Power poses as a computation of action possibility. Social Cognition, 31, 260-274. [PDF]
CESARIO, J. & NAVARETE, C.D. (2014). Perceptual bias in threat distance : The critical roles of ingroup support and target evaluations in defensive threat regulation. Social Psychological & Personality Science, 5, 12-17. [PDF]
CESARIO, J. (2014). Priming, replication, and the hardest science. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 9 (1), 40-48. [PDF]
Ceteris paribus : Voir Toutes choses égales par ailleurs.
CHAIKEN - CHAÎNE - CHALMERS - CHAM - CHANDLER - CHANGEMENT - CHAPAIS - CHARCOT - CHARGE COGNITIVE - CHAT - CHAU - CHE
Chabris Christopher F. ( ) : Psychologue cognitiviste américain et spécialiste de l'étude des échecs. Collaborateur de Etcoff, Hearst, Kosslyn, Malone et Pinker.
CHABRIS, C.F. & KOSSLYN, S.M. (1998). How do the cerebral hemispheres contribute to encoding spatial relations ? Current Directions in Psychological Science, 7 (1), 8-14. [PDF]
CHABRIS, C.F. & HEARST, E.S. (2003). Visualization, pattern recognition, and forward search : Effects of playing speed and sight of the position on grandmaster chess errors. Cognitive Science, 27, 637-648. [PDF]
CHABRIS, C.F. & GLIKMAN, M.E. (2006). Sex differences in intellectual performance : Analysis of a large cohort of competitive chess players. Psychological Science, 17 (12), 1040-1046. [PDF]
CHABRIS, C.F., LAIBSON, D.I., MORRIS, C.L., SCHULDT, J.P. & TAUBINSKY, D. (2008). Individual laboratory-measured discount rates predict field behavior. Journal of Risk & Uncertainty, 37 (2-3), 237-269. [PDF]
CHABRIS, C.F., LEE, J.J., BENJAMIN, D.J., BEAUCHAMP, J.P., GLAESER, E.L., BORST, G., PINKER, S. & LAIBSON, D.I. (2013). Why it is hard to find genes associated with social science traits: Theoretical and empirical considerations. American Journal of Public Health, 103 (S1), 152-166. [PDF]
Chacal : Jackal.

  SILLERO-ZUBIRI, C., HOFFMANN, M. & MACDONALD, D.W. (Eds.). (2004). Canids : Foxes, wolves, jackals and dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN.
Chadwick Paul D.J. ( ) : Psychologue cognitiviste anglais et spécialiste de l'étude de la personnalité paranoïaque, du délire et des hallucinations. Collaborateur de Birchwood et Lowe.
CHADWICK, P.D.J. & LOWE, C.F. (1990). Measurement and modification of delusional beliefs. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 58, 225-232. [PDF]
 CHADWICK, P.D.J. & BIRCHWOOD, M.J. (1994). The omnipotence of voices : A cognitive approach to hallucinations. British Journal of Psychiatry, 164, 190-201. [PDF]
CHADWICK, P.D.J. & LOWE, C.F. (1994). A cognitive approach to measuring and modifying delusions. Behaviour Research & Therapy, 32, 355-367.
CHADWICK, P.D.J., BIRCHWOOD, M.J. & TROWER, P. (1996). Cognitive therapy for delusions, voices and paranoia. Chichester, UK : Wiley.
CHADWICK, P.D.J., HUGHES, S., RUSSELL, D., RUSSELL, I. & DAGNA, D. (2009). Mindfulness groups for distressing voices and paranoia : a replication and feasibility trial. Behavioural & Cognitive Psychotherapy, 37, 403-412.
Chagrin : Sentiment désagréable que l'on éprouve à la suite de la perte d'un être cher. Chagrin, perte et deuil. = grand peine, grande tristesse. fGrief, sorrow.

