Claude Goulet/2003© l Mise à jour + Comment citer ce lexique l Notre mission : Explorer la nébuleuse Psy ! Auteurs
a b c d e f g h i j k l m Revues
n o p q r s t u v w x y z Ang./Fr.
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SAD - SC - SCHACHTER - SCI - SE - SELIGMAN - SH - SI - SKINNER - SL/SM - SO - SP - SPERRY - STA - STERNBERG - STI - SU - SY
Saariluoma Pertti ( ) : Psychologue cognitiviste finlandais et spécialiste de l'étude de la mémoire et des échecs. Collaborateur de Lindeman.
SAARILUOMA, P. (1985). Chess players' intake of task relevant cues. Memory & Cognition, 13, 385-391.
SAARILUOMA, P. (1989). Chess players' recall of auditorily presented chess positions. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 1, 309-320.
SAARILUOMA, P. (1992). Visuospatial and articulatory interference in chess players’ information intake. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 4, 309-320.
SAARILUOMA, P. (2001). Chess and content-oriented psychology of thinking. Psicológica (2001), 22, 143-164. [PDF]
SAARILUOMA, P. & LAINE, T. (2001). Novice construction of chess memory. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 42, 137-146.
SAARILUOMA, P. & LAINE, T. (2001). What do computer models explain ? Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 42, 147-148.
Sabourin Stéphane ( ) : Psychologue québécois et spécialiste de l'étude de la détresse conjugale. Il enseigne à l'Université Laval. Collaborateur de Caron, Perreault et Wright.
SABOURIN, S. et LEFEBVRE, D. (2008). Conception intégrée des processus psychopathologiques des troubles conjugaux. Dans J. Wright, Y. Lussier et S. Sabourin (Dirs.), Manuel clinique des psychothérapies de couple (p. 15-97). Québec : Presses Universitaires du Québec.
SABOURIN, S., LORANGE, J., WRIGHT, J., LEFEBVRE, D. et POITRAS-WRIGHT, H. (2008). Le diagnostic en psychothérapie de couple; vers un nouveau dialogue. Dans J. Wright, Y. Lussier et S. Sabourin (Dirs.), Manuel clinique des psychothérapies de couple (p. 99-195). Québec : Presses Universitaires du Québec.
 
 
Sachs/Sacks
Hanns Sachs Harvey Sacks Oliver Sacks
 
Sachs Hanns (Vienne 1881-1947 Boston) : Psychanalyste autrichien et proche collaborateur de Freud. Il fut le premier non-médecin à joindre les rangs du mouvement psychanalytique. Il a été l'analyste d'Alexander, Balint, Loewenstein et Searl. Collaborateur de Rank.
RANK, O., SACHS, H. & PAYNE, C.R. (1915). The significance of psychoanalysis for the mental sciences. Psychoanalytic Review, 2, 428-457.
SACHS, H. (1929). One of the motive factors in the formation on the super-ego in women. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 10, 39-50.
SACHS, H. (1930). Behaviour as an expression of mental processes during analysis. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 11, 231-232.
SACHS, H. (1942). Masochism in modern man. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 11, 555-561.
SACHS, H. (1977). Freud mon maître et mon ami. Paris : Denoël.
Sacks Harvey (1935-1975) : Sociologue phénoménologiste américain et co-fondateur avec Garfinkel de l'ethnométhodologie. Il a développé une technique d'analyse des interactions verbales que l'on nomme l'analyse conversationelle. Étudiant de Garfinkel.
SACKS, H. & GARFINKEL, H. (1970). On formal structures of practical action. In J.C. McKinney & E.A. Tiryakian (Eds.), Theoretical sociology. New York : Appleton-Century-Crofts.
SACKS, H. (1972). An initial investigation of usability of conversationnal data for doing sociology. In D. Sudnow (Ed.), Studies in social interaction (pp. 31-74). New York : The Free Press.
SACKS, H. (1973). Tout le monde doit mentir. Communications, 182-203.
SACKS, H. SCHEGLOFF, E.A. & JEFFERSON, G. (1974). A simplest systematics for the organization of turn-taking for conversation. Language, 50 (4), 696-735. [PDF] + [PDF]
SACKS, H. (1995). Lectures on conversation. Jefferson : Oxford : Blackwell.
Sacks Oliver (Londres 1933-2015) : Neuropsychologue et vulgarisateur scientifique américain.
SACKS, O. (1985). The man who mistook his wife for a hat. Touchstone Books.
SACKS, O. (1995). An anthropologist on mars. Vintage Books.
 
 
 
 
SADOMASO - SAGVOLDEN - SALIENCE - SALOVEY - SANTÉ MENTALE - SAPIR - SASLOW - SAT - SATIR - SATISFACTION - SAUSSURE - SC
Sadisme/Sadique : Qui aime faire ou voir souffrir les autres. Sadisme et Masochisme. Sadism, sexual sadism.

  STEKEL, W. (1929). Sadism and masochism : the psychology of hatred and cruelty. New York : Liveright Publishing Corporation. PROULX, J., BLAIS, E. & BEAUREGARD, E. (2005). Le sadisme sexuel. Dans J. Proulx, M. Cusson, E. Beauregard & A. Nicole (Dirs.), Les meurtriers sexuels : Analyse comparative et nouvelles perspectives (pp. 163-201). Montréal, Québec : Les Presses de l'Université de Montréal.
BERGER, P., BERNER, W., BOLTERAUER, J., GUTIERREZ, K. & BERGER, K. (1999). Sadistic personality disorder in sex offenders : Relationship to antisocial personality disorder and sexual sadism. Journal of Personality Disorders, 13, 175-186. MARSHALL, W.L. & HUCKER, S.J. (2006). Issues in the diagnosis of sexual sadism. Sex Offender Treatment, 1, 1-4.
MARSHALL, W.L. & KENNEDY, P., YATES, P. & SERRAN, G. (2002). Diagnosing sexual sadism in sexual offenders : reliability across diagnostiticians. International Journal of Offender Therapy & Comparative, 46, 668-676. FEDOROFF, J.P. (2008). Sadism, sadomasochism, sex, and violence. Canada Journal of Psychiatry, 53, 637-646. [PDF]
MARSHALL, W.L. & KENNEDY, P. (2003). Sexual sadism in sexual offenders : an elusive diagnosis. Aggression & Violent Behavior, 8 (1), 1-22. KINGSTON, D.A., SETO, M.C., FIRESTONE, P. & BRADFORD, J. M. (2010). Comparing indicators of sexual sadism as predictors of recidivism among sexual offenders. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 78, 574-584.
  KRUEGER, R.F. (2010). The DSM Diagnostic criteria for sexual sadism. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39 (2), 325-345. [PDF]
  BUCKELS, E.E., JONES, D.N. & PAULHUS, D.L. (2013). Behavioral confirmation of everyday sadism. Psychological Science, 24, 2201-2209.
Voir aussi Masochisme
Sadomasochisme : Qui aime faire souffrir les autres. Sadomasochisme, sadisme et Masochisme. Sadomasochism.

  STEKEL, W. (1929). Sadism and masochism : the psychology of hatred and cruelty. New York (NY) : Liveright Publishing Corporation. DONNELLY, D. & FRASER, J. (1998). Gender Differences in Sado-Masochistic Preferences Among College Students. Sex Roles 39 (5/6), 391-407.
SPRENGLER, A. (1977). Manifest sadomasochism of males : Results of an empirical study. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 6, 441-456.  
ZILLMANN, D., BRYANT, J. & CARVETH, R.A. (1981). The effect of erotica featuring sadomasochism and bestiality on motivated intermale aggression. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 7, 153-159.  
QUINSEY, V.L., CHAPLIN, T.C. & UPFOLD, D. (1984). Sexual arousal to nonsexual violence and sadomasochistic themes among rapists and non-sex offenders. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 52, 651-657.  
WEINBERG, M.S., WILLIAMS, C.J. & MOSER, C.A. (1984). The social constituents of sadomasochism. Social Problems, 31 (4), 379-389. REIERSOL, O. & SKEID, S. (2006). The ICD diagnoses of fetishism and sadomasochism. Journal of Homosexuality, 50, 243-262.
BRESLOW N., EVANS, L. & LANGLEY, J. (1985). On the prevalence and roles of females in the sadomasochistic subculture : Report of an empirical study. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 14, 303-317. MOSER, C.A. & KLEINPLATZ, P.J. (2006). Sadomasochism : Powerful pleasures. Routledge.
GOSSELIN, C.C., WILSON, G.D. & BARETT, P.T. (1991). The personality and sexual preference of sadomasochistic women. Personality & Individual Differences, 12, 11-15. FEDOROFF, J.P. (2008). Sadism, sadomasochism, sex, and violence. Canada Journal of Psychiatry, 53, 637-646. [PDF]
KERNBERG, O.F. (1991). Sadomasochism, sexual excitement, and perversion. Journal of American Psychoanalytic Association, 39, 333-362.  
GROSSMAN, W.I. (1991). Pain, aggression, fantasy, and concepts of sadomasochism. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 60, 22-51. [PDF] Voir aussi Sadisme et Masochisme
Sagan Carl (Brooklyn 1934-1996 Seattle) : Physicien, astrome et sceptique américain.

SAGAN, C. (1996). The demon-haunted world : Science as a candle in the dark. New York : Random House.
 
 
 
 
 
Sage/Sagesse : Terme que l'on utilise pour qualifier une personne qui prend les bonnes décisions fait les bons choix, pose les bons jugement. Wisdom.

  CLAYTON, V. (1975). Erikson'stheory of human development as it applies to the aged : Wisdom as contradictory cognition. Human Development, 18 (1-2), 119-128.  SUROWIECKI, J. (2004). The wisdom of crowds : why the many are smarter than the few and how collective wisdom shapes business, economies, societies, and nations. Doubleday Books.
CLAYTON, V. & BIRREN, J.E. (1980). The development of wisdom across the life-span: A reexamination of an ancient topic. In P.B. Baltes & O.G. Brim (Eds.), Life- span development and behavior (Vol. 3, pp. 103-135). New York : Academic Press. HERZOG, S.M. & HETWIG, R. (2009). The wisdom of many in one mind: improving individual judgments with dialectical bootstrapping. Psychological Science, 20 (2), 231-237.
CLAYTON, V. (1982). Wisdom and intelligence : The nature and function of knowledge in the later years. Interna- tional. Journal of Aging & Development, 15 (4), 315-321. MANNES, A.E. (2009). Are we wise about the wisdom of crowds ? The use of group judgments in belief revision. Management Science, 55 (8), 1267-1279.
BALTES, P.B. & KUNZMANN, U. (2003). Wisdom. Psychologist, 16, 131-133. RAUHUT, H. & LORENZ, J. (2011). The wisdom of crowds in one mind : How individuals can simulate the knowledge of diverse societies to reach better decisions. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 55 (2), 191-197. [PDF]
Sagvolden Terge (1945-2011) : Psychologue béhavioriste norvégien et spécialiste de l'étude du trouble deficitaire de l'attention. Collaborateur de Artnzen, Catania, Johansen, Killeen, Matthews, Tannock, Tripp et Wickens.
CATANIA, A.C., SAGVOLDEN, T. & KELLER, K.J. (1988). Reinforcement schedules : Retroactive and proactive effects of reinforcers inserted into fixed-interval performances. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 49 (1), 49-73. [PDF]
SAGVOLDEN, T., SLATTA, K. & ARNTZEN, E. (1988). Low doses of methylphenidate (Ritalin) may alter the delay-of-reinforcement gradient. Psychopharmacology, 95, 303-312.
SAGVOLDEN, T. PETTERSEN, M.B. & LARSEN, M.C. (1993). Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) as a putative animal model of childhood hyperkinesis : SHR behavior compared to four other rat strains. Physiology & Behavior, 54, 1047-1055.
SAGVOLDEN, T. & BERGER, D.F. (1996). An animal model of attention deficit disorder : The female shows more behavioral problems and is more impulsive than the male. European Psychologist, 1, 113-122.
SAGVOLDEN, T. (2000). Behavioral validation of the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) as an animal model of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD). Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 24, 31-39.
 
SERGEANT, J., AASE, H., FARAONE, S.V., JOHANSEN, E., KALARIA, R., MEYER, A., RUSSELL, V., SADILE, A., SONUGA-BARKE, E. & TANNOCK, R. (2011). In memoriam Terje Sagvolden. Behavioral & Brain Functions, 7 (5), 1-3. [PDF]
SA Journal of Industrial Psychology : Revue scientifique de psychologie organisationelle et industrielle. Éditeur : Elsevier.
DE WITTE, H. (2005). Job insecurity : Review of the international literature on definitions, prevalence, antecedents and consequences. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 31 (4), 1-6. [PDF]

Saint : Voir St-Amand et St-Onge.
Saint-Hilaire Geoffroy Étienne : Voir Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire.
Sakurai Yoshio ( ) : Neuropsychologue japonais et spécialiste de l'étude de l'encodage de l'information.
SAKURAI, Y. (1996). Hippocampal and neocortical cell assemblies encode memory processes for different types of stimuli in the rat. Journal of Neuroscience, 16, 2809-2819.
SAKURAI, Y. (1999). How do cell assemblies encode information in the brain ? Neuroscience & Behavioural Reviews, 23, 785-796.
SAKURAI, Y. (2001). Working memory for temporal and nontemporal events in monkeys. Learning & Memory, 8, 309-316. [PDF]
SAKURAI, Y., TAKAHASHI, S. & INOUE, M. (2004). Stimulus duration in working memory is represented by neuronal activity in the monkey prefrontal cortex. European Journal of Neuroscience, 20 (4), 1069-1080.
SAKURAI, Y. & TAKAHASHI, S. (2006). Dynamic synchrony of firing in the monkey prefrontal cortex during working-memory tasks. Journal of Neuroscience, 26, 10141-10153.
Salaire/salarié : Ce que l'on verse à autrui en échange de son travail, la plupart du temps de l'argent (mais pas nécessairement), de manière périodique. Sinclair Lewis, concernant le salaire, aurait dit : «Il est difficile de faire comprendre quelque chose à quelqu’un, lorsque son salaire lui impose de ne pas comprendre». Salaire, travail et revenu. = rémunération, paye, employé. * revenu. Salary, earning, pay, job wage, supplement.

   COHN, E. (1973). Factors affecting variations in faculty salaries and compensation in institutions of higher education. Journal of Higher Education 44, 124–136. SEIDEL, M.-D.L., POLZER, J.T. & STEWART, K.J. (2000). Friends in high places : The effects of social networks on discrimination in salary negotiations. Administrative Science Quarterly, 45 (1), 1-24.
 SAUSER, W.I., ARAUZ, C.G. & CHAMBERS, R.M. (1978). Exploring the relationship between level of office noise and salary recommendations : A preliminary research note. Journal of Management, 4, 57-63. KEAVNEY, T.J. & INDERRIEDEN, E.J. (2000). Gender differences in pay satisfaction and pay expectations. Journal of Managerial Issues, 12, 363-380.
  PERNA, L. (2001). Sex Differences in faculty salaries : A cohort analysis. Review of Higher Education, 24, 283-307.
WATTS, B.L., MESSÉ, L.A. & VALLACHER, R.R. (1982). Toward understanding sex differences in pay allocation : Agency, communion, and reward distribution behavior. Sex Roles, 8, 1175-1187. WADE, M.E. (2001). Women and salary negotiation : The costs of self-advocacy. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 25 (1), 65-76.
MAJOR, B., VANDERSLICE, V. & McFALIN, D.B. (1984). Effects of pay expected on pay received : The confirmatory nature of initial expectations. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 14 (5), 399-412. O'SHEAA, P.G. & BUSH, D.F. (2002). Negotiation for starting salary : Antecedents and outcomes among recent college graduates. Journal of Business & Psychology, 16 (3), 365-382.
  JOY, L. (2003). Salaries of recent male and female college graduates’ educational and labor market effects. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 56 (4), 606-621.
  BORAAS, S., & ROGERS, W. (2003). How does gender play a role in the wage gap ? Monthly Labor Review, 126, 9-11.
  BLACKABY, D., BOOTH A.L. & FRANK, J. (2005). Outside offers and the gender pay gap : Empirical evidence from the UK academic labour market. The Economic Journal, 115 (501), F81-F107.
  BABBEZAT, D.A. & HUGHES, J.W. (2005). Salary structure effects and the gender pay gap in academia. Research in Higher Education, 46 (6), 621-640.
  EHRENBERG, R.M., MCGRAW, M. & MRDJENOVIC, J. (2006). Why do eld di erentials in average faculty salaries vary across universities ? Economics of Education Review, 25, 241-248. [PDF]
MAJOR, B. & FORCEY, B. (1985). Social comparisons and pay evaluations : Preferences for same-sex and same-job wage comparisons. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 21 (4), 393-405. TAYLOR, D. (2007). Employment preferences and salary expectations of students in science and engineering. Professional Biologist, 57, 175-185.
PFEFFER, J. & DAVIS-BLAKE, A. (1987). The effect of the proportion of women on salaries : The case of college administrators. Administrative Science Quarterly, 32 (1), 1-24. TOUTKOUSHIAN, R.K., BELLAS, M.L. & MOORE. J.V. (2007). The interaction effects of gender, race, and marital status on faculty salaries. The Journal of Higher Education, 78 (5), 572-601.
  HERBOUT V. et GUÉGUEN, N. (2008). L’effet d’une procédure engageante par étapes sur l’adhésion des salariés au projet d’amélioration continue. Psychologie du Travail et des Organisations, 14 (2), 101-138. [PDF]
ORNSTEIN, M. & STEWART, P. (1996). Gender and faculty pay in Canada. Canadian Journal of Sociology, 21 (4), 461-481. DOUCET, C., DURAND, C. & SMITH, M. (2008). Who gets market supplements ? Gender differences within a large canadian university. Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 38 (1), 67-103. [PDF]
BELLAS, M. (1997). Disciplinary differences in faculty salaries: Does gender bias play a role ? Journal of Higher Education, 68 (3), 299–321. JUDGE, T.A. & LIVINGSTON, B.A. (2008). Is the gap more than gender ? A longitudinal analysis of gender, gender role orientation, and earnings. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93 (5), 994-1012. [PDF]
EHRENBERG, R.M., PIEPER, P.L. & WILLIS, R.A. (1998). Do economics departments with lower tenure probabilities pay higher faculty salaries ? Review of Economics & Statistics, 80, 503-512. RIPPNER, J.A. & TOUTKOUSHIAN, R.K. (2015). The "big bang" in public and private faculty salaries. Journal of Education Finance, 41 (2), 103-123.
RIZZO, J.A. & ZECKHAUSER, J. (1999). Pushing incomes to reference points: Why do male doctors earn more ? Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 63 (3), 514-536. [PDF] WEBBER, K.L. & CANCHÉ, M.G. (2015). Not equal for all : Gender and race differences in salary for doctoral degree recipients. Research in Higher Education, 56, 645-672. [PDF]
Voir aussi Revenu, Différence sexuelle et Travail
Salas Eduardo ( ) : Psychologue industriel et organisationel américain, spécialisé dans l'étude de l'entraînement et du travail d'équipe. Collaborateur de Driskell et Hogan.
 SALAS, E. & GLICKMAN, A.S. (1990). Organizational behavior, socio-technical systems theory and quality of work life : The Peruvian experience. Latin American Journal of Psychology, 22, 69-82.
 SALAS, E. & CANNON-BOWERS, J.A. (2000). The science of training : A decade of progress. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 471-499.
 SALAS, E., MILHAM, L.M. & BOWERS, C.A. (2003). Training evaluation in the military : Misconceptions, opportunities, and challenges. Military Psychology, 15 (1), 3-16. [PDF]
 SALAS, E., COOKE, N.J. & GORMAN, J.C. (2010). The science of team performance : Progress and the need for more. Human Factors, 52, 344-346.
 SALAS, E. & TANNENBAUM, S.I., KRAIGER, K. & SMITH-JENTSCH, K.A. (2012). The science of training and development in organizations : What matters in practice. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 13 (2), 74-101. [PDF]
Salience : Caractère prépondérant d'un stimulus, qui se démarque, attire l'attention et de ce fait favorise le déclenchement d'une réponse. = prépondérance, mise en évidence. Salience et effet de constraste. Salience, saliency.

  HAMILTON, D. & FALLOT, R. (1974). Information salience as a weighting facor in impression formation. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 30, 444-448.  
ROSS, M. (1975). Salience of reward and intrinsic motivation. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 32, 245-254.  
TAYLOR, S.E. & FISKE, S.T. (1978). Salience, attention and attribution : Top of the head phenomena. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 11, pp. 249-288). New York : Academic Press. NOTHDURFT, H.-C. (2000). Salience from feature contrast : additivity across dimensions. Vision Research, 40, 1183-1201.
TAYLOR, S.E., CROCKER, J., FISKE, S.T., SPRINZEN, M. & WINKLER, J.D. (1979). The generalizability of salience effects. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 37, 357-368. PARKURST, D., LAW, K. & NIEBUR, E. (2002). Modeling the role of salience in the allocation of overt visual attention. Vision Research, 42 (1), 107-123. [PDF]
TAYLOR, S.E. & FISKE, S.T. TAYLOR, S.E. FISKE, S.T., KENNY, D.A. & TAYLOR, S.E. (1982). Structural models for the mediation of salience effects. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 18, 105-127. LICKLITER R. & BAHRICK, L.E. (2001). The salience of multimodal sensory stimulation in early development : Implications for the issue of ecological validity. Infancy, 2, 451-467. [PDF]
COWAN, N. & DAVIDSON, G. (1984). Salient childhood memories. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 145, 101-107.  
OAKES, P.J., TURNER, J.C. & HASLAM, S.A. (1991). Perceiving people as group members : The role of fit in the salience of social categorizations. British Journal of Social Psychology, 30, 125-144. WIXTED, J.T. & GAITAN, S. (2004). Stimulus salience and asymmetric forgetting in the pigeon. Learning & Behavior, 32, 173-182. [PDF]
MULLEN, B., BROWN, R. & SMITH, C. (1992). Ingroup bias as a function of salience, relevance, and status : An integration. European Journal of Social Psychology, 22, 103-122. EGETH, H.E., LEONARD, C.J. & LEBER, A.B. (2010). Why salience is not enough : Reflections on top-down selection in vision. Acta Psychologica, 135, 130-132. [PDF]
Voir aussi Vividité et Effet de contraste
Saliver : Voir Réflexe salivaire.
Salkovskis Paul M. ( ) : Psychologue cognitivo-béhavioriste anglais, spécialisé dans l'étude de l'anxiété, de l'inquiétude et des trouble de l'anxiété et obsessionel-compulsif. Collaborateur de Arntz, Barlow, Clark, Ehlers, Foa, Freeston, Hollon, Fairburn, Ost, Shafran, Williams et Wilson.
SALKOVSKIS, P.M. & RIMES, K.A. (1997). The cognitive-behavioural approach to health anxiety (hypochondriasis). Revista de Psicopatologia y Psyicologia Clinica, 2, 113-122.
SALKOVSKIS, P.M. (1999). Understanding and treating obsessive compulsive disorder. Behaviour Research & Therapy 37 (S), 29-52. [PDF]
SALKOVSKIS, P.M. (2001). Obsessions, compulsions, motivation, and responsibility for harm. Australian Journal of Psychology, 53 (1), 1-6.
SALKOVSKIS, P.M. & MILLAR, J. (2016). Still cognitive after all these years ? Perspectives for a cognitive behavioural theory of obsessions and where we are 30 years later. Australian Psychologist, 51 (1), 14-17.
SALKOVSKIS, P.M., MILLAR, J., GREGORY, J. & WAHL, K (2017). The termination of checking and the role of just right feelings : A study of obsessional checkers compared with anxious and non-clinical controls. Behavioural & Cognitive Psychotherapy, 45 (2), 139-155.
Salle de jeu : Playroom.

  HOPKINS, B.L., SCHUTTE, R.C. & GARTON, K.L. (1971). The effects of access to a playroom on the rate and quality of first and second-grade students. Journal of Applied Behvior Analyis, 4 (2), 77-87. [PDF]
 
 
 
 
 
Voir aussi Apprentissage
Salmivalli Christina ( ) : Psychologue finlandaise et spécialiste de l'étude du harcèlement en milieu scolaire.
SALMIVALLI, C., LAGERSPETZ, K. BJÖRKQVIST, K., OSTERMAIM, K. & KAUKIANEN A. (1996). Bullying as a group process: Participant roles and their relations to social status within the group. Aggressive Behavior, 22, 1-15.
SALMIVALLI, C., HUTTUNEN, A. & LAGERSPETZ, K. (1997). Peer networks and bullying in schools. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 38, 305-312.
SALMIVALLI, C. & NIEMINEN, E. (2002). Proactive and reactive aggression in bullies, victims, and bully-victims. Aggressive Behavior, 28, 30-44.
SALMIVALLI, C. & VOETEN, M. (2004). Connections between attitudes, group norms, and behaviour in bullying situations. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 28, 246-258.
SALMIVALLI, C. (2010). Bullying and the peer group : A review. Aggression & Violent Behavior, 15, 112-120. [PDF]
Salmon/Salomon
Wesley C. Salmon Jean-Jaques Salomon
 
Salmon Wesley C. (1925-2001) : Philosophe et épistémologue américain. Il est l'un des chefs de file de l'empirisme constructif. Il s'est intéressé au statut et la nature de l'explication scientifique, ainsi qu'au rôle de la causalité et de l'induction. Étudiant de Reichenbach. Collaborateur de Grünbaum.
SALMON, W.C. (1965). The status of prior probabilities in statistical explanation. Philosophy of Science, 32, 137-46.
SALMON, W.C. (1967). The foundations of scientific inference. Pittsburg : University of Pittsburgh Press.
SALMON, W.C. (1984). Scientific explanation and the causal structure of the world. Princeton : Princeton University Press.
SALMON, W.C. (1989). Four decades of scientific explanation. Minneapolis : University of Minnesota Press.
SALMON, W.C. (1998). Causality and explanation. Oxford : Oxford University Press.
 
HACKING, I. (1965). Salmon's vindication of induction. Journal of Philosophy, 66, 260-66.
Salomon Jean-Jacques (Metz France 1929-2008) : Historien des sciences, épistémologue et philosophe français, spécialisé dans l'étude des relations entre la science et le pouvoir (militaire, politique, entreprises privées, etc.). Très critique du travail des scientifiques, et surtout de la marchandisation et de la militarisation des savoirs technologique et scientifique. Étudiant de Aron et Canguilhem.
SALOMON, J-J. (1970/89). Science et politique. Paris : Le Seuil/Economica.
SALOMON, J-J. (1989). Science, guerre et paix. Paris : Economica.
SALOMON, J-J. (2001). Le scientifique et le guerrier. Paris : Belin.
SALOMON, J-J. (2006). Les scientifiques. Entre savoir et pouvoir. Paris : Albin Michel.
SALOMON, J-J. (2007). Une civilisation à hauts risques. Paris : Éditions Charles Léopold Mayer.
 