  LAROCHE, C., LALINEC-MICHAUD, M., ENGELSMANN, F., FULLER, N., COPP, M., McQUADE-SOLDAROS, L. & AZIMA, R. (1984). Grief reactions to perinatal death : a follow-up study. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 29, 14-19.
SMITH, A. C., & BORGERS, S. B. (1988-1989). Parental grief response to perinatal death. Omega, 19, 203-214.
ZISOOK, S., & LYONS, L. (1989-1990). Bereavement and unresolved grief in psychiatric outpatients. Omega : Journal of Death & Dying, 20 (4), 307-322.
Chaiken Shelly ( ) : Psychosociologue américaine, spécialisée dans l'étude des attitudes et de la persuasion. Professeur de Pomerantz. Collaboratrice de Darley, Eagly et Wood.
CHAIKEN, S. (1987). The heuristic model of persuasion. In M.P. Zanna, J.M. Olson & C.P. Herman (Eds.), Social influence : The Ontario Symposium (Vol. 5, pp. 3-39). Hillsdale, NJ : Erlbaum.
CHAIKEN, S., LIBERMAN, A. & EAGLY, A.H. (1989). Heuristic and systematic information processing within and beyond the persuasion context. In J.S. Uleman & J.A. Bargh (Eds.), Unintended thought (pp. 212-252). New York : Guilford Press.
EAGLY, A.H. & CHAIKEN, S. (1993). The psychology of attitudes. Fort Worth, TX : Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
POMERANTZ, E.M., CHAIKEN, S. & TORDESSILAS, R. (1995). Attitude strength and resistance processes. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 69, 408-419.
CHAIKEN, S., WOOD, W. & EAGLY, A.H. (1996). Principles of persuasion. In E.T. Higgins & A. Kruglanski (Eds.), Social psychology : Handbook of basic mechanisms and processes. New York : Guilford Press.
Chaîne : Concept métaphorique descriptif qui emprunte à la chaîne "physique" l'idée d'un tout composé de plus petits éléments (les chaînons) logiquement reliés, éléments que l'on peut sans doute assimiler au concept de phase, de segment ou d'étape d'un processus (la chaîne).

Types de chaîne
Chaîne alimentaire Chaîne de comportement Chaîne de stimulus
Chaîne de causes Chaîne de Markov Chaîne du médicament
 

Chaîne alimentaire : Food chain.
Chaîne de cause : Voir Causes (Chaîne de...)
Chaîne de comportement : Voir Comportements (Chaîne de...)
Chaîne de Markov : Voir Markov.
Chaîne de stimulus : Voir Stimulus (Chaîne de...)
Chaîne du médicament/traitement : Développement d'un médicament/traitement, de sa conception à sa consommation. Chaîne du médicament, étude indépendante et thérapie médicamenteuse.

    Recherches du fabricant            
Biochimiste/Concepteur Expérimentateur/Testeur Médecin/Diagnostic Pharmacien/Vendeur Patient/Acheteur
    Études indépendantes            


  Voir aussi Étude indépendante
Chaire de recherche : Au sens strict, une chaire est un poste de professeur/chercheur (titulaire) créé par une université dans un but précis. EX: Étudier la politique américaine, le réchauffement climatique, etc. Pour être atteint, ce but nécessite généralement la mise en commun du savoir et des efforts de nombreux chercheurs. Voilà pourquoi ce terme est parfois devenu synonyme d'équipe de recherche. Ces équipes sont généralement subventionné par l'état ou par des entreprises privées. En soi, la formule est intéressante : contrer le sous-financement public et concentrer la matière grise afin d'augmenter l'efficacité des chercheurs. Malheureusement, toutes les chaires ne remplissent pas leurs promesses. En effet, plusieurs d'entre elles reçoivent une grande part de leur financement des grandes entreprises. De ce fait, elles perdent une partie de la neutralité nécessaire à l'objectivité scientifique vers laquelle doit tendre tout individu ou institution qui prétend au titre de science. En fait, plusieurs chaires sont davantage des outils de propagande au service des entreprises, de l'état ou de groupes de pression, que des véhicules du savoir savant. Elles se drapent du manteau de la science et de l'objectivité pour convaincre et influencer autrui. Certes, ce subterfuge n'est pas nouveau, mais la caution scientifique et morale que leur accordent maintenant les universités, les grands journaux et le public en général constitue une menace importante à la démocratie et à la rationnalité scientifique. Chaire de recherche, fonds de recherche et étude indépendante.

  Voir aussi Étude indépendante
Chaleur : Voir Température.
Chaleureux :

  FISKE, S.T., CUDDY, A.J.C. & GLICK, P & Xu, J. (2002). A model of (often mixed) stereotype content: Competence and warmth respectively follow from status and competition. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 82 (6), 878-902. [PDF]
JUDD, C.M., JAMES-HAWKINS, L., YZERBYT, V.Y. & KASHIMA, Y. (2005). Fundamental dimensions of social judgment : Understanding the relations between competence and warmth. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 89, 899-913. [PDF]
FISKE, S.T., CUDDY, A.J.C. & GLICK, P. (2007). Universal dimensions of social cognition : Warmth and competence. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 11, 77-83.
CUDDY, A.J. C., FISKE, S.T. & GLICK, P. (2008). Warmth and competence as universal dimensions of social perception: The stereotype content model and the BIAS map. In M.P. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 40, pp. 61-149). New York : Academic Press. [PDF]
Voir aussi Jugement social, Stéréotype et Perception sociale
 