Salovey Peter ( ) : Psychosociologue américain, spécialisé dans l'étude de la jalousie. Avec Mayer, il a développé le concept d'intelligence émotionelle. Collaborateur de Hsee, Levy, Linville, Mayer, Rodin, Rosenhan et Williams.
SALOVEY, P. & RODIN, J. (1984). Some antecedents and consequences of social-comparison jealousy. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 47, 780-792.
SALOVEY, P. & MAYER, J. (1990). Emotional intelligence. Imagination, Cognition & Personality, 9 (3), 185-211. [PDF]
SALOVEY, P., HSEE, C.K. & MAYER, J.D. (1993). Emotional intelligence and the self-regulation of affect. In D. Wegner & J. Pennebaker (Eds.), The handbook of mental control. Eaglewood Cliff, NJ : Prentice Hall. [PDF]
SALOVEY, P., ROTHMAN, A.J., DETWEILER, J.B. & STEWARD, W. (2000). Emotional states and physical health. American Psychologist, 55, 110-121. [PDF]
SALOVEY, P., STROUD, L.R., WOOLERY, A. & EPEL, E.S. (2002). Perceived emotional intelligence, stress reactivity, and symptom reports : Further explorations using the Trait Meta-Mood Scale. Psychology & Health, 17, 611-627. [PDF]
Salpêtrière (La...) : Asile parisien ouvert en 1657. Pinel, Charcot, Gilles de la Tourette et Janet y ont exercé la médecine et la psychiatrie (travaux sur l'hystérie et l'hypnose).
  GILLES DE LA TOURETTE, G. (1895). Traité clinique et thérapeutique de l'hystérie d'après l'enseignement de La Salpêtrière. Paris : Plon.
Salthouse Timothy A. ( ) : Psychologue cognitiviste américain, spécialiste de l'étude l'intelligene fluide et de la mémoire, et notamment de son déclin et de son vieillissement. Il s'intéresse également aux différences d'âge. Collaborateur de Craik et Kail.
 SALTHOUSE, T.A. & PRILL, K.A. (1987). Inferences about age impairmerits in inferential reasoning. Psychology & Aging, 2, 43-51
 SALTHOUSE, T.A. (2010). Is flanker-based inhibition related to age ? Identifying specific influences of individual differences on neurocognitive variables. Brain & Cognition, 73, 51-61. [PDF]
 SALTHOUSE, T.A. (2010). Selective review of cognitive aging. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 16, 754-760. [PDF]
 SALTHOUSE, T.A. & MANDELL, A.R. (2013). Do age-related increases in Tip-of-the-Tongue experiences signify episodic memory impairments ? Psychological Science, 24, 2489-2497. [PDF]
 SALTHOUSE, T.A. (2014). Relations between running memory and fluid intelligence. Intelligence, 43, 1-7. [PDF]
Salvucci Dario D. ( ) : Psychologue cognitiviste américain, d'origine italienne, et spécialiste de l'étude du multitâche, notamment lors de l'usage d'un ordinateur ou en conduisant une voiture. Étudiant d'Anderson.
SALVUCCI, D.D. & ANDERSON, J.R. (2001). Integrating analogical mapping and general problem solving : The path-mapping theory. Cognitive Science, 25, 67-110. [PDF]
SALVUCCI, D.D. & MACUGA, K.L. (2002). Predicting the effects of cellular-phone dialing on driver performance. Cognitive Systems Research, 3, 95-102. [PDF]
SALVUCCI, D.D. (2005). A multitasking general executive for compound continuous tasks. Cognitive Science, 29, 457-492. [PDF]
SALVUCCI, D.D. & TAATGEN, N.A. (2008). Threaded cognition : An integrated theory of concurrent multitasking. Psychological Review, 115 (1), 101-130. [PDF]
SALVUCCI, D.D. & TAATGEN, N.A. (2011). Toward a unified view of cognitive control. Topics in Cognitive Science, 3, 227-230. [PDF]
Salzinger Kurt (Vienne 1929-) : Psychologue béhavioriste américain, d'origine autrichienne, spécialisé dans l'étude du comportement verbal. Il s'intéresse également à la schizophrénie. Étudiant de Keller. Collaborateur de Zubin.
SALZINGER, K. (1959). Experimental manipulation of verbal behavior : a review. Journal of General Psychology, 61, 65-94.
SALZINGER, K. (1973). Inside the black box, with apologies to Pandora. A review of Ulric Neisser's cognitive psychology. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 19 (2), 369-378. [PDF]
SALZINGER, K. (1998). The verbal operant : Cause and/or effect. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 15, 135-137.
SALZINGER, K. (2005). Clinical, statistical, and broken-leg predictions. Behavior & Philosophy, 33, 91-99. [PDF]
SALZINGER, K. (2006). Schizophrenia and the immediacy mechanism. American Psychologist, 61, 74-75. [PDF]
Salzman Leon (Brooklyn 2015-2009 Bethesda) : Médecin et psychanalyste américain. Il s'intéresse notamment aux obsessions et au trouble obessionnel-compulsif. (TOC).
SALZMAN, L. (1965). Obsessions and phobias. Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 2, 1-25.
SALZMAN, L. (1972). Obsessive-compulsive aspects of obesity. Psychiatry Medicine, 3 (1), 29-36.
SALZMAN, L. (1979). Psychoanalytic therapy of the obsessional patient. Current Psychiatric Therapies, 22, 53-59.
SALZMAN, L. & THALER, F.H. (1981). Obsessive-compulsive disorders : a review of the literature. American Journal of Psychiatry, 38 (3), 286-296.
SALZMAN, L. (1985). Psychotherapeutic management of obsessive-compulsive patients. American Journal of Psychiatry, 39 (3), 323-330.
Samaritain (le bon...) : Personne qui aide les autres sans rien attendre en retour. Bon samaritain, altruisme et comportement d'aide.= aidant, héros. Good samaritanism.
  PILIAVIN, I.M., RODIN, J. & PILIAVIN, J.A. (1969). Good samaritanism : an underground phenomenon ? Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 13, 289-299.
 McKENNA, R.H. (1976). Good Samaritanism in rural and urban settings: A nonreactive comparison of helping behavior of clergy and control subjects. Representative Research in Social Psychology, 7, 58-65.
Samelson Franz ( ) : Psychologue américain et historiens des sciences, spécialisé dans l'étude de la psychologie sociale.

SAMELSON, F. (1974). History, origin myth and ideology : Discovery of social psychology. Journal for the Theory of Social Behavior, 4 (2), 217-231.
SAMELSON, F. (1978). From race psychology to studies in prejudice : Some observations on the thematic reversal in (social) psychology. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 14, 265-278.
SAMELSON, F. (1980). Watson's little Albert, Cyril Burt's twins, and the need for a critical science. American Psychologist, 35, 619-625.
SAMELSON, F. (1993). History from the top down. Annals of Theoretical Psychology, 8, 59-64. [PDF]
SAMELSON, F. (1997). What to do about fraud charges in science; or, will the Burt affair ever end ? Genetica, 99 (2-3), 145-151.
Sampson Wallace I. ( ) : Médecin américain et critique de la médecine alternative.
 SAMPSON, W.I. & VAUGHN, L. (Eds.) (2000). Science meets alternative medicine : What the evidence says about unconventional treatments. New York : Prometheus Books.
 
 
 
 
Samuelson Paul Anthony (Gary États-Unis 1915-2009 Belmont États-Unis) : Économiste américain et lauréat du prix Nobel d'économie en 1970. Étudiant de Leontief et Schumpeter.
SAMUELSON, P.A. (1947/71). Les fondements de l’analyse économique. Édition Gauthier-Villars.
SAMUELSON, P.A. (1950). The problem of integrability in utility theory. Economica, 17 (68), 355-385. [PDF]
SAMUELSON, P.A. (1958). An exact consumption-loan model of interest with or without the social contrivance of money. The Journal of Political Economy, 66, 467-482.
SAMUELSON, P.A. (1965). Using full duality to show that simultaneously additive direct and indirect utilities implies unitary price elasticity of demand. Econometrica, 33 (4), 781-796.
SAMUELSON, P.A. (1993). Altruism as a problem involving group versus individual selection in economics and biology. The American Economic Review, 83, 143-148.
Sanders Mavis G. ( ) : Psychologue américain et spécialiste de l'éducation. Collaborateur de Epstein, Van Voohris et Sheldon.
SANDERS, M.G. (2001). How parental liaisons can help bridge home and school. Journal of Educational Research, 101, 287-297. [PDF]
SANDERS, M.G. (2001). The role of "community" in comprehensive school, family, and community partnership programs. The Elementary School Journal, 102 (1), 19-34.
SANDERS, M.G. (2003). Community involvement in schools : From concept to practice. Education and Urban Society, 35 (2), 161-181.
SANDERS, M.G. (2012). Achieving scale at the district level : A longitudinal multiple case study of a partnership reform. Educational Administration Quarterly, 48 (1), 154-86.
SANDERS, M.G. (2012). Sustaining programs of school, family, and community partnerships : A qualitative longitudinal study of two districts. Educational Policy, 26, 845-869.
Sanford Edmund Clark (Oakland 1859-1924 Boston) : Psychologue américain. Membre fondateur et dixième président de l'APA en 1902. Étudiant de Hall.
 SANDFORD, E.C. (1892). A laboratory course in physiological psychology. American Journal of Psychology, 4, 141-155.
 SANDFORD, E.C. (1893). Some pratical sggestions on the equipment of a psychological laboratory. American Journal of Psychology, 5, 429-438.
 SANDFORD, E.C. (1897). A course in experimental psychology. Boston : Heath. [LIRE]
 
 MAYER, R.W. (1972). Edmund Clark Sanford (1859-1924). Proceedings, 80th Annual Convention, APA,775-776. [LIRE]
 GOODWIN, C.J. (1987). In Hall's shadow: Edmund Clark Sanford (1859-1924). Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 23 (2), 153-68.
Sang (Don de...) : Comportement d'aide qui consiste à offrir son sang à autrui, sans rien attendre en retour. Sang, altruisme et don. Blood, blood donation.

  PILIAVIN, J.A. & PILIAVIN, I.M. (1972). Effect of blood on reactions to a victim. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 23 (3), 353-361. PILIAVIN, J.A. (1989). The development of motives, self-identities, and values tied to blood donation : A Polish-American comparison study. In N. Eisenberg, J. Reykowski & F. Staub (Eds.), Social and moral values : Individual and societal perspectives. Erlbaum.
BRIGGS, N.C., PILIAVIN, J.A., LORENTZEN, D. & BECKER, G.A. (1986). On willingness to be a bone marrow donor. Transfusion, 26 (4), 324-330. PILIAVIN, J.A. (1990). Why do they give the gift of life ? A review of blood donation research since Oswalt (1977). Transfusion, 30, 444-459.
PILIAVIN, J.A. & LIBBY, D. (1986). Perceived social norms, personal norms, and blood donation : aggregate and individual level analyses. Humboldt Journal of Social Relations, 13, 159-194. LEE, L., PILIAVIN, J.A. & CALL, V.R.A. (1999). Giving money, time, and blood : Similarities and differences. Social Psychology Quarterly, 62, 276-290.
PILIAVIN, J.A. (1987). Temporary deferral and donor return. Transfusion, 27, 199-200. MELLSTROM, C. & JOHANNESSON, M. (2008). Crowding out in blood donation : Was Titmuss right ? Journal of the European Economic Association 6 (4), 845-863. [PDF]
CHARNG, H., PILIAVIN, J.A. & CALLERO, P.L. (1988). Role-identity and reasoned action in the prediction of blood donation. Social Psychology Quarterly, 51 (6), 303-317.  
Voir aussi Don, Don d'organe et Altruisme
Sanna Lawrence J. ( ) : Psychosociologue américain. Collaborateur de D'zurilla et Schwarz. = Larry.
SANNA, L.J. (1992). Self-efficacy theory : Implications for social facilitation and social loafing. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 62 (5), 774-786. [PDF]
 SANNA, L.J., TURLEY-AMES, K.J. & MEIER, S. (1999). Mood, self-esteem, and simulated alternatives : Thought-provoking affective influences on counterfactual direction. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 76, 543-558.
 SANNA, L.J., CHANG, E.C. & CARTER, S.E. (2004). All our troubles seem so far away : Temporal pattern to accessible alternatives and retrospective team appraisals. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 30, 1359-1371.
 SANNA, L.J. & SCHWARZ, N. (2004). Integrating temporal biases : The interplay of focal thoughts and accessibility experiences. Psychological Science, 15, 474-481. [PDF]
 SANNA, L.J. & SCHWARZ, N. (2006). Metacognitive experiences and human judgment : The case of hindsight bias and its debiasing. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15, 172-176.
Santé : État de celui ou celle qui n'est pas malade ou qui ne souffre pas. Au sens large, le terme recouvre aussi bien la santé physique que mentale. Santé et médecine béhaviorale. / maladie biologique, maladie mentale Health.

Types de santé
Santé physique / Maladie biologique Santé mentale / Maladie mentale
 

  HARTMANN, H. (1939). Psycho-analysis and the concept of health. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 20, 308-321. WALLSTON, K.A. MALCARNE, V.L., FLORES, L., HANSDOTTIR, I., SMITH, C.A., STEIN, M.J., WEISMAN, M.H. & CLEMENTS, P.J. (1999). Does God determine your health ? The God Locus of Health Control scale. Cognitive Therapy & Research, 23, 131-142. [PDF]
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BOORSE, C. (1977). Health as a theoretical concept. Philosophy of Science, 44, 1977. COHEN, S. (1999). Social status and susceptibility to respiratory infections. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 896, 246-253. [PDF]
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WALLSTON, K.A. (1982). Health locus of control beliefs. Patient Education Newsletter, 5, 56-57. FISHBEIN, M. & YZER, M.C. (2003). Using theory to design effective health behavior interventions. Communication Theory, 13 (2), 164-183. [PDF]
  RHODES, G., CHAN, J., ZEBROWITZ, L.A. & SIMMONS, L.W. (2003). Dos sexual dimorphism in human faces signal health ? Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B : Biological Sciences, 270 (S), 9-95. [PDF]
HOUSE, J.S., LANDIS, K.R. & UMBERSON, D. (1988). Social relationships and health. Science, 241, 540-545. ADLER, N.E. & SNIBBE, A.C. (2003). The role of psychosocial processes in explaining the gradient between socioeconomic status and health. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 12, 119-123. [PDF]
  GOTTFREDSON, L.S. (2004). Intelligence : Is It the epidemiologists' elusive "fundamental cause" of social class inequalities in health ? Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 86 (1), 174-199. [PDF]
RODIN, J. & SALOVEY, P. (1989). Health psychology. Annual Review of Psychology, 40, 533-579. BLUM, R.W. & NELSON-MMARI, K. (2004). The health of young people in a global context. Journal of Adolescent Health, 35, 402-418.
BLAIR, S.N., KOHL, H.W., BARLOW, C.E., PAFFENBARGER, R.S., GIBBONS, L.W. & MACERA, C.A. (1989). Physical fitness and all-cause mortality. A prospective study of healthy men and women. Journal of American Medical Association, 262, 2395-2401. [PDF] WALLSTON, K.A. (2004). Control and health. In N. Anderson (Ed.), Encyclopedia of health & behavior. Thousand Oaks, CA : Sage.
RODIN, J. & ICKOVICS, J.R. (1990). Women’s health : Review and research agenda as we approach the 21st century. American Psychologist, 45, 1018-1034. GOTTFREDSON, L. & DEARY, I.J. (2004). Intelligence predicts health and longevity, but why ? Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13 (1), 1-4. [PDF]
  JOHNSON, W. & KRUEGER, R.F. (2005). Higher perceived life control decreases genetic variance in physical health : Evidence from a national twin study. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 88, 165-173.[PDF]
PAPPAS, G., QUEEN, S., HADDEN, W. & FISGER, G. (1993). The increasing disparity in mortality between socioeconomic groups in the United States, 1960 and 1986. New England Journal of Medicine, 329, (2), 103-109. HOUSE, J. (2005). Social disparities in health : An anglo-european perspective. Health Affairs, 24 (2), 559-561. [PDF]
ADLER, N.E., BOYCE, T., CHESNEY, M.A., COHEN, S., FOLKMAN, S., KAHN, R.L. & SYME, S.L. (1994). Socioeconomic status and health : The challenge of the gradient. American Psychologist, 49, 15-24. [PDF] ADDIS, M.E. & COHANE, G.H. (2005). Social scientific paradigms of masculinity and their implications for research and practice in men’s mental health. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 61, 1-15. [PDF]
GALANOS, A.N., STRAUSS, R.P. & PIEPER, C.F. (1994). Sociodemographic correlates of health beliefs among black and white community dwelling elderly individuals. International Journal of Aging & Human Development, 38 (4), 339-350.  COHEN, S. & PRESSMAN, S.D. (2006). Positive affect and health. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15, 122-125. [PDF]
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BLAIR, S.N., KOHL, H.W., BARLOW, C.E., PAFFENBARGER, R.S., GIBBONS, L.W. & MACERA, C.A. (1995). Changes in physical fitness and all-cause mortality. A prospective study of healthyand unhealthy men and women. Journal of American Medical Association, 273, 1093-1098. [PDF] DOVIDIO, J.F., PENNER, L.A., ALBRECHT, L.B., NORTON, W.E., GAERTNER, S.L. & SHELTON, N.J. (2008). Disparities and distrust : The implications of psychological processes for understanding racial disparities in health and health care. Social Science & Medicine, 67, 478-486.[PDF]
BLEICHRODT, A. & GAFNI, A. (1996). Time preference, the discounted utility model and health. Journal of Health Economics, 15, 49-66. [PDF] ADLER, N.E. & REHKOPF, D.H. (2008). U.S. Disparities in health : Descriptions, causes, and mechanisms. Annual Review of Public Health, 29, 235-252. [PDF]
  LEE, C. (2009). "Race" and "ethnicity" in biomedical research : How do scientists construct and explain differences in health ? Social Science & Medicine, 68, 1183-1190. [PDF]
MARKS, D.F. (1996). Health psychology in context. Journal of Health Psychology, 1 (1), 7-21. [PDF] SMITH, F.G., JONES, B.C., DeBRUINE, L.C. & LITTLE, A.C. (2009). Interactions between masculinity-femininity and apparent health in face preferences. Behavioral Ecology, 20 (2), 441-445. [PDF]
BAUM, A., GATCHEL, R.J. & KRANTZ, D.S. (1997). Introduction to health psychology. New York : McGraw-Hill. COHEN, S. & JANICKI-DeEVERTS, D. (2009). Can we improve our physical health by altering our social networks ? Perspectives on Psychological Science, 4, 375-378. [PDF]
  DIENER, E., NG, W., HARTER, J. & ARORA, R. (2008). Wealth and happiness across the world : Material prosperity predicts life evaluation, whereas psychosocial prosperity predicts positive feeling. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 99 (1), 52-61. [PDF]
   UMBERSON, D. & KARAS-MONTEZ, J. (2010). Social relationships and health : A flashpoint for health policy. Journal of Health & Social Behavior, 51 (S), 54–66. [PDF]
POTVIN, L. et FROHLICH, K.L. (1998). L'utilité de la notion de genre pour comprendre les inegalités de santé entre les hommes et les femmes. Ruptures : Revues Transdisciplinaire en Santé, 5 (2), 142-152. [PDF] DOVIDIO, J.F. & FISKE, S.T. (2012). Under the radar : How unexamined biases in decision-making processes in clinical interactions can contribute to health care disparities. American Journal of Public Health, 102 (5), 945-952. [PDF]
Voir aussi Exercice physique et Santé mentale
Santé Canada : Organisme fédéral canadien responsable d'aider les Canadiens à maintenir et à améliorer leur santé physique et mentale.
 
Santé communautaire : Par opposition au modèle hopistalo-centriste, qui concentre ses effectifs et ses ressources dans de grands centres hospitaliers, la santé communautaire est une conception de la santé qui promeut la décentralisation des ressources médicales, sociales et psychologiques, de manière à ce qu'elles soient moins influencées par le modèle médico-psychiatrique. Santé communautaire, désintitutionnalisation et ressource alternative. /modèle hospitalo-centriste.
 
Santé mentale : Terme défini par la négative, la santé étant l'absence de maladie ou de troubles mentaux. Il s'agit d'un concept générique d'une rectitude politique exemplaire qui recouvre une multitude de problèmes allant du simple stress jusqu'aux problèmes lourds comme la psychose ou le suicide. Il existe trois niveaux d'intervention aux problèmes de santé mentale : 1-2) L'individu se soigne lui-même, grâce à ses ressources personnelles et sociales; 3) Les soins offerts par un para-professionnel, souvent hors du système de santé mentale (ressources alternative); 4) Le système de santé et la psychiatrie pratiquée dans les hôpitaux et les instituts psychiatriques (psychologue, travailleurs sociaux, médecin, psychiatre, etc). Santé mentale, santé et normalité psychologie. = trouble psychologique. /maladie mentale. Mental health, psychology health, mental ill, mental illness.


Échelle de gravité des troubles mentaux
En santé Trouble mineur/léger Trouble majeur/lourd
0 1 2 3 4
Absence de trouble Que l'on peut résoudre soi-même Qui peut être résolu grâce à nos ressources sociales Qui peut être résolu grâce aux soins d'un para-professionnel Qui requiert les services d'un professionel
 


 
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WARR, P. (1984). Economic recession and mental health: A review of research. Tijdschrift voor Sociale Gezondheidszorg, 62 (8), 298-308. WILLIAMS, D.R. & WILLIAMS-MORRIS, R. (2000). Racism and mental health : The African American experience. Ethnicity & Health, 5 (3/4), 243-268.
HORGAN, T. (1987). Supervenient qualia. Philosophical Review, 96 (4), 491-520. CORRIGAN, P.W., RIVER, L.P., LUNDIN, R.K., PENN, D.L., UPHOFFF-ASOWKI, K., CAMPION, J., MATHISEN, J., GAGNON, C., BERGMAN, M., GOLDSTEIN, H. & KUBIAK, M.A. (2001). Three strategies for changing attributions about severe mental illness. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 27 (2), 187-95. [PDF]
  MORTIMER, J.T., HARLEY, C. & STAFF, J. (2002). The quality of work and youth mental health. Work & Occupations, 29 (2), 166-197.
  DOOLEY, D. (2003). Unemployment, underemployment, and mental health : conceptualizing employment status as a continuum. American Journal of Community Psychology, 32 (1-2), 9-20. [PDF]
HARDIN, C.L. (1987). Qualia and materialism : Closing the explanatory gap. Philosophy & Phenomenological Research, 48, 281-298. FARAONE, S.V. (2003). Straight talk about your child’s mental health : What to do when something seems wrong. New York, NY : Guilford.
  ATKINS, M.S., GRACYZK, P., FRAZIER, S. & ADIL, J.A. (2003). Toward a new model for school-based mental health : Accessible, effective, and sustainable services in urban communities. School Psychology Review, 12, 503-514.
TAYLOR, S.E & BROWN, J.D. (1988). Illusion and well-being : a social-psychological perspective on mental health. Psychological Bulletin, 103, 193-210. CAPLAN, P.J. (2004). Review of rethinking mental health and disorder. Contemporary Psychology, 49 (6), 794-797.
  LAUBER, C., NORDT, C., BRAUNSCHWEIG, C. & RÖSSLER, W. (2006). Do mental health professionals stigmatize their patients ? Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 113 (S429), 51-59. [PDF]+ [PDF]
  ATKINS, M.S., FRAZIER, S., BIRMAN, D., ABDUL ADIL, J. MAUDETTE JACKSON, M., GRACZYK, P.A., TALBOTT, E., FARMER, A.D., BELL, C.C. & MCKAY, M.M. (2006). School-based mental health services for children living in high poverty urban communities. Administration & Policy in Mental Health & Mental Health Services Research, 3 (2), 146-159. [PDF]
  PATEL, V., FLISHER, A.J., HETRICK, S. & McGORRY, P. (2007). Mental health of young people : a global public-health challenge. Lancet, 369, 1302-1313. [PDF]
   WHALLEY, M.G. & BREWIN, C.R. (2007). Mental health following terrorist attacks. British Journal of Psychiatry, 190, 94-96. [PDF]
VALENSTEIN, E.S. (1988). Blaming the brain : The truth about drugs and mental health. New York : Free Press. YING, Y.W. & HAN, M. (2007). Familism and mental health : Variation between Asian American children of immigrants and refugees. International Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies, 4 (4), 333-348.
  BAKER, F. & BORDOI, W. (2008). Can music preference indicate mental health status in young people ? Australasian Psychiatry, 6 (4), 284-288. [PDF]
TAYLOR, S.E. & BROWN, J.D. (1988). Illusion and well-being : A social psychology perspective on mental health. Psychological Bulletin, 103, 193-210. RUSSO, N.F. & TARTARO, J. (2008). Women and mental health. In F.L. Denmark & M.A. Paludi. (Eds.), Psychology of women : A handbook of issues and theories (pp. 440-481). Westport : Greenwood Press.
LEVINE, J.M. & MORELAND, R.L. (1992). Small groups and mental health. In D. Ruble, P. Costanzo & M. Oliveri (Eds.), The social psychology of mental health (pp. 126-165). New York : Guilford Press. LINCOLN, K.D. (2008). Personality, negative interactions, and mental health. Social Service Review, 82 (2), 223-251. [PDF]
SHEDLER, J., MAYMAN, M. & MANIS, M. (1993). The illusion of mental health. American Psychologist, 48, 1117-1131. ATKINS, M.S., GRACYZK, P., FRAZIER, S. (2011). Expanding the toolkit or changing the paradigm : Are we ready for a public health approach to mental health ? Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6, 483-487.
  BARKER, E.T., GREENBERG, J.S., SELTZER, M.M. & ALMEIDA, D.M. (2012). Daily stress and cortisol patterns in parents of adult children with a serious mental illness. Health Psychology, 31 (1), 130-134.
  PIETERSE, A.J., NEVILLE, H.A., TODD, N.R. & CARTER, R.T. (2012). Perceived racism and mental health among Black american adults : A meta-analytic review. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 59 (1), 1-9. [PDF]
  SONG, J., MAILICK, M.R. & GREENBERG, J.S. (2014). Work and health of parents of children with serious mental illness. Family Relations, 63, 122-134.
  BRACKEN, P., GILLER, J. & SUMMERFIELD, D. (2016). Primum non nocere. The case for a critical approach to global mental health. Epidemiology & Psychiatric Sciences, 25, 506-510. [PDF]
Voir aussi Troubles mentaux et Troubles psychologiques
Santé physique : /Maladie biologique. Health.
Santé publique : Public health.

  HAHN, R.A. & STROUP, D.F. (1994). Race and ethnicity in public health surveillance : criteria for the scientific use of social categories. Public Health Reports, 109, 7-15.
Sapir Edward (Lauenburg Allemagne aujourd'hui Lebork Pologne 1884-1939) : Linguiste et anthropologue américain d'origine allemande. Chef de file du structuralisme. En collaboration avec Whorf, il a élaboré une théorie pour expliquer l'influence du langage sur la perception, mieux connue sous le nom d'hypothèse Sapir-Whorf. Étudiant de Boas. Professeur de Klineberg et Whorf.
SAPIR, E. (1907). Preliminary report on the language and mythology of the Upper Chinook. American Anthropologist, 9, 533-544.
SAPIR, E. (1921/1967). Language: An introduction to the study of speech. New York : Harcourt, Brace and company. / Le langage. Paris : Payot. [PDF]
SAPIR, E. (1924). Culture, genuine and spurious. The American Journal of Sociology, 29 (4), 401-429.
SAPIR, E. (1927). Speech as a personality trait. American Journal of Sociology, 32, 892-905.
SAPIR, E. (1944). Grading : a study in semantics. Philosophy of Science, 11, 93-116.
 
KAY, P. & KEMPTON, W. (1984). What is the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis ? American Anthropologist, 86, 65-79. [PDF]
DARNELL, R. (1989). Edward Sapir : linguist, anthropologist, humanist. Berkeley : University of California Press.
 Sapolsky Robert (1957-) : Neurobiologiste américain et spécialiste de l'étude de la neurogénèse et du stress. Étudiant de McEwen.
SAPOLSKY, R. (1990). Adrenocortical function, social rank, and personality among wild baboons. Biological Psychiatry, 28, 862-878.
SAPOLSKY, R. (1990). Stress in the wild. Scientific American, 262, 106-113.
SAPOLSKY, R. (1992). Stress, the aging brain, and the mechanisms of neuron death. MIT Press.
SAPOLSKY, R. (1998). The trouble with testosterone : And other essays on the biology of the human predicament. Scribner.
SAPOLSKY, R. (2005). Biology and human behavior : The neurological origins of individuality. The Teaching Company.
Sarah : Chimpanzé dressée et étudiée par Premack.

 
Saroglou Vassilis ( ) : Psychosociologue belge et spécialiste de l'étude de la religion. Collaborateur de Corneille et Yzerbyt.
SAROGLOU, V., DELPIERRE, V. & DERNELLE, R. (2004). Values and religiosity : a meta-analysis of studies using Schwartz's model. Personality & Individual Differences, 37, 721-734. [PDF]
SAROGLOU, V., BUXANT, C. & TILQUIN, J. (2008). Positive emotions as leading to religion and spirituality. Journal of Positive Psychology, 3, 165-173. [PDF]
SAROGLOU, V., LAMKADDEM, B., VAN PACHTERBEKE, M. & BUXANT, C. (2009). Host society’s dislike of the Islamic veil : The role of subtle prejudice, values, and religion. International Journal for Intercultural Relations, 33, 419-428. [PDF]
SAROGLOU, V., CORNEILLE, O. & VVAN CAPPELLEN, P. (2009). "Speak, Lord, your servant is listening" : Religious priming activates submissive thoughts and behaviors. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 19, 143-154. [PDF]
SAROGLOU, V. (2010). Religiousness as a cultural adaptation of basic traits : A five-factor model perspective. Personality & Social Psychology Review, 14, 108-125. [PDF]
Sarkar Mustafa ( ) : Psychologue anglais et spécialiste de l'étude du sport, notamment du stress et de la résilience dans ce domaine. Collaborateur de Fletcher.
SARKAR, M. & FLETCHER, D. (2013). How should we measure psychological resilience in sport performers ? Measurement in Physical Education & Exercise Science, 17, 264-280.
SARKAR, M. & FLETCHER, D. (2014). Psychological resilience in sport performers : a review of stressors and protective factors. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32 (15), 1419-1434. [PDF]
SARKAR, M., HILL, D.M. & PARKER, A. (2014). Working with religious and spiritual athletes : ethical considerations for sport psychologists. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15 (6), 580-587.
SARKAR, M. & FLETCHER, D. (2014). Ordinary magic, extraordinary performance : psychological resilience and thriving in high achievers. Sport, Exercise, & Performance Psychology, 3 (1), 46-60.
SARKAR, M., FLETCHER, D. & BROWN, D.J. (2015). What doesn't kill me…: Adversity-related experiences are vital in the development of superior Olympic performance. Journal of Science & Medicine in Sport, 18 (4), 475-479. [PDF]
Sarrazin Philippe ( ) : Psychologue français et spécialiste du sport, notamment de la motivation. Professeur de Bois et Trouillod. Collaborateur de Vallerand.
SARRAZIN, P. FAMOSE, J.P. et CURY, F. (1995). But motivationnel, habileté perçue et sélection d'un niveau de difficulté d'une voie en escalade. STAPS, 38, 49-61. [PDF]
SARRAZIN, P.G., FAMOSE, J.P., BIDLE, S., FOX, K., DURAND, M. et CURY, F. (1995). Buts d'accomplissement et croyances relatives à la nature de l'habileté motrice. Science et Motricité, 26, 21-31. [PDF]
SARRAZIN, P.G., VALLERAND, R., GUILLET, E., PELLETIER, L. & CURY, F. (2002). Motivation and dropout in female handballers : A 21-month prospective study. European Journal of Social Psychology, 32 (3), 395-418. [PDF]
SARRAZIN, P.G., ROBERTS, G., CURY, F., BIDLE, S. & FAMOSE, J.-P. (2002). Exerted effort and performance in climbing among boys : The influence of achievement goals, perceived ability, and task difficulty. Research Quarterly for Exercise & Sport, 73 (4), 425-436. [PDF]
SARRAZIN, P.G., TROUILLOD, D.O. et BOIS, J. (2005). Attentes du superviseur et performance sportive du pratiquant. Amplitude, fonctionnement de l'effet Pygmalion en contexte sportif ? Bulletin de Psychologie, 58 (1), 63-68. [PDF]
Sartre Jean-Paul (Paris 1905-1980 Paris) : Philosophe et écrivain français. Chef de file de l'existentialisme. Il a dit : «Être libre, ce n’est pas pouvoir faire ce que l’on veut, mais c’est vouloir ce que l’on peut »; «L'existence précède l'essence. Cela signifie que l'homme existe d'abord, se rencontre, surgit dans le monde, et qu'il se définit ensuite »; «Pas besoin de gril, l'enfer, c'est les Autres».
SARTRE J.-P. (1940/86). L'imaginaire. Paris : Gallimard.
SARTRE J.-P. (1943). L'être et le néant : Essai d'ontologie phénomènologique. Paris : Gallimard.
SARTRE J.-P. (1943). Pladoyer pour les intellectuels. Paris : Gallimard.
 
Sarwer David B. ( ) : Psychologue américain et spécialiste de l'étude des effets psychologiques de la chirurgie.
SARWER, D.B., NORDMANN, J.E. & HERBERT, J.D. (2000). Cosmetic breast augmentation surgery : A critical overview. Journal of Women's Health & Gender-Based Medicine, 9, 843-856.
SARWER, D.B., CASH, T.F., MAGEE, L., WILLIAMS, E.F., THOMPSON, J.K., ROEHRIG, M. TANTLEFF-DUUN, S., KANTER, A.A., WILFLEY, D.E., AMIDON, A.D., ANDERSON, D.A. & ROMANOFSKI, M. (2005). Female college students and cosmetic surgery : An investigation of experiences, attitudes, and body image. Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, 115 (3), 931-938. [PDF]
SARWER, D.B. (2007). The psychological aspects of cosmetic breast augmentation. Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, 120, (S), 110-117.
SARWER, D.B. & CRERAND, C.E. (2008). Body dysmorphic disorder and appearance enhancing medical treatments. Body Image, 5, 50-58.
SARWER, D.B., VON SYDOW GREEN, A. & WILLIAMS, N.N. (2012). Clinical case report : Psychosocial issues in adolescent bariatric surgery. Surgery for Obesity & Related Diseases, 8 (1), 124-126.
SAS (Statistical Analysis System) : Logiciel d'analyse de données.
  FREUND, R.J. & LITTELL, R.C. (1986). SAS system for regression. Cary, NC : SAS Institute Inc.
SPECTOR, P.E. (1999). SAS programming for researchers and social scientists. Newbury Park : Sage Publications.
 O’CONNOR, B.P. (2000). SPSS and SAS programs for determin- ing the number of components using parallel analysis and Velicer’s MAP test. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 32, 396-402.
 PREACHER, K.J. & HAYES, A.F. (2004). SPSS and SAS procedures for estimating indirect effects in simple mediation models. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments & Computers 36 (4), 717-731.
RAÎCHE, G. & BLAIS, J.-G. (2005). SIMCAT 1.0: A SAS computer program for simulating computer adaptive testing. Applied Psychological Measurement, 30 (1), 1-2.
RAÎCHE, G., BLAIS, J.-G. et RIOPEL, M. (2006). A SAS solution to simulate a Rasch computerized adaptive test. Rasch Measurement Transactions, 20 (2), 1061.
Saslow George (Brooklyn 1906-2006) : Psychiatre américain et pionnier des psychothérapies (self-management therapy, SORCK analysis). Il s'est notamment intéressé au contrôle de soi (self-control). Collaborateur de Kanfer et Matarazzo.
SASLOW, G. (1954). Psychotherapy. Annual Review of Psychology, 5, 311-336.
SASLOW, G. & MATARAZZO, D. (1954). A psychiatric service in general hospital : A Setting for Social Learning. Mental Hospitals, 13, 217-226.
KANFER, F. & SASLOW, G. (1965). Behvioral analysis : an alternative to diagnostic classification. Archives of General Psychiatry, 12, 529-38.
KANFER, F. & SASLOW, G. (1969). Behavioral diagnosis. In C.M. Franks (Ed.), Behavior therapy : appraisal and status (pp. 2-16). New York : McGraw Hill.
KANFER, F. & SASLOW, G. (1976). An outline for behavior diagnosis. E.J. Mash & L.G. Terdal (Eds.), Behavior therapy assessment. New York : Springer Publishing Company.
 
SAT : Test d'aptitude conçu par Brigham. Ce test normalisé est utilisé aux États-Unis depuis 1926 pour dépister les élèves faibles. La version 2005 est le SAT Reasoning Test. Scholastic Aptitude Test.
  GOTTFREDSON, L.S. & CROUSE, J. (1986). The validity versus utility of mental tests : Example of the SAT. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 29, 363-378.
SEDLACECK, W. & ADAMS-GASTON, J. (1992). Predicting the academic success of student-athletes using SAT and noncognitive variables. Journal of Counseling & Development, 70, 724-727.
GOASTELLEC, G. (2003). Le SAT et l'accès aux études supérieures : le recrutement des élites américaines en question. Sociologie du Travail, 45, 473-490.
FREY M.C. & DETTERMAN, D.K. (2003). Scholastic assessment or g? The Relationship between the Scholastic Assessment test and general cognitive ability. Psychological Science, 15 (6), 373-378.
BUCHMAN, C., CONDRON, D.J. & ROSCIGNO, V.J. (2010). Shadow education, American style : Test preparation, the SAT and college enrollment. Social Forces, 89 (2), 435-461.
COYLE, T.R. & PILLOW, D.R. (2008). SAT and ACT predict college GPA after removing g. Intelligence, 36 (6), 719-729.
Satiété : Caractérise un besoin qui a été entièrement satisfait. EX: Manger à satiété, dormir tout son soûl. Satiété et thérapie par satiété. Satiation, satiety.

  LINTON, H.B. & MILLER, N.E. (1951). The effect of partial reinforcement on behavior during satiation. Journal of Comparative & Physiological Psychology, 44, 142-148. PIERCE, D.W., EPLING, W.F. & BOER, D.P. (1986). Deprivation and satiation : The interrelations between food and wheel running. Journal of Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 46 (2), 199-210. [PDF]
SIDMAN, M. & STEBBINS, W.C. (1954). Satiation effects under fixed ratio schedules of reinforcement. Journal of Comparative & Physiological Psychology, 47, 114-116. OGDEN, J. & WARDLE, J. (1990). Cognitive restraint and sensitivity to cues for hunger and satiety. Physiology & Behaviour, 47, 477-481.
BERLYNE, D.E (1957). Attention to change, conditioned inhibition (SlR) and stimulus satiation. British Journal of Psychology, 45, 138-140.  
PREMACK, D. & PREMACK, A.J. (1963). Increased eating in rats deprived of running. Journal of Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 6 (2), 209-212. [PDF] ROLL, J.M., McSWEENEY, F.K, JOHNSON, K.S. & WEATHERLY, J.N. (1995). Satiety contributes little to within-session decreases in responding. Learning & Motivation, 26, 323-341.
GRASS, R. & WALLACE, H. (1969). Satiation effects of television commercials. Journal of Advertising Research, 9, 3-8.  
EISENBERGER, R. (1970). Is there a deprivation? Satiation function for social approval ? Psychological Bulletin, 74, 255-275. BIZO, L.A., BOGDANOV, S.V. & KILLEEN, R. (1998). Satiation causes within-session decreases in instrumental responding. Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Behavior Processes, 24 (4), 439-452.
ZAJONC, R.B., SHAVER P.R., TAVRIS, C. & VAN KREVELD, D. (1972). Exposure, satiation, and stimulus discriminability. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 21, 270-280. DEMARSE, T.B., KILLEEN, P.R. & BAKER, D. (1999). Satiation, capacity, and within-session responding. Journal of Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 72 (3), 407-423. [PDF]
WARREN, V.L. & CAIRNS, R.B. (1972). Social reinforcement satiation : An outcome of frequency or ambiguity ? Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 13, 249-260. HAGOPIAN, L.P., CROCKETT, J.L., VAN STONE, M., DELEON, I.G. & BOWMAN, L.G. (2000). Effects of noncontingent reinforcement on problem behavior and stimulus engagement : The role of satiation, extinction, and alternative reinforcement. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 33 (4), 433-449. [PDF]
GARFINKEL, P.E. (1974). Perception of hunger and satiety in anorexia nervosa. Psychological Medicine, 4 (3), 309-315.  
ZENTALL, T.R., HOGAN, D.E., COMPOMIZZI, K. & COMPOMIZZI, C. (1976). Responding to a positive stimulus by "satiated" pigeons. Learning & Motivation, 7, 141-159. McSWEENEY, F.K. & MURPHY, E.S. (2000). Criticisms of the satiety hypothesis as an explanation for within-session decreases in responding. Journal of Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 74 (3), 347-361. [PDF]
FOXX, R.M., SNYDER, M.S. & SCHROEDER, F. (1979). A food satiation and oral hygiene punishment program to suppress chronic rumination by retarded persons. Journal of Autism & Development Disorders, 9 (4), 399-412. McSWEENEY, F.K. (2004). Dynamic changes in reinforcer effectiveness : Satiation and habituation have different implications for theory and practice. The Behavior Analyst, 27, 171-188. [PDF]
MARSHALL, W.L. (1979). Satiation therapy : A procedure for reducing deviant sexual arousal. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 12, 10-22. [PDF] POSADAS-SANCHEZ, D. & KILLEEN, P.R. (2005). Does satiation close the open economy ? Learning & Behavior : Psychonomic Society Publication, 33 (4), 387-98. [PDF]
ROLLS, B.J., ROLLS, E.T., ROWE, E.A. & SWEENEY, K. (1981). Sensory specific satiety in man. Physiology & Behavior, 27, 137-142. McCULLOCH, K.C., FITZSIMONS, G., CHUA, S.N. & ALBARRACIN, D. (2011). Vicarious goal satiation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 685-688. [PDF]
 
Satir Virginia (1916-1988) : Psychothérapeute humaniste américaine, spécialiste de la thérapie familiale et membre fondateur de l'École de Palo Alto.
SATIR, V. (1964/2003). Thérapie du couple et de la famille. Paris : Éditions Desclée de Brouwer.
SATIR, V. (1976). Making contact. Berkely, CA : Celestial Arts.
BANDLER, R., GRINDER, J. & SATIR, V. (1976). Changing with families : a book about further education for being human. Palo Alto, CA : Science & Behavior Books.
SATIR, V. (1983). Conjoint family therapy. Palo Alto, CA : Science and Behavior Books.
SATIR, V., BANMEN, J., GERBER, J. & GOMORI, M. (1991). Satir model : Family therapy and beyond. Palo Alto, CA : Science and Behavior Books.
Satisfaction : État général de celui qui évalue plus ou moins favorablement une activité, un objet ou un service, soi-même. = satisfaction de soi. Satisfaction, bonheur et bien-être. ( ): Voir tableau ci-dessous. Satisfaction.

Types de satisfaction
Satisfaction au travail Satisfaction des consommateurs Satisfaction des patients
Satisfaction conjugale Satisfaction des besoins Satisfaction sexuelle
Satisfaction corporelle Satisfaction des élèves/étudiants  
 

  ILGEN, D.R. (1971). Satisfaction with performance as a function of the initial level of expected performance and the deviation from expectations. Organizational Behavior & Human Performance, 6, 345-361. YING, Y.W. (1996). Immigration satisfaction of Chinese Americans : An empirical examination. Journal of Community Psychology, 24, 3-16.
WEAVER, D. & BRICKMAN, P. (1974). Expectancy, feedback and disconfirmation as independent factors in outcome satisfaction. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 30 (March), 420-428. ARDELT, M. (1997). Wisdom and life satisfaction in old age. Journal of Gerontology, 52B (1), 15-27.
  SCHKADE, D.A. & KAHNEMAN, D. (1998). Does living in California make people happy ? A focusing illusion in judgments of life satisfaction. Psychological Science, 9 (5), 340-346. [PDF]
  SUH, E., DIENER, E., OISHI, S. & TRIANDIS, H.C. (1998). The shifting basis of life satisfaction judgments across cultures : Emotions versus norms. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 74, 482-493. [PDF]
HSEE, C.K., ABELSON, R.P. & SALOVEY, P. (1991). The relative weighting of position and velocity in satisfaction. Psychological Science, 2 (4), 263-266. [PDF] MAUTE, M.F. & DUBÉ, L. (1999). Patterns of emotional responses and behavioral consequences of dissatisfaction. Applied Psychology : An International Review, 48 (3), 349-366.
YING, Y.W. (1992). Life satisfaction among Chinese-Americans. Social Indicators Research, 26, 1-22. KUPPENS, P., DIENER, E. & REALO, E. (2008). The role of positive and negative emotions in life satisfaction judgment across nations. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 95 (1), 66-75. [PDF]
WILSON, T.D., LISLE D.J., SCHOOLER J.W., HODGES, S.D., KLAAREN, K.J. & LAFLEUR, S.J. (1993). Introspecting about reasons can reduce post-choice satisfaction. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 19, 331-339. [PDF] DIENER, E. & GONZALEZ, E. (2011). The validity of life satisfaction measures. Social Indicator Network News, 108, 1-5.
Voir aussi Bien-être
Satisfaction (Mesure et évaluation de la...) : Ensemble des critères de diagnostic, des tests et des outils de collecte de données qui permettent d'évaluer et de mesurer la satisfaction. Satisfaction measure.

  ATTKISSON, C.C. & ZWICK, R. (1982). The client satisfaction questionnaire : psychometric properties and correlations with service utilization and psychotherapy outcome. Evaluation & Program Planning, 5, 233-237.  
NGUYEN, T.D., ATTKISSON, C.C. & STEGNER, B. (1983). Assessment of patient satisfaction : Development and refinement of a service evaluation questionnaire. Evaluation and Program Planning, 6, 299-314. ATTKISSON, C.C. & GREENFIELD, T.K. (2004). The UCSF Client Satisfaction Scales : I. The Client Satisfaction Questionnaire-8. In M. Maruish (Ed.), The use of psychological testing for treatment planning and outcome assessment. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
DIENER, E., EMMONS, R.A., LARSEN, R.J. & GRIFFIN, S. (1985). The Satisfaction with Life Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 71-75.  
PAVOT, W.G., DIENER, E., COLVIN, C.R. & SANDVIK, E. (1991). Further validation of the Satisfaction with Life Scale: Evidence for the cross-method convergence of well-being measures. Journal of Personality Assessment, 57, 149-161.  
PAVOT, W.G. & DIENER, E. (1993). Review of the Satisfaction with Life Scale. Psychological Assessment, 5, 164-172.  
ATTKISSON, C.C. (1996). The Client Satisfaction Questionnaire (CSQ) Scales. In L.L. Sederer & B. Dickey (Eds.), Outcome assessment in clinical practice. Baltimore, MD : Williams & Wilkins. DIENER, E. & GONZALEZ, E. (2011). The validity of life satisfaction measures. Social Indicator Network News, 108, 1-5.
Voir aussi Satisfaction
Satisfaction au travail : Satisfaction qu'éprouve celui ou celle qui travaille (employé, cadre, travailleur autonome, etc). Cette état varie en fonction de plusieurs facteurs : le milieu de travail, le salaire, la qualité du réseau social, du niveau de responsabilité, des risques liés à l'exécution des tâches, de la charge de travail, de l'exercice du pouvoir, des conditions de retraite, de la reconnaissance du travail accompli, etc. Satisfaction, motivation au travail et épuisement professionnel. = satisfaction des travailleurs. Job satisfaction, career satisfaction.

  VAN ZELST, R.H. (1951). Worker popularity and job satisfaction. Personnel Psychology, 4, 405-412. JUDGE, T.A. & BONO, J.E. (2000). Relationship of core self-evaluations traits : self-esteem, generalized self-efficacy, locus of control, and emotional stability : With job satisfaction and job performance : A meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86, (1), 80-92. [PDF]
BRAYFIELD, A.H. & RORTHE, H.F. (1951). An index of job satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 35, 307-311. JUDGE, T.A., BONO, J.E. & LOCKE, E.A. (2000). Personality and job satisfaction The mediating role of job characteristics. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85, 237-249.
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ZALEZNIK, A., CHRISTENSEN, C.R. & ROETHLESBERGER, F.J. (1958). The motivation, productivity, and satisfaction of workers : A prediction study. Norwood, MA : Plimpton Press. TESTA, M.R. (2001), “Organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and effort in the service environment”. The Journal of Psychology, 135 (2), 226-236.
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Voir aussi Perte du travail et Épuisement professionnel
Satisfaction conjugale : État général de celui ou celle qui évalue plus ou moins favorablement son couple, son mariage. Marital satisfaction, marriage happiness, relationship satisfaction.

  ORDEN, S.R. & BRADBURN, N.M. (1968). Dimensions of marriage happiness. American Journal of Sociology, 73, 715-731.  
YING, Y. (1991). Marital satisfaction among San Francisco Chinese-Americans. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 37 (3), 201-213. TWENGE, J.M. & CAMPBELL, W.K. & FOSTER, C.A. (2003). Parenthood and marital satisfaction : A meta-analytic review. Journal of Marriage & the Family, 65, 574-583. [PDF]
JULIEN, D. et CHARTRAND, E. (1995). Satisfaction conjugale et conduites sexuelles à risque chez les hommes gais : suivi à un an d'intervalle. Revue Sexologique/Sexological Review, 3, 169-182. SHEN, A.C.T. (2005). Factors in the marital relationship in a changing society : A Taiwan case study. International Social Work, 48 (3), 325-340. [PDF]
FINCHMAN, F.D. & LINFIELD, K. (1997). A new look at marital quality : Can spouses feel positive and negative about their marriage ? Journal of Family Psychology, 11, 489-502. BRYANT, C.M., TAYLOR, R.J., LINCOLN, K.D., CHATTERS, L.M. & JACKSON, J.S. (2008). Marital satisfaction among African Americans and Black Caribbeans : Findings from the National Survey of American Life. Family Relations, 57, 239-253
ACITELLI, L.K., DOUVAN, E. & VEROFF, J. (1997). The changing influence of interpersonal perceptions on marital well-being among Black and White couples. Journal of Social & Personal Relationships, 14, 291-304. SLATCHER, R.B. & VAZIRE, S. (2009). Effects of global and contextualized personality on relationship satisfaction. Journal of Research in Personality, 43 (4), 624-633. [PDF]
FINCHMAN, F.D., BEACH, S.R.H. & KEMP-FINCHMAN, S.I. (1997). Marital quality : A new theoretical perspective. In R.J. Sternberg & M. Hojjat (Eds.), Satisfaction in close relationships (pp. 275-304). New York, NY : Guilford Press. YUCEL, D. & GASSANOV, M.A. (2010). Exploring actor and partner correlates of sexual satisfaction among married couples. Social Science Research, 39, 725-738.
FINCHMAN, F.D., BEACH, S.R.H., HAROLD, G.T. & OSBORNE, L.N. (1997). Marital satisfaction and depression : Different causal relationships for men and women ? Psychological Science, 8, 351-357. FINCHAM, F., AJAYI, C. & BEACH, S.R.H. (2011). Spirituality and marital satisfaction in African American couples. Psychology of Religion & Spirituality, 3, 259-268. [PDF]
BRADBURY, T.N. & FINCHAM, F.D. & BEACH, S.R.H. (2000). Research on the nature and determinants of marital satisfaction : A decade in review. Journal of Marriage & the Family, 62, 964-980. [PDF] GHOSH, S. & GREENBERG, J.S. (2012). Gender differences in caregiving experience and the importance of social participation and marital satisfaction among aging mothers and fathers of adults with schizophrenia. Social Work in Mental Health, 10, 146-168.
Voir aussi Mariage et Thérapie de couple
Satisfaction corporelle : /insatisfaction corporelle, satisfaction du corps. Body satisfaction, Body dissatisfaction.