Chall Jeanne S. (Pologne 1921-1999) : Psychologue américaine d'origine polonaise, spécialisée dans l'étude de la lecture.
CHALL, J.S. (1967). Learning to read : The great debate. New York : McGraw-Hill.
CHALL, J.S. (1983). Stages of reading development. New York : McGraw-Hill.
CHALL, J.S., JACOBS, V.A. & BALDWIN, L.E. (1990). The reading crisis : Why poor children fall behind. Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press.
CHALL, J.S. (1996). Learning to read : The great debate (1967). New York : McGraw Hill.
CHALL, J.S. (2000). The academic achievement challenge : What really works in the classroom. New York : Guilford.
Chalmers
Alan F. Chalmers David J. Chalmers
 
Chalmers Alan F. (Angleterre 1939-) : Physicien et épistémologue australien d'origine anglaise. Étudiant de Lakatos.
CHALMERS, A.F. (1973). On learning from our mistakes. British Journal for The Philosophy of Science, 4 (2), 164-173.
CHALMERS, A.F. (1976/2006). Qu'est-ce que la science? Popper, Kuhn, Lakatos, Feyerabend. Paris : La Découverte.
CHALMERS, A.F. (1989). How to defend science against scepticism : A reply to Barry Gower. British Journal for The Philosophy of Science, 40 (2), 249-253.
CHALMERS, A.F. (1990/1991). Science and its fabrication / La fabrication de la science. Milton Keynes : Open University Press/Paris : Édition a Découverte.
CHALMERS, A.F. (1999). What is this thing called science : An assessment of the nature and status of science and its methods. United Kingdom : Open University Press.
Chalmers David J. (1966-) : Philosophe et épistémologue australien. Ses travaux portent sur la conscience et le concept de signification. Étudiant de Hofstadter. Collaborateur de Clark et Jackson.
CHALMERS, D.J. (1990). Why Fodor and Pylyshyn were wrong : The simplest refutation. In Proceedings of the 12th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 340-347). Hillsdale, NJ : Lawrence Erlbaum. [PDF]
CHALMERS, D. & JACKSON, F. (2001). Conceptual analysis and reductive explanation. Philosophical Review, 110, 315-361.
CHALMERS, D. (2002). On sense and intension. Philosophical Perspectives, 16, 135-182.
CHALMERS, D. (2004). The representational character of experience. In B. Leiter (Ed.) The future for philosophy. Oxford. [PDF]
CHALMERS, D. (2005). The two-dimensional argument against materialism. In B. McLaughlin (Ed.), Oxford handbook of the philosophy of mind. Oxford : University Press.
Chamberland
Claire Chamberland Line Chamberland
 
Chamberland Claire ( ) : Psychologue écologiste québécoise et professeure à l'Université de Montréal, spécialisée dans l'étude de la maltraitance des enfants. Elle est aussi l'un des quatre fondatrices des Scientifines. Étudiante de Pomerleau. Collaboratrice de Bouchard, Garon et Théorêt.
CHAMBERLAND, C., BOUCHARD, C. et BEAUDRY, J. (1986). Conduites abusives et négligentes envers les enfants : réalités canadienne et américaine. Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement / Canadian Journal of Behavior Science, 18 (4), 391-412.
CHAMBERLAND, C. et CÔTÉ, M. (1988). Participation des pères aux tâches familiales et perception des rôles sexuels chez leur garçon d'âge préscolaire. Apprentissage et Socialisation, 11 (3), 167-172.
CHAMBERLAND, C., BOUCHARD, C. et BEAUDRY, J. (1989). Dimensions socio-économiques et microsociales des mauvais traitements envers les enfants : le cas de Montréal. Prédire et prévenir les mauvais traitements envers les enfants. Montréal : Gouvernement du Québec, Conseil québécois de recherche sociale.
CHAMBERLAND, C., THÉORÊT. M. et GARON, R. (1995). Les Scientifines en action : conception, implantation et évolution. Montréal : Université de Montréal.
CHAMBERLAND, C., DALLAIRE, N., FRÉCHETTE, L., LINDSAY, J., HÉBERT, J. et CARON, S. (1996). Les dimensions sociales de la prévention et de la promotion du bien-être des jeunes et de leur famille : un portrait des pratiques au Québec / The social dimensions of prevention and the promotion of well-being of young people and their families : A portrait of practices in Québec. Nouvelles Pratiques sociales, 9 (2), 65-86.
Chamberland Line ( ) : Sociologue et féministe québécoise, spécialisée dans l'étude des lesbiennes et des gais. Elle enseigne à l'Université du Québec à Montréal. Collaboratrice de Julien et Otis.  
CHAMBERLAND, L. (1996). Mémoires lesbiennes. Montréal : Éditions du remue-ménage.
CHAMBERLAND, L., JOUVIN, É. et JULIEN, D. (2003). Les familles recomposées homoparentales et hétéroparentales. Nouvelles Pratiques Sociales, 16 (1), 94-112.
CHAMBERLAND, L. (2006). Diversité sexuelle et alternatives à la mondialisation. Conjonctures, 41-42, 217-231.
CHAMBERLAND, L. et LEBRETON, C. (2010). La santé des adolescentes lesbiennes et bisexuelles : état de la recherche et critique des biais androcentristes et hétérocentristes. Recherches Féministes, 23 (2), 91-107.
CHAMBERLAND, L., RICHARD, G. et BERNIER, M. (2013). Violence de genre, violences sexistes à l'école : Les violences homophobes et les impacts sur la persévérance scoalaire des adolescent au Québec. Revue Généraliste des Travaux de Recherches en Éducation et en Formation, 8, 99-114. [PDF]
Chambers Ephraïm (Kendall, Westmorland 1680-1740 Londres). Érudit et encyclopédiste anglais.
CHAMBERS, E. (1728). Cyclopaedia or universal dictionary of arts and sciences.
 