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Voir aussi Silhouette idéale, Trouble alimentaire et Image corporelle
Satisfaction des consommateurs : Satisfaction consécutive au jugement plus ou moins favorable qu'un individu pose sur les biens et services qu'on lui offre (et qu'il consomme). Satisfaction des consommateurs, comportement de consommation et publicité. = qualité du service, satisfaction de la clientèle. /insatisfaction du consommateur. Customer satisfaction, service satisfaction.
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JACOBY J. & JACCARD, J.J. (1981). The sources, meaning, and validity of consumer complaint behaviour : a psychological analysis. Journal of Retailing, 57 (3), 4-24. ÉVRARD, Y. (1993). La satisfaction du consommateur : état des recherches. Revue Française du Marketing, 144/145, 4-5/53-65.
GRONHAUG, K. & ZALTMAN, G. (1981). Complainers and non-complainers revisited : another look at the data. Journal of Economic Psychology, 1, 121-135. BOLTON, R.N. & DREW, J.H. (1994). Linking customer satisfaction to service operations and outcomes. In R.T. Rust et R.L. Oliver (Dir.), Service Quality : New directions in theory and practice (pp. 173-200.). Newbury Park, CA : Sage Publications.
OLIVER, R.L. & LINDA, G. (1981). Effect of satisfaction and its antecedents on consumer preference and intention. In Monroe, K.B. (Dir.). Advances in consumer research. Ann Arbor MI : Association for Consumer Research. TAYLOR, S.A. & BAKER, T.L. (1994). An assessment of the relationship between service quality and customer satisfaction in the formation of consumers’ purchase intentions. Journal of Retailing, 70 (2), 163-178.
  ZWICK, R., PIETERS, R. & BAUMGARTNER, H. (1995). On the practical significance of hindsight bias : the expectancy-disconfirmation model of consumer satisfaction. Organizational Behavior & Human Decision Processes, 64 (1), 103-117.
DAY, R.L., GRABICKLE, K., SCHATZLE, T. & TAUBACH, F. (1981). The hidden agenda of consumer complaining. Journal of Retailing, 57, 3, 86-106. MacKENZIE, S.B., SPRENG, R.A. & OLSHAVSKY, R.W. (1996). A re-examination of determinants of consumer satisfaction. Journal of Marketing, 60, 15-32.
  FORNELL, C., JOHNSON, M.D., ANDERSON, E.W., CHA, J. & BRYANT, B.E. (1996). The American customer satisfaction index : nature, purpose, and findings. Journal of Marketing, 60 (4), 7-18.
CHURCHILL, G.A. & SUPRENANT, C. (1982). An investigation into the determinants of customer satisfaction. Journal of Marketing Research, 19 (4), 491-504. OLIVER, R.L. (1997). Satisfaction : A behavioral perspective on the consumer. New York : McGraw-Hill.
BEARDEN, W. & TEEL, J.E. (1983). Selected determinants of consumer satisfaction and complaint reports. Journal of Marketing Research, 20, 21-28. LILJANDER, V. & STRANDVIK, T. (1997). Emotions in service satisfaction. International Journal of Service Industry Management, 8 (2), 148-169.
  ANDERSON, E.W. (1998). Word-of-mouth as consequence of customer satisfaction. Journal of Services Research, 1, 5-17.
  NYER, P.U. (1998). The effects of satisfaction and consumption emotion on actual purchasing behaviour : An exploratory study. Journal of Consumer Satisfaction, Dissatisfaction & Complaining Behavior, 11, 62-68.
  NGOBO, P-V. (1998). Les relations non linéaires entre la satisfaction, la fidélité et les réclamations. Actes du Congrès de l’Association Française du Marketing, Bordeaux, 14, 641-670.
PARASURAMAN, A., ZEITHAML, V.A. & BERRY, L.L. (1985). A conceptual model of service quality and its implications for future research. Journal of Marketing, 49 (4), 41-50. BROCKMAN, B.K. (1998). The influence of affective state on satisfaction ratings. Journal of Consumer Satisfaction, Dissatisfaction & Complaining Behaviour, 11, 40-50.
  OLIVER, R.L. (1993). Cognitive, affective and attribute bases of the satisfaction response. Journal of Consumer Research, 20, 418-430.
CADOTTE, E.R., WOODRUFF, R.B. & JENKINS, R.L. (1987). Expectations and norms in models of consumer satisfaction. Journal of Marketing Research, 24 (3), 305-314. SMITH A.K., BOLTONR.N. & WAGNER, J. (1999). A model of customer satisfaction with service encounters involving failure and recovery. Journal of Marketing Research, 36 (3), 356-372.
WESTBROOK, R.A. (1987). Product/consumption-based affective responses and postpurchase processes. Journal of Marketing Research, 24 (3), 258- 270. MAUTE, M.F. & DUBÉ, L. (1999). Patterns of emotional responses and behavioral consequences of dissatisfaction. Applied Psychology : An International Review, 48 (3), 349-366.
  SZYMANSKI, D.M. & HISE, R.T. (2000). E-satisfaction : An initial examination. Journal of Retailing, 76, 309-322.
  HOGARTH, J.M., ENGLISH, M. & SHARMA, M. (2001). Consumer complaints and third parties : Determinants of consumer satisfaction with complaint resolution efforts. Journal of Consumer Satisfaction, Dissatisfaction & Complaining Behavior, 14, 74-87.
TSE, D.K. & WILTON, P.C. (1988). Models of consumer satisfaction formation : an extension. Journal of Marketing Research. 25 (2), 204-212. SZYMANSKI, D.M. & HENARD, D.H. (2001). Customer satisfaction : a meta- analysis of the empirical evidence. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 29 (1), 16-35.
OLIVER, R.L. & DESARBO, W.S. (1988). Response determinants in satisfaction judgements. Journal of Consumer Research, 14 (4), 495-507. ATHANASSOPOULOS, A., GOUNARIS, S. & STATHAKOPOULOS, V. (2001). Behavioural responses to customer satisfaction : an empirical study. European Journal of Marketing, 35 (5-6), 687-707.
DUFER, J. & MOULINS, J-L. (1989). La relation entre la satisfaction du consommateur et sa fidélité à la marque: un examen critique. Recherche et Applications en Marketing, 4, (2), 21-36. VANHAMME, J. (2002). La satisfaction des consommateurs spécifique à une transaction : définition, antécédents, mesures et modes. Recherche et Applications en Marketing, 17 (2), 55-80.
OLIVER, R.L. & SWAN, J.E. (1989). Equity and dissatisfaction perceptions as influences on merchant and product satisfaction. Journal of Consumer Research, 16 (3), 372-383. LADHARI, R. (2005). La satisfaction du consommateur, ses déterminants et ses conséquences. Revue de l'Université de Moncton, 36 (2), 171-201. [PDF]
GOODWIN, C. & SPIGGLE, S. (1989). Consumer complaining : attributions and identities. In T.K. Srull (Dir.), Advances in consumer research (pp 17-22.). Provo, UT : Association for Consumer Research. JIANG, Y. & WANG, C.L. (2006). The impact of affect on service quality and satisfaction : the moderation of service contexts. Journal of Services Marketing, 20 (4), 211-218. [PDF]
FOXMAN, E.R., RAVEN, P.V. & STEM, D.E. (1990). Locus of control, fatalism, and responses to dissatisfaction : a pilot study. Journal of Consumer Satisfaction, Dissatisfaction & Complaining Behavior, 3, 21-28. BODET, G. (2008). Customer satisfaction and loyalty in service : Two concepts, four constructs, several relationships. Journal of Retailing & Consumer Services, 15 (3), 156-162.
  MATUSITZ, J. & BREEN, G.-M. (2011). Applying communication theories toward designing compliance-gaining techniques in customer dissatisfaction. Journal of Tourism & Cultural Heritage, 9 (1), 37-46. [PDF]
SINGH, J. (1990). A typology of consumer dissatisfaction response styles. Journal of Retailing, 66 (1), 57-97. ISHAQ, M.I. (2011). An empirical investigation of customer satisfaction and behavioral responses in pakistani banking sector. Management & Marketing Challenges for the Knowledge Society, 6 (3), 457-470. [PDF]
  LYNN, M. & KWORTNIK, R.J. (2015). The effects of tipping policies on customer satisfaction : A test from the cruise industry. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 51, 15- 18.
 
Voir aussi Satisfaction et Consommer
Satisfaction des élèves/étudiants : Voir Évaluation des enseignants/professeurs. Student satisfaction.

  STEIN, D. (2004). Course structure : Most important factor in student satisfaction. Distance Education Report, 8 (3), F1.
Voir aussi Évaluation des enseignants/professeurs
Satisfaction des patients : État général de celui ou celle qui évalue plus ou moins favorablement les services médicaux et psychiatriques qui lui sont offerts. Satisfaction des patients, patient et évaluation des thérapies. Patient satisfaction.

  RICHMAN, J. & CHARLES, E. (1976). Patients’ dissatisfaction and attempted suicide. Community Mental Health Journal, 12, 301-305. MAVIS, B.E. & STÖFFELMEYER, B.E. (1994). Program factors influencing clientsatisfaction in alcohol treatment. Journal of Substance Abuse, 6, 345-354.
WEINSSTEIN, R.M. (1979). Patient attitudes toward mental hospitalization : a review of quantitative research. Journal of Health & Social Behavior, 20, 237-258. SVENSSON, B. & HANSSON, L. (1994). Patient satisfaction with inpatient psychiatric care : the influence of personality traits, diagnosis and perceived coercion. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 90, 379-384.
SORENSEN, J., KANTOR, L., MARGOLIS, R. & GALANO, J. (1979). The extent nature and utility of evaluating consumer satisfaction in community mental health centers. American Journal of Community Psychology, 7, 320-337. MAVIS, B.E. & STÖFFELMEYER, B.E. (1994). Program factors influencing clientsatisfaction in alcohol treatment. Journal of Substance Abuse, 6, 345-354.
LARSEN, D.L., ATKISSON, C.C., HARGREAVES, W.A. & NGUYEN, T.D. (1979). Assessment of client / patient satisfaction : development of a generalscale. Evaluation & Program Planning, 2, 197-207. SVENSSON, B. & HANSSON, L. (1994). Patient satisfaction with inpatient psychiatric care : the influence of personality traits, diagnosis and perceived coercion. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 90, 379-384.
ATTKISSON, C.C. & ZWICK, R. (1982). The client satisfaction questionnaire : psychometric properties and correlations with service utilization and psychotherapy outcome. Evaluation & Program Planning, 5, 233-237.  
LEBOW, J. (1982). Consumer satisfaction with mental health treatment. Psychological Bulletin, 91, 244-259.  
EL-GUEBALY, N., TOEWS, J., LECKIE, A. & HARPER, D. (1983). On evaluating patient satisfaction : methodological issues. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 28, 24-29.  
NGUYEN, T.D., ATTKISSON, C.C. & STEGNER, B. (1983). Assessment of patient satisfaction : Development and refinement of a service evaluation questionnaire. Evaluation & Program Planning, 6, 299–314.  
URQUHART, B., BULOW, B., SWEENEY, J., SHEAR, M.K. & FRANCES, A. (1986). Increased specificity in measuring satisfaction. Psychiatric Quarterly, 58, 128-133.  
VUORI, H. (1987). Patient satisfaction : an attribute or indicator of the quality of care. Quality Review Bulletin, 13, 106-108. GLASS, A.P. (1995). Identifying issues important to patients on a hospital satisfaction questionnaire. Psychiatric Services, 46, 83-85.
ELBECK, M. & FECTEAU, G. (1990). Improving the validity of measures of patientsatisfaction with psychiatric care and treatment. Hospital & Community Psychiatry, 41, 998-1001. PERREAULT, M., ROGERS, W.L. LEICHNER, P. & SABOURIN, S. (1996). Patients’ request and satisfaction with services in an outpatient psychiatric setting. Psychiatric Services, 44, 287-292.
PERREAULT, M., LEICHNER, P., SABOURIN, S. & GENDREAU, P.P. (1992). Caractéristiques psychométriques de la version canadienne-française d’une échelle de satisfaction pour patients hospitalisés en psychiatrie. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie, 37, 221-227. SHAPIRO, J.P., WELKER, C.J. & JACOBSON, B.J. (1997). The youth satisfaction questionnaire : Development, construct validation and factor structure. Journal of Child Clinical Psychology, 26, 87-98.
PERREAULT, M., LEICHNER, P., SABOURIN, S. & GENDREAU, P. (1993). Patient satisfaction with outpatient psychiatric services. Evaluation & Program Planning, 16, 109-118. SHAPIRO, J.P., WELKER, C.J. & JACOBSON, B.J. (1997). The youth satisfaction questionnaire : Development, construct validation and factor structure. Journal of Child Clinical Psychology, 26, 87-98.
KELSTRUP, A., LUND, K., LAURITSEN, B. & BECH, P. (1993). Satisfaction with care reported by psychiatric impatients : relationship to diagnosis and medical treatment. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 87, 374-379. PERREAULT, M., KATERELOS, T.E., SABOURIN, S., LEICHNER, P. & DESMARAIS, J. (2001). Information as a distinct dimension for satisfaction assessment of outpatient psychiatric services. International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, 14 (3), 111-120.
ANKULA, G.Y. & ABELES, N. (1993). Client satisfaction, clinical significance and meaningful change in psychotherapy. Professionnal Psychology : Research & Practice, 24, 70-74. OTANI, K., HARRIS, L.E. & TIERNY, W.M. (2003). A paradigm shift in patient satisfaction assessment. Medical Care Research & Review, 60 (3), 347-365.
POLOWICYK, D., BRUTUS, M., ORVIETO, A.A., VIDAL, J. & CIPRIANI, D. (1993). Comparison of patient and staff surveys of consumer satisfaction. Hospital & Community Psychiatry, 44, 589-591. OTANI, K., KURZ, R.S., BURROUGHS, T. E. & WATERMAN, B. (2003). Reconsidering models of patient satisfaction and behavioral intentions. Health Care Management Review, 28 (1), 7-20.
DELGADO, A., LOPEZ-FERNANDEZ, L.A. & DE DIOS LUNA, J. (1993). Influence of the doctor’s gender in the satisfaction of the users. Medical Care, 31, 795-800. ATTKISSON, C.C. & GREENFIELD, T.K. (2004). The UCSF Client Satisfaction Scales : I. The Client Satisfaction Questionnaire-8. In M. Maruish (Ed.), The use of psychological testing for treatment planning and outcome assessment. Mahwah, NJ : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
KELSTRUP, A., LUND, K., LAURITSEN, B. & BECH, P. (1993). Satisfaction with care reported by psychiatric impatients : relationship to diagnosis and medical treatment. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 87, 374-379. OTANI, K., KURZ, R.S. & HARRIS, L.E. (2005). Managing primary care using patient satisfaction Measures. Journal of Healthcare Management, 50 (5), 311-325.
ANKULA, G.Y. & ABELES, N. (1993). Client satisfaction, clinical significance and meaningful change in psychotherapy. Professionnal Psychology : Research & Practice, 24, 70-74. OTANI, K., HERMANN, P.A. & KURZ, R.S. (2010). Patient satisfaction integration process : Are there any racial differences ? Health Care Management Review, 35 (2), 116-123.
POLOWICYK, D., BRUTUS, M., ORVIETO, A.A., VIDAL, J. & CIPRIANI, D. (1993). Comparison of patient and staff surveys of consumer satisfaction. Hospitaland Community Psychiatry, 44, 589-591 OTANI, K., KIM, B.J. WATERMAN, B., BOSLAUGH, S., KLINKENBERG, W.D. & DUNAGAN, W.C. (2012). Patient satisfaction and organizational impact : A hierarchical linear modeling approach. Health Marketing Quarterly, 29, 256-269.
Voir auss Satisfaction et Patient
Satisfaction sexuelle : État général de celui ou celle qui évalue plus ou moins favorablement sa sexualité. Satisfaction sexuelle et dysfonction sexuelle. Sexual satisfaction.

  ELLIS, A. (1959). The seven secrets of sexual satisfaction. Pageant, 14 (12), 26-31.
HAAVIO-MANNILA, E. & KONTULA, O. (1997). Correlates of increased sexual satisfaction. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 26 (4), 399-419. [PDF]
ROSEN, R.C. & BACHMANN, G.A. (2008). Sexual well-being, happiness, and satisfaction, in women : The case for a new conceptual paradigm. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 34 (4), 29-297.
ABDO, C.H., AFIF-ABDO, J., OTANI, F. & MACHADO, A.C. (2008). Sexual satisfaction among patients with erectile dysfunction treated with counseling, sildenafil, or both. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 5, 1720-1726.
DELAMATER, J. HYDE, J. & FONG, M.C. (2008). Sexual satisfaction in the seventh decade of life. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 34, 439-454. [PDF]
RUBIN, H. & CAMPBELL, L. (2012). Day-to-day changes in intimacy predict heightened relationship passion, sexual occurrence, and sexual satisfaction : a dyadic diary analysis. Social Psychological & Personality Science, 3, 224-231.
ROSEN, N.O., MUISE, A., BERGERON, S., DELISLE, I. & BAXTER, M.L. (2015). Daily associations between partner responses and sexual and relationship satisfaction in couples coping with provoked vestibulodynia. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 12, 1028-1039. [PDF]
Voir aussi Satisfaction
Saturation : Technique de modification du comportment des déviants sexuels développée par Marshall, qui divise les séances de traitement en deux temps. Dans un premier temps, l'objectif est d'amener le patient à associer un stimulus agréable ou appétitif (l'orgasme) avec des images et des comportements socialement acceptés. On demande donc au patient de se masturber jusqu'à l'éjaculation en verbalisant des fantasmes sexuels non-déviants (jusqu'à satiété). Dans un second temps, on demande au patient qui vient d'éjaculer de continuer à se masturber en verbalisant cette fois-ci des fantasmes déviants (incluant ceux qui sont associés à son élit sexuel). Le patient doit continuer à se masturber jusqu'à ce que ses fanstasmes perdent tout caractère excitant; donc jusqu'à saturation (= écoeurement total). = écoeurement total. Satiation therapy.

  MARSHALL, W.L. (1979). Satiation therapy : A procedure for reducing deviant sexual arousal. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 12, 10-22.
Saturation (en entrevue) : Critère méthodologique qui stipule qu'il faut mener des entrevues jusqu'à ce qu'il n'y ait plus d'éléments nouveaux dans les propos des répondants.

 
Saumon : Poisson.

  HOAR, W.S. (1951). The behavior of chum, pink and coho salmon in relation to their seeward migration. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 8, 241-243. GIBSON, R.J. (1966). The behavior of juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) with regard of temperature and water velocity. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 107, 703-712.
KEENLEYSIDE, M.A.H. (1962). Skin diving observations of Atlantic salmon and brook trout in the Miramichi river, New-Brunswick. Journal of the Fisheries Reasearch Board of Canada, 19, 625-634. GIBSON, R.J. (1966). Some factors influencing the distributions of brook trout and young Atlantic salmon. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 23, 1977-1980.
CHAPMAN, D.W. (1962). Aggressive behavior in juvenile coho salmon as a cause of emigration. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 19 (6), 1047-1080. SYMONS, P.E.K. (1971). Behavioral adjustment of population density to available food by juvenile Atlantic salmon. Journal of Animal Ecology, 40, 569-587.
KEENLEYSIDE, M.A.H. & YAMAMOTO, F.T. (1962). Territorial behavior of juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Behaviour, 19, 138-169. DILL, L.M., YDENBERG, R.C. & FRASER, A.G.H. (1981). Food aboundance and territory size in juvenile coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 59, 1801-1809.
HARTMAN, G.F. (1965). Significance of early emergence, environmental rearing capacity, and behavioral ecology of juvenile coho salmon in stream channels. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 22, 173-189. DOCHTERMANN, N.A.PEACOCK, M.M. (2013). Inter- and intra-specific patterns of density-dependence and population size variability in Salmoniformes. Oecologia, 171, 153-162.
Voir aussi Truite et Poisson
Saunders
Katryn J. Saunders Stephen M. Saunders
 
Saunders Kathryn J. ( ) : Psychologue béhavioriste américaine et spécialiste de la discrimination conditionelle du stimulus et de la lecture. Collaboratrice de
SAUNDERS, K.J. (1989). Naming in conditional discrimination and stimulus equivalence. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 51 (3), 379-384. [PDF]
SAUNDERS, K.J. & SPRADLIN, J.E. (1989). Conditional discrimination in mentally retarded adults: The ef- fects of training the component simple discriminations. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 52 (1), 1-12. [PDF]
SAUNDERS, K.J. & SPRADLIN, J.E. (1990). Conditional discrimination in mentally retarded adults : The development of generalized skills. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 54 (3), 239-250. [PDF]
SAUNDERS, K.J., O'DONNELL, J., VAIDYA, M. & WILLIAMS, D.C. (2003). Recombinative generalization of within-syllable units in nonreading adults with mental retardation. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 36 (1), 95-99. [PDF]
SAUNDERS, K.J. & DEFULIO, A. (2007). Phonological awareness and rapid naming predict word attack and word identification in adults with mild mental retardation. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 112, 155-166.
Saunders Stephen M. ( ) : Psychologue américain et spécialiste de l'évaluation des thérapies et de leur efficacité. Collaborateur de Howard.
SAUNDERS, S.M., HOWARD, K.I. & NEWMAN, F.L. (1988). Evaluating the clinical significance of treatment effects : Norms and normality. Behavioral Assessment, 10, 207-218.
SAUNDERS, S.M. (1993). Applicants' experience of the process of seeking therapy. Psychotherapy, 30, 554-564.
SAUNDERS, S.M. (1999). Clients' assessment of the affective environment f the psychotherapy session: Relationship to session quality and treatment effectiveness. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 55, 597-606.
SAUNDERS, S.M. & WOJCIK, J.V. (2004). The reliability and validity of a brief self-report questionnaire to screen for mental health problems : The Health Dynamics Inventory. Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings, 11, 233-241.
SAUNDERS, S.M. & BOWESOX, N. (2007). The process of seeking treatment for mental health problems. Mental Health & Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 4, 99-123.
Saussure
Ferdinand de Saussure Raymond de Saussure
 
Saussure Ferdinand de (1857-1913) : Linguiste, semiologue suisse et père du structuralisme linguistique. On lui doit les concepts de signifié et de signifiant.
DE SAUSSURE, R. (1913). Cours de linguistique générale. Paris : Édition Payot.
 
 
 
 
Saussure Raymond de (1884-1971) : Psychanalyste suisse. Fils de Ferdinand de Saussure. Analysé par Alexander, Freud et Loewenstein.

DE SAUSSURE, R. (1939). Identification and substitution. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 20, 465-470.
DE SAUSSURE, R. (1943). Transference and animal magnetism. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 12, 194-201.
 
 
 
Sauvage (Le bon...) : Expression qui désigne le postulat, défendu notamment par Rouseau, selon lequel l'humain naît bon (et, son corollaire, que c'est la société qui le corrompt ou le pervertit). = mythe du bon sauvage, principe du bon sauvage, hypothèse du bon sauvage. Noble savage.

  ROUSSEAU, J.-J. (1762). Émile, ou de l'éducation. Libraire Duchesne. ANGLÀS GRANDE, S.M. (1999). Beyond the ecologically noble savage : Deconstructing the White man’s Indian. Environmental Ethics, 21 (3), 307-320. [PDF]
REDFORD, K. (1991). The ecologically noble savage. Orion, 9, 24-29. PINKER, S. (2002/05). The blank slate : The modern denial of human nature. New York : Viking. /Comprendre la nature humaine. Paris : Odile Jacob. [PDF]
ALVARD, M. (1993). Testing the “ecologically noble savage” hypothesis : interspecific prey choice by Piro hunters of Amazonian Peru. Human Ecology, 21, 355-387 LEBLANC, S. (2003). Constant battles : The myth of the peaceful, noble savage. New York : St. Martin’s Press.
STEARMAN, A. (1994). Only slaves climb trees : revisiting the myth of the ecologically noble savage in Amazonia. Human Nature, 5, 339-357 HAMES, R. (2007). The ecologically noble savage debate. Annual Review of Anthropology, 36, 177-190. [PDF]
BUEGE, D. (1996). The ecologically noble savage revisited. Environmental Ethics, 18, 71-88  
Voir aussi Enfant sauvage
Savage
Lisa M. Savage Sue E. Savage-Rumbaugh
 
Savage Lisa M. ( ) : Neupsychologue américaine et spécialiste de la mémoire, notamment du rôle de l'hippocampe. Collaboratrice de Overmier.
 SAVAGE, L.M. STACHFIELD, M. & OVERMIER, J.B. (1994). The effect of scopolamine, diazepam, and lorazapam on working memory in pigeons : An analysis of reinforcement procedures and sample problem type. Pharmacology, Biochemistry & Behavior, 48, 183-192.
 SAVAGE, L.M. & LANGLAIS, P.J. (1995). Differential outcomes attenuate memory impairments on matching-to-position following pyrithiamine-induced thiamine deficiency in rats. Psychobiology, 23, 153-160.
 SAVAGE, L.M., PITKIN, S.R. & CARERI, J.M. (1999). Memory enhancement in aged rats : The differential outcomes effect. Developmental Psychobiology, 35, 318-327.
 SAVAGE, L.M., BUZETTI, R.A. & RAMIREZ, D.R. (2004). The effects of hippocampal lesions on learning, memory, and reward expectancies. Neurobiology of Learning & Memory 82, 109-119. [PDF]
 SAVAGE, L.M., HALL, J. & VETRENO, R.P. (2011). Anterior thalamic lesion alter hippocampal dependent behavior and hippocampal acetylcholine release. Learning & Memory, 18, 751-758. [PDF]
Savage-Rumbaugh E. Sue (1946-) : Primatologue et spécialiste de l'étude des chimpanzés et des bonobos, notamment du langage. Savage-Rumbaugh et Kanzi.Collaboratrice deBeran, Fields, Hopkins, Menzel, Premack, Tomasello et Rumbaugh.
SAVAGE-RUMBAUGH, E.S., RUMBAUGH, D.M., SMITH, S.T. & LAWSON, J. (1980). Reference : The linguistic essential. Science, 210, 922-925.
SAVAGE-RUMBAUGH, E.S., MCDONALD, K., SEVCIK, R.A., HOPKINS, W.D. & RUPERT, E. (1986). Spontaneous symbol acquisition and communicative use by pygmy chimpanzees (Pan paniscus). Journal of Experimental Psychology : General, 115 (3), 211-235. [PDF]
SAVAGE-RUMBAUGH, E.S. & LEWIN, R. (1994). Kanzi : The ape at the brink of the human mind. New York : Wiley.
SAVAGE-RUMBAUGH, E.S., FIELDS, W.M. & TAGLILATELA, J. (2000). Ape consciousness-human consciousness : A perspective informed by language and culture. American Zoology, 40, 910-921. [PDF]
SAVAGE-RUMBAUGH, E.S., FIELDS, W.M. & TAGLILATELA, J. (2001). Language, speech, tools and writing : a cultural imperative. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 8 (5-7), 273-292. [PDF]
 
SUNDBERG, M.L. (1996). Toward granting linguistic competence to apes : A review of Savage-Rumbaugh, et al.'s Language comprehension in ape and child. The Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 65, 477-492. [PDF]
HANZEL, I. (2012). Sue Savage-Rumbaugh’s research into ape language – Science and methodology. Organon F ,19 (2), 201-226. [PDF]
Saveur : Variation du goût. Flavor.

  ELIZALDE G. & SCLAFANI, A. (1988). Starch-based conditioned flavor preferences in rats : influence of taste, calories and CS-US delay. Appetite, 11, 179-200.
PEREZ, C., LLUCAS, F. & SCLAFANI, A. (1995). Carbohydrate, fat, and protein condition similar flavor preferences in rats using an oral-delay procedure. Physiology & Behavior, 57, 549-554.
DELAMATER, A.R., CAMPESE, V., LOLORDO, V.M. & SCLAFANI, A. (2006). Unconditioned stimulus devaluation effects in nutrient-conditioned flavor preferences. Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Behavior Processes, 32, 295-306.
DELAMATER, A.R. (2007). Extinction of conditioned flavor preferences. Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Behavior Processes, 33, 160-171.
SCARLET, J. CAMPESE, V. & DELAMATER, A.R. (2009). Sensory-specific associations in flavor preference reversal learning. Learning & Behavior, 37, 179-187.
DELAMATER, A.R. (2011). Partial reinforcement and latent inhibition effects on stimulus-outcome associations in flavor preference conditioning. Learning & Behavior, 39, 259-270.
SCARLET, J., DELAMATER, A.R., CAMPESE, V., FEIN, M. & WHEELER, D.S. (2012). Differential involvement of the basolateral amygdala and the orbitofrontal cortex in the formation of sensory-specific associations in conditioned flavor preference and magazine approach paradigms. European Journal of Neuroscience, 35, 1799-1809.
Voir aussi Goût
Saville Bryan K. ( ) : Psychologue béhavioriste américain et spécialiste de l'enseignement à la lecture par les pairs. Collaborateur de Neef.
SAVILLE, B.K., ZINN, T.E & ELLIOT, M.P. (2005). Interteaching: vs. traditional methods of instruction : A preliminary analysis. Teaching of Psychology, 32, 161-163.
SAVILLE, B.K., ZINN, T.E., NEEF, N.A., VAN NORMAN, R. & FERRERI, S.J. (2006). A comparison of interteaching and lecture in the college classroom. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 39 (1), 49-61. [PDF]
SAVILLE, B.K. & ZINN, T.E. (2009). Interteaching : the effects of quality points on exam scores.Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 42 (2), 369-374. [PDF]
SAVILLE, B.K., LAMBERT, T. & ROBERTSON, S. (2011). Interteaching : Bringing behavioral education into the 21st century. The Psychological Record, 61, 153-166. [PDF]
SAVILLE, B.K., COX, T., O’BRIEN, S. & VANDERVELDT, A. (2011). Interteaching : The impact of lectures on student performance. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44 (4), 937-941. [PDF]
Savoir : Ensemble des connaisances d'un domaine, d'une science, ce que l'on sait empiriquement et formellement d'un objet d'étude. Knowledge.

  PASCUAL-LEONE, J. (1976). Metasubjective problems of constructive cognition : Forms of knowing and their psychological mechanism. Canadian Psychological Review, 17, 110-125.
NELSON, T.O. & NARENS, L. (1980). A new technique for investigating the feeling of knowing. Acta Psychologica, 46, 69-80.
DEVELAY, M. (1993). Pour une épistémologie des savoirs scolaires. Pédagogie Collégiale, 7 (1), 35-40. [PDF]
KORIAT, A. (1993). How do we know that we know? The accessibility model of the feeling of knowing. Psychological Review, 100, 609-639.
DESCARRIES, F. et VANDELAC, L. (1994). L'engendrement du savoir. Cahiers de Recherche Sociologique, 23, 5-24.
JOULE, R.-V. (2006). Acceptabilité sociale et savoirs scientifiques. Les Cahiers Internationaux de Psychologie Sociale, 70, 85-88.
Saxe Leonard ( ) : Psychosociologue américain, et spécialiste de l'étude du mensonge et de sa détection.
SAXE, L., DOUGHERTY, D. & CROSS, T. (1985). The validity of polygraph testing : Scientific analysis and public controversy. American Psychologist, 40, 335-366.
SAXE, L. (1991). Lying : Thoughts of an applied social psychologist. American Psychologist, 46(4), 409-415.
SAXE, L. (1994). Detection of deception. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 3, 69-73.
SAXE, L. & & BEN-SHAKAR, G. (1999). Admissibility of polygraph tests : The application of scientific standards post-Daubert. Psychology, Public Policy & the Law, 5 (1), 203-223.
SAXE, L. (2002). The Israel connection and American Jews. American Jewish History, 90 (2), 185-188.
 Saxena Sanjaya ( ) : Psychiatre américain, spécialisé dans l'étude et le traitement du trouble d'accumulation compulsive et du trouble obsessionnel-compulsif. Collaborateur de Hollander.
SAXENA, S. & MAIDMENT, K.M. (2004). Treatment of compulsive hoarding. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 60, 1143-1154.
SAXENA, S. (2007). Is compulsive hoarding a genetically and neurobiologically discrete syndrome ? Implications for diagnostic classification. American Journal of Psychiatry, 164, 380-384.
SAXENA, S., BRODY, A.L., MAIDMENT, K.M. & BAXTER, L.R. (2007). Paroxetine treatment of compulsive hoarding. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 41, 481-487. [PDF]
SAXENA, S. (2008). Recent advances in hoarding. Current Psychiatry Report, 10, 297-303. [PDF]
SAXENA, S., AYERS, C.R., MAIDMENT, K.M., VAPNICK, T. WETHERELL, J.L. & BYSTRITSKY, A. (2011). Quality of life and functional impairment in compulsive hoarding. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 45 (4), 475-480. [PDF]
Say Jean-Baptiste (Lyon 1767-1832 Paris) : Économiste français. On lui doit notamment la loi de Say.
 
 
 
 
 
SCAR - SCEPTICISME - SCHACHTER - SCHE - SCHI - SCHIZOPHRÉNIE - SCHL - SCHM - SCHN - SCHO - SCHU - SCHW - SCI
Scalaire : Le mot à deux significations voisines : a) Grandeur non vectorielle, définie entièrement par un nombre. b) Poisson en forme de triangle. *scalène. Scalar.

  a
GIBBON, J. (1977). Scalar expectancy theory and Weber’s Law in animal timing. Psychological Review, 84, 279-325.
GIBBON, J., CHURCH, R.M. & MECK, W. (1984). Scalar timing in memory. In J. Gibbon & L.G. Allan (Eds.), Timing and time perception (pp. 52-77). New York : New York Academy of Sciences.
GIBBON, J., CHURCH, R.M., FAIRHURST, S. & KACELNIK, A. (1988). Scalar expectancy theory and choice between delayed rewards. Psychological Review, 95, 102-114.
KACELNIK, A., BRUNNER, D.& GIBBON, J. (1990). Timing mechanisms in optimal foraging : some applications of scalar expectancy theory. NATO ASI Ser. Behav. Mech. Food Selection, 20, 61-82.
GIBBON, J. (1991). Origins of scalar timing. Learning & Motivation, 22, 3-38.
LEAK, T. & GIBBON, J. (1995). Simultaneous timing of multiple intervals : Implications of the scalar property. Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Behavior Process, 21, 3-19.
RATKIN, B., GIBBON, J., PENNEY, T.B., MALAPANI, C., HINTON, S.C. & MECK, W. (1998). Scalar expectancy theory and peak- interval timing in humans. Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Behavior Process, 24, 15-33.
b
 
Scalp : Surface du crâne sur laquelle on place les électrodes d'un électro-encéphalogramme.

  PFURTSCHELLER, G. & ARANIBAR, A. (1977). Event-related cortical desynchronization detected by power measurements of scalp EEG.Clinical EEG & Neuroscience, 42, 817-826.
Scandinavian Journal of Behaviour Therapy (1972-2002) : Revue scientifique de psychologie. Éditeur : Taylor and Francis. Maintenant Cognitive Behaviour Therapy.
 LUNDH, L.G. (1993). The role of behaviour and cognition in psychotherapy. Towards an integration. Scandinavian Journal of Behaviour Therapy, 22, 3-30.

Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research : Revue scientifique de psychologie. Éditeur : Wiley.
BRÅTEN, I. (1991). Vygotsky as precursor to metacognitive theory : II. Vygotsky as metacognitivist. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 35 (4), 305-320. [PDF]

Scandinavian Journal of Psychology : Revue scientifique de psychologie. Éditeur : Wiley.

IVERSEN, I.H. (1975). Concurrent responses during multiple schedules in rats. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 15, 47-50.

Scandura Joseph M. ( ) : Psychologue cognitiviste américain, spécialisé dans l'étude de l'apprentissage et de la résolution de problème. Il a développé une théorie de l'apprentissage structuré.
SCANDURA, J.M. (1970). The role of rules in behavior : Toward an operational definition of what (rule) is learned. Psychological Review, 77, 516-533.
SCANDURA, J.M. (1973). Structural learning I : Theory and research. London : Gordon & Breach.
SCANDURA, J.M. (1976). Structural learning II : Issues and approaches. London : Gordon & Breach.
SCANDURA, J.M. (1977). Problem Solving : A structural/process approach with instructional applications. New York : Academic Press.
SCANDURA, J.M. & SCANDURA, A. (1980). Structural learning and concrete operations : An approach to piagetian conservation. New York : Praeger.
Scardamalia Marlene ( ) : Socioconstructiviste canadienne, spécialisée en éducation et en apprentissage scolaire. Collaboratrice de Bereiter.
SCARDAMALIA, M. & BEREITER, C. (1993). Technologies for knowledge-building discourse. Communications of the AMC, 36, 37-41.
SCARDAMALIA, M. & BEREITER, C. (1994). Computer support for knowledge-building communities. The Journal of the Learning Sciences 3 (3), 265-283. [PDF]
SCARDAMALIA, M. & BEREITER, C. (1999). Schools as knowledge building organizations. In D. Keating et C. Hertzman (Eds.). Today's children, tomorrow's society : The developmental health and wealth of nations (pp. 274-289). New York : Guilford.
SCARDAMALIA, M. & BEREITER, C. (2002). Knowledge building. In Encyclopedia of education (pp. 1370-1373). New York : Macmillan Reference.
SCARDAMALIA, M. & BEREITER, C. (2003). Knowledge building environments : Extending the limits of the possible in education and knowledge Work. In A. DiStefano, K.E. Rubestam & R. Silverman (Eds.), Encyclopedia of distributed learning. Thousand Oaks, CA : Sage Publications.
Scarr Sandra Wood (Washington 1936-) : Psychométricienne américaine, spécialisée dans l'étude du développement et de l'intelligence. Elle est une des signataires du Groupe des 52.
SCARR, S.W. (1973). Socialization. C.E. Merrill Pub. Co.
SCARR, S.W. (1979). Psychology and children : Current research and practice. American Psychological Assocition.
SCARR, S. & McCARTNEY, K. (1983). How people make their own environments : a theory of genotype ! environment effects. Child Development, 54, 424-435. [PDF]
SCARR, S.W. (1992). Developmental theories for the 1990s : Development and individual differences. Child Development, 63, 1-19. [PDF]
SCARR, S.W. (1993). Biological and cultural diversity : The legacy of Darwin for development. Child Development, 64, 1333-1353. [PDF]
Scénario cognitif : Histoire que l'on se raconte pour comprendre ou prédire une situation, ses propres comportements. Causal scenario.

  JUNGERMANN, H. & THURING, M. (1987). The use of mental models for generating scenarios. In G. Wright & P. Ayton (Eds.), Judgmental forecasting. New York : Wiley.
READ, S.J. (1987). Constructing causal scenarios : A knowledge structure approach to causal reasoning. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 52, 288-302.
Scène primitive : Pour Freud, c'est l'expérience qu'éprouve un enfant qui assiste pour la première fois à la nudité et aux rapports sexuels adultes, généralement de ses parents. = scène originelle, scène originaire. Primal scene.

  MCDOUGALL, J. (1972). Primal scene and sexual perversion International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 53, 371-384
GREENACRE, P. (1973). The primal scene and the sense of reality. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 42, 10-41.
ARLOW, J. A. (1980). The revenge motive in the primal scene. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 28, 519-542.
OKAMI, P. (1995). Childhood exposure to parental nudity, parent-child co-sleeping, and "primal scenes" : A review of clinical opinion and empirical evidence. Journal of Sex Research, 32, 51-64.
ARON, L. (1995). The internalized primal scene. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 5, 195-238.
OKAMI, P., OLMSTEAD, R., ABRAMSON, P.R. & PENDLETON, L. (1998). Early childhood exposure to parental nudity and scenes of parental sexuality primal scenes) : an 18-year longitudinal study of outcome. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 27 (4), 361-384.
Scepticisme : Doctrine philosophique et épistémologique, défendue par Hume, qui doute de notre capacité à découvrir la vérité des choses. Pour lui, nous n'avons aucune preuve que la représentation du réel que nous fournissent les sens constitue une connaissance "vrai" de cette réalité. Au sens large, signifie qui doute, même si les apparences devraient l'inciter à croire. ( ): Hume. Skepticism.

  HUME, D. (1748/1983). An enquiry concerning human understanding /Enquête sur l'entendement humain. Paris : Flammarion. FUMERTON, R.A. (1995). Metaepistemology and skepticism. Lanham : Rowman and Littlefield.
ROBIN, L. (1944). Pyrrhon et le scepticisme grec. Paris : Presses Universitaires de Paris. HUEMER, M. (2001). Skepticism and the veil of perception. Lanham : Rowman and Littlefield.
UNGER, P. (1971). A defense of skepticism. The Philosophical Review, 30, 198-218. HETHERINGTON, S. (2002). The grue possibility as a sceptical possibility ? Philosophia, 29, 253-260.
LEHRER, K. (1971). Why not scepticism ? The Philosophical Forum, 2, 283-298. PRITCHARD, D. (2002). Recent work on radical skepticism. American Philosophical Quarterly, 39, 215-57. [PDF]
WATKINS, J.W.N. (1984). Science and scepticism. New Jersey : Princeton University Press. PRITCHARD, D. (2005). The structure of sceptical arguments. The Philosophical Quarterly, 55, 37-52. [PDF]
  CARTER, C. (2007. Parapsychology and the skeptics. Pittsburgh, PA : Sterling House.
MOSER, P.K. (1988). Meaning, justification, and skepticism. Philosophical Papers, 17 (2), 77-101. PRITCHARD, D. (2008). Certainty and scepticism. Philosophical Issues/Noûs, 18, 58-67. [PDF]
MOSER, P.K. (1988). The relativity of skepticism. Philosophy & Phenomenological Research, 57 (2), 401-406. BLAIS, A. & RHEAULT, L. (2011). Optimists and skeptics : Why do people believe in the value of their single vote ? Electoral Studies, 30 (1), 77-82.
GLICK, P., GOTTESMAN, N.D. & JOLTON, J. (1989). The fault is not in the stars : susceptibility of skeptics and believers in astrology to the Barnum effect. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 15, 572-583. LILIENFELD, S.O. (2012). Public skepticism of psychology : Why many people perceive the study of human behavior as unscientific. American Psychologist, 67 (2), 111-29. [PDF]
DITTO, P.H. & LOPEZ, D.F. (1992). Motivated skepticism : Use of differential decision criteria for preferred and nonpreferred conclusions. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 63, 568-584. VAN ELK, M. (2013). Paranormal believers are more prone to illusory agency detection than skeptics. Consciousness & Cognition 22, 1041-1046 [PDF]
Voir aussi Les sceptiques
Sceptiques (Les) : Qui doute, et donc examine et critique l'objet du doute. Désigne l'ensemble des individus (souvent des intellectuels ou des scientifiques) qui critiquent ou contestent certaines conclusions ou manière de faire de la recherche en psychologie (le caractère plus ou moins scientifique de certaines recherches, la faiblesse de certaines méthodes, la mise au jour de fraudes) ou des thérapies psychologiques ou médicamenteuse (efficacité douteuse ou non fondée de certains traitements). = critique.

Les sceptiques
Parapsychologie + Phénomènes paranormaux Psychanalyse Post-modernisme Pseudopsychologie + Médecine alternative Surmédication, Antidépresseur,Psychotrope + DSM
Alcock Cottraux Bricmont Alcock Antonuccio
Andrus Meehl Sokal Barrett Barrett
Broch Onfray   Beyerstein Bentall
Gardner Pleux     Bracken
Hyman Torrey   Bricmont Breggin
Jones Van Rillaer   Bunge Caplan
Klass     Dawes Cohen
Kurtz   Lilienfield Cooper
Lamont     Lohr Double
Marks     Novella Fava
Nickell     Pigliucci Fisher
Novella     Rosen Flora
Randi     Sampson Greenberg
Sagan     Sokal Healy
Wiseman     Stanovich Horwitz
Zusne     Van Rillaer Kirk
Autres membres du CSI     Kirsch
        Kutchins
        Lane
        Laing
        Moncrieff
        Mosher
        Read
        St-Onge
        Szasz
        Thomas
        Timimi
        Wakefield
        Whtaker
 

  McKENZIE, C.R.M., WIXTED, J.T. & NOELLE, D.C. (2004). Explaining purportedly irrational behavior by modeling skepticism in task parameters : An example examining con dence in forced-choice tasks. Journal of Experimental Psychology : Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 30, 947-959.
NORMAND, M.P. (2008). Science, skepticism, and applied behavior analysis. Behavior Analysis in Practice, 1 (2), 42-49. [PDF]
LILIENFELD, S.O. (2012). Public skepticism of psychology : Why many people perceive the study of human behavior as unscientific. American Psychologist, 67 (2), 111-129. [PDF]
LOXTON, D. (2013). Why Is there a skeptical movement ? The Skeptics Society, 1-79. [PDF]
VAN ELK, M. (2013). Paranormal believers are more prone to illusory agency detection than skeptics. Consciousness & Cognition 22, 1041-1046 [PDF]
LINDEMAN, M., SVEDHOLM, A.M., RIEKKI, T., RAIJ. T. & HARI, R. (2013). Is it just a brick wall or a sign from the universe ? An fMRI study of supernatural believers and skeptics. Social Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience, 8, 943-949.
Voir aussi Scepticisme
Sceptiques du Québec : Organisme québécois qui fait la promotion de la pensée critique et de la science.
  LOXTON, D. (2013). Why Is there a skeptical movement ? The Skeptics Society, 1-79. [PDF]
Schaal David W. ( ) : Psychologue béhavioriste américain et spécialiste de l'étude de l'apprentissage, notamment des délais de renforcement. Collaborateur de Branch, Shahan et Timberlake.
SCHAAL, D.W. & BRANCH, M.N. (1988). Responding of pigeons under variable-interval schedules of unsignaled, briefly signalled, and completely signalled delays to reinforcement. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 50 (1), 33-54. [PDF]
SCHAAL D.W., SCHUH, K.J. & BRANCH, M.N. (1992). Key pecking of pigeons under variable-interval schedules of briefly signaled delayed reinforcement : effects of variable-interval value. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 58 (2), 277-286. [PDF]
SCHAAL, D.W. (1998). Skinner may be difficult, but... The Behavior Analyst, 21 (1), 73-91. [PDF]
SCHAAL, D.W., ODUM, A. L. & SHAHAN, T. A. (2000). Pigeons may not remember the stimuli that reinforced their recent behavior. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 73, 125-139. [PDF]
SCHAAL, D.W. (2005). Naming our concerns about neuroscience : A review of Bennett and Hacker's philosophical foundations of neuroscience. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 84 (3), 683-692. [PDF]
Schachar Russell ( ) : Psychiatre canadien et spécialiste de l'étude de l'hyperactivité et du trouble d'attention avec hyperactivité. Collaborateur de Logan, Rutter et Tannock.
SCHACHAR, R., RUTTER, M. & SMITH, A. (1981). The characteristics of situationally and pervasively hyperactive children : Implications for syndrome definition. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 22, 375-392.
SCHACHAR, R.J. & LOGAN, G.D. (1990). Are hyperactive children deficient in attentional capacity ? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 18, 493-513. [PDF]
SCHACHAR, R.J., TANNOCK, R. & LOGAN, G.D. (1993). Inhibitory control, impulsiveness, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Clinical Psychology Review, 13, 721-739. [PDF]
SCHACHAR, R.J., MOTA, V.L., LOGAN, G.D., TANNOCK, R. & KLIM, P. (2000). Confirmation of an inhibitory deficit in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 28, 227-235. [PDF]
SCHACHAR, R.J., CHEN, S., LOGAN, G.D., ORNSTEIN, T.J., CROSBIE, J., ICKOWICZ, A. & PAKULAK, A. (2004). Evidence for an error monitoring deficit in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 32, 285-293. [PDF]
Schachter/Schacter
Stanley Schachter Daniel L. Schacter
 
Schachter Stanley (New York 1922-1997 East Hampton) : Psychosociologue américain. Il a étudié le phénomène de l'attribution, notamment en lien avec les émotions, le comportement de fumer et l'obésité. Étudiant de Festinger. Professeur de Latane, Nisbett, Rodin, Ross, Valins et collaborateur de Singer.

No 7
SCHACHTER, S. (1951). Deviation, rejection and communication. Journal of Abnormal & Social Psychology, 46, 190-207.
SCHACHTER, S. & SINGER, J.E. (1962). Cognitive, social, and physiological determinants of emotional state. Psychological Review, 69, 379-399.
SCHACHTER, S. & WHEELER, L. (1962) Epinephrine, chlorpromazine, and amusement. ournal of Abnormal & Social Psychology, 65 (2), 121-128. [PDF]
SCHACHTER, S. (1968). Obesity and eating. Science, 161, 751-756.
SCHACHTER, S., CHRISTENFELD, N., RAVINA, B. & BILOUS, F. (1991). Speech disfluency and the structure of knowledge. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 60 (3), 362-367. [PDF]
 
PLUTCHIK, R. & AX, A.F. (1967). A critique of determinants of emotional state by Schachter and Singer (1962). Psychophysiology, 4 (1), 79-82.
COTTON, J.L. (19882). A review of research on Schacter's theory of emotion and missattribution of arousal. European Journal of Social Psychology, 11 (4), 365-397.
REISENZEIN, E. (1983). The Schachter theory of emotion : Two decades later. Psychological Bulletin, 94 (2), 239-264. [PDF]
GRUNBERG, N.E., NISBETT, RE., RODIN, J. & SINGER, J.E. (1987). A distinctive approach to psychological research: The influence of Stanley Schachter. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
NISBETT, R.E. (2000). Stanley Schachter (1922-1997) : Obituary. American Psychologist, 55 (12), 1505-1506.
Schacter Daniel L. ( ) : Psychologue cognitiviste américain, d'origine canadienne, spécialisé dans l'étude de la mémoire et des amnésies. Collaborateur de Bar, Budson, Dodson, Fiske, Gilbert, Graf, Kihlstrom, Lustig, Phelps, Shin, Tulving et Wegner.
SCHACTER, D.L., WANG, P.L., TULVING, E. & FREEDMAN, M. (1982). Functional retrograde amnesia : A quantitative case study. Neuropsychologia, 20, 523-532. [PDF]
SCHACTER, D.L., MOSCOVITCH, M., TULVING, E., MCLACHLAN, D.R. & FREEDMAN, M. (1986). Mnemonic precedence in amnesic patients : An analogue of the AB error in infants ? Child Development, 57 (3), 816-823. [PDF]
SCHACTER, D.L. (1998). Memory and awareness. Science, 280, 59-60.
SCHACTER, D.L. & DODSON, C.S. (2001). Misattribution, false recognition and the sins of memory. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B : Biological Science, 356 (1413), 1385-1393. [PDF]
SCHACTER, D.L. & ADDIS, D.R. (2007). The cognitive neuroscience of constructive memory : remembering the past and imagining the future. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B : Biological Sciences, 362, 773-786. [PDF]
Schafer Joseph L. ( ) : Statisticien américain et spécialiste de l'analyse des données manquantes. Collaborateur de Graham et Rubin.
SCHAFER, J.L. (1997). Analysis of incomplete multivariate data. London : Chapman & Hall.
SCHAFER, J.L. & OLSEN, M.K. (1998). Multiple imputation for multivariate missing-data problems : A data analyst’s perspective. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 33, 545- 571.
SCHAFER, J.L. (1999). Multiple imputation : a primer. Statistical Methods in Medical Research, 8, 3-15.
SCHAFER, J.L. & SCHENKER, N. (2000). Inference with imputed conditional means. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 95, 144-154.
SCHAFER, J.L. & GRAHAM, J.W. (2002). Missing data : Our view of the state of the art. Psychological Methods, 7 (2), 147-177. [PDF]
Schaie K. Warner (Stettin 1928-) : Psychologue et gérontologue américain, d'origine allemande. Il s'intéresse notamment au développement, au vieillissement et à la rigidité cognitive. Collaborateur de Birren.
SCHAIE, K.W. (1955). A test of behavioral rigidity. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 51(3), 604-610.
SCHAIE, K.W. (1973). Selective attrition effects in a fourteen-year study of adult intelligence. Journal of Gerontology, 28 (3), 328-334. [PDF]
SCHAIE, K.W., DUTTA, R. & WILLIS, S.L. (1991). Relation between Rigidity-Flexibility and cognitive abilities in adulthood. CPsychology & Aging, 6 (3), 371-383. [PDF]
SCHAIE, K.W. (1994). The course of adult intellectual development. American Psychologist, 49, 304-313. [PDF]
SCHAIE, K.W. (2002). Past and future of geropsychology at the millennium. Contemporary Gerontology, 8, 104-107. [PDF]
Schaller Mark ( ) : Psychosociologue canadien et spécialiste de l'étude des préjugés. Étudiant de Latané.
SCHALLER, M. BOYD, C., YOHANNES, J. & O'BRIEN, M. (1995). The prejudiced personality revisited : Personal need for structure and formation of erroneous group stereotypes. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 68 (3), 544-555. [PDF]
SCHALLER, M., PARK, J.H. & MUELLER, A. (2003). Fear of the dark : Interactive effects of beliefs about danger and ambient darkness on ethnic stereotypes. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 29, 637-649. [PDF]
SCHALLER, M. & MURRAY D.R. (2008). Pathogens, personality, and culture : disease prevalence predicts worldwide variability in sociosexuality, extraversion, and openness to experience. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 95 (1), 212-221. [PDF]
SCHALLER, M. (2011). The behavioural immune system and the psychology of human sociality. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 366, 3418-3426. [PDF]
SCHALLER, M. & NEUBERG, S.L. (2012). Danger, disease, and the nature of prejudice(s). Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 1-54. [PDF]
Schank
Jeffrey C. Schank Roger C. Schank
 
Schank Jeffrey C. ( ) : Psychobiologiste américain, spécialisé dans l'étude de la coopération et de la synchronisation des menstruations. Collaborateur de McClintock.
SCHANK, J.C. & McCLINTOCK, M.K. (1992). A coupled-oscillater model of ovarian-cycle synchrony among female rats. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 157, 317-362.
SCHANK, J.C. & McCLINTOCK, M.K. (1997). Ovulatory pheromone shortens ovarian cycles of female rats living in olfactory isolation. Physiology & Behavior, 62, 899-904.
SCHANK, J.C. (2000). Menstrual-cycle variability and measurement : further cause for doubt. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 25 (8), 837-847. [PDF]
SCHANK, J.C. (2001). Menstrual-cycle synchrony : Problems and new directions for research. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 115 (1), 3-15. [PDF]
SCHANK, J.C. (2006). Do human menstrual cycle pheromones exist ? Human Nature, 17, 448-470. [PDF]
Schank Roger C. (New York 1946-) : Psychologue cognitiviste américain. On lui doit notamment le concept de script. Collaborateur d'Abelson et Langer.
SCHANK, R.C. (1972). Conceptual dependency : a theory of natural language understanding. Cognitive Psychology, 3, 552-631.
SCHANK, R.C. (1975). Conceptual information processing. New York : Elsevier.
SCHANK, R.C. & ABELSON, R. (1977). Scripts, plans, goals and understanding. Hillsdale : Erlbaum.
SCHANK, R.C. (1986). Explanation patterns : Understanding mechanically and creatively. Hillsdale, NJ : Erlbaum.
SCHANK, R.C. & LANGER, E. (Eds.) (1994). Beliefs, reasoning and decision-making : Psychologic in honor of Robert Abelson. New Jersey : Erlbaum Publishing.
Schatzman Morton ( ) : Psychiatre américain. Il s'intéresse au rêve et à la capacité de résoudre des problèmes en dormant.
SCHATZMAN, M. (1983). Solve your problems in your sleep. New Scientist, 9, 692-693.
SCHATZMAN, M. (1983). The uses of lucid dreams. Self & Society : An International Journal for Humanistic Psychology, 11 (2), 66-73.
SCHATZMAN, M. (1984). Dreams and problem solving. International Medicine, 4, 6-9.
SCHATZMAN, M. (1986). The meaning of dreams. New Scientist, 25, 36-39.
SCHATZMAN, M. WORSLEY, A. & FENWICK, P. (1988). Correspondence during lucid dreams between dreamed and actual events. In J. Gackenbach & S. Laberge (Eds.), Conscious mind, sleeping brain (pp. 155-179). New York : Plenum Press.
Schaughency Elizabeth A. ( ) : Psychologue nouvelle-zélandaise et spécialiste de l'éducation, notamment de l'acquisition des habiletés de lecture. Professeure de Suggate.
SCHAUGHENCY, E. & ERVIN, R. (2006). Building capacity to implement and sustain effective practices to better serve children. School Psychology Review, 35 (2), 155-166.
SCHAUGHENCY, E. & SUGGATE, S. (2008). Measuring basic early literacy skills amongst year 1 students in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies, 43, 85-106.
SCHAUGHENCY, E., RIORDAN, J., DAS, S., CARROLL, J. & REESE, E. (2016). Embracing the principle of ako: Growing partnerships between parents, early childhood educators and researchers. Early Childhood Folio, 20 (2), 31-36.
SCHAUGHENCY, E., McLENNAN, K.M. & McDOWALL, P.S. (2015). Development and preliminary evaluation of an adaptation of word identification fluency for beginning readers in New Zealand. Assessment for Effective Intervention, 40 (2), 67-80.
SCHAUGHENCY, E. & SUGGATE, S. & REESE, E. (2017). Links between early oral narrative and decoding skills and later reading in a New Zealand sample. Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 22, 109-132.
Scheeler Mary Catherine ( ) : Spécialiste américaine de l'éducation, notamment de la rétroaction en classe.
SCHEELER, M.C. & LEE, D.L. (2002). Using technology to deliver immediate corrective feedback to preservice teachers. Journal of Behavioral Education, 11 (4), 231-241.
SCHEELER, M.C. RUHL K.L. & McAFEE, J.K. (2004). Providing performance feedback to teachers : A review. Teacher Education and Special Education, 27, 396-407.
SCHEELER, M.C., McAFEE, J.K., RUHL, K.L. & LEE, D L. (2006). Effects of corrective feedback delivered via wireless technology on preservice teacher performance and student behavior. Teacher Education & Special Education, 29 (1), 12-25.
SCHEELER, M.C., CONGDON, M. & STANSBERY, S. (2010). Providing immediate feedback to co-teachers through bug-in-ear technology : An effective method of peer coaching in inclusion classrooms. Teacher Education and Special Education : The Journal of the Teacher Education Division of the Council for Exceptional Children, 33 (1), 83-96.
SCHEELER, M.C., MCKINNON, K. & STOUT, J. (2011). Effects of immediate feedback delivered via webcam and bug-in-the-ear technology on preservice teacher performance. Teacher Education & Special Education, 20 (10) 1-14.
Scheffé Henry (New York 1907-1977 Berkeley États-Unis) : Statisticien américain. Il a développé un test qui porte son nom et qui permet, dans une analyse de variance, de montrer quels groupes ou mesures comparés deux-à-deux sont significativement différents. Professeur de Kruskal. Collaborateur de Lehmann, Tukey et Wilks.
SCHEFFÉ, H. (1943). Statistical inference in the non-parametric case. Annals of Mathematical Statistics, 14, 305-332.
SCHEFFÉ, H. & TUKEY, J.W. (1945). Non-parametric estimation. Validation of order statistics. Annals of Mathematical Statistics, 16, 187-192.
SCHEFFÉ, H. (1953). A new method for judging all contrasts in the analysis of variance. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society : Series B, 15, 125-139.
SCHEFFÉ, H. (1955). Experiments with mixtures. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society : Series B, 20 (2), 344-360.
SCHEFFÉ, H. (1959). The analysis of variance. New York : Wiley.
 