YEO, R.R. (2003). A solution to the multitude of books : Ephraim Chambers's Cyclopaedia (1728) as "the best book in the universe". Journal of the History of Ideas, 64 (1), 61-72.
Chambless Dianne L. ( ) : Psychologue cognitivo-béhaviorale américaine et spécialiste de l'étude de l'efficacité des thérapies. Collaboratrice de Beutler, Crits-Christoph, Foa, Hollon, Ollendick et Steketee.
CHAMBLESS, D.L., FOA, E..B., GROVES, G.A. & GOLDSTEIN, A.J. (1982). Exposure and communications training in the treatment of agoraphobia. Behaviour Research & Therapy, 20, 219-231.
CHAMBLESS, D.L., SANDERSON, W.C., SHOHAM, V., BENNETT JOHNSON, S., POPE, K.S., CRITS-CHRISTOPH, P., BAKER, M., JOHNSON, B., WOODY, S.R., SUE, S., BEUTLER, L., WILLIAMS, D.A. & McCURRY, S. (1996). An update on empirically validated therapies. The Clinical Psychologist, 49, 5-18. [PDF]
CHAMBLESS, D.L., BAKER, M.J., BAUCOM, D.H., BEUTLER, L., CALHOUN, K.S., CRITS-CHRISTOPH, P., DAIUTO, A., DERUBEIS, R., DETWEILER, J., HAAGA, D.A.F., JOHNSON, S.B., McCURRY, S., MUESER, K.T., POPE, K.S., SANDERSON, W.C., SHOHAM, V., STICKLE, T., WILLIAMS, D.A. & WOODY, S.R. (1998). Update on empirically validated therapies, II. Clinical Psychologist, 51, 3-16. [PDF]
CHAMBLESS, D.L. & OLLENDICK, T.H. (2001). Empirically supported psychological interventions : controversies and evidence. Annual review of psychology, 52, 685-716. [PDF]
CHAMBLESS, D.L., BLAKE, K.D. & SIMMONS, R.A. (2010). Attributions for relatives’ behavior and perceived criticism : Studies with community participants and patients with anxiety disorders. Behavior Therapy, 41 (3), 388-400. [PDF]
Chambre chinoise : Voir Expérience mentale de la chambre chinoise.
Chambre hyperbare : Hyperbaric oxygen therapy.

   HARDY, P., COLLET, J.P., GOLDBERG, J., VANASSE, M., LAMBERT, J., MAROIS, P., AMAR, M., MOMTGOMERY, D.L., LECOMTE, J.M., JOHNSTON, K.M. & LASSONDE, M. (2007). Neuropsychological effects of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in cerebral palsy. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 44 (7), 436-446.
Chamizo V.D. ( ) : Psychologue cognitivo-béhavioriste espagnol, spécialisé dans l'étude du conditionnement répondant, notamment du blocage. Collaborateur de MacKintosh.
CHAMISO, V.D., STERIO, D. & MACKINTOSH, N.J. (1985). Blocking and overshadowing between intra-maze and extra-maze cues : A test of the independence of locale and guidance learning. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 37B, 235-253.
CHAMISO, V.D. (2002). Spatial learning : Conditions and basic effects. Psicológica (2002), 23, 33-57. [PDF]
CHAMISO, V.D., ARTIGAS, A.A., SANSA, J. & BANTERLA, F. (2011). Gender differences in landmark learning for virtual navigation : The role of distance to a goal. Behavioural Processes, 88 (1), 20-26.
CHAMISO, V.D. (2003). Acquisition of knowledge about spatial location: Assessing the generality of the mechanism of learning. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, Section B: Comparative & Physiological Psychology, 56 (1), 102-113.