DEMPSTER, A.P. (1960). Henry Scheffé, the analysis of variance. Technometrics, 2 (4), 517.
Scheffler Israel (1923-) : Philosophe américain, spécialisé en éducation.
 SCHEFFLER, I. (1957). Explanation, Prediction, and Abstraction. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 7 (28), 293-309.
SCHEFFLER, I. (1969). Reflections on educational relevance. Journal of Philosophy, 66 (21), 764-773.
SCHEFFLER, I. (1971). Explanations, desires, and inscriptions. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 22 (4), 362-369.
SCHEFFLER, I. (1989/2003). Le langage de l’éducation. Klincksieck.
SCHEFFLER, I. (1997). Symbolic worlds : Art, science, language, ritual. Cambridge University Press.
Scheier Michael F. ( ) : Psychosociologue américain, spécialisé dans l'étude de l'optimisme et des effets psychologiques du cancer. Avec Carver, il a développé une théorie de l'optimisme dispositionel. Collaborateur de Carver.
SCHEIER, M.F. & CARVER, C.S. (1985). Optimism, coping, and health : Assessment and implications of generalized outcome expectancies. Health psychology, 4 (3), 219-247.
SCHEIER, M.F. & BRIDGES, M.W. (1994). Person variables and health : Personality predispositions and acute psychological states as shared determinants for disease. Psychosomatic Medicine, 57, 255-268. [PDF]
SCHEIER, M.F. & CARVER, C.S. (2001). Adapting to cancer : The importance of hope and purpose. In A. Baum & B.L. Andersen (Eds.), Psychosocial interventions for cancer (pp. 15-36). Washington D.C. : American Psychological Association. [PDF]
SCHEIER M.F., MATTHEWS, K.A., OWENS, J. F., SCHULZ, R., BRIDGES, M.W., MAGOVERN, G.J. & CARVER, C.S. (1999). Optimism and rehospitalization following coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Archives of Internal Medicine, 159, 829-835. [PDF]
SCHEIER, M.F., HELGESON, V.S., SCHULZ, R., COLVIN, S., BEGA, S., BRIDGES, M.W., KNAPP, J., GERSZTEN, K. & PAPPERT, W.S. (2005). Interventions to enhance physical and psychological functioning among younger women who are ending nonhormonal adjuvant treatment for early stage breast cancer. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 23 (19), 4298-4311. [PDF]
Schein Edgar H. (1928-) : Psychologue organisationel américain et spécialiste de l'étude du leadership et des cultures d'entreprise.
SCHEIN, E.H. (1993). How can organizations learn faster ? The challenge of entering the green room. Sloan Management Review, 34, 85-92.
SCHEIN, E.H. (1980). Organizational psychology. Englewood Cliffs, NJ : Prentice-Hall Inc.
SCHEIN, E.H. (1992/2004). Organizational culture and leadership. New York : Wiley Publishers.
SCHEIN, E.H. (1996). Culture : The missing concept in organizational studies. Administrative Science Quarterly, 41, 229-240. [PDF]
SCHEIN, E.H. (2004). Learning when and how to lie : A neglected aspect of organizational and occupational socialization. Human Relations, 57 (3), 260-273. [PDF]
Scheler Max (1874-1928) : Philosophe existentialiste autrichien. Étudiant de Dilthey, Simmel et Stumpf.

SCHELER, M. (1952). La pudeur. Aubier-Montaigne.
SCHELER, M. (1955). L'homme et l'histoire ; Les formes du savoir et de la culture. Paris : Aubier.
SCHELER, M. (1955). Le formalisme en éthique et l'éthique matérielle des valeurs : essai nouveau pour fonder un personnalisme éthique. Paris : Gallimard.
SCHELER, M. (1970). L'homme du ressentiment. Paris : Gallimard
SCHELER, M. (1970). Nature et formes de la sympathie : contribution à l'étude des lois de la vie affective. Paris : Peyot.
Schellenberg Glenn E. ( ) : Psychologue canadien et spécialiste de l'étude de la perception de la musique. Collaborateur de Bem Bialystok et Peretz.
SCHELLENBERG, E.G. & BEM, S.L. (1998). Blaming people with AIDS : Who deserves to be sick ? Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research, 3, 65-80.
SCHELLENBERG, E.G., HIRT, J. & SEARS, A. (1999). Attitudes toward homosexuals among students at a Canadian university. Sex Roles, 40, 139-152. [PDF]
SCHELLENBERG, E.G., KRYSCIAK, A.M. & CAMPBELL, R.J. (2000). Perceiving emotion in melody : Interactive effects of pitch and rhythm. Music Perception, 18, 155-171.
SCHELLENBERG, E.G. & PERETZ, I. (2008). Music, language, and cognition : Unresolved issues. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 12, 45-46. [PDF]
SCHELLENBERG, E.G. (2011). Music lessons, emotional intelligence, and IQ. Music Perception, 29, 185-194. [PDF]
 
STEELE, K.M. (2005. Do Music Lessons enhance IQ? A reanalysis of Schellenberg (2004). The Scientific Review of Mental Health Practice, 4(2), 6-9. [PDF]
STEELE, K.M. (2005/2006). Weak justification for combining groups : A reply to Schellenberg. Scientific Review of Mental Health Practice, 4, 16-18. [PDF]
Schelling
Thomas Crombie Schelling Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling
   
Schelling Thomas Crombie (Oakland 1921-) : Économiste américain et prix Nobel d'économie en 2005. Ses travaux portent sur les conflits et la théorie des jeux.
SCHELLING, T.C. (1960/76). The strategy of conflict. Harvard : Harvard University Press/Oxford : Oxford University Press.
SCHELLING, T.C. (1971). Dynamic models of segregation. Journal of Mathematical Sociology, 1, 143-186.
SCHELLING, T.C. (1973). Hockey helmets, concealed weapons, and daylight saving : a study of binary choices with externalities. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 17 (3), 381-428. [PDF]
SCHELLING, T.C. (1978/80). Micromotives and macrobehavior / La Tyrannie des petites décisions. W.W. Norton and Co/Paris : Presses Universitaires de France.
SCHELLING, T.C. (1996). The contradiction unresolved. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 19 (4), 595.
Schelling Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von (1775-1854) : Philosophe allemand. Disciple de Fichte.
 
 
 
 
 
Schéma : Schemata.

Types de schéma
Schèma cognitif Schèma de genre Schèma de soi
  Schéma ou réseau de concepts  
 
Schéma cognitif : Réseau intégré de connaissances, de croyances et d'attentes se rapportant à un sujet donné ou à un aspect particulier de l'univers. EX: La musique : les groupes que vous connaissez, les instruments dont vous jouez, les titres de chansons que vous préférez, les spectacles auxquels vous avez assisté forment dans votre esprit un réseau de connaissances intereliées. Schéma et réseaux cognitif. = schéma, représentation mentale, carte mentale ou cognitive, système de construits. Schemata.

  RUMELHART, D.E. (1980). Schemata : The building blocks of cognition. In R.J. Spiro, B.Bruce & W.F. Brewer (Eds.), Theoretical issues in reading and comprehension. Hillsdale, NJ : Erlbaum.
ALBA, J.W. & HASHNER, L. (1983). Is memory schematic ? Psychological Bulletin, 93, 203-231.
SKITKA, L.J. (1990). Gender roles and the categorization of gender as a cognitive schema. Sex Roles, 22, 133-150.
BAYEN, U.J., NAKAMURA, G.V., DUPUIS, S.E. & YANG, C.-L. (2000). The use of schematic knowledge about sources in source monitoring. Memory & Cognition, 28, 480-500.
Schéma de genre : Réseau intégré de connaissances, de croyances et d'attentes qui déterminent l'identité sexuelle, le genre d'un individu. Gender schema.

  MARTIN, C.L. & HALVERSON, C.F. (1981). A schematic processing model of sex typing and stereotyping in children. Child Development, 52, 1119-1134.
MARCUS, H., CRANE, M., BERNSTEIN, S. & SILADI, M. (1982). Self-schemas and gender. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 42, 38-50.
MARTIN, C.L. & HALVERSON, C.F. (1983). The effects of sex-stereotyping schemas on young children’s memory. Child Development, 54, 563-574.
SIGNORELLA, M.L. (1987). Gender schemata : Individual differences and context effects. New Directions for Child Development, 38, 23-37.
LEINBACK, M.D. & FAGOT, B.I. (1993). Categorical habituation to male and female faces: gender schematic processing in infancy. Infant Behaviour & Development, 16, 317-332.
CANN, A. (1993). Evaluative expectations and the gender schema : Is failed inconsistency better ? Sex Roles, 28, 667-678.
LEMONS, M.A. & PARZINGER, M. (2007). Gender schemas : A cognitive explanation of discrimination of women in technology. Journal of Business & Psychology, 22 (1), 91-98
CHUNG, R. (2009). The gender schema : how contrasts and multiple characteristics affect metaphorical gender in adults. Pragmatics & Intercultural Communication 2 (1), 51-61. [PDF]
Schéma de soi : Réseau intégré de connaissances, de croyances et d'attentes se rapportant à soi. = perception de soi, image de soi, représentation de soi. Self-schemata.

  MARKUS, H.R. (1977). Self-schemata and processing information about the self. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 35, 63-78.
DANCE, K.S. & KUIPER, N.A. (1987). Self-schemata, social roles, and a self-worth contingency model of depression. Motivation & Emotion, 11 (3), 251-268.
Schème : Dans la théorie de Piaget, structure cognitive commune à un ensemble de conduites ou de représentations, et qui permet d'acquérir de nouvelles connaissances. Schème, coordination des schèmes et connaissance. Scheme.

Types de schème
Schème conceptuel Schème moteur Schème sensori-moteur
Schème de correspondance    
Schème de préhension Schème sensoriel  
 
 

  VERGNAUD, G. (1985). Concepts et schèmes dans une théorie opératoire de la représentation. Concepts and schemes in a working theory of representation. Psychologie Française, 30, 245-252.
VERGNAUD, G. (1994). Le rôle de l'enseignant à la lumière des concepts de schème et de champ conceptuel. In M. Artigue (Dir.), Vingt ans de recherches en didactique. Hommage à Guy Brousseau et à Gérard Vergnaud. Grenoble : La Pensée Sauvage.
VERGNAUD, G. & RECOPE, M. (2000). De Revault d'Allonnes à une théorie du schème aujourd'hui. Psychologie Française, 45 (1), 35-50.
Schème conceptuel : Dans la théorie de Piaget, structure cognitive commune à un ensemble de représentations. = concept. Conceptual scheme.

  BRAINERD, C.J. (1971). The development of the proportionality scheme in children and adolescents. Developmental Psychology, 5, 469-476.
DAVIDSON, D. (1973). On the very idea of a conceptual scheme. Proceedings & Addresses of the American Philosophical Association, 47, 5-20.
STEFFE, L.P. (1983). Children's algorithms as schemes. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 14, 109-154.
STEFFE, L.P. (1992). Schemes of action and operation involving composite units. Learning & Individual Differences, 4(3), 259-309.
STEFFE, L.P. (1994). Children's multiplying schemes. In G. Harel & J. Confrey (Eds.), The development of multiplicative reasoning in the learning of mathematics (pp. 3-39) New York : SUNY Press.
OLIVE, J. & STEFFE, L.P. (2002). The construction of an iterative fractional scheme : The case of Joe. Journal of Mathematical Behavior, 20, 413-437.
STEFFE, L.P. (2003). The fractional composition, commensurate fractional, and the common partitioning schemes of Jason and Laura: Grade 5. Journal of Mathematical Behavior, 22, 237-295.
Schème de correspondance :

  NUNES, T., BRYANT, P.E., EVANS, D. & BELL, D. (2010). The scheme of correspondence and its role in children’s mathematics. British Journal of Educational Psycholog/Monograph Series II, 7, 83-99.
Schème de préhension : Dans la théorie de Piaget, structure cognitive commune à un ensemble de conduites qui requiert l'usage des doigts pour saisir les objets et, ce faisant, les connaître. EX: En saississant (schème) les cheveux de son père (objet), Maude apprend à en connaître les propriétés (soyeux, gras, etc.).

 
Schème de succion : Dans la théorie de Piaget, structure cognitive commune à un ensemble de conduites qui requiert l'usage de la bouche pour saisir les objets en y exerçant une pression et, ce faisant, les connaître. EX: En plaçant dans sa bouche (schème) un bloc légo (objet), Idir apprend à en connaître les propriétés (dure, angle, goût du plastique, etc.).

 
Schème moteur : Dans la théorie de Piaget, structure cognitive commune à un ensemble de conduites qui requiert l'usage des muscles pour faire l'acquisition de connaissances. ( ): Voir tableau ci-dessous.

Types de schème moteur
Schème de préhension Schème de succion Schème de rotation de la tête
 
 

 
Schème sensoriel : Dans la théorie de Piaget, structure cognitive commune à un ensemble de conduites qui requiert les sens pour pour faire l'acquisition de connaissances. ( ): Voir tableau ci-dessous.

Types de schème sensoriel
Schème auditif Schème du toucher Schème olfactif
Schème gustatif Schème visuel
 
 

 
Schème sensorimoteur : Expression utilisée par Piaget pour désigner l'ensemble des schèmes qui permettent aux enfants d'acquérir des connaissances entre 0 et 18 mois. Voir tableau schème sensoriel et moteur.

 
Scherer Klaus R. (1943-) : Sociopsychologue suisse et spécialiste de l'étude des émotions et de la musique.
SCHERER, K.R. (1986). Vocal affect expression : A review and a model for future research. Psychological Bulletin, 99, 143-65.
SCHERER, K.R. (1993). Neuroscience projections to current debates in emotion psychology. Cognition & Emotion, 7, 1-41.
SCHERER, K.R. (1995). Expression of emotion in voice and music. Journal of Voice, 9, 235-48.
SCHERER, K.R. (2001). Emotional effects of music : production rules. In P.N. Juslin & J.A. Sloboda (Eds.) Music and emotion : theory and research. Oxford/New York : Oxford University Press. [PDF]
SCHERER, K.R. (2009). The dynamic architecture of emotion : Evidence for the component process model. Cognition & Emotion, 23 (7), 1307-1351.
Schermer Julie Aitken ( ) : Psychologue canadienne et spécialiste de l'étude de la personnalité. Collaboratrice de Martin, Olson, Petrides et Vernon. = Julie Aitken Harris.
HARRIS, J.A., VERNON, P.A. & JANG, K.L. (1995). A possible genetic basis of accuracy in personality perception. Personality & Individual Differences, 18 (6), 791-792.
SCHERMER, J.A. & VERNON, P.A. (2008). A behavior genetic analysis of vocational interests using a modified version of the Jackson vocational interest survey. Personality & Individual Differences, 45, 103-109.
SCHERMER, J.A. & MACDOUGALL, R. (2011). The Jackson career explorer in relation to the career directions inventory. Journal of Career Assessment, 19, 442-451.
SCHERMER, J.A. (2012). The Jackson career explorer : Two further validity studies. Journal of Career Assessment, 20 (4), 507-519.
SCHERMER, J.A. MARTIN, R.A., MARTIN, N.G., LYNSKEY,M.T., RULL, T.J. & VERNON, P.A.. (2015). Humor styles and borderline personality. Personality & Individual Differences, 87(1), 158-161.
Scherrer Bruno ( ) : Biologiste et statisticien québécois d'origine suisse.
SCHERRER, B. (1984). Biostatistique. Chicoutimi : Gaëtan Morin.
SCHERRER, B. (2009). Biostatistique/Volume 2. Montréal : Gaëtan Morin.
 
 
 
Schiefele Ulrich ( ) : Psychologue allemand et spécialiste de l'éducation. Il s'intéresse notamment à l'intérêt et à la motivation à l'école. Étudiant de Krapp.
SCHIEFELE, U. (1991). Interest, learning and motivation. Educational Psychologist, 26 (2/3), 299-323.
SCHIEFELE, U. & KRAPP, A. (1996). Topic interest and free recall of expository text. Learning & Individual Differences, 8, 141-160.
SCHIEFELE, U. (1999). Interest and learning from text. Scientific Studies of Reading, 3, 257-280.
SCHIEFELE, U., SCHAFFNER, E., MÜLLER, J. & WIGFIELD, A. (2012). Dimensions of reading motivation and their relation to reading behavior and competence. Reading Research Quarterly, 47, 427-463.
SCHIEFELE, U., STRBLOW, L. & RETELSDORF, J. (2013). Dimensions of teacher interest and their relations to occupational well-being and instructional practices. Journal of Educational Research Online, 5, 7-37.
Schisme : Scission au sein d'un groupe à la suite d'un désaccord majeur sur le plan idéolologique ou théorique.

  POLING, A., PICKER, M., GOSSETT, D., HALL-JOHNSON, E. & HOLBROOK, M. (1981). The schism between experimental and applied behavior analysis : Is itreal and who cares ? The Behavior Analyst, 4 (2), 93-102. [PDF]
Schizoïdie : Voir Trouble de la ppesonnalité schizoïde. Schizoid personality, Schizoid phenomena.

  ISAACS, S.S. (1939). A special mechanism in a schizoid boy. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 20, 333-339. TRULL, T.J., WIDIGER, T.A. & FRANCES, A. (1987). Covariation of criteria sets for avoidant, schizoid, and dependent personality disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry, 144 (6), 767-771.
KLEIN, M. (1946). Notes on some schizoid mechanisms. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 27, 99-110. [PDF] WOLFF, S. (1991). "Schizoid" personality in childhood and adult life : III. The childhood picture. British Journal of Psychiatry, 159, 629-635.
GUNTRIP, H. (1969). Schizoid phenomena, object relations, and the self. New York : International Universities Press. WOLFF, S. (1998). Schizoid personality in childhood : The links with Asperger syndrome, schizophrenia spectrum disorders, and elective mutism. In E. Schopler & Z.B. Gary (Eds.), Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism ? Current issues in autism (pp. 123-138). New York : Plenum.
GOLDEN, R. & MEEHL P.E. (1979). Detection of the schizoid taxon with MMPI indicators. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 88, 217-233. RAINE, A. FUNG A.L. & LAM, B.Y.H. (2011). Peer victimization partially mediates the schizotypy - aggression relationship in children and adolescents. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 37, 937-945. [PDF]
SIEVER L. J. & KENDLER, K.S. (1987). Schizoid/schizotypal/paranoid personality disorders. In J.O. Cavenar (Ed.), Psychiatry. New York : Basic Books. MOORE, J.W., DICKINSON, A. & FLETCHER, P.C. (2011). Sense of agency, associative learning, and schizotypy. Journal : Consciousness & Cognition, 20 (3), 792-800. [PDF]
Schizophrenia Bulletin : Revue scientifique qui consacre ses pages à l'étude de de la schizophrénie. Éditeur : Oxford Journals. = Schizophr Bul.
KUMRA, S., OBERSTAR, J.V., SIKICH, L., FINDLING, R.L., MCCLELLAN, J.M., VINOGRADOV, S. & SCHULZ, C.S. (2008). Efficacy and tolerability of second-generation antipsychotics in children and adolescents with schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 34 (1), 60-71. [PDF]

Schizophrenia Research : Revue scientifique qui se consacre à l'étude de de la schizophrénie Éditeur : Elsevier. = Schizophr Res.
MINTZ, A.R., DOBSON, K.S. & ROMMEY, D.M. (2003). Insight in schizophrenia : A meta-analysis. Schizophrenia Research, 61 (1), 75-88.

Schizophrénie : Du grec schizein qui signifie "divisé ou coupé" et phrenia qui signifie "pensée". Trouble mental d'abord décrit par Morel. Pour Bleuler, la schizophrénie se caractérise par trois symptômes : la dissociation, le délire paranoïde et l’autisme. La mégalomanie l'alogie et les hallucinations auditives sont également des symptômes que l'on observe fréquemment chez les schizophrènes. Pathologie répertoriée par le DSM-IV. On attribue à De Sanctis (1906) la description du premier cas de schizophrénie infantile. Selon certaines hypothèses, cette maladie serait le résultat d'un excès de dopamine. ( ): schizophrénie catatonique, schizophrénie hébéphrénique. Schizophrenia, adult schizophrenia, syndromes of schizophrenia.


Symptômes caractéristiques
Hallucinatios visuelle Comportement répétitif (échopraxie)
Hallucinatios auditive Comportement désorganisé
Discours désorganisé Froideur émotionnelle
Délire Perte de volonté
 


  SULLIVAN, H.S. (1924). Schizophrenia : its conservative and malignant features. American Journal of Psychiatry, 81, 77-91. McMANUS, I.C. (1997). Autism and schizophrenia are not due to a single genetic locus. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 2, 226-230. [PDF]
SULLIVAN, H.S. (1925). Peculiarity of thought in schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry, 82, 21-86. GOTTESMAN, I.I. & MOLDIN, S.O. (1997). Schizophrenia genetics at the millenium : Cautious optimism. Clinical Genetics, 52, 307-310.
MINKOVSKI, E. (1927/2002). La schizophrénie. Édition Payot.  ZAIDEL D.W., ESIRI, M.M. & HARRISON, P.J. (1997). Size, shape, and orientation of neurons in the left and right hippocampus : Investigation of normal asymmetries and alterations in schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry 154, 812-818. [PDF]
VYGOTSKY, L. (1934). Thought in schizophrenia. Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry, 31, 1063-1077. THOMAS, P. (1997). The dialectics of schizophrenia London : Free Association.
KALLMAN, F.J. (1938). The genetics of schizophrenia. Augustin, New York. DICKERSON, F.B., BORONOW, J.J., RINGEL, N. & PARENTE, F. (1997). Lack of insight among outpatients with schizophrenia. Psychiatric Services, 48 (2), 195-1999. [PDF]
SULLIVAN, H.S. (1941). The language of schizophrenia. In J.S. Kasanin (Ed. 1964), Language and thought in schizophrenia. Norton : New York. BIRCHWOOD, M.J. McGORRY, P. & JACKSON, C. (1997). Early intervention in schizophrenia. British Journal of Psychiatry, 170, 2-5.
DEUTSCH, H. (1942). Some forms of emotional disturbance and their relationship to schizophrenia. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 11, 301-321. TORREY, E.F., MILLER J., RAWLINGS, R. & YOLKEN, R.H. (1997). Seasonality of births in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder : A review of the literature. Schizophrenia Research, 28, 1-38.
FROMM-REICHMANN, F. (1948). Notes on the development of treatment of schizophrenics by psychoanalytic psychotherapy. Psychiatry, 11, 263-273. WHITE, L., HARVEY, P.D. OPLER, L. & LINDENMAYER, J.P. (1997). Empirical assessment of the factorial structure of clinical symptoms in schizophrenia. A multisite, multimodel evaluation of the factorial structure of the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale. The PANSS Study Group. Psychopathology, 30, 263-274.
ROSENFELD, H. (1950). Note on the psychopathology of confusional states in chronic schizophrenia. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 31, 132-137. JONES, P. (1997). The early origins of schizophrenia. British Medical Bulletin, 53, 135-155.
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Voir aussi Neuroleptique, Trouble mental et Symptôme positif et négatif
 
Schizophrénie (Mesure et évaluation de la ...) : Ensemble des tests et des outils de collecte de données qui permettent d'évaluer et de mesurer la schizophrénie. Rating scales in schizophrenia.

  MAURER, K. & HAFNER, H. (1995). Methodological aspects of onset assessment in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 15 (3), 265-276.
WHITE, L., HARVEY, P.D. OPLER, L. & LINDENMAYER, JP.P (1997). Empirical assessment of the factorial structure of clinical symptoms in schizophrenia. A multisite, multimodel evaluation of the factorial structure of the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale. The PANSS Study Group. Psychopathology, 30, 263-274.
LADER, M.H. (2000). Rating scales in schizophrenia. A review of their usefulness for assessing atypical antipsychotics. CNS Drugs, 14, 23-32.
LIDDLE, P.F., NGAN, E.T.N., DUFFIELD, G., KHO, K. & WARREN, A.J. (2002). The signs and symptoms of psychotic illness : a rating scale. British Journal of Psychiatry, 180, 45-50. [PDF]
Voir aussi Schziophrénie
Schizophrénie (Prévention de la...) : Ensemble des moyens visant à prévenir la schizophrénie.

  SCHOOLER, N.R. (2005). Relapse prevention and recovery in the treatment of schizophrenia. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 67, 19-23.
READ, J. (2010). Can poverty drive you mad ? Schizophrenia, socio-economic status and the case for pimary prevention. New Zealand Journal of Psychology 39 (2), 7-19.
BROWN, A.S. & McGRATH, J.J. (2011). The prevention of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 37, 257-261. [PDF]
Voir aussi Schziophrénie
Schizophrénie (Traitement de la...) : Ensemble des médicaments et des thérapies pour soigner les schizophrènes. Treatment of schizophrenia.

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SHEPARD, M. & WATT, D.C. (1956). A controlled clinical study of chlorpromazine and reserpine in chronic schizophrenina. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry 19, 232-235. [PDF] + [PDF] ZANDER, K.J., FISCHER, B., ZIMMER, R. & ACKENHEIL, M. (1981). Long-term neuroleptic treatment of chronic schizophrenic patients : Clinical and biochemical effects of withdrawal. Psychopharmacology, 73 (1), 43-47.
SIMMONS, J. & LOVAAS, O.I. (1969). Use of pain and punishment as treatment techniques with childhood schizophrenics. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 23, 23-36. CARPENTER, W.T. (1986). Early targeted psychotherapeutic intervention in schizophrenia. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 47, 23-29.
LIBERMAN, R.P., TEIGEN, J., PATTERSON, R. & BAKER, V. (1973). Reducing delusional speech in chronic, paranoid schizophrenics. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 6 (1), 57-64. [PDF] WYATT, R.J. (1991). Neuroleptics and the natural course of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 17, 325-351.
MOSHER, L.R., MENN, A.Z. (1974). Soteria: An alternative to hospitalization for schizophrenia. In J.H. Masserman (Ed.), Current psychiatric therapies (Vol. 14, pp. 287- 296). New York: Grune and Stratton. MOSHER, L.R. (1991). Soteria : A therapeutic community for psychotic persons. International Journal of Therapeutic Communities, 12, 53-67.
MOSHER, L.R., MENN, A. Z. & MATTHEWS, S.M. (1975). Soteria : Evaluation of a home-based treatment for schizophrenia. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 45 (3), 455-467. MOSHER, L.R., VALLONE, R. & MENN, A. (1995). The treatment of acute psychosis without neuroleptics : six-week psychopathology outcome data from the soteria project. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 41 (3), 157-167. [PDF]
CARPENTER, W.T. (1977). The treatment of acute schizophrenia without drugs. American Journal of Psychiatry 134, 14-20. KANE, J.M. (1996). Drug therapy. Schizophrenia. New England Journal of Medicine, 334, 34-41.
  MOSHER, L.R. (1999). Soteria and other alternatives to acute psychiatric hospitalization : A personal and professional review. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 187, 142-149. [PDF]
  MALL, A.K., NORMAN, R.M.G. & VORUNGANTI, L.P. (1999). Improving outcome in schizophrenia: the case for early intervention. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 160 (6), 843-846. [PDF]
  MONCRIEFF, J. (2003). Clozapine vs conventional antipsychotic drugs for treatment-resistant schizophrenia : a re-examination. British Journal of Psychiatry, 183, 161-166.
JOHNSTONE, E.C., CROW, T.J., FRITH, C.D., CARNEY, M.W.P. & PRICE, J.S. (1978). Mechanism of the antipsychotic effect in the treatment of acute schizophrenia. Lancet, 311 (8069), 848-851. CALTON, T., FERRITER, M., HUBAND, N. & SPANDLER, H. (2008). A systematic review of the Soteria paradigm for the treatment of people diagnosed with schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 34 (1), 181-192. [PDF]
Voir aussi Schziophrénie
Schizophrénie catatonique : Forme de schizophrénie, souvent considérée comme la forme la plus grave, dont les principaux symptômes sont le négativisme (refus d'établir un contact visuel, mutisme, etc.), la passivité et la présence de troubles moteurs (perte ou manque d'initiative motrice, raideur généralisée, attitude figée et, dans certains cas, une catalepsie). Kahlbaum fut en 1874 le premier psychiatre à décrire cette forme de maladie mentale. = catatonie. Catatonia.

  KAHLBAUM, K.L. (1874/1973). Catatonia. Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press.
MEEHL, P.E. (1947). Schizophrenia, catatonic form. In A.H. Burton & R. E. Harris (Eds.), Case histories in clinical and abnormal psychology (pp. 71-83). New York : Harper.
FINK M. & TAYLOR, M.A. (2003). Catatonia : A clinician's guide to diagnosis and treatment. Cambridge UK : Cambridge University Press.
WING, L. & SHAH, A. (2006). A systematic examination of catatonia-like clinical pictures in autism spectrum disorders. International Review of Neurobiology, 72, 21-39.
Voir aussi Schziophrénie
Schizophrénie hébéphrénique : Forme de schizophrénie dans laquelle prédomine la dissociation, survenant principalement chez les adolescents au moment de la puberté. Ses débuts sont insidieux et peuvent donc se confondre avec la crise de l'adolescence. Le délire est peu organisé et centré sur des thèmes hypocondriaques. Hebephrenic schizophrenic.

  BRILL, N.Q. & GLASS, J.F. (1965). Hebephrenic schizophrenic reactions. Archives of General Psychiatry, 12 (6), 545-551.
Voir aussi Schziophrénie
Schizophrénie infantile : Par opposition à la schizopphrénie adulte, schizopphrénie qui afflige les moins de 18 ans. On attribue à De Sanctis (1906) la description du premier cas de schizophrénie infantile. Childhood and adolescent schizophrenia.

  RUTTER M. (1972). Childhood schizophrenia reconsidered. Journal of Autism & Development Disorders, 2, 315-337 WERRY, J.S., MC CLELLAN, J.M. & CHARD, L. (1991). Childhood and adolescent schizophrenia, bipolar and schizoaffective disorders : a clinical and outcome study. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 30, 457-465.
BENDER, L. & FARETRA, G. (1972). The Relationship between childhood schizophrenia and adult schizophrenia. In T. Kaplan (Ed.), Genetic factors in schizophrenia (pp. 28-64). Springfield : Thomas. GREEN, W., PADRON-GAYOL, M., HARDESTY, A. & BASSIRI, M. (1992). Schizophrenia with childhood onset : a phenomenological study of 38 cases. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 31, 968-976.
GARMEZY, N. (1974). Child at risk : the search for the antecedents of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 8, 13-90.  
HANSON, D.R., GOTTESMAN, I.I. & MEEHLl, P.E. (1977). Genetic theories and the validation of psychiatric diagnoses : Implications for the study of children of schizophrenics. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 86, 575-588. BLANZ, B., SCHMIDT, M.H., DETZNER, U. & LAY, B. (1994). Is there a sex-specific difference in onset age of schizophrenia that started before age 18 ? European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 3, 267-276.
KYDD, R.R. & WERRY, J.S. (1982). Schizophrenia in children under 16 year. Journal of Autism & Development Disorders, 12, 343-357. WATKINS, J.M., ASARNOW, R.F. & TANGUAY P. (1998). Symptom development in childhood onset schizophrenia. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 29, 865-878.
ASARNOW, R.F., SHERMAN, T. & VAN PUTTEN, T. (1984). Studies of visual information processing in schizophrenic children. Child Development, 55, 249-261.  
Voir aussi Schziophrénie
Schizophrénie paranoïaque : Schziophrénie et personnalité paranoïaque. Paranoid schizophrenia.

  CAZAVELAN, J. & EPSTEIN, S (1966). Daydreams of female paranoid schizophrenics. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 1, 27-32.
WEIDNER, F. (1970). In vivo desensitization of a paranoid schizophrenic. Journal of Behavior Therapy & Experiential Psychiatry, 1, 79-81.
KRIECKHAUS, E.E., DONAHOE, J.W. & MORGAN, M.A. (1992). Paranoid schizophrenia may be caused by dopamine hyperactivity of CAl hippocampus. Biological Psychiatry, 31, 560-570.
Voir aussi Schziophrénie, Délire et Personnalité paranoïaque
 
Schizotypie :
Schlick Moritz (Berlin 1882-1936 Vienne) : Philosophe et épistémologue autrichien. Partisan du positivisme logique. Il est aussi l'un des fondateurs Cercle de Vienne. Professeur de Bertalanffy.
SCHLICK, M. (1918). General theory of knowledge. New York : Springle-Verlag.
SCHLICK, M. (1935). De la relation des notions psychologiques et des notions physiques. Revue de Synthese, 10, 5-26.
SCHLICK, M. (1935). Facts and propositions. Analysis, 2, 65-70.
SCHLICK, M. (1936). Meaning and verification. Philosophical Review, 45, 339-369. [PDF]
SCHLICK, M. (1937). L'École de Vienne et la philosophie traditionnelle. Dans L'unité de la science : la méthode et les méthodes (pp. 99-107). Paris : Heinman & Cie.
Schlinger Hank D. ( ) : Psychologue béhavioriste américain. Collaborateur de Baron.
SCHLINGER, H.D. & BLAKELY, E. (1987). Function-altering effects of contingency-specifying stimuli. The Behavior Analyst, 10 (1), 41-45. [PDF]
SCHLINGER, H.D. & BLAKELY, E., FILHARD, J. & POLING, A. (1991). Defining terms in behavior analysis : Reinforcer and discriminative stimulus. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 9, 153-161. [PDF]
SCHLINGER, H.D. (1992). Intelligence : Real or artificial ? The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 10, 125-133. [PDF]
SCHLINGER, H.D. & BLAKELY, E. (1994). The effects of delayed reinforcement and a response-produced auditory stimulus on the acquisition of operant behavior in rats. The Psychological Record, 391-409. [PDF]
SCHLINGER, H.D. (2008). Conditioning the behavior of the listener. International Journal of Psychology & Psychological Therapy, 9 (3), 309-322. [PDF]
Schlosberg Harold (1904-1964) : Psychologue américain. Ses travaux ont notamment porté sur les émotions. Étudiant de Holt et professeur de Laties et Solomon. Collaborateur de Carmichael et Woodworth.
CARMICHAEL, L. & SCHLOSBERG, H. (1931). A simple apparatus for the conditioned reflex. American Journal of Psychology, 43, 120-122.
SCHLOSBERG, H. (1937). The relationship between success and the laws of conditioning. Psychological Review, 44, 379-394.
WOODWORTH, R.S. & SCHLOSBERG, H. (1950). Experimental psychology. London : Methuen.
SCHLOSBERG, H. (1954). Three dimensions of emotion. Psychological Review, 61, 81-88.
 
 
Schlup Barbara ( ) : Psychologue cognitivo-behavioriste d'origine suisse, spécialisée dans l'étude des troubles alimentaires, notamment de l'hyperphagie. Collaboratrice de Munsch.
SCHLUP, B. & WAGNER, H.H. (2008). Effects of study design and analysis on the spatial community structure detected by multiscale ordination. Journal of Vegetation Science, 19, 621-632 [PDF]
SCHLUP, B., MUNSCH, S., MEYER, A.H., MARGRAF, J. & WILHELM, F.H. (2009). The efficacy of a short version of a cognitive-behavioral treatment followed by booster sessions for binge eating disorder. Behaviour Research & Therapy, 47 (7), 628-635. [PDF]
SCHLUP, B., MEYER, A.H. & MUNSCH, S. (2010). A non-randomized direct comparison of cognitive-behavioral short- and long-term treatment for binge eating disorder. Obesity Facts, 3 (4), 261-266.
SCHLUP, B., FARRELL, L. & BARRETT, P. (2009). Mother-Child Interactions and Childhood OCD: Effects of CBT on mother and child observed behaviors. Journal Child & Family Behavior Therapy, 33 (4, 322-336.
FISCHER, S., MEYER, A.H., DREMMEL, D., SCHLUP, B. & MUNSCH, S. (2014). Short-term cognitive-behavioral therapy for binge eating disorder : Long-term efficacy and predictors of long-term treatment success. Behaviour Research & Therapy, 58, 36-42. [PDF]
Schmajuk Nestor A. ( ) : Neurocognitiviste américain, d'origine argentine, spécialisé dans l'étude des mécanismes biologiques et cognitifs de l'apprentissage et de l'inhibition latente. Professeur de Voicu et collaborateur de Grossberg, Holland et Zanutto.
SCHMAJUK, N.A. & DI CARLO, J.J. (1992). Stimulus configuration, classical conditioning, and hippocampal function. Psychological Review, 9 (2), 268-305. [PDF]
SCHMAJUK, N.A. & ZANUTTO, B.S. (1997). Escape, avoidance, and imitation : a neural network approach. Adaptive Behavior, 6 (1), 63-129.
SCHMAJUK, N.A., LAMOUREUX, J. & HOLLAND, P.C. (1998). Occasion setting and stimulus configuration : A neural network approach. Psychological Review, 105, 3-32.
SCHMAJUK, N.A., URRY, D. & ZANUTTO, B.S. (1998). The frightening complexity of avoidance : A neural network approach. In C. Wynne & J. Staddon (Eds.), Models of action : Mechanisms for adaptive behavior. Hillsdale, NJ : Erlbaum.
SCHMAJUK, N.A. & KUTLU, G.M. (2009). The computational nature of associative learning. Behavioral Brain Science, 32, 223-224.
Schmideberg Melitta (Rosenberg 1904-1983) : Psychanalyste anglaise. Analysée par Horney.
SCHMIDEBERG, M. (1931). The role of psychotic mechanisms in cultural development. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 12, 387-418.
SCHMIDEBERG, M. (1931). A contribution to the psychology of persecutory ideas and delusions. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 12, 331-367.
SCHMIDEBERG, M. (1933). Some unconscious mechanisms in pathological sexuality and their relation to normal sexuality. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 14, 225-260.
SCHMIDEBERG, M. (1935). Bad habits in childhood. Their importance in development. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 14, 455-461.
SCHMIDEBERG, M. (1938). Intellectual inhibition and disturbances in eating. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 19, 17-22.
Schmidt
James R. Schmidt Richard Allen Schmidt
 
Schmidt James R. ( ) : Psychologue cognitiviste américain, d'origine belge, et spécialiste de l'étude de l'oubli. Il s'intéressse également à l'effet Stroop. Collaborateur de Besner et De Houwer.
SCHMIDT, R.A., CRUMP, MJ.C., CHEESMAN, J. & BESNER, D. (2007). Contingency learning without awareness : Evidence for implicit control. Consciousness & Cognition, 16, 421-435.
SCHMIDT, R.A. & BESNER, D. (2008). The Stroop effect : Why proportion congruent has nothing to do with congruency and everything to do with contingency. Journal of Experimental Psychology : Learning, Memory & Cognition, 34, 514-523.
SCHMIDT, R.A. & DE HOUWER, J. (2012). Adding the goal to learn strengthens learning in an unintentional learning task. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 19, 723-728.
SCHMIDT, R.A. & WEISSMAN, D.H. (2016). Congruency sequence effects and previous response times : Conflict adaptation or temporal learning. Psychological Research, 80, 590-607.
SCHMIDT, R.A. (2016). Context-specific proportion congruency effects : An episodic learning account and computational model. Frontiers in Psychology, 7 [1806], 1-11. [PDF]
Schmidt Richard Allen (Evanston 1941-2015 Los Angeles) : Psychologue américain, spécialisé dans l'étude des habiletés motrices. Il s'intéresse notamment aux effets de l'échauffement (warm-up). Collaborateur de Björk et Wulf.
SCHMIDT, R.A. & NACSON, J. (1971). Further tests of the activity-set hypothesis for warm-up decrement. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 90, 56-64.
SCHMIDT, R.A. & WRISBERG, C.A. (1971). The activity-set hypothesis for warm-up decrement in a movement' speed task. Journal of Motor Behavior, 3, 318-325.
SCHMIDT, R.A. (1975). A schema theory of discrete motor skill learning. Psychological Review, 82, 225-260.
SCHMIDT, R.A., ZELAZNICK, H.N., HAWKINS, B., FRANK, J.S. & QUINN J.T. (1979). Motor-output variability : A theory for the accuracy of rapid motor acts. Psychological Review, 86, 415-451.
SCHMIDT, R.A. (2003). Motor schema theory after 27 years : Reflections and implications for a new theory. Research Quarterly for Exercise & Sport, 74 (4), 366-375. [PDF]
 
WRISBERG, C.A. & AGSDALE, M.R. (1979). Further tests of Schmidt's schema theory : developmentof a schemarule for a coincident timing task. Journal of Motor Behavior, 11, 159-166.
Schnaitter Roger ( ) : Psychologue béhavioriste américain.

SCHNAITTER, R. (1975). Between organism and environment. A review of B.F. Skinner's about behaviorism. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 23 (2), 297-307. [PDF]
SCHNAITTER, R. (1978). Private causes. Behaviorism, 6 (1), 1-12.
SCHNAITTER, R. (1984). Skinner on the "mental" and the "physical". Behaviorism, 12 (1), 1-14. [PDF]
SCHNAITTER, R. (1985). The haunted clockwork : Reflections on Gilbert Ryle's the concept of mind. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 43 (1), 145-153. [PDF]
SCHNAITTER, R. (1987). Behaviorism is not cognitive and cognitivism is not behavioral. Behaviorism, 15 (1), 1-11. [PDF]
Schneider
Kirk J. Schneider Susan M. Schneider Wolfgang Schneider
Michael Schneider    
 
Schneider Kirk J. ( ) : Psychologue existentialiste anglais et spécialiste de la thérapie existentielle. Collaborateur de Bugental et May.
SCHNEIDER, K.J. & MAY, R. (1990). The psychology of existence : An integrative, clinical perspective. New York : McGraw-Hill.
SCHNEIDER, K.J., BUGENTAL, J.F.T. & PIERSON, J.F. (Eds.) (2001). The handbook of humanistic psychology : Leading edges in theory, research, and practice. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
SCHNEIDER, K.J. (2008). Existential-integrative psychotherapy : Guideposts to the core of practice. New York : Routledge.
SCHNEIDER, K.J. (2009). Awakening to awe : Personal stories of profound transformation. Lanham, MD : Jason Aronson.
SCHNEIDER, K.J. & KRUG, O.T. (2010). Existential-humanistic therapy. Washington, DC : American Psychological Association Press.
Schneider Michael ( ) : Psychologue cogniviste américain d'origine allemande et spécialiste de l'éducation, notamment de l'enseignement des mathématiques. Collaborateur de Grabner et Stern.
SCHNEIDER, M. & STERN, E. (2009). The inverse relation of addition and subtraction : a knowledge integration perspective. Mathematical Thinking and Learning, 11, 92-101
SCHNEIDER, M. GRABNER, R. & PAETSCH, J. (2009). Mental number line, number line estimation, and mathematical achievement: their interrelations in Grades 5 and 6. Journal of Educational Psychology, 101, 359-372.
SCHNEIDER, M. & STERN, E.E. (2010). The developmental relations between conceptual and procedural knowledge : a multimethod approach. Developmental Psychology, 46, 178-192.
SCHNEIDER, M. et STERN, E. (2010). L'apprentissage dans une perspective cognitive. In H. Dumont, D. Istanc et F. Benavides (Eds.), Comment apprend-on ? La recherche au service de la pratique (pp. 73-95). Paris : Éditions OCDE. [PDF]
SCHNEIDER, M. RITTLE-JOHNSON, B. & STAR, J. R. (2011). Relations between conceptual knowledge, procedural knowledge, and procedural flexibility in two samples differing in prior knowledge. Developmental Psychology, 47 (6), 1525-1538.
Schneider Susan M. ( ) : Psychologue béhavioriste américaine, spécialisée dans l'étude des fondements biogénétiques de l'apprentissage, notamment chez la caille. Collaboratrice de Morris et Todd.
SCHNEIDER, S.M. & MORRIS, E.K. (1987). A history of the term radical The Behaviorism : From Watson to Skinner.The Behavior Analyst, 10, 27-39. [PDF]
SCHNEIDER, S.M. & MORRIS, E.K. (1992). Sequences of spaced responses : Behavioral units and the role of contiguity. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 58 (3), 537-555. [PDF]
SCHNEIDER, S.M. (2003). Evolution, behavior principles, and developmental systems : A review of Gottlieb's Synthesizing; nature-nurture : Prenatal roots of instinctive behavior. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 79, 137-152. [PDF]
SCHNEIDER, S.M. & LICKLITER, R. (2010). Choice in the quail neonate : The origins of generalized matching. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 94, 315-326. [PDF]
SCHNEIDER, S.M. (2011). The bigger picture : Development, genes, evolution, and behavior analysis. Behavioral Development Bulletin, 11, 27-30. [PDF]
Schneider Wolgang (Völklingen 1950-) : Psychologue connexioniste, d'origine allemande, spécialisé dans l'étude de la mémoire. Collaborateur de Koriat et Shiffrin.
SCHNEIDER, W. & SHIFFRIN, R.M. (1977). Controlled and automatic human information processing : I. Detection, search, and attention. Psychological Review, 84 (1), 1-66. [PDF]
SCHNEIDER, W. & DETWEILER, M. (1987). A connectionist/control architecture for working memory. In G.H. Bower (Ed.), The psychology of learning and motivation (Vol. 21, pp. 53-119). New York : Academic.
SCHNEIDER, W. (1987). Connectionism : Is it a paradigm shift for psychology ? Behavior Research Methods, Instruments & Computers, 19, 73-83. [PDF]
SCHNEIDER, W. (2002). Memory development in childhood. In U. Goswami (Ed.), Blackwell handbook of childhood cognitive development (pp. 236-256). London, UK : Blackwell.
ROEBERS, C. & SCHNEIDER, W. (2005). The strategic regulation of children's memory performance and suggestibility. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 91, 24-44.
Schneirla Theodore Christian (Bay City 1902-1968 New York) : Psychobiologue et éthologiste américain, spécialisé dans l'étude des fourmis. Collaborateur de Greenberg, Maier et Partridge.

SCHNEIRLA, T.C. (1929). Learning and orientation in ants. Baltimore : Johns Hopkins Press.
SCHNEIRLA, T.C. (1935). A theory of army-ant behavior based upon the analysis of activities in a representative species. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 25, 51-90.
SCHNEIRLA, T.C. (1944). The reproductive functions of army-ant queen as pace-makers of the group behavior pattern. Journal of the New-York Entomological Society, 52 (2), 153-192.
SCHNEIRLA, T.C. (1944). A unique case of circular milling in ants, considered in relation to trail following and the general problem of orientation. American Museum Novitates, 1253, 1-26. [PDF]
SCHNEIRLA, T.C. & BROWN, R.Z. (1949). Army-ant life and behavior under dry-season conditions. American Museum of Natural History.
 
TOBACH, E. (1981). Theodore C. Schneirla : 1902-1968. The American Journal of Psychology, 94 (2), 355-357
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Schnelle John F. ( ) : Psychologue béhavioriste américain et spécialiste de l'étude des milieux policier et médical. Collaborateur de Risley.
SCHNELLE, J.F. & LEE, J.F. (1974). A quasi-experimental retrospective evaluation of a prison policy change. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 8 (3), 483-494. [PDF]
SCHNELLE, J.F., KIRCHNER, R.E., McNEES, D. & LAWLER, J.M. (1975). Social evaluation research : the evaluation of two police patrolling strategies. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 8 (4), 353-365. [PDF]
SCHNELLE, J.F., KIRCHNER, R.E., CASEY, J.D., USELTON, P.H. & McNEES, D. (1977). Patrol evaluation research : a multiple-baseline analysis of saturation police patrolling during day and night hours. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 10 (1), 33-40. [PDF]
SCHNELLE, J.F., KIRCHNER, R.E., MACRAE, J.W., McNEES, M.P., ECK, R.H., SNODGRASS, S., CASEY, J.D. & USELTON, P.H. (1978). Police evaluation research : an experimental and cost-benefit analysis of a helicopter patrol in a high crime area. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 11 (1), 11-21. [PDF]
SCHNELLE, J.F., SIMMONS, S.F., HARRINGTON, C., CADOGAN, M. GARCIA, E. & BATES-JENSEN, B.M. (2004). Relationship of nursing home staffing to quality o care. Health Services Research, 39 (2), 225-250. [PDF]
Schoenfeld
Alan H. Schoenfeld William Nathan Schoenfeld
 
Schoenfeld Alan H. ( ) : Mathématicien américain et spécialiste de l'étude de la résolution de problème et l'enseignement des mathématiques.
SCHOENFELD, A.H. (1985). Mathematical problem solving. New York : Academic Press.
SCHOENFELD, A.H. (1987). Cognitive science and mathematics education. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Assoc.
SCHOENFELD, A.H. (Ed.) (1994). Mathematical thinking and problem solving. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
SCHOENFELD, A.H. (2000). Purposes and methods of research in mathematics education. Notices of the American Mathematical Society, 47 (6), 2-10.
SCHOENFELD, A.H. (2004). The math wars. Educational Policy, 18 (1), 253-286. [PDF]
Schoenfeld William Nathan (New York 1915-1996 Sun City West) : Psychologue béhavioriste américain, spécialiste de l'étude des programmes de renforcement. Professeur de Antonitis, Catania, Cumming, Dinsmoor, Ferster, Harzem, Hearst, Malott, Matos, Mechner, Nevin, Pomerleau, Shimoff et Sidman. Collaborateur de Keller et Snapper.
SCHOENFELD, W.N., ANTONITIS, J.J. & BERSH, P.J. (1950). A preliminary study of training conditions necessary for secondary reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 40, 40-55.
SCHOENFELD, W.N., CUMMING, W.W. & HEARST, E. (1956). On the classification of reinforcement schedules. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 42, 563-570. [PDF]
SCHOENFELD, W.N. & CUMMING, W.W. (1957). Some effects of alternation rate in a time-correlated reinforcement contingency. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 43 (4), 349-354. [PDF]
SCHOENFELD, W.N. (1967). On the difference in resistance to extinction following regular and periodic reinforcement. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 11, 259-261. [PDF]
SCHOENFELD, W.N. (1993). Religion and human behavior. Boston : Authors Cooperative.
 
DINSMOOR, J.A. (1989). Keller and Schoenfeld’s Principles of Psychology. The Behavior Analyst, 12, 213-219. [PDF]
HEARST, E. (1997). William Nathan Schoenfeld (1915-1996) : Innovative scientist, inspiring teacher, relentless questioner, complex man. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 67 (1), 1-9. [PDF]
DINSMOOR, J.A. (1997). Obituaries : William Nathan Schoenfeld (1915-1996). American Psychologist, 52 (12), 1377-1378.
Scholl Brian J. ( ) : Psychologue cognitif américain et spécialiste de l'étude de la perception. Collaborateur de Leslie.
SCHOLL, B.J. & LESLIE, A.M. (1999). Modularity, development and "theory of mind". Mind and Language, 14,131-153.
SCHOLL, B.J. & TREMOULET, P.D. (2000). Perceptual causality and animacy. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 4, 299-330
SCHOLL, B.J. (2001). Objects and attention : The state of the art. Cognition, 80 (1-2), 1-46. [PDF]
SCHOLL, B.J. & NAKAYAMA, K. (2002). Causal capture : Contextual effects on the perception of collision events. Psychological Science, 13, 493-498.
SCHOLL, B.J. (2007). Object persistence in philosophy and psychology. Mind & Language, 22,563-569.
Schön Donald A. (Brookline États-Unis 1930-1997) : Psychologue anglais, spécialisé en éducation et dans l'étude des organisations. Collaborateur de Argyris.
SCHÖN, D.A. (1967). Invention and the evolution of ideas. London : Tavistock.
SCHÖN, D.A. (1967). Technology and change : the new Heraclitus. Oxford : Pergamon.
SCHÖN, D.A. (1983). The reflective practitioner : How professionals think in action. New York : Basic.
SCHÖN, D.A. (1985). The design studio : an exploration of its traditions and potentials. London : RIBA Publications for RIBA Building Industry Trust.
SCHÖN, D.A. (1995). The new scholarship requires a new epistemology. Change, 27 (6), 27-34.
 
BAUER, N. (1992). Dewey and Schon : An analysis of reflective thinking. Kansas City : American Educational Studies Association,
WAKS, L.J. (2001). Donald Schon’s philosophy of design and design education. International Journal of Technology & Design Education 11, 37-51,
School & Society : Revue scientifique multidisciplinaire qui consacre ses pages à l'éducation. Éditeur : Society for the Advancement of Education.
KERLINGER, F.N. (1960). The mythology of educational research : The methods approach. School & Society, 88, 149-151.

School Psychology Quarterly : Revue scientifique de psychologie qui consacre ses pages à l'éducation. Éditeur : APA.
McGOEY, K.E. & DUPAUL, G.J. (2000). Token reinforcement and response cost procedures : Reducing the disruptive behavior of preschool children. School Psychology Quarterly, 15, 330-343.

  STOIBER, K.C. & KRATOCHWILL, T.R. (2001). Evidence-based intervention programs : Rethinking, refining, and renaming the new standing section of School Psychology Quarterly. School Psychology Quarterly, 16 (1), 1-8.
School Psychology Review : Revue scientifique de psychologie consacrée à l'éducation. Éditeur : NASP.
DUPAUL, G.J. & HENNINSON, P.N. (1993). Peer tutoring effects on the classroom performance of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. School Psychology Review, 22, 134-143.

Schooler Jonathan W. ( ) : Psychosociologue américain, spécialisé dans l'étude de la conscience et du rapport verbal de cet état. On lui doit également le concept d'ombrage verbale (verbal overshadowing). Collaborateur de Dodson, Johnson, Reder et Wilson.
SCHOOLER, J.W. & ENGLSTER-SCHOOLER, T.Y. (1990). Verbal overshadowing of visual memories : some things are better left unsaid. Cognitive Psychology, 22, 36-71. [PDF]
SCHOOLER, J.W., OHLSSON, S. & BROOKS, K. (1993). Thoughts beyond words : when language overshadows insight. Journal of Experimental Psychology : General 122, 166-183. [PDF]
SCHOOLER, J.W., RYAN, R.S. & REDER, L.M. (1996). The costs and benefits of verbalisation. In D. Herrmann, M. Johnson, C., McEnvoy, C., Hertzog & P. Hertel (Eds), Basic and applied memory : New findings (pp 51-65). Hillsdale, NJ : Erlbaum.
SCHOOLER, J.W. (2002). Verbalization produces a transfer inappropriate processing shift. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 16 (8), 989-997.
SCHOOLER, J.W., SMALLWOOD, J. CHRISTOFF, K., HANDY, T.C., REICHLE, E.D. & SAYETTE, M.A. (2011). Meta-awareness, perceptual decoupling and the wandering mind. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 15 (7), 319-326. [PDF]
Schopenhauer Arthur (Dantzig Prusse aujourd'hui Pologne 1778-1860 Francfort-sur-le-Main) : Philosophe idéaliste allemand. Il a dit :«La vie de l'homme oscille, comme un pendule, entre la douleur et l'ennui»; «Les religions sont comme les vers luisants : pour briller, il leur faut de l'obscurité».
 
 
 
 
Schore Allan N. ( ) : Psychiatre et neuropsychanalyste américain, spécialisé dans l'étude de l'attachement et de la relation entre les déterminants neurogénétiques et les phénomènes décrits par les théories psychanalytiques (attachement, inconscient, etc).
SCHORE, A.N. (1996). The experience-dependent maturation of a regulatory system in the orbital prefrontal cortex and the origin of developmental psychopathology. Development & Psychopathology, 8, 59-87.
SCHORE, A.N. (1997). A century after Freudis Project : Is a rapprochement between psychoanalysis and neurobiology at hand ? Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 45, 841-867. [PDF]
SCHORE, A.N. (2000). Attachment and the regulation of the right brain. Attachment & Human Development, 2, 23-47. [PDF]
SCHORE, A.N. (2002). Advances in neuropsychoanalysis, attachment theory, and trauma research : Implications for self psychology. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 22, 433-484. [PDF]
SCHORE, A.N. (2007). Psychoanalytic research : Progress and process. Developmental affective neuroscience and clinical practice. Psychologist Psychoanalyst, 27, 6-15. [PDF]
Schreibman Laura ( ) : Psychologue béhavioriste américaine et spécialiste de l'étude et du traitement de l'autisme. Collaboratrice de Carr, Ingersoll, Koegel, Lovaas et Whalen.
SCHREIBMAN, L. & LOVAAS, O.I. (1973). Overselective response to social stimuli by autistic children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 1, 152-168.
SCHREIBMAN, L. (1975). Effects of within-stimulus and extra-stimulus prompting on discrimination learningin autistic children. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 8 (1), 91-112. [PDF]
SCHREIBMAN, L. & CARR, E.G. (1978). Elimination of echolalic responding to questions through the training of a generalized verbal response. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 11 (4), 453-463. [PDF]
SCHREIBMAN, L. (2000). Intensive behavioral/psychoeducational treatments for autism : Research needs and future directions. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30 (5), 373.378. [PDF]
SCHREIBMAN, L. (2005). The science and fiction of austism. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press.
 
LEBLANC, L.A., LOSOWSKI, S. & RILEY, A.R. (2010). Review of Schreibman "The science and fiction of autism. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 43 (3), 559-563. [PDF]
 
Schrodt Paul ( ) : Spécialiste américain de l'éducation et de la communication. Il s'intéresse notamment au pouvoir et à la crédibilité des enseigants. Collaborateur de Wheeless et Witt.
SCHRODT, P., WHEELESS, L.R. & PTACEK, K.M. (2000). Informational reception apprehension, educational motivation, and achievement. Communication Quarterly, 48, 60-73.
SCHRODT, P. & WITT, P.L. (2006). Students' attributions of instructor credibility as a function of students' expectations of instructional technology use and nonverbal immediacy. Communication Education, 55, 1-20.
SCHRODT, P. & TURMAN, P.D. (2006). Student perceptions of teacher power as a function of perceived teacher confirmation. Communication Education, 55, 265-297.
SCHRODT, P. LEDBETTER, A. M., JERNBERG, K. A., LARSON, L., ELLEDGE, N. & GLONEK, K. (2009). Family communication patterns as mediators of communication competence in the parent-child relationship. Journal of Social & Personal Relationships, 26, 853-874.
SCHRODT, P. & CARR, K. (2012). Trait verbal aggressiveness as a function of family communication patterns. Communication Research Reports, 29, 54-63.
Schroeder Stephen R. ( ) : Psychologue béhavioriste américain et spécialiste de l'autisme et de l'automutilation. Collaborateur de Iwata, Cataldo, Deleon, Fisher, Holland, Mulick, Shore et Zarcone.

SCHROEDER, S.R. & HOLLAND, J.G. (1968). Operant control of eye movements. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 1 (2), 161-168. [PDF]
SCHROEDER, S.R., SCHROEDER, C.S., SMITH, B. & DALLDORF, J. (1978). Prevalence of self-injurious behaviors in a large state facility for the retarded : A three year follow-up study. Journal of Autism & Childhood Schizophrenia, 8, 261-269.
SCHROEDER, S.R., MULICK, J.A. & ROJAHN, J. (1980). The definition, taxonomy, epidemiology and ecology of self-injurious behavior. Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders, 10, 417-432.
SCHROEDER, S.R., SCHROEDER, C.S., ROJAHN, J. & MULICK, J.A. (1981). Self-injurious behavior : An analysis of behavior management techniques. In J.L. Matson & J.R. McCartney (Eds.), Handbook of behavior modification with the mentally retarded (pp. 61-115). New York : Plenum.
SCHROEDER, S.R., OSTER-GRANITE, M.L., BERKSON, G, BODFISH, J.W., BREESE, G.R., CATALDO, M.F., COOK, E.H., CRNIC, L.S., DELEON, I., FISHER, W., HARRIS, J.C., HORNER, R.H., IWATA, B., JINNAH, H.A., KING, B.H., LAUDER, J.M., LEWIS, M.H., NEWELL, K., NYHAN, W.L., ROJAHN, J., SACKETT, G.P., SANDMAN, C., SYMONS, F., TESSEL, R.E., THOMPSON, T. & WONG, D.F. (2001). Self-injurious behavior : gene-brain-behavior relationships. Mental Retardation & Developmental Disabilities Research, 7 (1), 3-12.
 
Scholl/Schul/Shull
Brian J. Scholl James E. Schul Richard L. Shull
 
Schul James E. ( ) : Psychopédagogue américain et spécialiste de l'enseignement de l'histoire. Collaborateur de Fehn.

SCHUL, J.E. (2010). Necessity is the mother of invention: An experienced history teacher’s integration of desktop documentary making. International Journal of Technology in Teaching & Learning, 6 (1), 14-32. [PDF]
SCHUL, J.E. & HAMOT, G.E. (2011). An engaged pragmatist : Uncovering and assessing Ernest Horn's view of moral education. Journal of Social Studies Research, 35 (2), 277-298.
SCHUL, J.E. (2011). Revisiting an old friend : The practice and promise of cooperative learning for the 21st century. The Social Studies, 102 (2), 88-93.
SCHUL, J.E. (2012). Compositional encounters : Evolvement of secondary students’ narratives while making historical documentaries. The Journal of Social Studies Research, 36 (3), 219-244.
SCHUL, J.E. (2014). Film pedagogy in the history classroom : Desktop documentary-making skills for history teachers and students. The Social Studies, 105 (1), 15-22.
Schultz/Schütz/Schutz
Duane P. Schultz Wolfram Schultz William C. Shutz
Johannes H. Shultz Alfred Schütz  
 
Schultz Duane P. ( ) : Psychologue et historien de la psychologie.

SCHULTZ, D.P. (1969/75/81). A history of modern psychology. New York : Academic Press.
SCHULTZ, D.P. (1969). The human subject in psychological research. Psychological Bulletin, 72, 214-228.
SCHULTZ, D.P. & SCHULTZ, S.E. (1994). Psychology and work today. New York : Macmillan.
SCHULTZ, D.P. & SCHULTZ, S.E. (2004). A history of modern psychology. Belmont, CA. : Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.
SCHULTZ, D.P. & SCHULTZ, S.E. (2005). Theories of personality. Belmont, CA : Wadsworth Publishing.
Schultz Johannes H. (Göttingen 1884-1970 Berlin) : Psychiatre allemand. Il a mis au point une technique de relaxation fondée sur l'auto-hypnose (Autogenic training).
SCHULTZ, J.H & LUTHE, W. (1959). Autogenic training. New York : Grune & Stratton.
 
 
 
 
Schultz Wolfram ( ) : Neurobiologiste anglais, spécialisé dans l'étude des déterminants biologiques de l'apprentissage et de la récompense, notamment la dopamine. Collaborateur de Dickinson.
SCHULTZ, W. (1986). Activity of pars reticulata neurons of monkey substantia nigra in relation to motor, sensory and complex events. Journal of Neurophysiology, 55 (4), 660-677. [PDF]
SCHULTZ, W. (1998). Predictive reward signal of dopamine neurons. The Journal of Neurophysiology, 80 (1), 1-27. [PDF]
SCHULTZ, W., TREMBLAY, L. & HOLLERMAN, J.R. (2000). Reward processing in primate orbitofrontal cortex and basal ganglia. Cerebral Cortex, 10, 272-283. [PDF]
SCHULTZ, W. (2002). Getting formal with dopamine and reward. Neuron, 36, 241-263. [PDF]
SCHULTZ, W. (2006). Behavioral theories and the neurophysiology of reward. Annual Review of Psychology, 57, 87-115. [PDF]
Schumacher Ernst Friedrich (Bonn 1911-1977 Lausanne) : Économiste anglais, d'origine allemande. = Fritz Schumacher.
SCHUMACHER, E.F. (1973). Small is beautiful - Economics as if people mattered/Une société à la mesure de l'homme. Paris : Seuil.
 
 
 
 
WOOD, B. (1974). A life of Fritz Schumacher. Oxford Paperbacks.
Schumpeter Joseph Alois (Triesch-Taconic Moravie aujourd'hui République Tchèque 1883-1950 Salisbury États-Unis) : Économiste américain d'origine autrichienne. On lui doit notamment la notion de cycle économique (cycle court ou cycles Kitchin/cycle moyen ou cycles Juglar/cycle long ou cycles Kondratieff). Professeur de Samuelson.
SCHUMPETER, J.A. (1911/99). Théorie de l'évolution économique : recherches sur le profit, le crédit, l’intérêt et le cycle de la conjoncture. Paris : Dalloz-Sirey.
SCHUMPETER, J.A. (1939). Business cycles : a theoretical, historical and statistical analysis of the capitalist process / Les cycles des affaires.
SCHUMPETER, J.A. (1939/1952). Capitalism, socialism, and democracy. New York : Harper & Row.
SCHUMPETER, J.A. (1954/2004). History of economic analysis / Histoire de l'analyse économique. Paris : Éditions Gallimard.
 
QUILES, J.-J. (1997). Schumpeter et l’évolution économique: circuit, entrepreneur, capitalisme. Paris: Nathan.
DIAMOND, A.M. (2006). Schumpeter's creative destruction : A review of the evidence. Journal of Private Enterprise 22 (1), 120-146. [PDF]
MEDEARIS, J. (2009). Joseph A. Schumpeter. New-York, Londres : Continuum
Schunk Dale H. ( ) : Psychologue cognitivo-béhavioriste, spécialisé en éducation. Il s'intéresse notamment à l'auto-régulation des conduites et à la réussite scolaire. Collaborateur de Meece, Pintrich et Zimmerman.
SCHUNK, D.H. (1983). Developing children's self-efficacy and skills : The roles of social comparative information and goal setting. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 8, 76-86.
SCHUNK, D.H. (1983). Goal difficulty and attainment information: Effects on children's achievement behaviors. Human Learning, 2, 107-117.
SCHUNK, D.H. & HANSON, A.R. (1985). Peer models : Influence on children's self-efficacy and achievement. Journal of Educational Psychology, 77, 313-322.
SCHUNK, D.H. & HANSON, A.R. (1989). Self-modeling and children's cognitive skill learning. Journal of Educational Psychology, 81, 155-163.
SCHUNK, D.H. (1991). Self-efficacy and academic motivation. Educational Psychologist, 26, 207-231. [PDF]
Schuster/Schusterman
Charles R. Schuster  
John W. Schuster Ronald J. Schusterman
 
Schuster Charles S. ( ) : Psychologue béhavioriste américain, spécialisé en pharmacologie béhaviorale, notamment dans l'étude de la dépendance aux drogues. Collaborateur de Brady, Higgins, Johanson, Silverman, Thompson et Woods.
SCHUSTER, C.R. & BRADY, J.V. (1964) The discriminative control of a food reinforced operant by interoceptive stimulation. Pavlovian Journal of Higher Nervous Activity, 14, 448-458.
SCHUSTER, C.R. & THOMPSON, T. (1969) Self-administration of and behavioral dependence on drugs. Annual Review of Pharmacology, 9, 483-502.
SCHUSTER, C.R., SMITH, B.B. & JAFFE, J.H. (1971). Drug abuse in heroin users : an experimental study of self-administration of methadone, codeine, and pentazocine. Archives of General Psychiatry, 24, 359-362.
SCHUSTER, C.R. (1975). Drugs as reinforcers in monkey and man. Pharmacological Reviews, 27, 511-521.
SCHUSTER, C.R. (1992) Drug abuse research and HIV/AIDS : a national perspective from the US. British Journal of Addiction, 87, 355-361.
Schuster John W. ( ) : Psychologue béhavioriste américain et spécialiste de l'éducation.
SCHUSTER, J.W., GAST, D.L., WOLERY, M. & GUILTINAN, S. (1988). The effectiveness of constant time delay in teaching adolescents chained responses. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 21 (2), 169-178. [PDF]
SCHUSTER, J.W., GRIFFEN, A.K. & WOLERY, M. (1992). Comparison of simultaneous prompting and constant time delay procedures in teaching sight words to elementary students with moderate mental retardation. Journal of Behavioral Education, 2, 305-325.
SCHUSTER, J.W. & GRIFFEN, A.K. (1993). Teaching a chained task with a simultaneous prompting procedure. Journal of Behavioral Education, 3, 299- 315.
SCHUSTER, J.W., MORSE, T.E., AULT, M.J., DOYLE, P M., CRAWFORD, M.R. & WOLEY, M. (1998). Constant time delay with chained tasks : A review of the literature. Education & Treatment of Children, 21, 74-106.
SCHUSTER, J.W., HEMMETER, M.L. & AULT, M.J. (2001). Inclusion of students with moderate and severe disabilities in early elementary classrooms. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 16, 329-341.
Schusterman Ronald J. (1932-2010) : Psychologue béhavioriste américain et spécialiste de l'étude des otaries. Collaborateur de Kastak/Reichmuth.
SCHUSTERMAN, R.J. (1962). The influence of patterns and percentages of reinforcement on resistance to extinction. Psychological Reports, 11, 573-574.
SCHUSTERMAN, R.J. (1976). California sea lion underwater auditory detection and variation of reinforcement schedules. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 59 (4), 997-1000.
SCHUSTERMAN, R.J. & KASTAK, D. (1993). A California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) is capable of forming equivalence relations. The Psychological Record, 43, 823-839.
SCHUSTERMAN, R.J. & KASTAK, D. & REICHMUTH, C. (1997). What's ina name ? equivalence by any other name would smell as sweet. Journal of Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 68 (2), 252-258.
SCHUSTERMAN, R.J. & KASTAK, D. (1998). Functional equivalence in a California sea lion : Relevance to animal social and communicative interactions. Animal Behaviour, 55 (5), 1087-1095. [PDF]
 
RICE, C. (2010). In memorian : Ronald J. Schusterman (1932-2010). The Psychological Record, 60, 183-184.
Schütz Alfred (Vienne 1899-1959 New York) : Philosophe phénoménologique, sociologue et épistémologue d'origine autrichienne. Professeur de Berger, Garfinkel et Luckmann.
SCHÜTZ, A., ZANER, R.M., PARENT, D.J. & LUCKMANN, T. (1973/86). The structures of the life world. Northwestern University Press.
 
 
 
 
Schutz William C. (Chicago 11925-2002 Muir Beach) : Psychologue américain. Il a développé une théorie des relations interpersonelles (Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation ou FIRO). = Will Schutz.
SCHUTZ, W.C. (1958). FIRO : A three-dimensional theory of interpersonal behavior. New York : Holt, Rinehart & WInston.
SCHUTZ, W.C. (1979). Profound simplicity. New York, NY: Bantam.
SCHUTZ, W.C. (1989). Joy : Twenty years later. Berkeley, CA: Ten Speed Press.
SCHUTZ, W.C. (1992). Beyond FIRO-B - Three new theory derived measures - Element B : Behavior, Element F: Feelings, Element S : Self. Psychological Reports, 70, 915-937.
SCHUTZ, W.C. (1994). The human element : Productivity, self-esteem and the bottom line. San Francisco, CA : Jossey-Bass.
 
Schwann Theodor Ambrose Hubert (Neuss Allemagne 1810-1882 Cologne) : Physiologiste allemand. Collaborateur de Müller.
SCHWANN, T. (1842). Recherches microscopiques sur la conformité de structure et d'accroissement des animaux et des plantes. Annales des Sciences Naturelles : Zoologie, 17, 5-19.
 
 
 
 
Schwartz/Schwarz
Barry Schwartz Seth J. Schwartz Norbert Schwarz
Bennett L. Schwartz Shalom H. Schwartz  
 
Schwartz Barry ( ) : Psychologue béhavioriste américain, spécialisé dans l'étude des comportements de choix. Collaborateur de Baer Gamzu et Lacey.
SCHWARTZ, B. & WILLIAMS, D.R. (1972). Two different kinds of key peck in the pigeon : Some properties of responses maintained by negative and positive response-reinforcer contingencies. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 18 (2), 201-216. [PDF]
SCHWARTZ, B. (1975). Discriminative stimulus location as a determinant of positive and negative behavioral contrast in the pigeon. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 23 (2), 167-176. [PDF]
SCHWARTZ, B., SCHULDENFREI, R. & LACEY, H. (1978). Operant psychology as factory psychology. Behaviorism, 6, 229-254.
SCHWARTZ, B. (1982). Failure to produce response variability with reinforcement. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 37 (2), 171-181. [PDF]
SCHWARTZ, B. (1986). Allocation of a complex, sequential operant on multiple and concurrent schedules of reinforcement. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 45 (3), 321-335. [PDF]
Schwartz Bennett L. ( ) : Psychologue cognitiviste américain et spécialiste de l'étude de la métamémoire et du mot sur le bout-de-la-langue. Collaborateur de Bjork et Metcalfe.
METCALFE, J., SCHWARTZ, B.L. & JOAQUIM, S.G. (1993). The cue familiarity heuristic in metacognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology : Learning, Memory & Cognition, 19, 851-861.
SCHWARTZ, B.L., BENJAMIN, A.S. & BJORK, R.A. (1997). The inferential and experiential basis of metamemory. Current Direction in Psychological Science, 6, 132-137.
SCHWARTZ, B.L. (2006). Tip-of-the-tongue states as metacognition. Metacognition & Learning, 1 (2), 149-158. [PDF]
SCHWARTZ, B.L. & METCALFE, J. (2011). Tip-of-the-tongue (TOT) states : Retrieval, Behavior, and Experience. Memory & Cognition, 39, 737-749. [PDF]
SCHWARTZ, B.L. & EFKLIDES, A. (2012). Metamemory and memory efficiency : Implications for student learning. Journal of Applied Research in Memory & Cognition, 1, 145-151. [PDF]
Schwartz Seth J. ( ) : Psychologue américain et spécialiste de l'étude du développement de l'identité. Collaborateur de Luyckx et Unger .
SCHWARTZ, S.J. (2001). The evolution of Eriksonian and Neo-Eriksonian identity theory and research : A review and integration. Identity : An International Journal of Theory & Reseach, 1 (1), 7-58. [PDF]
SCHWARTZ, S.J., (2005). A new identity for identity research : Recommendations for expanding and refocusing the identity literature. Journal of Adolescent Research, 20, 293-308.
SCHWARTZ, S.J., CÔTÉ, J.E. & ARNETT, J.J. (2005). Identity and agency in emerging adulthood : Two developmental routes in the individualization process. Youth & Society, 37, 201-229. [PDF]
SCHWARTZ, S.J., DONNELLAN, D., RAVERT, R.D., LUYCKX, K. & ZAMBOANGA, B.L (2006). Identity development, personality, and well-being in adolescence and emerging adulthood : Theory, research, and recent advances. In I.B. Weiner, R.M. Lerner, A. Easterbrooks & J. Mistry (Eds.), Handbook of psychology : Developmental psychology (Vol. 6, pp. 339-364). New York : John Wiley and Sons. [PDF]
SCHWARTZ, S.J., ZAMBOANGA, B.L., WEISSKIRCH, R.S. & RODRIGUEZ, L. (2009). The relationships of personal and ethnic identity exploration to indices of adaptive and maladaptive psychosocial functioning. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 33, 131-144.
Schwartz Shalom H. ( ) : Psychosociologue israélien d'origine américaine, spécialisé dans l'étude des valeurs, de la religion et de l'individualisme/collectivisme. Collaborateur de Bilsky.
SCHWARTZ, S.H. (1973). Normative explanations of helping behavior : A critique, proposal, and empirical test . Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 9 (4), 349-364.
SCHWARTZ, S.H. (1990). Individualism-collectivism : Critique and proposed refinements. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 21, 139-157.
SCHWARTZ, S.H. (1999). A theory of cultural values and some implications for work. Applied Psychology : An International Review, 48 (1), 23-47. [PDF]
SCHWARTZ, S.H. & RUBEL, T. (2005). Sex differences in value priorities : Cross-cultural and multi-method studies. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 89, 1010-1028. [PDF]
SCHWARTZ, S.H. & RUBEL-LIFSCHTZ, T. (2009). Cross-national variation in the size of sex differences in values : Effects of gender equality. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 97 (1), 171-185. [PDF]
Schwarz Norbert ( ) : Psychosociologue et méthodologiste américain, spécialisé dans l'étude de la consommation.
SCHWARZ, N., HIPPLER, H.J., DEUTSCH, B. & STRACK, F. (1985). Response categories : Effects on behavioral reports and comparative judgments. Public Opinion Quarterly, 49, 388-395.
SCHWARZ N. (1999). Self-reports : How the questions shape the answers. American Psychologist, 54, 93-105. [PDF]
SCHWARZ, N. (2003). Self-reports in consumer research : The challenge of comparing cohorts and cultures. Journal of Consumer Research, 29, 588-594. [PDF]
SCHWARZ, N. (2004). Metacognitive experiences in consumer judgment and decision making. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 14 (4), 332-348. [PDF]
SCHWARZ, N., SANNA, L.J., SKURNIK, I. & YOON, C. (2007). Metacognitive experiences and the intricacies of setting people straight : implications for debiasing and public information campaigns. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 39, 127-161. [PDF]
SCIENCE - SCIENCE COGNITIVE - SCIENTIFICITÉ - SCOLARISATION - SCOTT - SCRIPT - SCRIPTURE - SE
Science/Scientifique : Ensemble de disciplines intellectuelles qui utilise la démarche scientifique dans le but de résoudre des problèmes scientifiques. Pour résoudre ces problèmes, il faut découvrir des régularités dans l'objet d'étude (et par contraste, des singularités), les décrire, les expliquer au moyen de théories pour en comprendre les déterminismes et les mécanismes et, éventuellement, d'utiliser ces connaissances pour prédire et modifier la réalité physique et sociale. Au sujet de la psychologie scientifique, Piéron a dit : «La science et la philosophie sont restées longtemps confondues. Ce qui caractérise la science, c'est l'appel à la vérification, la subordination de la théorie aux faits, l'esprit expérimental, tandis que la philosophie se satisfait dans une cohérence logique interne et se limite progressivement aux problèmes qui ne peuvent pas être soumis au contrôle de l'expérience». N.D.L.R. Celui ou celle qui pratique la science est un-e scientifique ou une chercheur-e, et non un-e scientiste. Science, méthode scientifique et technologie. ( ): Voir tableau ci-bas. /antiscientifique. Science.

Problème   Théorie   Solution
   
Recherche
   
  Méthodes scientifiques  


Types de science
Science appliquée Science exacte Science nomothétique
Science cognitive Science expérimentale Science normale
Science de la nature Science fondamentale Science politique
Science descriptive Science formelle Science pure
Science discursive Sciences humaines Sciences sociales
Science du comportement Science idiographique Science spectacle
Science empirique   Pseudoscience
 

  RUSSELL, B. (1926). Is science superstitious ? Dial, 81, 179-186. COLE, J.R. & SINGER, B. (1992). A theory of limited differences: Explaining the productivity puzzle in science. In H. Zuckerman, J.R. Cole & J.T. Bruer (Eds.), The outer circle : Women in the scientific community (pp. 277-310). New Haven : Yale University Press.
WIGGAM, A.E. (1931). What the scientists are doing in personnel research. Personnel Journal, 9, 392-400. BELLAK, L. (1993). Psychoanalysis as a science. Boston : Allyn and Bacon.
FEIBLEMAN, J.K. (1944). The mythology of science. Philosophy of Science, 11, 117-121. AGNEW, M.J. & PYKE, S.W (1994). The science game. Englewood Cliffs, NJ : Prentice Hall.
ALLPORT, G.W. (1947). Scientific models and human morals. Psychological Review, 54, 182-192. ASHLEY, M. (Ed.) (1994). Science and creationism. Oxford : Oxford University Press.
KANTOR, J.R. (1953). The logic of modern science. Chicago : Principia Press. NORTON, J. (1994). Science and certainty. Synthese, 99, 3-22. [PDF]
SKINNER, B.F. (1953/70). Science and human behavior. New York : The Free Press. [PDF] COLLINS, H. & PINCH, T. (1994). Tout ce que vous devriez savoir sur la science. Paris : Seuil.
MALINOVSKI, B. (1955). Magic, science, and religion. New York : Doubleday. SAGAN, C. (1995). The demon-haunted world : Science as a candle in the dark. New York : Random House.
  DIAMOND, A.M. (1996). The economics of science. Knowledge & Policy, 9 (2/3), 6-49. [PDF]
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Voir aussi Méthode scientifique et Scientificité
Science (Éthique et déontologie en... ) : Voir Éthique et déontologie des chercheurs.
Science/Scientifique (Progès de la...) : Conception de la science qui prétend que, bien que perfectibles, les théories scientifiques décrivent, expliquent et manipulent (technologie) de mieux en mieux la réalité. Scientific progress.

   BORING, E.G. (1954). Psychological factors in scientific progress. American Scientist, 42, 639-45.
LEPLIN, J. (1981). Truth and scientific progress. Studies in History & Philosophy of Science Part A, 12 (4), 269-291. [PDF]
GREENWALD, A.G., PRATKANIS, A.R., LEIPPE, M.R. & BAUMGARDNER, M.H. (1986). Under what conditions does theory obstruct research progress ? Psychological Review, 93(2), 216-229. [PDF]
BONEAU, C.A. (1998). Hermann Ebbinghaus : On the road to progress or down the garden path ? In G.A. Kimble & M. Wertheimer (Eds.), Portraits of pioneers in psychology (Vol. pp. 51-64). Mahwah, NJ : Lawrence Erlbaum.
JOST, J.T., BANAJI, M.R. & PRENTICE, D.A. (Eds.). (2004). Perspectivism in social psychology : The yin and yang of scientific progress. Washington, DC : American Psychological Association.
Voir aussi Méthode scientifique et Science
Science/Scientifique (Pseudo) : Fausse science. La "vraie" science s'appuie sur la méthode scientifique et ses principes de scientificité pour vérifier ses théories et mesurer l'efficacité de ses technologies. La fausse science se divise en deux : d'un côté, il y a les croyants dont la foi est sincère et repose sur des mythes et une pensée magique. Ces personnes sont convaincues de posséder un don et certaines cherchent à en faire profiter les autres; de l'autre côté, il y a les charlatans, ces imposteurs parfaitement conscients de leur ignorance et de leur incompétence, qui recourent au psychoverbiage et aux techniques de persuasion pour exploiter la crédulité et le porte-feuille d'autrui. Pseudoscience, médecine alternative et parapsychologie. Pseudoscience, anti-science.
Types de pseudoscience Exemple
Médecine alternative Homéopathie
Parapsychologie Clairvoyance
Pseudo-science naturelle Astrologie
 
  ROSTAND, J. (1958). Science fausse et fausses sciences. Paris : Gallimard. BAUER, H.H. (2000)